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Milwaukie, Oregon

milwaukie oregon food carts, milwaukie oregon real estate 97267 zip code
Milwaukie /mɪlˈwɔːkiː/ is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States A very small portion of the city extends into Multnomah County5 The population was 20,291 at the 2010 census Founded in 1847 on the banks of the Willamette River, the city, known as the Dogwood City of the West, was incorporated in 1903 and is noted as the birthplace of the Bing cherry The city is now a suburb of Portland and also adjoins the unincorporated areas of Clackamas and Oak Grove

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Economy
    • 41 Top employers
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Transportation
    • 61 Public transit
      • 611 Current
      • 612 Past
    • 62 Former Amtrak
  • 7 Mayors
  • 8 Notable people
  • 9 Sister city
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

Lot Whitcomb

Milwaukie was settled in 1847 and formally platted in 1849 as a rival to the upriver Oregon City by Lot Whitcomb, who named it for Milwaukee, Wisconsin At the time, the Wisconsin city was also frequently spelled "Milwaukie" before the current spelling was adopted6 Some accounts also state that the Oregon city used an alternate spelling to prevent confusion at the post office7

Whitcomb arrived in Oregon in 1848 and settled on a donation land claim, where he built a sawmill and a gristmill8 Milwaukie rivaled Portland and Oregon City for a time, but Portland eventually became the bigger city because it had a deeper port8 The first post office at Milwaukie was established in 1850, with Whitcomb as the first postmaster6 The community was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 4, 1903, originally as the Town of Milwaukie9

The Oregon and California Railroad named their station there Milwaukee in 1870 and corrected it to Milwaukie in 18926 As the city center grew further from the railroad and a branch line was built across the Willamette to Oswego, Milwaukie station was replaced and renamed Lambert for Joseph H Lambert, a pioneer orchardist who developed the Lambert cherry6 The name of the station was changed to East Milwaukee in 1913 and corrected to East Milwaukie in 19166

The Bing cherry, among other varieties, was developed in Milwaukie by another pioneer orchardist, Seth Lewelling, who settled in the area with his brother Henderson Luelling8

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 485 square miles 1256 km2, of which, 482 square miles 1248 km2 is land and 003 square miles 008 km2 is water1

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1880 125
1890 489 2912%
1910 860
1920 1,172 363%
1930 1,767 508%
1940 1,871 59%
1950 5,253 1808%
1960 9,099 732%
1970 16,444 807%
1980 17,931 90%
1990 18,692 42%
2000 20,490 96%
2010 20,291 −10%
Est 2016 20,929 31%
Sources:2311121314
Bing cherries

2010 censusedit

As of the census of 2010, there were 20,291 people, 8,667 households, and 5,075 families residing in the city The population density was 4,2098 inhabitants per square mile 1,6254/km2 There were 9,138 housing units at an average density of 1,8959 per square mile 7320/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 885% White, 13% African American, 13% Native American, 25% Asian, 03% Pacific Islander, 25% from other races, and 36% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 70% of the population2

There were 8,667 households of which 279% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 415% were married couples living together, 119% had a female householder with no husband present, 52% had a male householder with no wife present, and 414% were non-families 318% of all households were made up of individuals and 104% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 232 and the average family size was 2912

The median age in the city was 399 years 207% of residents were under the age of 18; 77% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 288% were from 25 to 44; 292% were from 45 to 64; and 136% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 486% male and 514% female2

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,490 people, 8,561 households, and 5,282 families residing in the city The population density was 4,2565 people per square mile 1,6447/km² There were 8,988 housing units at an average density of 1,8671 per square mile 7215/km² The racial makeup of the city was 9096% White, 095% African American, 094% Native American, 236% Asian, 025% Pacific Islander, 160% from other races, and 294% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 397% of the population2

There were 8,561 households out of which 283% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 458% were married couples living together, 113% had a female householder with no husband present, and 383% were non-families 303% of all households were made up of individuals and 104% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 235 and the average family size was 2932

In the city, the population was spread out with 228% under the age of 18, 81% from 18 to 24, 312% from 25 to 44, 241% from 45 to 64, and 137% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 938 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 896 males2

The median income for a household in the city was $43,635, and the median income for a family was $51,649 Males had a median income of $36,674 versus $29,957 for females The per capita income for the city was $21,342 About 62% of families and 76% of the population were below the poverty line, including 94% of those under age 18 and 66% of those age 65 or over2

Economyedit

Dark Horse Comics headquarters

Currently, the downtown area of Milwaukie is undergoing a revival in which new apartments and retail space are under construction and a riverfront park is being developed15 Existing attractions include a Sunday farmers' market and restaurants, coffee shops and storescitation needed

A street in the Lewelling Neighborhood

Milwaukie is the home of Dark Horse Comics Dark Horse is known for publishing works including Sin City, the character Hellboy, and the original graphic novel series 300, as well for producing dozens of films and television series, including The Mask and TimeCop, based on characters created by Dark Horse founder Mike Richardson The total office space of Dark Horse Comics occupies three of the city blocks in downtown Milwaukie, sporting numerous display windows visible to transit riders16

Top employersedit

According to Milwaukie's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,17 the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Unified Grocers 630
2 PCC Structurals 500
3 RM International 500
4 North Clackamas School District 385
5 Meggitt OECO 425
6 Safeway 280
7 Warn Industries 250
8 Sabin-Schellenberg Center 200
9 Goodwill Industries of the Columbia Willamette 200
10 Marquis Companies 200

Educationedit

Milwaukie High School entrance

Milwaukie is served by the North Clackamas School District and most children attend one of ten public elementary schools, four public middle schools, Rex Putnam High School, Milwaukie High School, and New Urban High School Since 1996, Milwaukie High School has annually hosted the nationally recognized18 Living History Day On this day thousands of veterans are welcomed into the school to help educate students about the past There is also a private Catholic high school, La Salle High School, named after St Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, and the Portland Waldorf School, a private Waldorf school, which serves grades K–12

The city is home to the Ledding Library, a public library that is part of the Library Information Network of Clackamas County

Transportationedit

Public transitedit

Currentedit

Milwaukie is within the TriMet transit district and is served by several TriMet bus lines19 TriMet established a transit center in downtown Milwaukie in 1981,20 served by as many as 12 routes in 2000,21 using on-street stops around the intersection of Jackson Street and 21st Avenue, next to Milwaukie City Hall Since 2010, the bus stops that previously comprised Milwaukie TC are no longer designated as a "transit center" by TriMet In fall 2015, the focal point for rider transfers between routes shifted southward from the former transit-center location, with the opening of a new light rail station at the south end of downtown

TriMet's MAX Light Rail service was extended to Milwaukie on September 12, 201522 Construction of the MAX Orange Line, a light-rail connection between Portland and Milwaukie, began in 20112324 Although this project was planned for many years, it faced strong opposition by opponents of "Portland Creep";25 in September 2012, opponents succeeded in passing a ballot initiative requiring that all Clackamas County spending on light rail be directly approved by the voters26 The 73-mile 117 km line was sufficiently complete by May 15, 2015, for 500 passengers to make an initial special run along its whole length27 Regular passenger service began four months later22

Pastedit

Streetcars began serving Milwaukie in August 1892, when the East Side Railway Company extended its service beyond the then-town of Sellwood28 The company built a carbarn and workshop in downtown Milwaukie, on Jackson Street at River Road now McLoughlin Blvd at that location, which opened in December 189229 The following year, the company extended its line to Oregon City, and interurban service between Portland and Oregon City via Milwaukie began operating2829 During the several decades after 1900, a succession of other private companies, including the Portland Railway, Light and Power Company, operated the streetcar and interurban service to and through the town28 All interurban service was discontinued in January 19582830 At the time, the Portland–Milwaukie–Oregon City and Portland–Sellwood–Bellrose lines had been the last streetcar or interurban service operating in the Portland metropolitan area, and not until 1986 did interurban service return—in the form of MAX light rail between Portland and Gresham30 Oregon Motor Stages, Inc, had provided some bus service through Milwaukie until 1954, when it abruptly ceased all operation31 Replacement transit-bus service was introduced in 1955 by Intercity Buses, Inc,32 a member of a consortium of four bus companies collectively known as the "Blue Bus" lines, and Intercity expanded its service after the 1958 abandonment of the rail service33 TriMet, a new government-owned public transit authority, was established in 1969, and in September 1970 it took over all of the "Blue Bus" companies3435 TriMet has been the primary provider of transit service in Milwaukie since that time

Former Amtrakedit

Amtrak passenger trains pass through Milwaukie without stopping However, for a brief period in the early 1980s an experimental Amtrak service named the Willamette Valley Express made a regular stop in Milwaukie, just east of the intersection of Harrison Street and Highway 224 a location Amtrak referred to as East Milwaukie36 The service, which ran twice a day in each direction and connected Portland with Eugene, was introduced on a trial basis in August 1980 and discontinued at the end of 198137

Mayorsedit

Main article: List of mayors of Milwaukie, Oregon
  • William Shindler 1903–09
  • Philip Streib 1909–13
  • ET Elmer 1913–15
  • Guy C Pelton 1915–17
  • John Snyder 1917–23
  • Alfred E Cowell 1923–27
  • JJ Miller 1927–35
  • JM Mason 1935
  • William Sanders 1935–37
  • Earl S Burdick 1937–40
  • Fred O Roberts 1940–45
  • Fred Sperr 1945–52
  • Leonard Mullan 1952–59
  • Earl Clay 1959–63
  • Joe Bernard, Jr 1963–65
  • George Haley 1965
  • Robert Richmond 1965–68
  • Frank Clore 1968–69
  • Donald Graf 1969–75
  • Bill Hupp 1975–79
  • Allen Manuel 1979–80
  • Joy Burgess 1980–84
  • Ron Kinsella 1984–86
  • Roger Hall 1986–90
  • Craig Lomnicki 1990–98
  • Donald Graf 1998
  • Carolyn Tomei 1998–2001
  • James Bernard 2001–09
  • Jeremy Ferguson 2009–1538
  • Wilda Parks 201539
  • Mark Gamba 2015–present40

Current mayor Mark Gamba took office on May 19, 2015, previously serving on the Milwaukie City Council4142

Notable peopleedit

  • Mike Bliss, NASCAR driver
  • Scott Brosius, former Major League third baseman for the Oakland Athletics and New York Yankees, 1998 World Series MVP
  • Cazzey Louis Cereghino, actor, singer, writer
  • Peter Cookson, film, stage and television actor
  • Dave Husted, professional ten-pin bowler; three-time winner of the PBA US Open43
  • Keynan Middleton, Major League pitcher for the Los Angeles Angels organization
  • Kenneth L Reusser, Marine Corps aviator
  • Mike Richardson, publisher, Emmy Award-winning producer and founder of Dark Horse Comics
  • Chael Sonnen, MMA fighter
  • Monroe Sweetland, politician
  • William S U'Ren, political activist

Sister cityedit

Milwaukie has two sister cities44

  • Iwaki, Aomori, Japan
  • Compton, California

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2012-01-24 Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2014-05-22 Retrieved 2014-09-26 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  5. ^ House, Kelly 2013-11-04 "Multnomah County Election: District Boundary Quirks Put Hillsboro Measure on Ballot" The Oregonian Retrieved 2013-11-05 
  6. ^ a b c d e McArthur, Lewis A; Lewis L McArthur 2003 1928 Oregon Geographic Names Seventh ed Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press pp 557, 648 ISBN 0-87595-277-1 
  7. ^ "City Facts & Trivia" City of Milwaukie Retrieved 2015-04-14 
  8. ^ a b c Cogswell, Philip Jr 1977 Capitol Names: Individuals Woven Into Oregon's History Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society pp 113–115 
  9. ^ Whitney, J R 1905 "The Special Laws of the State of Oregon Enacted by The Twenty-third Legislative Assembly Regular Session" Salem, Oregon: State Printer: 1 
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  11. ^ "Population-Oregon" PDF US Census 1910 US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  12. ^ "Population-Oregon" PDF 15th Census of the United States US Census Bureau Retrieved 27 November 2013 
  13. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon" PDF 18th Census of the United States US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  14. ^ "Oregon: Population and Housing Unit Counts" PDF US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  15. ^ "Milwaukie is Poised for Growth" Archived from the original on May 17, 2009 Retrieved May 1, 2009 
  16. ^ Boucher, Geoff 2008-05-19 "Welcome to Milwaukie, Ore, Hellboy's Hometown" Los Angeles Times Retrieved 2009-05-01 
  17. ^ "City of Milwaukie, Oregon, Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2012" PDF City of Milwaukie 2012 Archived from the original PDF on September 4, 2015 Retrieved 2015-04-14 
  18. ^ "Living History Day: Milwaukie High School" The Virtual Schoolhouse 
  19. ^ "TriMet" 
  20. ^ Oliver, Gordon June 14, 1981 "Two new bus lines begin Milwaukie service" The Oregonian Clackamas County edition, p B2
  21. ^ "Milwaukie Transit Center with map" TriMet 2000 Archived from the original on August 23, 2000 Retrieved August 12, 2015 
  22. ^ a b Njus, Elliot September 12, 2015 "The wait's over: TriMet's Orange Line, Tilikum Crossing up and running" The Oregonian Retrieved September 18, 2015 
  23. ^ Rose, Joseph June 29, 2011 "Construction begins on new light-rail bridge in Portland that will go up 'piece by piece'" The Oregonian Retrieved August 12, 2015 
  24. ^ "Portland-Milwaukie Light Rail Transit Project Fact Sheet" PDF TriMet June 2014 Retrieved August 12, 2015 
  25. ^ "Checkpoint Clackamas! Keeping Portland Out—to Let More Republicans In" Retrieved 27 November 2012 
  26. ^ "Clackamas County anti-rail measure passes comfortably; effect could resonate for decades" Retrieved 27 November 2012 
  27. ^ Tomlinson, Stuart May 15, 2015 "Kate Brown, 500 Others Are First Passengers on MAX's New Orange Line" The Oregonian Retrieved June 27, 2015 
  28. ^ a b c d Labbe, John T 1980 Fares, Please! Those Portland Trolley Years Caldwell, Idaho US: The Caxton Printers p 100 ISBN 0-87004-287-4 
  29. ^ a b Thompson, Richard H 2012 Portland's Interurban Railway Arcadia Publishing pp 25, 27 ISBN 978-0-7385-9617-4 
  30. ^ a b Thompson, Richard H 2006 Portland's Streetcars Arcadia Publishing pp 114, 121, 123 ISBN 0-7385-3115-4 
  31. ^ "Oswego Fete Due Bus Line: Regular Service Set Next Monday" February 3, 1955 The Oregonian, p 8
  32. ^ "Bus Service To Start Soon" regarding Intercity Buses January 20, 1955 The Oregonian, p 9
  33. ^ "Runs Started by Intercity" April 7, 1959 The Oregonian, p 11
  34. ^ "Tri-Met Takes Over Operation Of Blue Buses, Finds Rolling Stock In Bad Condition" September 9, 1970 The Oregonian, p 9
  35. ^ Ruble, Web February 25, 1973 "Transit was created because it had to be" The Sunday Oregonian, p F1
  36. ^ "First run for train" The Bulletin August 4, 1980 p 11 
  37. ^ Erickson, Steve January 1, 1982 "Valley Express fades into history" The Oregonian p C1 
  38. ^ Milwaukie Mayor Jeremy Ferguson to leave office for Seattle job
  39. ^ "Wilda Parks sworn in as interim mayor of Milwaukie" OregonLivecom 2015-02-18 Retrieved 2016-01-16 
  40. ^ "Clackamas County roundup: Oregon elections results 2015" OregonLivecom Retrieved 2016-01-16 
  41. ^ "Mayor Gamba" MilwaukieOregongov Archived from the original on 2016-01-26 
  42. ^ Rendleman, Raymond 11 March 2015 "Mark Gamba only candidate for Milwaukie mayor in special election" Portland Tribune Oregon Retrieved 1 January 2016 
  43. ^ "Child's Play: Living Out a Dream - bowler Dave Husted" Bowling Digest December 2000 Retrieved September 15, 2010 dead link
  44. ^ 1 Archived April 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine

External linksedit

  • Oregon portal
  • City of Milwaukie official website
  • Listing for Milwaukie in the Oregon Blue Book
  • Historic images of Milwaukie from Salem Public Library

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