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Marion County, Oregon

marion county oregon recorder's office, marion county oregon assessor property search
Marion County is a county located in the US state of Oregon The population was 315,335 at the 2010 census,1 making it the fifth-most populous county in Oregon The county seat is Salem,2 the state capital The county was originally named the Champooick District, after Champoeg earlier Champooick3, a meeting place on the Willamette River On September 3, 1849, the territorial legislature renamed it in honor of Francis Marion,4 a Continental Army general from South Carolina who served in the American Revolutionary War

Marion County is part of the Salem, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA Combined Statistical Area It is located in the Willamette Valley

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Education
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Census-designated places
    • 73 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 Further reading

Historyedit

Marion County was created by the Provisional Legislature of Oregon on July 5, 1843 as the Champooick District, one of the original four districts of the Oregon Country along with Twality later Washington, Clackamas, and Yamhill counties The four districts were redesignated as counties in 1845

Originally, this political entity stretched southward to the California border and eastward to the Rocky Mountains With the creation of Wasco, Linn, Polk, and other counties, its area was reduced in size Marion County's present geographical boundaries were established in 1856

In 1849, Salem was designated the county seat The territorial capital was moved from Oregon City to Salem in 1852 The ensuing controversy over the location of the capital was settled in 1864 when Salem was confirmed as the state capital

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,193 square miles 3,090 km2, of which 1,182 square miles 3,060 km2 is land and 10 square miles 26 km2 09% is water5

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Linn County south
  • Polk County west
  • Yamhill County northwest
  • Clackamas County north
  • Wasco County northeast
  • Jefferson County east

National protected areasedit

  • Ankeny National Wildlife Refuge
  • Mount Hood National Forest part
  • Willamette National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1850 2,749
1860 7,088 1578%
1870 9,965 406%
1880 14,576 463%
1890 22,934 573%
1900 27,713 208%
1910 39,780 435%
1920 47,187 186%
1930 60,541 283%
1940 75,246 243%
1950 101,401 348%
1960 120,888 192%
1970 151,309 252%
1980 204,692 353%
1990 228,483 116%
2000 284,834 247%
2010 315,335 107%
Est 2016 336,316 67%
US Decennial Census7
1790-19608 1900-19909
1990-200010 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000,11 there were 284,834 people, 101,641 households, and 70,437 families residing in the county The population density was 241 people per square mile 93/km² There were 108,174 housing units at an average density of 91 per square mile 35/km² The racial makeup of the county was 8162% White, 089% Black or African American, 144% Native American, 175% Asian, 036% Pacific Islander, 1058% from other races, and 335% from two or more races 1710% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 184% were of German, 92% English, 82% American and 74% Irish ancestry 808% spoke English, 148% Spanish and 14% Russian as their first language

There were 101,641 households out of which 3450% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5370% were married couples living together, 1100% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3070% were non-families 2400% of all households were made up of individuals and 950% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 270 and the average family size was 319

In the county, the population was spread out with 2740% under the age of 18, 1030% from 18 to 24, 2870% from 25 to 44, 2120% from 45 to 64, and 1240% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 34 years For every 100 females there were 10110 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9950 males

The median income for a household in the county was $40,314, and the median income for a family was $46,202 Males had a median income of $33,841 versus $26,283 for females The per capita income for the county was $18,408 About 960% of families and 1350% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1810% of those under age 18 and 740% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 315,335 people, 112,957 households, and 77,044 families residing in the county12 The population density was 2667 inhabitants per square mile 1030/km2 There were 120,948 housing units at an average density of 1023 per square mile 395/km213 The racial makeup of the county was 782% white, 19% Asian, 16% American Indian, 11% black or African American, 07% Pacific islander, 126% from other races, and 39% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 243% of the population12 In terms of ancestry, 221% were German, 114% were English, 110% were Irish, and 47% were American14

Of the 112,957 households, 355% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 504% were married couples living together, 124% had a female householder with no husband present, 318% were non-families, and 250% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 270 and the average family size was 323 The median age was 351 years12

The median income for a household in the county was $46,069 and the median income for a family was $54,661 Males had a median income of $39,239 versus $32,288 for females The per capita income for the county was $21,915 About 117% of families and 160% of the population were below the poverty line, including 238% of those under age 18 and 76% of those age 65 or over15

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results16
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 463% 63,377 422% 57,788 115% 15,675
2012 500% 60,190 468% 56,376 32% 3,810
2008 474% 59,059 496% 61,816 30% 3,688
2004 539% 69,900 445% 57,671 16% 2,048
2000 507% 57,443 436% 49,430 57% 6,461
1996 432% 46,415 453% 48,637 116% 12,411
1992 382% 42,145 373% 41,137 245% 27,052
1988 512% 45,292 466% 41,193 23% 2,007
1984 598% 54,535 400% 36,440 03% 234
1980 494% 42,191 376% 32,134 130% 11,124
1976 491% 35,497 467% 33,781 42% 3,053
1972 575% 36,441 377% 23,908 48% 3,012
1968 548% 30,417 402% 22,327 50% 2,758
1964 369% 18,897 627% 32,091 04% 221
1960 583% 29,124 416% 20,791 01% 55
1956 642% 28,990 358% 16,170 00% 0
1952 704% 29,887 291% 12,337 05% 224
1948 573% 18,997 397% 13,183 30% 991
1944 566% 16,176 416% 11,907 18% 518
1940 543% 16,940 449% 14,031 08% 256
1936 330% 8,595 596% 15,536 74% 1,940
1932 390% 8,633 568% 12,572 42% 926
1928 620% 11,754 369% 6,998 12% 219
1924 521% 8,351 250% 3,996 229% 3,669
1920 662% 8,798 288% 3,831 50% 669
1916 555% 8,316 380% 5,699 65% 973
1912 312% 2,523 320% 2,588 368% 2,97417
1908 572% 3,788 338% 2,239 89% 591
1904 700% 4,106 185% 1,084 115% 673

Marion is a historically Republican county that has become more competitive in the last 30 years Although the Democrats won with pluralities in 1996 and 2008, no Democrat has carried a majority of the county since Lyndon Johnson in 1964

Economyedit

Agriculture and food processing are important to the county's economy, as are lumber, manufacturing, and education Marion County is the leader in agricultural production among all other Oregon counties18 Marion County has 10,640 acres 43 km² planted in orchards The Marionberry was named after the county Government, however, is the county's main employer and economic basecitation needed

Educationedit

Marion County is the home of Willamette University, Corban University, and Chemeketa Community College18

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Aumsville
  • Aurora
  • Detroit
  • Donald
  • Gates part
  • Gervais
  • Hubbard
  • Idanha part
  • Jefferson
  • Keizer
  • Mill City part
  • Mt Angel
  • St Paul
  • Salem county seat
  • Scotts Mills
  • Silverton
  • Stayton
  • Sublimity
  • Turner
  • Woodburn

Census-designated placesedit

  • Brooks
  • Butteville
  • Four Corners
  • Hayesville
  • Labish Village
  • Marion
  • Mehama

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Breitenbush
  • Champoeg
  • Chemawa
  • Clear Lake
  • Macleay
  • McKee
  • Middle Grove
  • Monitor
  • Niagara
  • North Howell
  • Pratum
  • Rosedale
  • Saint Benedict
  • Saint Louis
  • Shaw
  • Talbot
  • Waconda
  • West Stayton

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on July 14, 2011 Retrieved November 15, 2015 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ Horner, John B "Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature" Portland, Oregon: The JK Gill Co, 1919, p 98
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States US Government Printing Office p 200 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,919 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 580 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 475 votes
  18. ^ a b "Marion County, Oregon" 

Further readingedit

  • HO Lang ed, History of the Willamette Valley: Being a Description of the Valley and its Resources, with an Account of its Discovery and Settlement by White Men, and its Subsequent History; Together with Personal Reminiscences of its Early Pioneers Portland: Himes and Lang, 1885
  • Portrait and Biographical Record of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, Containing Original Sketches of Many Well Known Citizens of the Past and Present Chicago: Chapman Publishing Co, 1903
  • Marion County Historical Society, Marion County History periodical

Coordinates: 44°55′N 122°35′W / 4491°N 12258°W / 4491; -12258

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