Matthias of Trakai


Matthias of Trakai or of Vilnius Lithuanian: Motiejus Trakiškis; Latin: Matthias Vilnensis; ca 1370 – 9 May 1453 in Vilnius was a Lithuanian Roman Catholic clergyman, the first Bishop of Samogitia from its establishment in 1417 until 1422 and the fifth Bishop of Vilnius from 4 May 1422 until 9 May 1453 and an ex officio member of the Council of Lords

Biographyedit

Matthias graduated the Charles University in Prague with the Master's degree in liberal arts in 1408, and studied in the University of Siena afterwards Serving as the dean of Trakai, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, he participated in the Christianization of Samogitia and was a supporter of Vytautas' political aspirations and an active participant in his coronation matters Matthias was nominated to the newly established post of Samogitian bishop by Vytautas the Great and was consecrated on 24 October 1417 in Trakai

Matthias was Samogitian and Lithuanian speaker According to Jan Długosz, he was a Vilnian of Livonian German origin, while Vytautas himself has mentioned him being a Lithuanian1 The bishop has conducted the marriage of King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Jogaila and his last wife Sophia of Halshany in the city of Navahrudak in 1422; he became the bishop of the Diocese of Vilnius later that year Matthias sent representatives to the Council of Basel and set up the Inquisition to combat the Hussites, founded many churches and strenuously defended the rights and privileges of the Lithuanians2 Matthias took care that new Catholic priests would be fluent in the Lithuanian language He performed Last Rites for dying Vytautas on 27 October 1430

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Žymiausi žemaičiai 6
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition


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