Élysée Treatyelysee treaty, plaza treaty
The Élysée Treaty was a treaty of friendship between France and West Germany, signed by President Charles de Gaulle and Chancellor Konrad Adenauer on January 22, 1963 at the Élysée Palace in Paris With the signing of this treaty, Germany and France established a new foundation for relations that ended centuries of rivalry between them
- 1 Contents
- 2 Controversy
- 3 Outcomes
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
ContentseditDFG / LFA Buc school in Buc, Yvelines, France was established by this treaty
The treaty called for regular consultations between France and West Germany on all important questions concerning defense, education and youth issues It also requires regular summits between high-level officials, which implies that the Heads of State and Government have to meet at least twice a year and the Ministers of Foreign Affairs every three months, to ensure close collaboration between the two states1
The first meeting between the two heads of state took place at the private home of General de Gaulle at Colombey-les-Deux-Églises in September 1958 Since then, French and German heads of state have kept up the strong relationship, often considered as the engine of European integration see Franco-German cooperation
Additionally, an interministerial commission was established to coordinate and overlook the Franco-German collaboration It consists of high-ranked officials of every involved ministry
Just two months after the signing of the friendship treaty, a new controversy between France and Germany occurred President de Gaulle intended the treaty to make West Germany distance itself and eventually separate itself from its American protector He saw West Germany and the other member states of the European Economic Community as vassalized by Washington The treaty was notable in that it made no mention of the US, Britain, NATO, or the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs GATT
However, after US President John F Kennedy expressed his displeasure about this to the West German ambassador to the United States, the Bundestag ratified the treaty with a preamble which called on France and West Germany to pursue tight cooperation with the US, for Britain's eventual admission to the EEC, for the achievement of a free trade accord in the framework of the GATT and for the West's military integration in NATO under US leadership
OutcomeseditDFG-LFA Freiburg in Germany, another of the treaty's French-German schools
Among the direct consequences of the Treaty are the creation of the Franco-German Youth Office l'Office Franco-allemand pour la jeunesse/Deutsch-Französisches Jugendwerk, the creation of Franco-German high schools and the twinning between numerous French and German towns, schools and regions Another outcome of the Treaty was the Franco-German military brigade, which was established in 1987 and is still intact
In January 2003, the Assemblée Nationale and the Deutsche Bundestag met in Versailles to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Treaty A very symbolic place to meet, considering the history of humiliation both countries had to face at the palace 2 see Treaty of Versailles 1871 and Treaty of Versailles 1919
New forms of bilateral coordination between the two countries were created in the course of the 40th anniversary celebration, such as the Franco-German Ministerial Council, which meets twice a year The celebration also led to the creation for the first time of a common Franco-German History Coursebook to be used in both countries and foster a shared vision of history Additionally, a so called Élysée-Fond was established to promote Franco-German culture projects in third countries Also, double citizenships for French and German citizens in the opposite country are now easier to obtain, or in some cases finally possible
- France–Germany relations
- ^ "The Élysée Treaty" wwwdeutschland-frankreichdiplode Retrieved 27 September 2016
- ^ Gunkel, Christoph "Treaty Heralded New Era in Franco-German Ties" Spiegel Online Retrieved 26 September 2016
- Ansbert Baumann 2003 Begegnung der Völker Der Élysée-Vertrag und die Bundesrepublik Deutschland Deutsch-französische Kulturpolitik von 1963 bis 1969 Frankfurt: Peter Lang, ISBN 3-631-50539-6
- Ansbert Baumann 2002 Die organisierte Zusammenarbeit Die deutsch-französischen Beziehungen am Vorabend des Élysée-Vertrags 1958–1962 Ludwigsburg: DFI compact, 1, ISSN 1619-8441
- Corine Defrance, Ulrich Pfeil 2005 Der Élysée-Vertrag und die deutsch-französischen Beziehungen 1945–1963–2003 Munich: Oldenbourg, ISBN 3-486-57678-X
- Corine Defrance, Ulrich Pfeil 2012 La France, l’Allemagne et le traité de l’Élysée, 1963–2013, Paris: CNRS, ISBN 978-2-271-07488-1
- Ulrich Lappenküper 2001 Die deutsch-französischen Beziehungen 1949–1963 Von der „Erbfeindschaft“ zur „Entente élémentaire“ Munich: Oldenbourg, ISBN 3-486-56522-2
- Ulrich Pfeil 2012 "Zur Bedeutung des Élysée-Vertrags" 1
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