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Minister of National Defence (Canada)

department of national defence (canada), minister of national defence (canada)
Provincial and territorial executive councils

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The Minister of National Defence French: Ministre de la Défense nationale is a Minister of the Crown and is the Canadian politician within the Cabinet of Canada responsible for the management and direction of all matters relating to the national defence of Canada2 The Department of National Defence is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence, the Department’s senior civil servant, while the Canadian Armed Forces are headed by the Chief of the Defence Staff, Canada’s senior serving military officer3 Both are responsible to the Minister The Queen of Canada represented by the Governor General of Canada is the Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces and has final authority on all orders and laws for the "defence of the realm" see Queen-in-Council45 The minister is responsible, through the tenets of responsible government, to Parliament for "the management and direction of the Canadian Forces" Any orders and instructions for the Canadian Armed Forces are issued by or through the Chief of the Defence Staff6 The Department of National Defence exists to aid the minister in carrying out his responsibilities, and acts as the civilian support system for the Canadian Forces78

The current Minister of National Defence is Harjit Sajjan

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 The Defence Portfolio
  • 3 Ministers
  • 4 Ministers with military experience
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Historically, the position was pre-dated by the Minister of Militia and Defence During World War II, the Minister of National Defence was assisted by two subordinate ministers, the Minister of National Defence for Air and Minister of National Defence for Naval Services The portfolio was merged into a single ministry following the end of the war

The Defence Portfolioedit

The Defence portfolio for the Minister of National Defence includes:9

  • Canadian Armed Forces
  • Cadets Canada and Junior Canadian Rangers
  • Military Grievances External Review Committee
  • Canadian Forces Housing Agency
  • Canadian Forces Personnel Support Agency
  • Communications Security Establishment
  • Defence Research and Development Canada
  • Department of National Defence
  • Judge Advocate General
  • Military Police Complaints Commission
  • National Search and Rescue Secretariat
  • Office of the Chief Military Judge
  • Office of the Legal Advisor to the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces DND/CF LA
  • Office of the National Defence and Canadian Forces Ombudsman

The Minister of National Defence is also the designated Lead Minister for Search and Rescue LMSAR within the federal government

Ministersedit

Key:

  Liberal Party of Canada   Historical conservative parties: Liberal-Conservative, Conservative historical, Unionist, National Liberal and Conservative, Progressive Conservative   Conservative Party of Canada
No Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1 George Perry Graham January 1, 1923 April 27, 1923 Liberal 12 King
2 Edward Mortimer Macdonald April 28, 1923
Acting until Aug17
June 28, 1926 Liberal
3 Hugh Guthrie June 29, 1926
Acting until Jul13
September 25, 1926 Conservative historical 13 Meighen
VACANT September 25, 1926 September 30, 1926 14 King
James Robb
Acting
October 1, 1926 October 7, 1926 Liberal
4 James Ralston
1st time
October 8, 1926 August 7, 1930 Liberal
5 Donald Matheson Sutherland August 7, 1930 November 16, 1934 Conservative historical 15 Bennett
6 Grote Stirling November 17, 1934 October 23, 1935 Conservative historical
7 Ian Alistair Mackenzie October 24, 1935 September 18, 1939 Liberal 16 King
8 Norman McLeod Rogers September 19, 1939 June 10, 1940 Liberal
Charles Power
Acting
June 11, 1940 July 4, 1940 Liberal
4 James Ralston
2nd time
July 5, 1940 November 1, 1944 Liberal
9 Andrew McNaughton November 2, 1944 August 20, 1945 Military
10 Douglas Abbott August 21, 1945 December 9, 1946 Liberal
11 Brooke Claxton December 10, 1946 November 15, 1948 Liberal
November 15, 1948 June 30, 1954 17 St Laurent
12 Ralph Campney July 1, 1954 June 20, 1957 Liberal
13 George Pearkes June 21, 1957 October 10, 1960 Progressive Conservative 18 Diefenbaker
14 Douglas Harkness October 11, 1960 February 3, 1963 Progressive Conservative
VACANT February 4, 1963 February 11, 1963
15 Gordon Churchill February 12, 1963 April 21, 1963 Progressive Conservative
16 Paul Hellyer April 22, 1963 September 18, 1967 Liberal 19 Pearson
17 Léo Cadieux September 1967 April 19, 1968 Liberal
April 20, 1968 September 16, 1970 20 P E Trudeau
Charles Drury
1st time; Acting
September 17, 1970 September 23, 1970 Liberal
18 Donald Macdonald September 24, 1970 January 27, 1972 Liberal
19 Edgar Benson January 28, 1972 August 31, 1972 Liberal
Jean-Eudes Dubé
Acting
September 1, 1972 September 6, 1972 Liberal
Charles Drury
2nd time; Acting
September 7, 1972 November 26, 1972 Liberal
20 James Richardson November 27, 1972 October 12, 1976 Liberal
21 Barney Danson October 13, 1976
Acting until Nov3
June 3, 1979 Liberal
22 Allan McKinnon June 4, 1979 March 2, 1980 Progressive Conservative 21 Clark
23 Gilles Lamontagne March 3, 1980 August 11, 1983 Liberal 22 P E Trudeau
24 Jean–Jacques Blais August 12, 1983 June 29, 1984 Liberal
June 30, 1984 September 16, 1984 23 Turner
25 Robert Coates September 17, 1984 February 11, 1985 Progressive Conservative 24 Mulroney
26 Erik Nielsen February 12, 1985
Acting until Feb26
June 29, 1986 Progressive Conservative
27 Perrin Beatty June 30, 1986 January 29, 1989 Progressive Conservative
28 Bill McKnight January 30, 1989 April 20, 1991 Progressive Conservative
29 Marcel Masse April 21, 1991 January 3, 1993 Progressive Conservative
30 Kim Campbell January 4, 1993 June 24, 1993 Progressive Conservative
31 Tom Siddon June 25, 1993 November 3, 1993 Progressive Conservative 25 Campbell
32 David Collenette November 4, 1993 October 4, 1996 Liberal 26 Chrétien
33 Doug Young October 5, 1996 June 10, 1997 Liberal
34 Art Eggleton June 11, 1997 June 25, 2002 Liberal
35 John McCallum June 26, 2002 December 11, 2003 Liberal
36 David Pratt December 12, 2003 July 19, 2004 Liberal 27 Martin
37 Bill Graham July 20, 2004 February 5, 2006 Liberal
38 Gordon O'Connor February 6, 2006 August 14, 2007 Conservative 28 Harper
39 Peter MacKay August 14, 2007 July 15, 2013 Conservative
40 Rob Nicholson July 15, 2013 February 9, 2015 Conservative
41 Jason Kenney February 9, 2015 November 4, 2015 Conservative
42 Harjit Sajjan November 4, 2015 present Liberal 29 J Trudeau

Ministers with military experienceedit

  • Colonel James Ralston, Canadian Army; commander Lieutenant Colonel of the 85th Nova Scotia Highlanders Battalion, CEF
  • General Andrew McNaughton, 5th Battalion Canadian Mounted Rifles, Canadian Expeditionary Force, commander of the Canadian Corps, Canadian Militia/Permanent Active Militia and Canadian Army
  • Battery Sergeant-Major Brooke Claxton, Victoria Rifles of Canada
  • Major General George Pearkes, Canadian Expeditionary Force, commander of the Canadian Corps, Canadian Militia and Canadian Army
  • Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Harkness, Royal Canadian Artillery, Canadian Army
  • Lieutenant Colonel Gordon Churchill, Vickers Machine Gunner, Canadian Expeditionary Force; commander of the Fort Garry Horse and commanding officer of the 1st Canadian Carrier Regiment Canada Corps
  • Brigadier General Charles Drury, commanding officer 4th Field Regiment Royal Canadian Artillery, General Staff Officer of the 2nd Canadian Division and acting commander of the Royal Artillery 4th Canadian Division Canadian Army
  • Lieutenant Barney Danson, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
  • Pilot Officer James Armstrong Richardson, Liberator anti-submarine patrol squadron of the RCAF
  • Major Allan Bruce McKinnon, Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery and Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
  • Flight Lieutenant Gilles Lamontagne, bomber pilot RCAF
  • Brigadier General Ret'd Gordon O'Connor, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, Canadian Army
  • Lieutenant Colonel Harjit Sajjan, The British Columbia Regiment Duke of Connaught's Own, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, Canadian Army

See alsoedit

  • Minister of Militia and Defence Canada

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances" Parliament of Canada 
  2. ^ "Laws Defining Responsibilities and Authorities of National Defence" Department of National Defence March 25, 2010 Retrieved March 8, 2012 
  3. ^ "About DND - What is the relationship between DND and the Canadian Forces" Department of National Defence February 1, 2012 Archived from the original on March 1, 2012 Retrieved March 8, 2012 
  4. ^ Lagassé, Philippe December 2013 "The Crown’s Powers of Command-in Chief: Interpreting Section 15 of Canada’s Constitution Act, 1867" PDF Review of Constitutional Studies 18 2: 189–220 
  5. ^ Federal Court of Canada 21 January 2008, In the Matter of Aralt Mac Giolla Chainnigh v the Attorney-General of Canada PDF, T-1809-06; 38, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, p 5, 2008 FC 69, retrieved 7 February 2008 
  6. ^ National Defence Act Ottawa: Her Majesty the Queen as represented by the Minister of Justice 2011 pp 8, 12 
  7. ^ "FAQ - What is the relationship between DND and the CF" Department of National Defence February 13, 2012 Retrieved March 8, 2012 
  8. ^ "Civilians Supporting the Army" Department of National Defence August 5, 2011 Archived from the original on May 16, 2013 Retrieved March 8, 2012 
  9. ^ "The Defence Portfolio" Department of National Defence August 5, 2011 Retrieved March 8, 2012 

External linksedit

  • National Defence and Canadian Forces

department of national defence (canada), minister of national defence (canada)


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Minister of National Defence (Canada)


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