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Magnus Manske

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Heinrich Magnus Manske born 24 May 1974 in Cologne, Germany is a senior staff scientist at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Cambridge, UK and a software developer of one of the first versions of the MediaWiki software


  • 1 Education
  • 2 Career
  • 3 Development of MediaWiki
  • 4 Recognition
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links


Manske studied biochemistry at the University of Cologne and graduated in 2006 with a PhD; his dissertation was an open source tool for molecular biology called GENtle


As a student Manske was one of the first contributors to the Internet encyclopedia Nupedia, the precursor to Wikipedia, and later wrote one of the first versions of the MediaWiki software that Wikipedia runs on Manske has worked in Cambridge with the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute since April 2007, but remains active in the development of tools for Wikipedia and Wikidata

In 2012, Manske was co-author of a paper published in Nature that demonstrated new ways to identify areas where malaria parasites are evolving, and described techniques for mapping malarial drug resistance The researchers developed a technique to extract the malaria parasite DNA directly from the blood, which minimizes errors in sequencing

Development of MediaWiki

As a student, Manske was one of the most active contributors to the Nupedia project, submitting content on biology topics and developing tools and extensions for Nupedia Later, unhappy with the existing software's limitations, Manske developed one of the first versions of what later became MediaWiki His new version of the software was installed in 2002

The wiki software that was initially used for Wikipedia was called UseModWiki and was written in Perl With issues of scale starting to present themselves as Wikipedia grew, in the summer of 2001, Manske started work on a replacement for UseModWiki, that would be database-backed and would contain "wikipedia-specific features" On 25 January 2002, Manske released the first version of a MySQL-based PHP wiki engine, called Phase II One innovation implemented by Manske in Phase II was the use of namespaces in order to separate different types of pages, such as the "Talk" or "User" namespace, which distinguished it from older Wiki software which didn't have different namespaces Phase II also introduced a number of other features which are still present, including file upload, watchlists, automatic signatures, and user contributions list Manske's re-write also made it easier to integrate photographs in Wikipedia articles, and created a new user group: administrators empowered to delete pages and block vandals

Manske was an adherent of open source and specifically the GPL license, and his work on the early versions of MediaWiki was released under the GPL license

Manske's Phase II software encountered load issues as Wikipedia continued to grow, so Lee Daniel Crocker did another re-write, which led to phase III, which was used from June 2002 and from 2003 onwards was called "MediaWiki" The resultant MediaWiki software is now used as the core platform for both Wikipedia and many Wikimedia sister projects, as well as in many organizations and institutions

Manske continued to develop tools and extensions for MediaWiki, including tools to map category membership, compute category intersections, and import images from Flickr to Commons Manske also developed the Cite extension which brought an XML-like syntax to citation management


Manske at a Wikidata event in 2015

Manske is recognized as the creator of the first article in the German Wikipedia, which was on the polymerase chain reaction, first written by him in 2001

Jimmy Wales in 2002 named 25 January as Magnus Manske day in honor of his contributions to Wikipedia, proclaiming that "Tonight at dinner, every Wikipedian should say a toast to Magnus and his many inventions" Larry Sanger, in his memoir on the early history of Wikipedia, highlighted the contributions of Manske to the project and attributes the eventual success of Wikipedia to a core group of actors, with Manske playing an important role:

Wikipedia started with a handful of people, many from Nupedia The influence of Nupedians was crucial early on I think, especially, of the tireless Magnus Manske who worked on the software for both projects, our resident stickler Ruth Ifcher, and the very smart poker-playing programmer Lee Daniel Crocker—to name a fewStill, because the project started with these good people, and we were able to adopt, explain, and promote good habits and policies to newer people, the Nupedian roots of the project helped to develop a robust, functional and successful community

Manske, along with others, was recognized as a major contributor to MediaWiki by the USENIX Advanced Computing Technical Association in 2010, when MediaWiki and the Wikimedia Foundation were honoured with a STUG award Software Tools User Group


  1. ^ a b Magnus Manske's publications indexed by Google Scholar
  2. ^ a b Magnus Manske 2006 GENtle, a free multi-purpose molecular biology tool PhD thesis University of Cologne Retrieved 27 March 2016 
  3. ^ Magnus Manske at DBLP Bibliography Server
  4. ^ List of publications from Microsoft Academic Search
  5. ^ Magnus Manske's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier subscription required
  6. ^ Daub, J; Gardner, P P; Tate, J; Ramsköld, D; Manske, M; Scott, W G; Weinberg, Z; Griffiths-Jones, S; Bateman, A 2008 "The RNA WikiProject: Community annotation of RNA families" RNA 14 12: 2462–2464 doi:101261/rna1200508 PMC 2590952 PMID 18945806 
  7. ^ Magnus Manske on Twitter
  8. ^ Alastair Kerr 21 June 2011 "Desktop Sequence Analysis: software review" Bioinformatics Knowledge Blog Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  9. ^ a b Claudia Lehnen 2 February 2008 "Der Wikipedia-Pionier aus Köln" Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger in German Retrieved 22 June 2013 
  10. ^ a b Manske, M; Miotto, O; Campino, S; Auburn, S; Almagro-Garcia, J; Maslen, G; o’Brien, J; Djimde, A; Doumbo, O; Zongo, I; Ouedraogo, J B; Michon, P; Mueller, I; Siba, P; Nzila, A; Borrmann, S; Kiara, S M; Marsh, K; Jiang, H; Su, X Z; Amaratunga, C; Fairhurst, R; Socheat, D; Nosten, F; Imwong, M; White, N J; Sanders, M; Anastasi, E; Alcock, D; et al 2012 "Analysis of Plasmodium falciparum diversity in natural infections by deep sequencing" Nature 487 7407: 375–9 doi:101038/nature11174 PMID 22722859 
  11. ^ Manske, H M; Kwiatkowski, D P 2009 "Look Seq: A browser-based viewer for deep sequencing data" Genome Research 19 11: 2125–32 doi:101101/gr093443109 PMID 19679872 
  12. ^ Manske, H M; Kwiatkowski, D P 2009 "SNP-o-matic" Bioinformatics 25 18: 2434–5 doi:101093/bioinformatics/btp403 PMID 19574284 
  13. ^ Robinson, T; Campino, S G; Auburn, S; Assefa, S A; Polley, S D; Manske, M; MacInnis, B; Rockett, K A; Maslen, G L; Sanders, M; Quail, M A; Chiodini, P L; Kwiatkowski, D P; Clark, T G; Sutherland, C J 2011 "Drug-Resistant Genotypes and Multi-Clonality in Plasmodium falciparum Analysed by Direct Genome Sequencing from Peripheral Blood of Malaria Patients" PLoS ONE 6 8: e23204 doi:101371/journalpone0023204 PMC 3154926 PMID 21853089 
  14. ^ Logan, D W; Sandal, M; Gardner, P P; Manske, M; Bateman, A 2010 "Ten Simple Rules for Editing Wikipedia" PLOS Computational Biology 6 9: e1000941 doi:101371/journalpcbi1000941 PMC 2947980 PMID 20941386 
  15. ^ "Magnus Manske" Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  16. ^ "DNA Research; Putting parasites on the world map" China Weekly News 26 June 2012 
  17. ^ a b c d Kurt Jansson 14 January 2011 "Zehn Jahre Wikipedia – Der kurze Sommer der Anarchie" Der Spiegel 
  18. ^ a b Jennifer Joline Anderson 2011 Wikipedia: The Company and Its Founders ABDO p 44 ISBN 978-1-61714-812-5 
  19. ^ Torsten Kleinz 16 December 2012 "Neues Werkzeug soll Anfänger zur Wikipedia locken" Die Zeit 
  20. ^ a b Sumana Harihareswara; Guillaume Paumier 2012 "MediaWiki" In Amy Brown; Greg Wilson The Architecture of Open Source Applications Kristian Hermansen ISBN 978-1-105-57181-7 Retrieved 27 March 2016 
  21. ^ a b Rajeev Kumar "Wiki Installation and Customization" Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  22. ^ Wikipedia:PHP script new features, Retrieved 4 June 2013
  23. ^ Magnus Manske 27 January 2002 " New features list" Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  24. ^ Erik Möller 9 May 2003 "Das Wiki-Prinzip" Heise online 
  25. ^ N A Polukarova June 2007 "The concept of open editing from the copyright viewpoint" Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics Allerton Press, Inc 41 3: 104–107 doi:103103/S0005105507030053 ISSN 1934-8371 In simpler words, while the developers of proprietary programs use their copyrights to deprive most of the users of most of their freedoms, GPL adherents, including above-mentioned Magnus Manske, use these privileges to guarantee these freedoms to users 
  26. ^ "Magnus' toys'n'tools" Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  27. ^ "Magnus' tools on wmflabs" Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  28. ^ Mathias Schindler; Denny Vrandečić March 2009 "Introducing new features to Wikipedia" PDF In Hendler, Jim; Margetts, Helen Proceedings of the First International Conference on Web Sciences WebSci09 Athens, Greece Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  29. ^ "German Wikipedia reaches landmark millionth entry" Deutsche Welle 28 December 2009 
  30. ^ dpa/mos 28 December 2009 "Deutsche Wikipedia erreicht eine Million Einträge" Die Zeit 
  31. ^ Achim Sawall 28 December 2009 "Deutschsprachige Wikipedia erreicht die Millionenmarke" golemde 
  32. ^ " Celebration" 25 January 2002 Retrieved 4 June 2013 
  33. ^ Larry Sanger 2008 "The Early History of Nupedia and Wikipedia: A Memoir" In Chris DiBona, Danese Cooper, and Mark Stone Open Sources 20: The Continuing Evolution O'Reilly Media p 317 ISBN 978-0-596-55389-0  CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter link
  34. ^ "STUG award" Retrieved 4 June 2013 

External links

  • Biography portal
  • Chemistry portal
  • Germany portal
  • Information technology portal
  • Internet portal
  • Science portal
  • Robert Zeschke WikiHooks – Eine protoypenhafte Webhook Extension für MediaWiki p 9 ISBN 978-3-640-96452-9 
  • "Fifteen years ago, Wikipedia was a very different place: Magnus Manske « Wikimedia blog" Retrieved 12 March 2016 
  • Wikimedia tools written by Manske on Wikimedia Labs
  • Manske's Wikipedia user page
  • "Magnus Manske" wwwmalariagennet Retrieved 12 March 2016 

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