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Milton, New Hampshire

milton new hampshire map of new hampshire, milton new hampshire police department
Milton is a town in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,598 at the 2010 census1 A manufacturing, resort and residential town, Milton includes the village of Milton Mills The primary village in town, where 575 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Milton census-designated place CDP, and is located along New Hampshire Route 125 and the Salmon Falls River, just north of Route 75


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Sites of interest
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


Main Street c 1910

Originally a part of Rochester variously called the "Northeast Parish", "Three Ponds" or "Milton Mills", the town was settled in 1760 It would be set off and incorporated in 1802 as "Milton", the name either a contraction of "mill town", or else derived from a relative of the Wentworth colonial governors -- William Fitzwilliam, Earl Fitzwilliam and Viscount Milton The town of Fitzwilliam also bears his name

Kennebunk Manufacturing Company Fibre Lunch Box Catalog Cover

Located along the Maine border, Milton was the location of early industry which used water power from the Salmon Falls River Six miles north of Milton, the village of Milton Mills was once called "Shapleigh Mills" and during the 19th century had 4 shoe factories, 2 woolen mills, 1 felt mill, 1 carriage shop and many sawmills In 1872, Henry H Townsend established The Miltonia Mills, which manufactured fine wool blankets used by Admiral Robert E Peary on his expedition to the North Pole, and Admiral Richard E Byrd at the Antarctic The company went bankrupt in 1950 The building then became Greene Tanning, a leather tannery where the employees of the mill made raw leather into leather known throughout the world as being some of the highest in qualitycitation needed

The high concentration of water powered industries in Milton caused Ira W Jones to found and operate an engineering firm from offices on Main Street in Milton The company did business as I W Jones Engineers

In 1893 Jonas Spaulding opened a leatherboard mill in Milton, organizing the business as J Spaulding and Sons His sons were Leon C, Huntley N and Rolland H, of whom Huntley and Rolland would serve as governors of New Hampshire Jonas and his sons would undertake the construction of another leatherboard mill in North Rochester around 1900 Jonas died before the North Rochester mill became operational The brothers continued to run the business successfully and brought the Spaulding Brothers leatherboard mill in Townsend Harbor, Massachusetts, under the J Spaulding and Sons banner in 1902 They were successful with a machine to manufacture shoe counters and with experiments to make vulcanized fibre In 1912 they opened a purpose-built facility to make vulcanized fibre in Tonawanda, New York In 1913 J Spaulding and Sons opened a second leatherboard mill in Milton They also acquired the Kennebunk Manufacturing Company KEMACO, which made lunch boxes and violin cases using leatherboard and vulcanized fibre and at one time had facilities in Milton as well

The town contains some distinctive architecture, particularly the Milton Town House, built in 1808, and the Milton Free Public Library, a Second Empire former schoolhouse built at Milton Mills in 1875


Milton is located in the northeast corner of Strafford County, bordered to the north by the town of Wakefield in Carroll County and to the east, across the Salmon Falls River, by the towns of Acton and Lebanon in York County, Maine The main village of Milton is in the southern part of the town, along the west side of the Salmon Falls River at the outlet of Milton Pond The village of Milton Mills is in the northern part of the town, 7 miles 11 km by road north of Milton village

The Spaulding Turnpike New Hampshire Route 16 runs north to south through Milton, with access from Exit 17 New Hampshire Route 75 in the south, near Milton village, and from Exit 18 New Hampshire Route 125 in the north, just south of the Wakefield town line

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 343 square miles 89 km2, of which 331 sq mi 86 km2 are land and 12 sq mi 31 km2 are water, comprising 341% of the town Milton is drained by the Salmon Falls River Teneriffe Mountain is the highest point in Milton, with the summit reaching 1,090 feet 330 m above sea level


Historical population
1810 1,005
1820 1,232 226%
1830 1,273 33%
1840 1,322 38%
1850 1,629 232%
1860 1,862 143%
1870 1,598 −142%
1880 1,516 −51%
1890 1,640 82%
1900 1,625 −09%
1910 1,542 −51%
1920 1,428 −74%
1930 1,206 −155%
1940 1,279 61%
1950 1,510 181%
1960 1,418 −61%
1970 1,859 311%
1980 2,438 311%
1990 3,691 514%
2000 3,910 59%
2010 4,598 176%
Est 2015 4,585 −03%
US Decennial Census3
"The Camps" in 1910

As of the census4 of 2000, there were 3,910 people, 1,456 households, and 1,084 families residing in the town The population density was 1181 people per square mile 456/km² There were 1,815 housing units at an average density of 548 per square mile 212/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9785% White, 020% African American, 031% Native American, 026% Asian, 008% from other races, and 130% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 041% of the population

There were 1,456 households out of which 370% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 589% were married couples living together, 95% had a female householder with no husband present, and 255% were non-families 187% of all households were made up of individuals and 58% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 269 and the average family size was 303

Mill and train in 1888

In the town, the population was spread out with 270% under the age of 18, 66% from 18 to 24, 317% from 25 to 44, 245% from 45 to 64, and 102% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 988 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 995 males

The median income for a household in the town was $44,194, and the median income for a family was $48,033 Males had a median income of $31,776 versus $26,134 for females The per capita income for the town was $18,092 About 61% of families and 79% of the population were below the poverty line, including 156% of those under age 18 and 45% of those age 65 or over

Sites of interestedit

  • New Hampshire Farm Museum
  • Milton Historical Society Museum
  • Mi-Te-Jo Campground
  • Milton Free Public Library

The Milton Free Public Library MFPL in Milton Mills is housed in a building that was constructed in 1875 as a school house, and continued in this role until 1991, when its elementary grade students were bused daily down to Milton It was the following year — 1992 — that MFPL relocated from smaller premises on Jug Hill Road to its current location Before that the library was located at the current historical society, which was built in 1916 with the purpose of becoming a library The land was donated by John E Towsend, and did not become part of the town until September 26, 1921 The very first librarian that worked at this location was John Simes, and the first group of trustees were John E Horne, Everett Fox, and Moses G Chamberlain5

The architecture of the Little Red School House, as the town-owned building is still affectionately known, is French Second Empire style with dormer windows upstairs, and a mansard roof It also has a bell tower, with a still-functioning school bell The bell is retained as part of the building's tradition, and clanged on days of very special significance, which do not include occasions when weighty book fines are paid off

Notable peopleedit

  • Louise Bogan, fourth Poet Laureate to the Library of Congress 1945citation needed
  • Robert Edmond Jones, theatrical designer
  • Alonzo Nute, US congressman
  • Michael Stonebraker, computer scientist


  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  5. ^ Roberts, Harold Milton Mills History 

External linksedit

  • Town of Milton official website
  • Milton Free Public Library
  • Nute Middle School/Nute High School and Library
  • Town of Milton Economic Development
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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