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Moblin

moblin, www.moblink.com
Moblin, short for 'mobile Linux', was an open source operating system and application stack for Mobile Internet Devices MIDs, netbooks, nettops and embedded devices1 It first merged with the Maemo effort and then both were integrated with the MeeGo project Nokia stopped all MeeGo development after switching to Windows Phone Intel discontinued work on MeeGo using Tizen instead

After the MeeGo project was scrapped, a group of people left Nokia and formed their own company, Jolla Oy Jolla is currently developing the successor of MeeGo, Sailfish OS

Built around the Intel Atom processor, all builds were designed to minimize boot times and power consumption as a netbook and MID-centric operating system The netbook/desktop version of Moblin supported other chipsets based on the SSSE3 instruction set, such as the Core2 and some Celeron processors

OEM support was scarce but hit an all-time high in 2009 when Acer replaced Linpus Linux with Moblin on their Acer Aspire One netbooks23 and LG Electronics chose Moblin OS 21 for its mobile Internet device class smartphone the LG GW99045 Dell also once accepted orders for its Ubuntu Moblin Remix, a Canonical Ltd which built Moblin on top of Ubuntu distribution as base6

Few commercial products existed around Moblin 2 most prominently a Foxconn netbook7 and an InvenTech smartphone,8 both announced at Computex 2009 Mandriva offered Moblin's v2 version to all Mandriva distribution and netbook owners9

At the Consumer Electronics Show in January 2010, MSI and Novell announced SUSE Moblin preloaded on the MSI U135 netbook Following the release of Moblin version 21, this was the first original equipment manufacturer OEM to sell a fully supported Intel Atom processor-based netbook running Moblin-based technology to consumers It was demonstrated at both the MSI and Intel booths at the show10 In addition, Samsung showed four netbooks preloaded with SUSE Moblin

At the Mobile World Congress in February 2010, it was announced that the Moblin project would be merging with Maemo to create the MeeGo mobile software platform

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Moblin 2
  • 3 Major components
  • 4 Applications
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Relations of Moblin to mobile operating systems

Intel launched the Moblinorg site in July 2007 and significantly updated the site in April 2008 with the launch of the Intel Atom processor family at the Intel Developer Forum in Shanghai A custom software development kit SDK is available on the site The Moblin 2 OS was specifically designed to run on an Intel Atom processor in a netbook11

In April 2009, Intel turned Moblin over to the Linux Foundation Subsequently, Moblin was merged with Maemo, becoming MeeGo MeeGo's development was also hosted by the Linux Foundation, and initially governed by a Technical Steering Group overseen by Imad Sousou of Intel and Nokia's Valtteri Halla12

The Linux Foundation canceled MeeGo in September 2011 in favor of Tizen13 A new Finnish start-up, Jolla, announced in July 2012 that MeeGo’s community-driven successor Mer,14 would be the basis of their new operating system Sailfish OS slated to launch in a smartphone during 201315

Moblin 2edit

At the Linux Collaboration Summit in April 2009, Intel demonstrated that the Moblin 2 alpha release can load major components of the stack, including the graphics system, and start up in mere seconds16 On May 19, 2009, Imad Sousou announced the release of Moblin v20 beta for Netbooks and Nettops for developer testing17 Moblin 2's Core distribution is based on recent builds of Fedora, but other distributions to announce future support for the core Moblin stack include Linpus2 and Ubuntu1819

This second major release marked a shift from the Xfce desktop environment to a custom-built GNOME Mobile UI based on OpenedHand's Clutter, a key piece of the Maemo graphical environment, built around the X Window System The new UI also includes an integrated Gecko web browser20 The Register was impressed by the interface but noted the presence of "quite a few apparent bugs" and described the beta release of Moblin 2 as "closer to an alpha than a beta"21

Major componentsedit

  • Moblin Image Creator MIC: allows developers to create a custom Linux file system for a device Using MIC, a platform developer can choose which components from Moblin they want on their device, build the target file system, copy all the necessary files to a USB mass storage device and load the resulting files onto the target
  • Kernel: platform-specific patches to the Linux kernel and various other device drivers
  • UI Framework: screen interface and its underlying Clutter- and GTK+-based framework
  • Power Management Policy: extending and enhancing existing Linux power management capabilities
  • Browser: the Moblin browser is full-featured web browser based on Mozilla technologies with a finger-driven UI and MID UI integrationcitation needed The Moblin browser supports key plug-insclarification needed like Adobe Flash
  • Multimedia: audio and video playback and photo viewing including Helix or GStreamer multimedia frameworks with Universal Plug and Play support through the GUPnP library
  • Linux Connection Manager: Internet connections that can be extended through plug-insclarification needed to support various wired or wireless technologies

Applicationsedit

Moblin 2's interface is designed for netbook and nettops and built on open source graphics technology, such as Clutter, DRI2, and KMS, which are designed around toolbars and panels available at the top of the screen

  • Myzone is a variation on the desktop or home screen It provides an overview of the user’s latest activities on the system The screen is divided into three areas: recent activities, that is calendar and to-do items left; recent files and websites, such as pictures viewed and websites visited center; and recent social network updates, currently tracking Twitter and Lastfm right
  • A custom toolbar provides more personalized content on the screens it navigates to, than most toolbars do Most menu items open screens that display the most recently accessed topical content For example, the work zones panel manages, organizes, and switches to currently running applications and the media panel displays recently played and viewed media files
  • The optimized browser is based on Mozilla browser technology revised into a Clutter shell
  • A 'zoomable' media player allows going from viewing all media at once down to focusing on an individual picture, movie, or audio track The media player detects and indexes media on external USB devices, as well as UPnP devices on a network

See alsoedit

  • Android
  • Ubuntu for Android
  • Comparison of netbook-oriented Linux distributions
  • Sailfish OS

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Moblinorg - Mobile Linux Internet Project
  2. ^ a b Engadget "Acer to join the Moblin Linux"
  3. ^ IDG News Service "Acer Will Use Moblin Linux Across Its Products"
  4. ^ "Atom-powered LG GW990 rocks the smartphone world" GSM Arena GSMArena 8 January 2010 Retrieved 10 January 2010 
  5. ^ "LG NEXT-GENERATION SMARTPHONE STARS IN INTEL CES KEYNOTE" LGE Press Release LG Electronics 7 January 2010 Retrieved 10 January 2010 
  6. ^ Moblin 2 arriving via Dell with Ubuntu-Moblin remix netbook
  7. ^ Foxconn SZ901 netbook with Linpus Lite Moblin V2
  8. ^ http://wwwmidmovescom/2009/06/mr-blurrycam-spots-a-mediaphone/ Archived June 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ 1 Archived October 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ MSI Ships First Netbook Powered by SUSE Moblin from Novell
  11. ^ Ganapati, Priya "Intel Pushes New Operating System For Netbooks", 2009
  12. ^ Ryan, Justin Feb 16, 2010 "Maemo + Moblin = MeeGo" Linux Journal 
  13. ^ https://meegocom/community/blogs/imad/2011/whats-next-meego What's Next for MeeGo
  14. ^ https://twittercom/JollaMobile/status/230579553142181888
  15. ^ http://wwwengadgetcom/2012/07/07/jolla-promises-meego-will-live-on-plans-new-smartphone/
  16. ^ Intel aims for 2-second boot time with Moblin Linux platform
  17. ^ Moblin v20 beta for Netbooks and Nettops - It's here
  18. ^ Spec of Ubuntu Moblin Remix
  19. ^ Canonical announces support for Moblin v2
  20. ^ Hands-on: Intel brings rich UI to Moblin Linux platform Ars Technica
  21. ^ The best netbook-friendly Linux distros by Andrew Miller of The Register June 9, 2009

External linksedit

  • Moblin open source project
  • Moblin v20 Beta: Calling Developers to Work on the Next Big Thing
  • "Moblin Linux gathers momentum" LinuxDevicescom Ziff Davis Enterprise Holdings 2008-10-22 Archived from the original on 2012-12-06 Retrieved 2009-01-29 
  • Paul, Ryan 2009-01-28 "Intel releases Linux-based Moblin 2 Alpha for Netbooks" ars technica Condé Nast Digital Retrieved 2009-01-29 
  • "Canonical announces support for Moblin v2" ubuntucom 2009-06-02 Retrieved 2009-06-04 
  • "Moblin switching from Ubuntu to Fedora" 2008-07-25 Retrieved 2009-06-02 

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