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Mercer County, Ohio

mercer county ohio sheriff's office, mercer county ohio auditor property search
Mercer County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,8141 Its county seat is Celina2 The county was created in 1820 and later organized in 18243 It is named for Hugh Mercer, an officer in the American Revolutionary War4

Mercer County comprises the Celina, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Lima-Van Wert-Celina, OH Combined Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Drainage basins
      • 211 Beaver Creek
  • 3 Government
  • 4 Adjacent counties
  • 5 Demographics
    • 51 2000 census
    • 52 2010 census
  • 6 Politics
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 City
    • 72 Villages
    • 73 Townships
    • 74 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Mercer County was founded in 1820 which set it apart from Darke County Land south of the Greenville Treaty Line was still part of Darke County An act establishing Mercer County took place on January 2, 1824 In 1837 Van Wert County was detached and the county line established is the current northern border of Mercer County In 1839 Celina was established as the capital of Mercer County, St Marys, Ohio was the previous capital In 1848 the area south of the Greenville Treaty Line to the current southern county line, was attached When Auglaize County, Ohio was formed, Mercer County's eastern border was moved 6 miles west with the exception of the area south of the Greenville Treaty line This created the sharp point at Mercer County's south-east corner and was the last county line modification

In the mid to late 1800s Mercer county became home to many German immigrants, most of whom became farmers in the new world Many of these German immigrants migrated from northwestern Germany

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 473 square miles 1,230 km2, of which 462 square miles 1,200 km2 is land and 11 square miles 28 km2 23% is water5 The entire county has an elevation difference of less than 300 feet The highest point is on the southern county line at 1071 feet above sea level This is in proximity to the head waters for the Wabash River The lowest point in the county is 780 feet above sea level This point is located on the northern county line where the St Marys River crosses over

Drainage basinsedit

Mercer County has two rivers running through it; the Wabash and the St Marys The Wabash watershed is part of the Gulf of Mexico's watershed The St Marys watershed is part of Lake Erie's watershed Creeks between these two watersheds are within a mile of each other at some places in Mercer County This area/line that divides the drainage basins is known as the St Lawrence Continental Divide

Beaver Creekedit

Beaver Creek is the longest and largest creek in Mercer County It stretches 197 miles and has two sections The first section begins in southern farmland in the county and flows through the town of Montezuma, Ohio and into Grand Lake St Marys The other section of the creek begins as a spillway and empties into the Wabash River Beaver Creek was originally one piece, but was split into two sections after the construction of Grand Lake The creeks' spillway, and last section, has been the subject of controversy and multimillion-dollar lawsuits Farmers along Beaver Creek claim their land floods because of the spillway that was put up in 1997, replacing the previous spillway, built in 19136

See also: Grand Lake St Marys State Park

Governmentedit

Mercer County has a 3-member Board of County Commissioners that oversee the various County departments, similar to all but 2 of the 88 Ohio counties Mercer County's elected commissioners are: Jerry Laffin, Rick Muhlenkamp, and Greg Homan7

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Van Wert County north
  • Auglaize County east
  • Shelby County southeast
  • Darke County south
  • Jay County, Indiana southwest
  • Adams County, Indiana northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1820 95
1830 1,110 1,0684%
1840 8,277 6457%
1850 7,712 −68%
1860 14,104 829%
1870 17,254 223%
1880 21,808 264%
1890 27,220 248%
1900 28,021 29%
1910 27,536 −17%
1920 26,872 −24%
1930 25,096 −66%
1940 26,256 46%
1950 28,311 78%
1960 32,559 150%
1970 35,265 83%
1980 38,334 87%
1990 39,443 29%
2000 40,924 38%
2010 40,814 −03%
Est 2016 40,909 02%
US Decennial Census9
1790-196010 1900-199011
1990-200012 2010-20151

2000 censusedit

As of the census13 of 2010, there were 40,814 people, 14,756 households, and 11,022 families residing in the county The population density was 88 people per square mile 34/km² There were 15,875 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile 13/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9844% White, 010% Black or African American, 026% Native American, 029% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 034% from other races, and 056% from two or more races 115% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 14,756 households out of which 3710% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6410% were married couples living together, 740% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2530% were non-families 2270% of all households were made up of individuals and 1080% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 274 and the average family size was 324

In the county, the population was spread out with 2960% under the age of 18, 790% from 18 to 24, 2670% from 25 to 44, 2120% from 45 to 64, and 1450% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 9980 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9620 males

The median income for a household in the county was $42,742, and the median income for a family was $50,157 Males had a median income of $35,508 versus $22,857 for females The per capita income for the county was $18,531 About 460% of families and 640% of the population were below the poverty line, including 690% of those under age 18 and 780% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 40,814 people, 15,532 households, and 11,172 families residing in the county14 The population density was 883 inhabitants per square mile 341/km2 There were 17,633 housing units at an average density of 381 per square mile 147/km215 The racial makeup of the county was 974% white, 04% Asian, 02% Pacific islander, 02% American Indian, 02% black or African American, 06% from other races, and 09% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 15% of the population14 In terms of ancestry, 587% were German, 88% were American, 83% were Irish, and 62% were English16

Of the 15,532 households, 326% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 601% were married couples living together, 76% had a female householder with no husband present, 281% were non-families, and 245% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 260 and the average family size was 311 The median age was 394 years14

The median income for a household in the county was $49,719 and the median income for a family was $60,215 Males had a median income of $42,441 versus $31,069 for females The per capita income for the county was $22,348 About 63% of families and 83% of the population were below the poverty line, including 89% of those under age 18 and 77% of those age 65 or over17

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results18
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 802% 17,506 155% 3,384 42% 926
2012 764% 16,561 219% 4,745 17% 370
2008 709% 15,100 275% 5,853 16% 346
2004 749% 15,650 245% 5,118 06% 122
2000 683% 12,485 285% 5,212 33% 597
1996 500% 8,832 357% 6,300 143% 2,521
1992 468% 8,683 263% 4,883 269% 4,979
1988 685% 11,162 306% 4,978 09% 146
1984 715% 11,542 274% 4,422 11% 180
1980 565% 8,673 359% 5,506 76% 1,160
1976 517% 7,678 453% 6,724 30% 447
1972 576% 8,587 389% 5,798 35% 522
1968 444% 6,313 479% 6,801 77% 1,095
1964 303% 4,373 698% 10,081
1960 500% 7,735 500% 7,730
1956 689% 9,456 311% 4,272
1952 657% 9,058 343% 4,725
1948 470% 5,266 529% 5,928 01% 8
1944 630% 7,712 370% 4,522
1940 607% 7,905 393% 5,114
1936 273% 3,602 547% 7,217 181% 2,385
1932 278% 3,314 709% 8,462 13% 153
1928 453% 5,129 543% 6,155 04% 42
1924 404% 4,215 492% 5,135 104% 1,084
1920 561% 5,692 434% 4,404 04% 44
1916 338% 2,065 623% 3,803 39% 239
1912 233% 1,324 632% 3,591 135% 768
1908 319% 2,148 662% 4,456 19% 125
1904 387% 2,173 585% 3,286 28% 156
1900 307% 2,015 679% 4,460 14% 91
1896 292% 1,991 702% 4,790 07% 46
1892 259% 1,526 625% 3,688 116% 686
1888 300% 1,841 676% 4,146 24% 148
1884 270% 1,384 726% 3,728 05% 24
1880 303% 1,473 693% 3,367 03% 16
1876 284% 1,128 715% 2,840 01% 5
1872 327% 1,026 665% 2,090 08% 26

Communitiesedit

Cityedit

  • Celina county seat

Villagesedit

  • Burkettsville part
  • Chickasaw
  • Coldwater
  • Fort Recovery
  • Mendon
  • Montezuma
  • Rockford
  • St Henry

Townshipsedit

  • Black Creek
  • Butler
  • Center
  • Dublin
  • Franklin
  • Gibson
  • Granville
  • Hopewell
  • Jefferson
  • Liberty
  • Marion
  • Recovery
  • Union
  • Washington
  • Wayne defunct, now part of Celina

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Burrville defunct
  • Carthagena
  • Cassella
  • Chattanooga
  • Cranberry Prairie
  • Durbin Named after George Patrick Durbin
  • Erastus
  • Ferner defunct
  • Hinton Oregon & Erastus-Durbin intersection
  • Macedon
  • Maria Stein
  • Mercer
  • Monterey defunct
  • Neptune
  • Oregon defunct
  • Padua
  • Philothea
  • Sebastian
  • Sharpsburg
  • Scudder Skeels & Wabash intersection, now defunct
  • Shively
  • Skeels Crossroads aka Skeels Crossing
  • St Joseph
  • St Peter
  • St Rose
  • Tama Tamah
  • Wabash
  • Wendelin

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on July 14, 2011 Retrieved February 9, 2015 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies" Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2007 Retrieved February 14, 2015 
  4. ^ "Mercer County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Retrieved 2007-04-28 dead link
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 9, 2015 
  6. ^ http://wwwdailystandardcom/archive/story_singlephprec_id=16988
  7. ^ "Mercer County Commissioners" Mercer County Ohio Homepage Retrieved May 8, 2015 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 9, 2015 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 9, 2015 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 9, 2015 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 9, 2015 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS

External linksedit

  • County website
  • Mercer County, Ohio American History and Genealogy Project

Coordinates: 40°32′N 84°38′W / 4054°N 8463°W / 4054; -8463

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