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Miaoli County

miaoli county, miaoli county attractions
Miaoli County Chinese: 苗栗縣; pinyin: Miáolì Xiàn is a county in western Taiwan Miaoli is contiguous with Hsinchu County and Hsinchu City to the north, Taichung to the south, and borders the Taiwan Strait to the west The Council for Economic Planning and Development of Taiwan classifies Miaoli as a county of Central Taiwan, while the Taiwan Central Weather Bureau classifies Miaoli as a county of the North Miaoli City is the capital of the county, and is also known as "Mountain Town", owing to the number of mountains nearby, making it a destination for hiking

Contents

  • 1 Name
  • 2 History
    • 21 Kingdom of Tungning
    • 22 Qing Dynasty
    • 23 Empire of Japan
    • 24 Republic of China
  • 3 Geography
  • 4 Administrative divisions
  • 5 Demographics and culture
    • 51 Population
    • 52 Sports
  • 6 Economy
  • 7 Education
  • 8 Energy
    • 81 Power generation
    • 82 Water supply
  • 9 Tourism
    • 91 Tourist attractions
      • 911 Nature
      • 912 Museums
      • 913 Cultural centers
      • 914 Theme parks
      • 915 Temples
      • 916 Festivals
  • 10 Transportation
    • 101 Rail
    • 102 Road
  • 11 Relative location
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Nameedit

The name Miaoli was coined using two Hakka Chinese words, meu 貓; "cat" and li 狸; "raccoon dog" to phonetically approximate Pali Bari from the Taokas language The resulting word 貓狸 is a widespread but non-orthodox variant referring to Viverridae In 1889, during late Qing rule, the name was modified from various forms 貓裏, 貓裡, 貓里 to its current form

Historyedit

Evidence of settlement in Miaoli dates back a thousand years Many archaeological artifacts have been found showing that during the prehistoric era, people lived in the river terrace They mainly led an agriculture life and engaged in hunting and fishing for their extra food source About a thousand years ago, an indigenous group Taokas settled here

In the mid-17th century, Han Chinese began to migrate into the area, beginning a gradual process of deforestation and establishment of permanent settlement sites The prior inhabitants of Miaoli were either assimilated into the dominant Han population, or migrated deeper into the mountainous range After several hundred years, Miaoli had become the home of people from different origins, such as Hakka, Hoklo, Atayal and Saisiyat1

Kingdom of Tungningedit

After Koxinga took over Taiwan from the Netherlands, he placed Miaoli into Tian-Sing County 天興縣 and started an immigration plan to develop this area

Qing Dynastyedit

After the last Tungning Ruler Zheng Keshuang surrendered to the Qing Dynasty, Tian-sing County was renamed Zhuluo County In 1889, Miaoli Hsien 苗栗縣 was established as an independent county under Taiwan Prefecture At the end of 19th century, thousands of acres of high quality fertile fields had been reclaimed in the area of Nanzhuang, Shitan, Dahu and Zhuolan Public and private schools were also established all over Miaoli which made the area a place of gathering intellectuals and elites in northern Taiwan

Empire of Japanedit

The county was at first eliminated under Japanese Imperial rule Byōritsu Chō Japanese: 苗栗廳 existed from ca 1901 to 1908, but was split over Shinchiku Chō 新竹廳 and Taichū Chō 臺中廳 in 1909 From 1920 to 1945, Byōritsu Town 苗栗街, Enri Town 苑裡街 and six villages were under the jurisdiction of Byōritsu District, under Shinchiku Prefecture

Republic of Chinaedit

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Miaoli County was incorporated to Hsinchu County On 16 August 1950, the government re-established Miaoli county on 16 August 1950 with Miaoli township as the county seat On 25 December 1981, Miaoli Township was upgraded from township to a county-controlled city

Geographyedit

Miaoli County is considered to be located in the central northern part of the island of Taiwan, contiguous with Hsinchu county, Hsinchu City, and Taichung City The Xueshan Range is located on the border between Miaoli county and Taichung City Miaoli county north to south averages about 50 kilometers and east to west averages about 64 kilometers It is roughly diamond-shaped in appearance The overall coastline of Miaoli is about 50 kilometers long

Miaoli has little flat lands plateau and very mountainous due to the Xueshan Range Miaoli has rich rainfall along with abundant rivers

Administrative divisionsedit

Hsu Yao-chang, Magistrate of Miaoli County Miaoli City, the county seat of Miaoli County Miaoli County Government Miaoli County Council

Miaoli County is divided into 2 cities, 5 urban townships and 11 rural townships Miaoli County has the second highest number of urban townships after Changhua County Miaoli City is the county seat which houses the Miaoli County Government and Miaoli County Council The incumbent Magistrate of Miaoli County is Hsu Yao-chang of the Kuomintang

Township Name Chinese Name Surface Area(km²) Number of Villages Number of Neighborhoods Population Density(person/km²)
Cities
Miaoli City 苗栗市 378872 28 702 90,063 2,401
Toufen City 頭份市 5332 32 538 102,654 1,925
Urban Townships
Houlong Township 後龍鎮 758072 23 367 38,360 506
Tongxiao Township 通霄鎮 107768 24 394 36,941 343
Yuanli Township 苑裡鎮 682472 25 360 48,589 712
Zhunan Township 竹南鎮 375592 25 515 83,622 2,226
Zhuolan Township 卓蘭鎮 75316 11 176 18,353 240
Rural Townships
Dahu Township 大湖鄉 908392 12 180 15,549 171
Gongguan Township 公館鄉 71452 19 281 34,847 488
Nanzhuang Township 南庄鄉 1654936 9 184 10,674 65
Sanwan Township 三灣鄉 52296 8 93 7,132 136
Sanyi Township 三義鄉 693424 7 161 17,235 249
Shitan Township 獅潭鄉 79432 7 100 4,725 59
Tongluo Township 銅鑼鄉 7838 10 218 18,909 241
Touwu Township 頭屋鄉 52504 8 120 11,377 217
Xihu Township 西湖鄉 410752 9 108 7,589 185
Zaoqiao Township 造橋鄉 479976 9 118 13,456 280
Mountain Indigenous Township
Tai'an Township 泰安鄉 6145936 8 64 6,157 10
Miaoli County 苗栗縣 1,8203149 274 4,679 567,132 312

Demographics and cultureedit

See also: Taiwanese aboriginals and Hakka
Year Pop ±%
1985 550,343 —    
1990 547,609 −05%
1995 560,128 +23%
2000 559,703 −01%
2005 559,986 +01%
2010 560,968 +02%
2015 563,912 +05%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan" Ministry of the Interior Population Census 

Populationedit

The main population of Miaoli County is comprised by the Han Chinese and the Taiwanese aborigines The Taiwanese aborigines constitute about 19% of the total population while the Hakka are the main group of Han Chinese

Taiwanese aborigines

The Saisiat currently reside in the Wufeng Township of Hsinchu County and the Nanzhuang Township of Miaoli County2 Due the oppression by initial Han immigrants, the Atayal aboriginal group and the Nanzhuang Incident, the population of the Saisiat people have decreased to 5,000 people It is the least populous Taiwanese aboriginal group after the Thao people The traditions and culture of the Saisiat is greatly impacted by the Atayal aborigines and Hakka people in the region

Han Chinese

During the Qing Dynasty, Miaoli was inhabited by Hakka Currently, the inhabitants of the four coastal townships of Miaoli Nanzhuang Township, Houlong Township, Tongxiao Township, and Yuanli Township consists of primarily Taiwanese Hokkien speakers With the exception of the four coastal townships and Tai'an Township, the main population consists of Hakka

Sportsedit

The main sports and recreational structures in Miaoli include Miaoli Sports Hall, Miaoli County Tennis Court, and the Park of Zhunan Township In Taiwan National Athletic Games of 2011, Miaoli is ranked 21 out of 22 teams with 1 gold, 1 silver, and 8 bronze

Economyedit

Popular regional agriculture, food production and culture promoted by the government include strawberries from Dahu Township, Hakka zongzi, Sanwan Chinese pears, Touwu Daikons, Sanyi wood sculptures, Tai’an persimmons, and many more

Annual revenue of Miaoli County is NT$22 billion, while its annual expenditure is NT$32 billion3 Monthly, Miaoli County Government spends NT$600 million on their staffs salaries and another NT$600 million for retirement obligation As of July 2015, the county government has a debt of NT$648 billion4

Educationedit

National United University

Education-related affairs in Miaoli County is regulated by Education Department of the Miaoli County Government At the end of 2004, the population of people older than 15 years old was 451,128, among which 9791% of them were literate There were 108,052 college-educated, 156,870 senior high school or junior college graduates, 176,755 junior high school or lower graduates The percentage of people receiving education higher than college was relatively low5

Miaoli County houses several universities and colleges, such as the National United University, Yu Da University, Asia-Pacific Institute of Creativity and Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine, Nursing and Management

Energyedit

Power generationedit

Tunghsiao Power Plant

Miaoli County houses the gas-fired Tunghsiao Power Plant in Tongxiao Township, the second largest gas-fired power plant in Taiwan with a capacity of 1,815 MW

Water supplyedit

The Mingte Dam in Touwu Township supplies water for irrigation and water supply for the county The dam has a capacity of 171 million cubic meters

Tourismedit

Tourist arrivals to Miaoli in 2011 was 17,000,000 people6

Tourist attractionsedit

Longteng Bridge in Sanyi Township Taiwan Oil Field Exhibition Hall

Natureedit

Nature tourism in Miaoli County including Flying Cow Ranch, Shei-Pa National Park, Waipu Fishing Port and Yongheshan Reservoir

Museumsedit

Miaoli County houses several museums, such as Huoyan Mountain Ecology Museum, Miaoli Ceramics Museum, Miaoli County Urban Planning Exhibition Center, Miaoli Railway Museum, Museum of Saisiat Folklore, Sanyi Wood Sculpture Museum, Taiwan Oil Field Exhibition Hall and Zaochiao Charcoal Museum

Cultural centersedit

Cultural centers in the county include the Miaoli Park, Wu Zhuo-liu Art and Cultural Hall, Yingtsai Academy and Hakka Round House

Theme parksedit

Theme parks in the county is West Lake Resortopia

Templesedit

Temple in the county is Zhonggang Cihyu Temple

Festivalsedit

The various cultural festivals of Miaoli County includes, Miaoli Marine Tourism, Meng-Hua Literary Award, Hakka Tung Hua Festival, Hakka folk song festival, Miaoli international tourism festival, etc

Transportationedit

TRA Miaoli Station HSR Miaoli Station Miaoli Bus Station

Railedit

The Taiwan Railways Administration passes through Miaoli County through the Coastal Line and Taichung Line The Coastal Line consists of Qiding, Zhunan, Tanwen, Dashan, Houlong, Longgang, Baishatun, Xinpu, Tongxiao and Yuanli Station The Taichung Line consists of Zhunan, Zaoqiao, Fengfu, Miaoli, Nanshi, Tongluo and Sanyi Station

Taiwan High Speed Rail passes north to south through Miaoli and has one of its station in the county, which is the Miaoli Station located in Houlong Township

Roadedit

Both Taiwan No 1 and Taiwan No 3 highways have stops here

Relative locationedit

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "About Miaoli - Miaoli County Government" miaoligovtw 
  2. ^ http://taiwanpediaculturetw/web/contentID=1374&Keyword=%E8%8B%97%E6%A0%97
  3. ^ "Miaoli County government has no money to pay salaries update" 
  4. ^ "Miaoli County government has no money to pay salaries" focustaiwantw 
  5. ^ "Population - Miaoli County Government" miaoligovtw 
  6. ^ "Culture and Tourism Buresu of Miaoli - Getting to Know Miaoli" 

External linksedit

  • Miaoli County Government Website in Chinese 1 in English

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