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Manali, Himachal Pradesh

manali himachal pradesh weather in january, manali himachal pradesh temperature today
Manali is a valley nestled in the mountains of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh near the northern end of the Kullu Valley, at an altitude of 2,050 m 6,726 ft in the Beas River Valley It is located in the Kullu district, about 270 km 168 mi north of the state capital, Shimla, 309 km 192 miles northeast of Chandigarh and 544 km 338 miles northeast of Delhi, the federal capital The small town, with a population of 8,096, is the beginning of an ancient trade route to Ladakh and from there over the Karakoram Pass on to Yarkand and Khotan in the Tarim Basin It is a popular tourist destination and serves as the gateway to Lahaul & Spiti district as well as Leh

Contents

  • 1 Geography
  • 2 Demographics
  • 3 Climate
  • 4 History
  • 5 Places to Visit in Manali
  • 6 Transport
    • 61 Air
    • 62 Road
    • 63 Rail
    • 64 Environmental Concerns
  • 7 Indian Movies shot in Manali
  • 8 Gallery
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Geography

Manali is located at 322396 N, 771887 E, about 40 km 25 mi north of Kullu town The town ranges in elevation from 1,800 m 5,900 ft to 2,000 m 6,600 ft in the uppermost Old Manali section

Demographics

Manali has grown from a trading outpost/ village to a small town; as of the 2011 census of India, its population was 8,096 In 2001, Manali had an official population of 6,265 Males constituted 64% of the population and females 36% Manali had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 595%; male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 639% 95% of the population was under six years of age During the summer months there is a marked surge in the transients as many of them are employed in the hospitality businesses

Climate

The climate in Manali is predominantly cold during winter and moderately cool during summer The temperatures range from 4 °C 39 °F to 26 °C 79 °F over the year The average temperature during summer is between 10 °C 50 °F and 26 °C 79 °F, and between −15 °C 5 °F and 12 °C 54 °F in the winter

Climate data for Manali 1971–2000
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 195
671
235
743
270
806
300
86
350
95
332
918
326
907
306
871
292
846
300
86
256
781
215
707
350
95
Average high °C °F 106
511
116
529
159
606
219
714
249
768
272
81
259
786
254
777
250
77
225
725
184
651
137
567
204
687
Average low °C °F −16
291
−07
307
23
361
58
424
85
473
124
543
154
597
149
588
112
522
55
419
15
347
−01
318
65
437
Record low °C °F −116
111
−110
122
−60
212
−10
302
10
338
44
399
74
453
70
446
30
374
−15
293
−50
23
−100
14
−116
111
Average rainfall mm inches 1084
4268
1335
5256
2023
7965
1080
4252
789
3106
880
3465
2151
8469
2217
8728
1004
3953
523
2059
430
1693
595
2343
1,4111
55555
Average rainy days 66 82 93 62 57 73 147 150 85 34 28 35 801
Source: India Meteorological Department record high and low up to 2010

Monthly precipitation varies between 31 mm 12 in in November and 217 mm 85 in in July On average, some 45 mm 18 in of precipitation is received during winter and spring months, increasing to some 115 mm 45 in in summer as the monsoon approaches The average total annual precipitation is 1,363 mm 537 in Manali experiences snowfall predominantly between December and beginning of March The month of January is when it is usually the highest

Vashisht Temple, in Vashisht, Manali Manali is among top Indian skiing destinations

History

Manali is named after the Sanatan Hindu lawgiver Manu The name Manali is regarded as the derivative of 'Manu-Alaya' which literally means 'the abode of Manu' Legend has it that sage Manu stepped off his ark in Manali to recreate human life after a great flood had deluged the world Manali lies in the North of Kullu Valley The valley is often referred to as the 'Valley of the Gods' Old Manali village has an ancient temple dedicated to sage Manu

The British introduced apple trees in the area The first apple orchard was set up by the British near Patlikuhl, prior to this no Apple trees grew in the area To this day, apple—along with plum and pear—remain the best source of income for the majority of inhabitants Both Rainbow and Brown Trout was also introduced into the rivers and streams of the area by the colonisers

Before other luminaries started visiting Manali, India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru favoured this as a holiday destination in the mountains

With the increase in disposable incomes and somewhat owing to the rise of disturbances in Kashmir in the late 1980s, Manali witnessed a surge in tourist traffic This once quiet village was transformed into a bustling town with numerous homestays as well as the occasional luxury boutique hotel During the warmer summer months, cafes and restaurants can be seen doing brisk business

Places to Visit in Manali

Hidimba Devi Temple, Solang Valley, Rohtang Pass, Bhrigu Lake, Pandoh Dam, Manali Sanctuary, Beas River, Hamta Pass and Great Himalayan National Park are among the famous places

Transport

Air

The nearest airport Bhuntar Airport IATA code KUU is at Bhuntar town, situated on NH21 about 50 km 31 mi south of Manali and 10 km 62 mi south of Kullu town The airport is also known as Kullu-Manali airport and has more than a kilometre long runway Air India has regular flights to the airport from New Delhi

Road

Manali can be reached from Delhi by national highway NH 1 up to Ambala and from there NH 22 to Chandigarh and from there by national highway NH21 that passes through Bilaspur, Sundernagar, Mandi and Kullu towns The road distance from Chandigarh to Manali is 310 km 190 mi, and the total distance from Delhi to Manali is 570 km 350 mi Luxury buses including Volvos usually ply overnight on this route and are available from all major bus terminals Besides 12 Non-AC services, HRTC Himachal Road Transport Corporation runs five daily Volvo and AC buses on Delhi-Manali route and two separate Volvos by HPTDC Himachal Tourism Development Corporation

Rail

There is no close railhead available close to Manali The nearest broad gauge railheads are at Una 250 km 155 mi away, Kiratpur Sahib 268 km 167 mi, Kalka 275 km 171 mi, Chandigarh 310 km 193 mi, and Pathankot 325 km 202 mi The nearest narrow gauge railhead is at Joginder Nagar 175 kilometres 109 mi The Kalka–Shimla Railway is nostalgic narrow gauge route culminating at the state capital of Shimla wherefrom one has to travel by road to Manali

See Bilaspur–Mandi–Leh line for the proposed railway line through this area As of 2016 no activity is happening on this front

Environmental Concerns

Manali has witnessed a flurry of activity related to hydroelectric power and tourism Unplanned and rampant construction has led to severe depletion of forests and pollution of river bodies, along with garbage being disposed on the side of the mountains There has been a loss of habitat to various species of fauna, not limited to the Himalayan Monal, incidentally the state bird of Himachal Pradesh This prompted the National Green Tribunal to intervene and limit vehicular movement on the popular Manali - Rohtang Pass highway, as well as Solang Valley This has somewhat arrested the damage, however a lot still needs to be done

Indian Movies shot in Manali

Many filmmakers have used Manali as their backdrop in movies Yeh Jawaaani Hai Deewani, Bang Bang!, Mary kom, Krrish, Fanaa, Jab We Met, Roja, Henna and Laal Dupatta Malmal ka are among the favorite movies shot in Manali

Gallery

Further reading

  • Verma, V 1996 Gadd of Dhauladhar: A Transhumant Tribe of the Himalayas Indus Publishing Co, New Delhi
  • Handa, O C 1996 Buddhist Monasteries in Himachal Pradesh ISBN 978-8185182032
  • Penelope Chetwode 1972, 1989 "Kulu: The End of the Habitable World" ISBN 9788185113203 Time Books International

References

  1. ^ a b c "Manali Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, India - population statistics, map, and location" Retrieved 2014-08-01 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns Provisional" Census Commission of India Archived from the original on 2004-06-16 Retrieved 2008-11-01 
  3. ^ "Manali Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000" India Meteorological Department Retrieved 15 April 2015 
  4. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" PDF India Meteorological Department Archived from the original on 21 May 2013 Retrieved 15 April 2015 CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown link
  5. ^ Nishant Srivastava 2 Jan 2017 "Things to do in Manali" Highway Monks Retrieved 2016-12-22 

External links

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Manali, Himachal Pradesh


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