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Merseyside Skeptics Society

merseyside skeptics society & skeptic magazine, merseyside skeptics society caltech
The Merseyside Skeptics Society MSS is a nonprofit organisation that promotes scientific skepticism in Merseyside and the United Kingdom Founded in 2009, the society has campaigned against the use of homeopathy, challenged the claims of psychics, and hosts regular events in Liverpool, podcasts, and an annual conference in Manchester, QED: Question Explore Discover

As part of their Liverpool Skeptics in the Pub events the society hosts guest speakers, who have included Simon Singh, David Nutt, and Robert Llewellyn It also organises the awareness and protest against homeopathy campaign, 10:23

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Activities
    • 21 Meetings
    • 22 Homeopathy
    • 23 Sports wristband test
    • 24 Challenging psychic claims
    • 25 Podcasts
      • 251 Skeptics with a K
      • 252 InKredulous
      • 253 Be Reasonable
    • 26 QED: Question, Explore, Discover
      • 261 QED 2011
      • 262 QED 2012
      • 263 QED 2013
      • 264 QED 2014
      • 265 QED 2015
      • 266 QED 2016
  • 3 Board of directors
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

History

The Merseyside Skeptics Society was founded in February 2009 to develop and support the skeptical community in Merseyside[1] The Society held its first speaker's meeting on 17 September 2009 at the Crown Hotel in Liverpool, England Professor Chris French, editor of The Skeptic magazine gave a talk entitled "The Psychology of Anomalous Experiences"[2] Merseyside Skeptics Society Limited was registered in the United Kingdom as a private, limited by guarantee, no share capital company on 20 August 2010[3]

According to co-founder Michael Marshall, the group chose to use the American spelling of 'skeptic' because "in the States, the word isn’t as strongly linked to cynicism It's not seen as being as negative as it is over here"[2]

When climate change deniers began identifying as skeptics, vice president Michael Marshall made a clear distinction, stating: "In our view, climate change sceptics are not sceptics A sceptic looks at the available evidence and makes a decision, and for homeopathy the evidence is that it doesn't work But the sceptical position on climate change is that it is happening"[4]

Activities

Meetings

Brian Deer talks to the Merseyside Skeptics Society at a Skeptics in the Pub meeting

The Society holds several regular meetings in the Liverpool area, including the Liverpool Skeptics in the Pub, Skeptic Dinners, and Women's Socials[1] Liverpool Skeptics in the Pub holds two meetings a month, one of which is a social event and the other of which features a guest speaker[5] Guest speakers have included Ariane Sherine, Simon Singh, David Aaronovitch, Evan Harris, Elizabeth Pisani, Brian Deer, Jon Ronson, Stephen Law, David Nutt, Mark Stevenson, Mark Lynas and Robert Llewellyn, among others Topics covered vary widely and include health care, science, atheism, the paranormal and supernatural, psychics, politics and psychology [6]

Homeopathy

Michael Marshall leads a homeopathic overdose during QED 2011 in Manchester

In 2009, the society wrote an open letter to pharmacy chain Boots in which they denounced the sales of homeopathic products in their store In the letter they wrote that "We trust brands such as Boots to check the facts for us We don't expect to find products on the shelf at our local pharmacy which do not work", calling for them to remove the "bogus therapy" from their shelves[7]

The Society organised the 10:23 campaign to raise awareness of, and campaign against, homeopathy[8] This campaign included protests in 2010 against Boots for selling homeopathic preparations as equivalent to mainstream, scientifically-based medicine[9] and involved mass homeopathic overdoses outside Boots stores to mock what the protesters asserted to be the lack of efficacy in homeopathic products[10]

Following the overdose, Boots responded by saying "We know that many people believe in the benefits of complementary medicines and we aim to offer the products we know our customers want"[11] These protests took place in 70 cities in 30 countries around the world, including Australia and New Zealand, and resulted in no ill effects to those taking the products[12]

In addition, the Society has complained about GPs who have advocated alternative medicine including homeopathy[13]

Sports wristband test

In 2012, Merseyside Skeptics Society investigated claims that the Shuzi Qi sports wristbands – bands supposed to improve athletic performance similar to Power Balance bands – had any effect These bands were promoted in marketing materials as containing a computer chip programmed to "resonate with blood cells' natural frequencies", improving circulation by causing them to "unclump",[14] and were claimed to "bring your whole being into a state of balance where your endurance levels are increased"[15] The study cited by Shuzi UK used a technique called live blood cell analysis which has been discredited,[16] and Merseyside Skeptics Society characterized the claims as "nonsensical techno-babble"[14]

After the society conducted tests with a rugby player, it was reported that the bands had made "no discernable difference"[14] and that when subject to double blind trials, the product failed to have any effect on the rugby player's performance[17] Following the test, a spokesman for Shuzi UK stated that the claims made on its UK website would be updated; however, the director of the company claimed that the tests were biased and unfair[14]

Challenging psychic claims

Ash Pryce demonstrating psychic surgery at a Skeptics in the Pub meeting

In 2011, celebrity psychic Sally Morgan was accused of having an off-stage assistant at her shows who passed information to her via radio Merseyside Skeptics Society subsequently challenged her to participate in a test of her supposed powers, designed by psychologist Chris French[18] Around the same time, Simon Singh received emails from Sally Morgan's solicitor, stating that she had instructed the solicitor to "take libel proceedings, if necessary, in relation to allegations that she is a cheat" following the campaign encouraging her to take the test[19]

The Society turned the initial challenge into an annual event titled the "Halloween Challenge"; a scientific test to investigate if professional mediums could demonstrate psychic abilities in a controlled setting[20] In 2012, researchers at Goldsmiths, University of London conducted the challenge with two professional mediums, who both agreed beforehand that it was a fair test of their abilities, asking them to attempt to identify information about five volunteers they had not previously met and could not see The experiment involved the mediums writing details about the volunteers, who then had to identify themselves from the descriptions With a success rate of one in five, the results showed little evidence of the mediums' claimed psychic ability One of the mediums described the test as "designed to confirm the researchers' preconceptions", saying that she had to work face-to-face to make a connection[21]

Vice-president Michael Marshall supported the ban of the sale of tarot readings and spells on eBay in 2012, stating he thought it was "solid consumer protection" He continued that "tarot, spells and curses are all highly unproven", noting that although many tarot readers are sincere and believe they have psychic abilities, "that doesn't make it any more real"[22]

When the owner of a missing cat in Lincolnshire enlisted the help of a psychic, who said that it had been adopted by another family and would be found in an area children play, the society said: "Both of these are incredibly obvious scenarios to suggest for a missing cat, and would likely be the suggestions you'd get from someone without psychic powers – and without the need for a fee, too"[23]

In June 2010, Liverpudlian psychic Joe Power made allegations to the police that threats of violence had been directed towards him from members of the society on social media site Facebook After police contacted the society in regards to the claims, a member was able to explain that the allegations were unfounded[24] In a statement on their website following the incident, they wrote "nobody involved with the Merseyside Skeptics Society – or anyone that I even know of – has ever made threats to Joe or his family, and we absolutely never will"[25]

Podcasts

The current Skeptics with a K lineup: Michael "Marsh" Marshall, Mike Hall, and Alice Howarth, at the 2015 QED conference in Manchester

Merseyside Skeptics Society produces three podcasts titled Skeptics with a K, InKredulous and Be Reasonable[26]

Skeptics with a K

Main article: Skeptics with a K

Skeptics with a K, "the podcast for science, reason and critical thinking", is the official podcast of the Society[27] Its first episode was recorded on 28 July 2009, at Mike Hall's home The podcast features hosts Mike Hall, Michael "Marsh" Marshall and Colin Harris – in April 2014 replaced by Alice Howarth – discussing recent events from a skeptical point of view Co-host Michael Marshall described it as, "a fairly-shambolic, overly-enthusiastic and snarky mix of science, skepticism and sarcasm"[28] A popular semi-regular segment, until 14 July 2011 when it concluded with a special "Best of" edition, was a fact check on the children's book The Giant Book of Fantastic Facts[29] On 1 April 2013, an entire episode consisted of fictional stories including a parody of Ghost Busters, a story about the "Mersey Book of Monsters" and one about the "Paranormal Investigation Society Scotland PISS"[30] The hosts have appeared as guests on other popular podcasts including Cognitive Dissonance and the Token Skeptic [31]

InKredulous

InKredulous is a comedy panel quiz show, inspired by shows such as Mock the Week, Have I Got News for You, and The News Quiz, featuring a variety of guests from the skeptic community In the pilot episode, host Andy Wilson described it as "the quiz show where we satirically examine news stories, websites, events and personalities who will tweak the spider sense of our sceptical listeners and delicious looking panelists" The first episode was released on 8 February 2010[32] Hosts of other podcasts are frequently guests, including Steven Novella of The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe, Robin Ince of Infinite Monkey Cage, George Hrab of Geologic, Brian Dunning of Skeptoid, Kylie Sturgess of Token Skeptic, Ross Blocher and Carrie Poppy of Oh No, Ross and Carrie!, and others Other notable guests include David Aaronovitch, Paul Zenon, and Jon Ronson[33]

Be Reasonable

Be Reasonable is a monthly interview show that engages guests with ideas outside the mainstream scientific consensus, such as a member of the Flat Earth Society[34] In the first episode, on 28 January 2013, hosts Hayley Stevens until June 2014[35] and Michael Marshall described the show as an examination of their guests' beliefs and their structure, and the evidence they believe supports these beliefs[36] Guests have discussed past life therapy, aura photography and the presence of aliens on Earth[37]

QED: Question, Explore, Discover

Main article: QED conference QED 2013 Panorama

Starting in February 2011 the Merseyside Skeptics Society, in conjunction with the Greater Manchester Skeptics Society, began organising and presenting an annual two-day skeptical science festival, QED: Question Explore Discover[38]

QED is organised by skeptics volunteers and any proceeds go back into the event or a charity On the "Token Skeptic" podcast Michael Marshall said, "How we try to always pitch it and how we try and run it is - it's all about the skeptical community Because its being run by people who are just part of that community who are doing this because we really love it, the atmosphere, seems to be, of people coming together It's kind of a big party, a celebration of UK skepticism and also international skepticism"[39]

QED 2011

The master of ceremonies for the first QED was George Hrab Notable speakers included Steven Novella and Eugenie Scott, and episodes of the podcasts InKredulous, The Pod Delusion, and Strange Quarks were recorded live during the event[40] In an article on the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry website about the first QED conference, Kylie Sturgess said, "The organisers of QEDCon didn't need to proclaim the success of their convention from the stage—it was evident from the beginning to the end"[41]

QED 2012

The second QED convention in 2012 was sponsored by the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science[42] and featured speakers such as Robin Ince and Maryam Namazie The Skeptic magazine awarded the first annual "Ockhams' Awards" at QED 2012 The categories and winners were; Editor's Choice Award – Mike Hutchinson from The Skeptic; Best Skeptic Video – Tim Minchin's "Storm"; Best Science Video – Daniel Keogh and Luke Harris; Best Skeptic Blog of 2011 – Skepchick; Best Podcast – The Pod Delusion; and Best Event/Campaign/Outreach – Robin Ince[43]

QED 2013

Richard Dawkins at QED 2013

The third QED, sponsored by the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science and the British Humanist Association, featured speakers such as Richard Dawkins and Lawrence Krauss[44] The second annual Ockham's Awards were presented to "Shut Up Infinity" Best Video; Quackometer Best Blog; Kylie Sturgess, Token Skeptic Best Podcast; Skeptics on the Fringe, Edinburgh Skeptics Society Best Event/Campaign and The Pod Delusion Editor's Choice[45]

QED 2014

The fourth QED was hosted by magician Paul Zenon, who co-wrote and appeared in the humorous opening film[46][47] and was also a panelist Notable speakers included Richard Wiseman, Elizabeth Pisani, Mark Crislip, Robert Llewellyn, Nathan Phelps, Susan Gerbic, Mark Edward and Deborah Hyde[48] The Ockham Awards for the year 2013 were hosted by Wiseman and included Skepticality Best Podcast, Leaving Fundamentalism by Jonny Scaramanga Best Blog, Nightingale Collaboration Best Campaign, Superstition ain't the way: Kylie Sturgess at TEDxPerth Best Video and the QED organisers Editor's Choice[49][50]

QED 2015

The fifth QED took place in April 2015 and featured guest included Mitch Benn, A C Grayling, Harriet Hall, Lucie Green, Ryan Bell, Natalie Haynes, Jennifer Michael Hecht, Bruce Hood, Aron Ra, Kate Smurthwaite and Matt Dillahunty[51]

QED 2016

QED 2016 was hosted by Matt Parker and speakers included Captain Disillusion,[52] Dr Karl, Susan Blackmore, Michael Blastland, Timandra Harkness, Britt Hermes, Meirion Jones, Cara Santa Maria, Simon Singh and Paul Zenon The Ockham awards were again hosted by Richard Wiseman[53][54]

Board of directors

  • President – Mike Hall
  • Vice President & Press Officer – Michael Marshall
  • Secretary – Alice Howarth
  • Treasurer & Events Co-ordinator – Andrew Johnston
  • Director – Laurie Phillips[55]

See also

  • Association for Skeptical Enquiry
  • Edinburgh Skeptics
  • Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science

References

  1. ^ a b Merseyside Skeptics Society MSS, "About", MSS website, retrieved 23 May 2013 
  2. ^ a b Shennan, Paddy 16 September 2009 "Merseyside Skeptics Society hold first meeting" Liverpool Echo Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  3. ^ Companies House, "Merseyside Skeptics Society Limited, company # 07352726", Companies House website, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Her Majesty's Government, United Kingdom 
  4. ^ Corner, Adam 22 February 2010 "Do climate change sceptics give scepticism a bad name" guardiancouk Retrieved 7 June 2013 
  5. ^ Hall, Katy "Merseyside Skeptics in the Pub" Skeptics on the Net Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  6. ^ MSS "Skeptics in the Pub" MSS website Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  7. ^ MSS "An Open Letter to Alliance Boots" open letter and petition 10:23 Campaign website Retrieved 24 May 2013 
    MSS 26 November 2009 "An Open Letter to Alliance Boots" Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  8. ^ Moore, Matthew 19 January 2010 "Boots hit by mass homeopathy 'overdose'" Telegraphcouk Retrieved 7 June 2013 
    10:23 Campaign "Homeopathy: there's nothing in it | The 10:23 Campaign" 10:23 Campaign website Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  9. ^ BBC News Online staff 30 January 2010, "Liverpool anti-homeopathy campaigners stage protest", BBC News Online, retrieved 23 May 2013 
  10. ^ BBC News Online staff 30 January 2010 "Sceptics stage homeopathy 'overdose'" BBC News Online Retrieved 23 May 2013 
    Coghlan, Andy 3 February 2010 "Mass drug overdose – none dead" New Scientist Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  11. ^ Davis, Margaret 30 January 2010 "Mass 'overdose' staged in homeopathic protest" The Independent Press Association Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  12. ^ Brettingham-Moore, Caroline 15 February 2011 "No ill effects after public homeopathic overdose" Medical Observer Australia: MIMS Publishing Retrieved 28 May 2013 
    Trent, Brian May–June 2012 "Getting real: A look at the new skepticism" The Humanist American Humanist Association 72 3: 12 
  13. ^ Robbins, Martin 16 April 2010 "Quacks fly in all directions as alternative medicine regulation fails" The Lay Scientist Martin Robbins guardiancouk Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  14. ^ a b c d Siddle, John 4 September 2012 "Sports wristband that claims to improve athletic performance branded an "expensive fad" by Merseyside Skeptics Society" Liverpool Echo Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  15. ^ Macrae, Fiona 13 September 2012 "Are £59 must-have sports bands a waste of money Bracelet did nothing to improve skills of amateur rugby player" Mail Online Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  16. ^ Patterson, Thomas November–December 2012 "The pseudoscience of live blood cell analysis" Skeptical Inquirer Committee for Skeptical Inquiry 36 6: 43–45 Retrieved 29 July 2013 
    Ernst, Edzard 12 July 2005 "A new era of scientific discovery" guardiancouk Retrieved 29 July 2013 
  17. ^ Marshall, Michael 4 September 2012 "Is the Shuzi sport band a brilliant technology or a waste of money" guardiancouk Retrieved 21 May 2013 
  18. ^ Cox, Laura 29 October 2011 "TV psychic Sally Morgan's powers to be tested in Liverpool" Liverpool Echo Retrieved 23 May 2013 
    telegraphcouk staff 28 October 2011 "Psychic challenged to prove her powers" Telegraphcouk Retrieved 23 May 2013 
    Sample, Ian 27 October 2011 "Sally Morgan challenged to prove her psychic powers on Halloween" The Guardian Retrieved 23 May 2013 
    Stewart, Gary 2 November 2011 "Psychic Sally Morgan declines to have powers tested in Liverpool" Liverpool Echo Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  19. ^ Chivers, Tom 31 October 2011 "'Psychic' Sally Morgan sends the lawyers in over suggestions she might not really be talking to the dead" Telegraphcouk Retrieved 7 June 2013 
    Sims, Paul 1 November 2011 "Refusing to take the test: TV medium Sally Morgan involves lawyers following Simon Singh's psychic challenge" The New Humanist Blog Rationalist Association Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  20. ^ French, Chris 31 October 2012 "Halloween challenge: psychics submit their powers to a scientific trial" guardiancouk Retrieved 24 May 2013 
    Marshall, Michael 16 October 2012 "Calling all psychics: a chance to prove your powers in a scientific test" guardiancouk Retrieved 7 June 2012 
  21. ^ Gayle, Damien 1 November 2012 "Two professional mediums fail test to demonstrate their psychic powers under laboratory conditions" Mail Online Retrieved 7 June 2013 
    Coughlan, Sean 30 October 2012 "Psychic pair fail scientific test" BBC News Online: Education Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  22. ^ BBC News Online staff 20 August 2012 "Sale of tarot readings and spells banned on eBay" BBC News Online Technology Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  23. ^ BBC News Online staff 21 May 2010 "Psychic joins search for missing cat in Lincolnshire" BBC News Online Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  24. ^ Muir, Hugh 29 June 2010 "Surely even rightwing thinktankers will admit that the brave world of the web is not always that brave" The Guardian Guardian Diary Retrieved 7 June 2013 
  25. ^ MSS 22 June 2010 "Joe Power, non-Psychic non-Detective: A Clarification" MSS website Retrieved 24 May 2013 
    Caine, Glenn 18 July 2010 "Joe Power VS Derren Brown And The MSS" The Godless Geek Blog Retrieved 24 May 2013 
    Miles, Tina 25 June 2010 "Psychic Joe Power hits back after TV star Derren Brown branded him 'fake'" Ormskirk & Skelmsdale Advertiser Trinity Mirror Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  26. ^ MSS "Podcasts" MSS website Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  27. ^ Hall, Mike; Marshall, Michael; Harris, Colin 1 August 2009 "Skeptics with a K: Episode #001" Skeptics with a K Episode 001 MSS Retrieved 4 August 2014 
  28. ^ Puffin Watch 30 April 2010 "Interview with Michael Marshall of Skeptics with a K podcast" The Skeptical Review Nigel St Whitehall Howard Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  29. ^ St Whitehall, Nigel Howard 14 July 2011 "A bit on The Skeptic Zone, Skeptics With a K and skeptical conference musings" The Skeptical Review Archived from the original on 28 March 2014 Retrieved 5 June 2013 
    Hall, Mike; Marshall, Michael; Harris, Colin hosts 14 July 2011 "Skeptics with a K: Episode #050" Skeptics with a K Episode 050 MSS Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  30. ^ Hall, Mike; Marshall, Michael; Harris, Colin hosts 1 April 2013 "Skeptics with a K: Episode #095" Skeptics with a K Episode 095 MSS Retrieved 4 June 2013 
    St Whitehall, Nigel Howard 28 April 2013 "SGU and SWaK on being skeptical of the skeptics" The Skeptical Review Archived from the original on 28 March 2014 Retrieved 5 June 2013 
  31. ^ Cecil; Tom 27 February 2012 "Skeptics with a K" Cognitive Dissonance Episode 36 Retrieved 5 June 2013 
    Sturgess, Kylie host 16 November 2010 "On the QED Conference – Interview with Michael Marshall" Token Skeptic Episode 40 Kylie Sturgess Retrieved 5 June 2013 
    Sturgess, Kylie host 16 November 2010 "On Testing Shuzi Qi Claims with the Merseyside Skeptics" Token Skeptic Episode 135 Kylie Sturgess Retrieved 5 June 2013 
    St Whitehall, Nigel Howard 25 November 2010 "The Token Skeptic returns" The Skeptical Review Retrieved 5 June 2013 
  32. ^ Wilson, Andy host 8 February 2010 "The Pilot" InKredulous MSS Retrieved 5 June 2013 
  33. ^ MSS "Archive for category InKredulous" MSS website Retrieved 10 June 2013 
  34. ^ Naughton, Pete 23 March 2013 "Podcast and internet radio previews: Gilles Peterson Worldwide, Richard Herring's Leicester Square Podcast" The Telegraph Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  35. ^ Marshall host, Michael 30 June 2014 "Rafael Dellal" Be Reasonable Episode 018 MSS Retrieved 1 July 2014 
  36. ^ Stevens, Hayley; Marshall hosts, Michael 28 January 2013 "Anita Ikonen" Be Reasonable Episode 001 MSS Retrieved 21 June 2013 
  37. ^ MSS "Archive for category Be Reasonable" MSS website Retrieved 21 June 2013 
  38. ^ MSS 18 August 2010 "Announcing 'QED: Question Explore Discover'" MSS website Retrieved 23 May 2013 
    Greater Manchester Skeptics Society 18 August 2010 "QED: Question Explore Discover" Greater Manchester Skeptics Society website Retrieved 23 May 2013 
  39. ^ "Episode One Hundred And Seventy Three – On Bad PR – Interview With Michael Marshall" 25 December 2013 Retrieved 9 February 2014 
  40. ^ Hampshire Skeptics Society Dave 10 February 2011 "QED Con – Day 1" Hampshire Skeptics Society website Retrieved 24 May 2013 
    Hampshire Skeptics Society Dave 11 February 2011 "QED Con – Day 2" Hampshire Skeptics Society website Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  41. ^ Sturgess, Kylie 4 May 2011, "The Little QEDCon That Can—Question, Explore, Discover In Manchester", Committee for Skeptical Inquiry website, retrieved 23 May 2013 
  42. ^ Wilson, Andy 29 February 2012 "QED: How to make a success of a conference for skeptics" Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  43. ^ Hyde, Deborah 2012 "The Skeptic Awards" The Skeptic 23
  44. ^ Malburn, Chris 11 May 2013 "QED " The National Federation of Atheist, Humanist and Secular Student Societies AHS website Retrieved 24 May 2013 
  45. ^ "Who won the Ockham's" The Skeptic 24 3 2013 
  46. ^ "QED Conference Speakers" wwwqedconorg QED Retrieved 11 August 2014 
  47. ^ Zenon, Paul "Paul Zenon's Preparations 2014" YouTube Question, Explore, Discover Retrieved 4 May 2016 
  48. ^ "QED 2014" Lanyrd Lanyrd Retrieved 4 May 2016 
  49. ^ "Ockhams 2013" The Skeptic Magazine UK Archived from the original on 18 July 2014 Retrieved 18 July 2014 
  50. ^ Pintér, András ""Question, Explore, Discover" - Remek jelszó, fenomenális rendezvény in Hungarian" Szkeptikus blog Szkeptikus Társaság Retrieved 4 May 2016 
  51. ^ "QED 2015 Speakers" Conferize Retrieved 5 May 2016 
  52. ^ Melikdjanian, Alan "Captain Disillusion: Heroic Feats of YouTube Debunkery - Live at QED 2016" Youtube Retrieved 1 November 2016 
  53. ^ "QED 2016 Schedule" Lanyrd Retrieved 1 November 2016 
  54. ^ "Report QED 2016" KloptDatWel Retrieved 1 December 2016 
  55. ^ MSS "Contact" MSS website Retrieved 31 July 2015 

External links

  • Official website
  • 10:23 Campaign website
  • QED: Question Explore Discover website

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