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Middleton, Essex

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Middleton is a village and civil parish in the Braintree District of Essex, England The village is 1 mile 16 km south from the Ballingdon suburb of the market town of Sudbury The parish, which is 2 miles 32 km east to west and less than 1 mile north to south, is bordered at the north and east by the county of Suffolk, at the west by the Essex parish of Bulmer and the A131 road, and at the south by the Essex parishes of Little Henny and Great Henny The River Stour also forms the eastern border

In the north of the parish at Middleton Hall Farm is small light industrial and services park which includes a vehicle sales company and the headquarters of a turkey farm This was the only farm and only trade listed in 1882 and 1914 By 1894 a carpenter was trading, and in 1902, a baker The parish contained a mixed National School for 40 children, built in 1875 This had become a Public Elementary School by 1914 Earlier, in 1818, the parish population of 90 had no school

At the end of the 19th-century parish area varied from 868 acres 35 km2 to 890 acres 36 km2 Parish soil was of clay, loam and gravel, on which was grown wheat, barley, beans and turnips Between 1881 and 1911, the population dropped from 165 to 133

The Parish Church of All Saints', which dates to the mid-12th century, is a Grade I listed building Within the church chancel is a 14th-century Purbeck marble figurative floor slab to the memory of a rector of Middleton, died 1349 The parish register dates to 1700 The church seats 150 All Saints' Church was restored in the 19th century, when the bell turret and south porch were rebuilt, a vestry added to the north, and an organ chamber installed The living at the time was a rectory with a residence and 40 acres 02 km2 of glebe – land used for the support of the parish priest and church In 1882 an oil-on-canvas painting of the Annunciation was reported to be above All Saints' chancel arch, which might have been the work of the 16th-century artist Andrea Schiavone The rectory house was noted between 1882 and 1902, but not in 1914, as "beautifully situated with a small park in front and contains a splendid collection of oil and water colour paintings by English, Dutch, Flemish, French and Italian masters"

At the centre of Middleton Hall Farm is Middleton Hall, built in 1864 but today unlisted; it is part surrounded by a mutilated rectangular moat as a listed monument

A Grade II listed thatched two-storey cottage dating to the 17th century is 250 yards 229 m southeast from the church on a minor road to Henny Street South from the church by 60 yards 55 m, and with access from Rectory Road is Queens Beeches, a Grade II listed early 19th-century grey brick house with attached stables and carriage house

References

  1. ^ a b c Kelly's Directory of Essex 1882 p211 / 1894 pp250,251 / 1902 p299 / 1914 p435
  2. ^ Digest of Parochial Returns, House of Commons Select Committee on Education of the Poor 1818
  3. ^ Historic England "Church of All Saints' 1123271" National Heritage List for England Retrieved 4 March 2018 
  4. ^ Historic England "Church of All Saints 1577070" PastScape Retrieved 4 March 2018 
  5. ^ "Middleton", in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex, vol 3, North East London, 1922, pp 181-183 British History Online Retrieved 4 March 2018
  6. ^ Historic England "Middleton Hall 382029" PastScape Retrieved 4 March 2018 
  7. ^ Historic England "Thatched cottage 1169846" National Heritage List for England Retrieved 4 March 2018 
  8. ^ Historic England "Queens Beeches 1169855" National Heritage List for England Retrieved 4 March 2018 

External links

  • Media related to Middleton, Essex at Wikimedia Commons
  • England portal
  • United Kingdom portal

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