Macedonian dynasty


The Macedonian dynasty ruled the Byzantine Empire from 867 to 1056, following the Amorian dynasty During this period, the Byzantine state reached its greatest expanse since the Muslim conquests, and the Macedonian Renaissance in letters and arts began The dynasty was named after its founder, Basil I the Macedonian who came from the Theme of Macedonia which at the time was part of Thrace

Contents

  • 1 Origins
  • 2 List of rulers
    • 21 Non-dynastic
  • 3 Family tree
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References

Originsedit

See also: Basil I § From peasant to emperor

Claims have been made for the dynasty's founder being of Armenian,12 hence the dynasty is also referred to by at least one author as the Armenian Dynasty3 Slavic,45 or indeed "Armeno-Slavonic"6 descent The author of the only dedicated biography of Basil I in English has concluded that it is impossible to be certain what the ethnic origins of the emperor were, though Basil was definitely reliant on the support of Armenians in prominent positions within the Byzantine Empire7

List of rulersedit

  • Basil I the Macedonian Βασίλειος Α' 811–886, ruled 867–886 - married the Varangian Eudokia Ingerina, mistress of Michael III; died in hunting accident
  • Leo VI the Wise Λέων ΣΤ' 866–912, ruled 886–912 – son of Eudokia Ingerina, legal son and heir of Basil I; possibly the natural son of Michael III
  • Alexander Αλέξανδρος 870–913, ruled 912–913 – son of Basil I, regent for nephew
  • Constantine VII the Purple-born Κωνσταντίνος Ζ' 905-959, ruled 913 - 959 – son of Leo VI
  • Romanos I Lekapenos Ρωμανός Β' 870–948, ruled 919–944 – father-in-law of Constantine VII; co-emperor, attempted to found his own dynasty Deposed by his sons and entered monastery
  • Romanos II the Purple-born Ρωμανός Β' 938–963, ruled 959–963 – son of Constantine VII
  • Nikephoros II Phokas Νικηφόρος Β' Φωκᾶς 912–969, ruled 963–969 – successful general, married Romanos II's widow, regent for Basil; assassinated Origin: Cappadocian
  • John I Tzimiskes Ιωάννης Α'925-976, ruled 969–976 – successful general, brother-in-law of Romanos II, lover of Nikephoros's wife but banned from marriage, regent for Basil II and Constantine VIII
  • Basil II Βασίλειος Β' the Bulgar-slayer 958–1025, ruled 976–1025 – son of Romanos II
  • Constantine VIII Κωνσταντίνος Η' 960-1028, ruled 1025–1028 – son of Romanos II; silent co-emperor with Basil II, sole emperor after his brother's death
  • Zoe Ζωή Α' c 978–1050, ruled 1028–1050 – daughter of Constantine VIII
  • Romanos III Argyros Ρωμανός Γ'968–1034, ruled 1028–1034 – eparch of Constantinople; Zoe's first husband, arranged by Constantine VIII; murdered
  • Michael IV the Paphlagonian Μιχαήλ Δ' 1010–1041, ruled 1034–1041 – Zoe's second husband
  • Michael V the Caulker Μιχαήλ Ε' 1015–1042, ruled 1041–1042 – Michael IV's nephew, Zoe's adopted son
  • Theodora Θεοδώρα980–1056, ruled 1042 – daughter of Constantine VIII, co-empress with Zoe
  • Constantine IX Monomachos Κωνσταντίνος Θ' 1000–1055, ruled 1042–1055 – Zoe's third husband
  • Theodora Θεοδώρα ruled 1055–1056 – restored

Non-dynasticedit

  • Michael VI Μιχαήλ ΣΤ' ruled 1056–1057 – chosen by Theodora; deposed and entered monastery

Family treeedit

  • Basil I the Macedonian 813–886
    • from his marriage to Maria:
      • Constantine 865–878, co-emperor with his father
      • Anastasia
    • from his marriage to empress Eudokia Ingerina:
      • Leo VI the Wise 866–912
        • Eudokia died 892
        • Anna
        • Basil died 900
        • Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos 905–959, married Helena Lekapene, daughter of Romanos I Lekapenos
          • Romanos II 938–963
            • childless by his marriage to Bertha of Italy
            • from his marriage to Theophano:
              • Basil II the Bulgar-Slayer 957–1025
              • Constantine VIII 961–1028
                • Eudokia
                • Zoe 978–1050, married:
                  1. Romanos III Argyros ca 968–1034
                  2. Michael IV the Paphlagonian 1015–1042
                  3. Constantine IX Monomachos ca 1000–1055
                • Theodora 980–1056
              • Anna Porphyrogeneta 963–1011, married Vladimir I of Kiev
          • Agathe
          • Eirene Lakapena, married Peter I of Bulgaria
          • Theodora, married John I Tzimiskes
      • Alexander 870–913
      • Stephen I 870–893, Patriarch of Constantinople

See alsoedit

  • Byzantium under the Macedonians

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Treadgold 1997, p 455
  2. ^ Peter CharanisStudies on the demography of the Byzantine empire: collected studies Variorum Reprints, 1972 p223360:"Thus, every emperor who sat on the Byzantine throne the accession of Basil I to the death of Basil II 867—1025 was of Armenian or partially Armenian origin But besides the emperors there were many others among the military and political leaders of Byzantine during this period who were Armenians or of Armenian descent"
  3. ^ Chahin, Mack The Kingdom of Armenia: A History London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2001, p 232 ISBN 0-7007-1452-9
  4. ^ Tobias 2007, p 20 Tobias is referring to the writings of Hamza al Isfahani, a 10th-century Arab scholar
  5. ^ Finlay 1853, p 213
  6. ^ Vasiliev 1928–1935, p 301
  7. ^ Tobias 2007, p 264


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