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Monmouth, Oregon

monmouth oregon public library, monmouth oregon county
Monmouth /ˈmɒnməθ/ is a city in Polk County in the US state of Oregon It was named for Monmouth, Illinois, the origin of its earliest settlers6 The population has reached 9,534 as of the 2010 census and it is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Prohibition
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Education
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 Further reading
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Monmouth was settled in 1853 by a group of pioneers who allocated 640 acres 26 km2 to build both a city and a "college under the auspices of the Christian Church", and proceeds from the sale of these lands were used to found Monmouth University, currently known as Western Oregon University7 For decades, Monmouth was a dry town that banned the sale of alcoholic beverages in supermarkets, restaurants and bars Monmouth's status as the last dry town in Oregon was ended by a popular vote in the November 2002 election8

Prohibitionedit

Monmouth was settled by Elijah Davidson and his family Originally a member of the Christian Church of Cameron Monmouth, Illinois, Davidson was a devout advocate of prohibition In 1852, sixty-three-year-old Elijah Davidson and his family set out for Oregon Territory By 1854, more than a dozen Disciples families from Monmouth, many of them related to each other or to Davidson, had joined him9 In February 1859, Davidson and other trustees efforts to prohibit the importation, exportation, sale, and consumption of alcohol in Monmouth became a reality One of the main arguments Davidson and his fellow religious supporters used to push prohibition legislation was, "to enable them to suppress and prevent nuisances, to render the possession of life and property more secure, and to enable them to improve and embellish the streets of the town" 9

Despite the efforts of certain merchants to repeal prohibition in Monmouth throughout its history, their efforts proved fruitless What was most important to the local religious community was to keep prohibition for the betterment of the social order of Monmouth Although opponents raised religious, moral, economic, and quality-of-life arguments similar to those preached during the nineteenth century, they also brought two new arguments to center stage: the historic nature of Monmouth's prohibition and the uniqueness that local prohibition brought to the town9

Eventually support for the prohibition ordinance started to wear thin throughout the community of Monmouth Although die-hard supporters of prohibition continued to fight the inevitable, there were signs that it was starting to become more and more detrimental to the social and economic aspects of the community Some claim that prohibition had reduced property values, others that it restricted development of the business sector in town Opponents of repeal brought forth many arguments for staying dry, including initiating one rumor that the land donated so long ago for the site of the University would revert to the heirs of the donors if the ordinance was repealed, resulting in a huge cost to the state to repurchase it9

After failing by a nearly 5 to 1 margin in the early 1970s, repeal was passed by the voters in November 2002, and Monmouth ended its long tenure as the last dry town on the west coast

Geographyedit

Monmouth is about 15 miles 24 km west of Salem on Oregon Route 99W It lies in the Ash Creek watershed, slightly west of the Willamette River10

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 224 square miles 580 km2, all of it land2

Demographicsedit

Post office in Monmouth Census
Historical population
Pop
1880 267
1900 606
1910 493 −186%
1920 582 181%
1930 906 557%
1940 965 65%
1950 1,956 1027%
1960 2,229 140%
1970 5,237 1349%
1980 5,594 68%
1990 6,288 124%
2000 7,741 231%
2010 9,534 232%
Est 2016 10,174 67%
Sources: US Decennial Census12
2013 Estimate13

2010 censusedit

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,534 people, 3,247 households, and 1,769 families residing in the city The population density was 4,2563 inhabitants per square mile 1,6434/km2 There were 3,450 housing units at an average density of 1,5402 per square mile 5947/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 828% White, 11% African American, 15% Native American, 33% Asian, 06% Pacific Islander, 66% from other races, and 41% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 134% of the population3

There were 3,247 households of which 268% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 418% were married couples living together, 94% had a female householder with no husband present, 33% had a male householder with no wife present, and 455% were non-families 239% of all households were made up of individuals and 75% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 252 and the average family size was 3073

The median age in the city was 237 years 182% of residents were under the age of 18; 349% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 208% were from 25 to 44; 168% were from 45 to 64; and 94% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 479% male and 521% female3

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,741 people, 2,757 households, and 1,488 families residing in the city The population density was 4,0043 people per square mile 1,5486/km² There were 2,934 housing units at an average density of 1,5177 per square mile 5870/km² The racial makeup of the city was 8567% White, 092% African American, 105% Native American, 204% Asian, 074% Pacific Islander, 621% from other races, and 337% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 973% of the population3

There were 2,757 households out of which 266% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 417% were married couples living together, 94% had a female householder with no husband present, and 460% were non-families 244% of all households were made up of individuals and 75% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 250 and the average family size was 3033

In the city, the population was spread out with 195% under the age of 18, 359% from 18 to 24, 212% from 25 to 44, 145% from 45 to 64, and 89% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 23 years For every 100 females there were 869 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 813 males3

The median income for a household in the city was $32,256, and the median income for a family was $48,600 Males had a median income of $33,500 versus $25,185 for females The per capita income for the city was $14,474 About 71% of families and 246% of the population were below the poverty line, including 141% of those under age 18 and 56% of those age 65 or over3

Educationedit

Monmouth is served by the Central School District and is the home of Western Oregon University

See alsoedit

  • Bethel, Polk County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "John Oberst" Democratic Party of Oregon Retrieved October 2, 2015 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Retrieved December 21, 2012 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved December 21, 2012 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved May 26, 2017 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey October 25, 2007 Retrieved January 31, 2008 
  6. ^ "Historic Monmouth" City of Monmouth Retrieved August 11, 2014 
  7. ^ McArthur, Lewis A; Lewis L McArthur 2003 1928 Oregon Geographic Names 7th ed Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press p 656 ISBN 0-87595-277-1 
  8. ^ Richard, Terry July 3, 2005 "Family Adventure; Stage-Struck" The Oregonian p TDNW1 
  9. ^ a b c d Jansson, Kyle R 2001 "The Changing Climate of Oregon's Driest Town: Monmouth's Prohibition Ordinances" Oregon Historical Quarterly 102 3: 336–51 
  10. ^ "United States Topographic Map" United States Geological Survey Retrieved March 7, 2016 – via Acme Mapper 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau "Census of Population and Housing" Retrieved June 15, 2014 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013" Retrieved June 15, 2014 

Further readingedit

  • Scott McArthur, Monmouth, Oregon: the Saga of a Small American Town Rickreall, Oregon: Polk County History Museum, 2004
  • Edna Mingus, Monmouth, 'The Growth of an Idea,' 1856-1956 Salem, OR: Johnson & Siewert, nd 1956

External linksedit

  • Entry for Monmouth in the Oregon Blue Book
  • "Monmouth" The Oregon Encyclopedia 
  • Historic photos of Monmouth from Salem Public Library
  • Religious history of Monmouth from Northwest College of the Bible

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