A mahout is an elephant rider, trainer, or keeper Usually, a mahout starts as a boy in the family profession when he is assigned an elephant early in its life They remain bonded to each other throughout their lives
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Equipment
- 3 Society
- 4 Culture
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The word mahout derives from the Hindi words mahaut महौत and mahavat महावत, and originally from the Sanskrit mahamatra महामात्र
Another term is cornac or kornak, which entered many European languages via Portuguese This word derives ultimately from the Sanskrit term karināyaka, a compound of karin elephant and nayaka leader In Tamil, the word used is pahan, which means "elephant keeper", and in Sinhalese kurawanayaka "stable master" In Malayalam the word used is paappaan
In Burma, the profession is called oozie; in Thailand kwan-chang ควาญช้าง; and in Vietnam quản tượng
EquipmentFig 6 Antique steel hook used by elephant riders
The most common tools used by mahouts are chains and the Goad Aṅkuśa or ankus, anlius – a sharp metal hook used in the training and handling of the elephant by stabbing the elephant in the head, and in areas like the mouth and inner ear, where the animal is most sensitive
In India, especially Kerala, mahouts use three types of device to control elephants The thotti hook, which is 35 feet in length and about 1 inch thick; the valiya kol long pole, which is 105 feet in length and about 1 inch in thickness; and the cheru kol short pole
Elephants, and therefore also mahouts, have long been integral to politics and the economy throughout Southern and Southeastern Asia The animals are given away per request of government ministers and sometimes as gifts In addition to more traditional occupations, today mahouts are employed in many countries by forestry services and the logging industry, as well as in tourism
In India there has been controversy over elephants attacking mahouts and villagers due to the torture some elephants endure from their mahouts, especially during festivals More than 90% of the elephants in Kerala, for example, are not obtained legally
CulturePlay media Mahout providing elephant ride to tourists
The Singapore Zoo features a show called "elephants at work and play", where the elephants' caretakers are referred to as "mahouts", and demonstrate how elephants are used as beasts of burden in south-east Asia The verbal commands given to the elephants by the mahouts are all in Sinhalese, one of the two official languages of Sri Lanka
A shop display advertising "Mahout" cigarettes features prominently in the background of the "rain dance" sequence of the 1952 Gene Kelly film Singin' in the Rain The word "mahout" also features in the lyrics of the song "Drop the Pilot", by Joan Armatrading
George Orwell's essay "Shooting an Elephant" discusses the relationship of an elephant to its mahout: "It was not, of course, a wild elephant, but a tame one which had gone 'must' It had been chained up, as tame elephants always are when their attack of 'must' is due, but on the previous night it had broken its chain and escaped Its mahout, the only person who could manage it when it was in that state, had set out in pursuit, but had taken the wrong direction and was now twelve hours' journey away"
- ^ "Mahout" Absolute Elephant Information Encyclopedia Retrieved 27 January 2016
- ^ Weeratunge, Chamalee, The Elephant Gates Greenleaf Book Group, 2014, p 104 Google eBook
- ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed 1911 "Mahout" Encyclopædia Britannica 17 11th ed Cambridge University Press p 424
- ^ Fowler, Mikota, eds Biology, Medicine and Surgery of Elephants John Wiley & Sons, 2008, p 54
- ^ Ajitkumar, Anil, Alex, eds, Healthcare Management of Captive Asian Elephants Kerala Agricultural University, 2009, p 165
Ferozepur District Gqzzettier 1915
Local public views
- National Geographic
- The Hindu
- Elephant glossary
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