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Media in Gujarati language

media in gujarati language translation, media in gujarati language history
The Media in Gujarati language started with publication of Bombay Samachar in 1822 Initially the newspapers published business news and they were owned by Parsi people based in Bombay Later Gujarati newspapers started published from other parts of Gujarat Several periodicals devoted to social reforms were published in the second half of the 19th century After arrival of Mahatma Gandhi, the Indian independence movement peaked and it resulted in proliferation of Gujarati media Following independence, the media was chiefly focused on political news After bifurcation of Bombay state, the area of service changed Later there was an increase in readership due to growth of literacy and the media houses expanded its readership by publishing more number of editions Later these media houses ventured into digital media also The radio and television media expanded after 1990

Contents

  • 1 Print media
    • 11 History
  • 2 Digital media
  • 3 Radio
  • 4 Statistics
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References

Print mediaedit

Historyedit

A Page from the Gujarati translation of 'Dabestan-e Mazaheb' prepared and printed by Fardunji Marzban 25 December 1815 Daandiyo, dated 1 September 1864, first issue 1822—1915

The printing was introduced in Gujarati in 1812 The first printed book published was the Gujarati translation of Dabestan-e Mazaheb prepared and printed by Parsi priest Fardunjee Marzban in 1815 Early newspapers in Gujarati are published from Bombay and they covered commercial and business news chiefly They were mainly published by Parsi community and served area of Bombay now Mumbai On 1 July 1822, the first Gujarati newspaper Bombayna Samachar was started by Fardunjee Marzban as a weekly business journal with 150 subscribers In 1832, it was renamed Bombay Samachar and converted into biweekly Later it became daily in 1855 In 1933, its present publisher Cama family brought it Another Parsi, Naoroji Dorabji Chandaru started Mumbai Vartman in 1830 A year later was renamed Mumbaina Halkaru Ane Vartaman and converted into biweekly which published until 1843 Pestonji Manekji started a weekly Jam-e-Jamshed in 1831 which later converted in daily 1853 Several other newspapers published between 1832 and 1856: Doorbeen, Samachar Darpan, Mombaina Kasud, Chitranjan Darpan and Chabuk123 The first women's magazine in Gujarati, Streebodh was established in 1857 by Parsi social activists4

Buddhiprakash, Gujarati periodical, 1850 Vartaman, Gujarati newspaper, 1849

The Gujarat Vernacular Society of Ahmedabad, founded by British Magistrate Alexander Kinloch Forbes, started Vartaman in 1849 The society also published Budhvar weekly and Buddhiprakash magazine Due to efforts of Forbes, Surat Samachar, a biweekly, was introduced in Surat in 1850 which run for short period Dinshaw Ardeshir Talyarkhan started Gujarat Darpan in 1863 as a biweekly It was merged with Gujaratmitra in 1894 and was renamed Gujaratmitra Gujarat Darpan13

Several journal during those times were dedicated to social reform Parhejhgar of Surat was devoted to prohibition Lallubhai Raichand launched Shamasher Bahadur in Ahmedabad in 1854 Social reformer Dadabhai Navroji introduced Rast Goftar The Truth Teller to clarify Zoroastrian concepts in 1854 which published until 1921 Narmad launched Dandiyo in 1864 which was inspired by The Spectator It run until 1869 and merged with Sunday Review in 1870 Karsandas Mulji started Satyaprakash in 1855 in Bombay13456

The first daily published in Gujarat was Hitechchhu It was launched a biweekly in 1861 and later became daily in 1873 Prajabandhu was introduced in 1895 A weekly from Kheda, Kheda Vartman was started in 1861 and completed its centenary An evening newspaper Sanj Varman of Bombay was introduced in 1902 which published until 19501 Doot, a Gujarati Catholic monthly, was launched from Bombay

1915—1960 Navjivan dated 8 August 1920 covering death of Lokmanya Tilak

Gujarati journalism was greatly influenced by the Indian independence movement between 1915 and 1947 Mahatma Gandhi who led the independence movement, introduced Navjivan in 1919 It was renamed Harijan Bandhu in 1932 and published until 1940 It was revived and published again from 1946 to 1948 Saurashtra weekly was started in 1921 which was renamed later as Phulchhab17 Hajimahamad Allarakha published artistic periodical Visami Sadi from 1916 to 192089

Cover of 1916 issue of Visami Sadi Cover Art by M V Dhurandhar Edited by Hajimahamad Allarakha Page of Navjivan dated 6 December 1931

Sandesh was founded by Nandlal Bodiwala in 1923 following Non-cooperation movement Gujarat Samachar was started in 1932 following Dandi March and civil disobedience movement Amritlal Seth founded Saurashtra Trust in 1931 and launched Janmabhoomi on 9 June 1934 in Bombay It was edited by Samaldas Gandhi After sometime, Samaldas Gandhi left Janmabhoomi and launched Vande Mataram Following business war between two newspapers, Amritlal Seth founded the Indian Languages Newspapers Association He also founded a cooperative society to finance other newspapers It expanded its reach by publishing and acquiring several magazines and newspapers It owns Vyapar 1948, the first business magazine in an Indian language founded in 1948, Phulchhab 1921 publishing from Rajkot and Kutchmitra 1955 publishing from Bhuj It also own a weekly, Pravasi and a literary journal Kavita Jai Hind was founded by Babulal Shah in 1948 which is headquartered at Rajkot Loksatta—Jansatta was founded in 195317

1960—2000

Following Mahagujarat Movement in 1960, Bombay state was divided into Gujarat, with Ahmedabad as its capital, and Maharashtra with Mumbai as its capital The newspapers published from both capital cities changed their area of coverage accordingly Akila Daily started in 1978 from Rajkot Gujarat Samachar and Sandesh expanded its number of editions in 1980s Sandesh was headed by Chimanbhai Patel from 1958 who introduced weekly supplements in Gujarat Pradyumna Mehta published monthly Hindustan Patrika in Chicago from 1977 to 1981 for Gujarati diaspora Other monthlies abroad were Gujarat Vartaman and Bharat Sandesh both based in Chicago and stopped in 1980s Gujarati Samachar based in New York City was published also Bhupat Vadodaria established Sambhaav media group in 1986 which publishes evening tabloid Sambhaav Metro in Ahmedabad It also publishes Abhiyaan, a socio-political weekly1710111213

2000 onwards

Sambhaav was the first media group to enter in online media in Gujarat Divya Bhaskar was introduced in 2003 by Dainik Bhaskar Group which led to another business war in Gujarati print media It quickly expanded across Gujarat and took over Saurashtra Samachar based in Bhavnagar in 200414 Divya Bhaskar publishes an edition for Gujarati diaspora in North America1 The Times Group which publishes The Times of India, launched Gujarati edition of The Economic Times in February 2007 in Ahmedabad15 and its Gujarati daily NavGujarat Samay in January 201416

Digital mediaedit

Gujarat was the first state in India where the rural high frequency television transmitter was established In 1975, it was established at Pij, Kheda district The state owned Doordarshan was the first to enter in television and it operates DD Girnar Other privately operated TV channels are Colors Gujarati, P7 News, TV 9 Gujarati, Bizz News, VTV, Sandesh News, GSTV News, ABP Asmita114

Radioedit

The first radio station in Gujarat was founded by Sayajirao Gaekwad III of Baroda State in 1939 Later it was merged with All India Radio in 1948 after independence of India In 2011, there were 10 radio stations in Gujarat run by All India Radio including Vividhbharti There were several other radio channels owned by private media groups in Gujarat including Radio Mirchi, Radio City, Red FM, My FM, Radio One and Big FM There are four campus radio stations in Gujarat, Micavaani by MCA, GURU by Gujarat University, Vallabh Vidyanagar Campus radio and a campus radio by Sardar Patel University, Anand SEWA operates the community radio, Rudi no Radio in Sanand near Ahmedabad1

Statisticsedit

In 1984, there were 735 publications in Gujarati including 43 dailies It grew to 3005 publications in 2007—2008 as per Registrar of Newspapers for India including 220 dailies and 1410 weeklies1 They further grew to 4836 registered publications in 2014-2015 which include 539 dailies, 19 bi/triweeklies, 2189 weeklies, 548 fortnightly, 1324 monthlies, 105 quarterlies, 17 annuals and 95 others as per Registrar of Newspapers for India17 According to the Indian Readership Survey 2013, the top three Gujarati dailies were Gujarat Samachar 4339000 readers, Divya Bhaskar 3770000, Sandesh 37240001

As per 2011, there were more than 4 million television connections in Gujarat1

See alsoedit

  • Gujarati literature
  • Gujarati language
  • List of Gujarati-language writers
  • List of Gujarati-language magazines

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Chatterjee, Mrinal January 2013 "History of Gujarati journalism" Press Institute of India Retrieved 9 October 2014 
  2. ^ Rita Kothari 8 April 2014 Translating India Routledge pp 73–74 ISBN 978-1-317-64216-9 Retrieved 5 August 2014 
  3. ^ a b c Amaresh Datta 1988 Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature 2 Sahitya Akademi p 1875 ISBN 978-81-260-1194-0 
  4. ^ a b Achyut Yagnik; Suchitra Seth 24 August 2005 Shaping Of Modern Gujarat Penguin Books Limited pp 88–91 ISBN 978-81-8475-185-7 
  5. ^ Anjali H Desai 2007 India Guide Gujarat India Guide Publications p 42 ISBN 978-0-9789517-0-2 
  6. ^ Sisir Kumar Das 1991 History of Indian Literature Sahitya Akademi pp 534– ISBN 978-81-7201-006-5 
  7. ^ a b c Taylor & Francis Group 2004 Europa World Year Taylor & Francis p 2093 ISBN 978-1-85743-254-1 
  8. ^ Smt Hiralaxmi Navanitbhai Shah Dhanya Gurjari Kendra 2007 Gujarat Gujarat Vishvakosh Trust p 457 
  9. ^ Mansukhlal Maganlal Jhaveri; Sahitya Akademi 1978 History of Gujarati Literature Sahitya Akademi p 153 
  10. ^ Padma Rangaswamy 21 December 2007 Namaste America: Indian Immigrants in an American Metropolis Penn State Press p 320 ISBN 0-271-04349-0 
  11. ^ "Eminent Gujarati writer Bhupat Vadodaria passes away at 82" DNA 5 October 2011 Retrieved 31 August 2014 
  12. ^ PCI Review 1986 p 23 
  13. ^ Pravin N Sheth; Ramesh Menon 1986 Caste and Communal Timebomb Golwala Publications pp 81–82 
  14. ^ a b Shah 2009 Advertising N Promotion Tata McGraw-Hill Education pp 722–723 ISBN 978-0-07-008031-7 
  15. ^ Mukherji, Abhijeet 8 February 2008 "After ET Gujarati, BCCL all set to launch Hindi edition of Economic Times" Exchange4Media 
  16. ^ "Times Group launches NavGujarat Samay" The Times of India 17 January 2014 Retrieved 9 October 2014 
  17. ^ "II: Analysis Of Registered Publications" Press in India 2014-15 Registrar of Newspapers for India 2015 p 25 

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