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Mastoid part of the temporal bone

picture of the mastoid part of the temporal bone, mastoid and petrous part of the temporal bone
The mastoid part of the temporal bone is the back part of the temporal bone Its rough surface gives attachment to various muscles and it has openings for the transmission of blood vessels From its borders the mastoid part articulates with two other bones

Contents

  • 1 Surfaces
  • 2 Borders
  • 3 Spaces
  • 4 Development
  • 5 History
    • 51 Etymology
  • 6 See also
  • 7 Additional images
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Surfacesedit

Mastoid process shown in red

Its outer surface is rough, and gives attachment to the occipitalis and posterior auricular muscles It is perforated by numerous foramina holes; one of these, of large size, situated near the posterior border, is termed the mastoid foramen; it transmits a vein to the transverse sinus and a small branch of the occipital artery to the dura mater

The position and size of this foramen are very variable; it is not always present; sometimes it is situated in the occipital bone, or in the suture between the temporal and the occipital

The mastoid portion is continued below into a conical or pyramidal projection, the mastoid process, the size and form of which vary somewhat; it is larger in the male than in the female It is also filled with sinuses, or mastoid cells The mastoid process is located just behind the ear canal, and lateral to the styloid process

The mastoid process serves for the attachment of the sternocleidomastoid, the posterior belly of the digastric muscle, splenius capitis, and longissimus capitis

On the medial side of the process is a deep groove, the mastoid notch digastric fossa, for the attachment of the digastric muscle; medial to this is a shallow furrow, the occipital groove, which lodges the occipital artery

The inner surface of the mastoid portion presents a deep, curved groove, the sigmoid sulcus, which lodges part of the transverse sinus; in it may be seen in the opening of the mastoid foramen

The groove for the transverse sinus is separated from the innermost of the mastoid cells by a very thin lamina of bone, and even this may be partly deficient

Bordersedit

The superior border of the mastoid part is broad and serrated, for articulation with the mastoid angle of the parietal

The posterior border, also serrated, articulates with the inferior border of the occipital between the lateral angle and jugular process

Anteriorly the mastoid portion is fused with the descending process of the squama above; below it enters into the formation of the ear canal and the tympanic cavity

Spacesedit

A section of the mastoid process shows it to be hollowed out into a number of spaces, the mastoid cells, which exhibit the greatest possible variety as to their size and number At the upper and front part of the process they are large and irregular and contain air, but toward the lower part they diminish in size, while those at the apex of the process are frequently quite small and contain marrow; occasionally they are entirely absent, and the mastoid is then solid throughout

In addition to these a large irregular cavity is situated at the upper and front part of the bone It is called the tympanic antrum, and must be distinguished from the mastoid cells, though it communicates with them Like the mastoid cells it is filled with air and lined by a prolongation of the mucous membrane of the tympanic cavity, with which it communicates The tympanic antrum is bounded above by a thin plate of bone, the tegmen tympani, which separates it from the middle fossa of the base of the skull; below by the mastoid process; laterally by the squama just below the temporal line, and medially by the lateral semicircular canal of the internal ear which projects into its cavity It opens in front into that portion of the tympanic cavity which is known as the attic or epitympanic recess The tympanic antrum is a cavity of some considerable size at the time of birth; the mastoid air cells may be regarded as diverticula from the antrum, and begin to appear at or before birth; by the fifth year they are well-marked, but their development is not completed until toward puberty

Developmentedit

The mastoid process is absent or rudimentary in the neonatal skull It forms postnatally starts to develop after 1 year old,citation needed as the sternocleidomastoid muscle develops and pulls on the bone

Historyedit

Etymologyedit

The term “mastoid” is derived from the Greek word for “breast,” a reference to the shape of this bone

See alsoedit

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see Anatomical terminology
  • mastoiditis
  • mastoidectomy


Additional imagesedit

Referencesedit

This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy 1918

External linksedit

  • Anatomy photo:22:os-0403 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center
  • "Anatomy diagram: 34257000-1" Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator Elsevier Archived from the original on 2014-01-01 
  • lesson5 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman Georgetown University
  • Diagram - #5 source here
  • "Anatomy diagram: 34257000-1" Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator Elsevier Archived from the original on 2014-01-01 

mastoid and petrous part of the temporal bone, mastoid part of the temporal bone, picture of the mastoid part of the temporal bone


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Mastoid part of the temporal bone


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    Mastoid part of the temporal bone beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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