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Lyme, New Hampshire

lyme new hampshire snowmobile trail conditions, lyme new hampshire county
Lyme is a town along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 1,716 as of the 2010 census,1 with an estimated population of 1,680 in 20152 Lyme is home to the Chaffee Natural Conservation Area The Dartmouth Skiway is in the eastern part of town, near the village of Lyme Center The Appalachian Trail passes through the town's heavily wooded eastern end

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Cannon on the Lyme town green Central Market wagon c 1910
Photo: Lyme Historians

This was once a home to Abenaki Indians, including a band of Sokokis near Post Pond at a place they called Ordanakis Later, it would be another of many towns granted by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth along the Connecticut River in 1761 Many of the 63 grantees lived in Massachusetts and Connecticut, but virtually none of them ever settled in Lyme; they sold or assigned their grants to others However, those settlers who did arrive in 1764 were mostly from those states3:50–51 In the late 1770s, the town petitioned ultimately unsuccessfully to join Vermont

The scenic town common is surrounded with houses and public buildings dating from the late 1700s to the early 1900s Stagecoaches traveling the old "Boston Turnpike" from Montreal in the 1830s passed through Lyme, stopping at the Lyme Inn recently renovated, built in 18093:96 Next door to the inn is the 200-year-old Congregational Church Its original 1815 steeple bell3:309 was cast by Paul Revere It was later replaced with a bell cast by Henry N Cooper & Co, Boston A hand-wound clock mechanism from E Howard & Co strikes the hour Behind the church is a row of horse sheds dating from 1810 - the longest surviving row of horse sheds in New England3:195 Originally each shed had the name of the owner on a sign above the door The signs are still there, though not necessarily over the original shed

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 547 square miles 1417 km2, of which 538 square miles 1393 km2 is land and 09 square miles 23 km2 is water, comprising 162% of the town4 Lyme is drained by Hewes, Grant and Trout brooks, all flowing to the Connecticut River, which forms the western boundary of the town and of the state of New Hampshire

The Lyme Common occupies the center of the village of Lyme, located about 15 miles 24 km east of the Connecticut River

Lyme is a rural town Most human development is in the western half of the town along the Connecticut River and New Hampshire Route 10, known as the Dartmouth College Highway The eastern half of the town is mostly forest The town is home to four great ponds: Post Pond, Pout Pond, Trout Pond, and Reservoir Pond Holts Ledge is a cliff that faces east and is part of the Dartmouth Skiway The edge of the cliff is fenced to protect falcons The highest point in town is the summit of Smarts Mountain, at 3,238 feet 987 m above sea level The Appalachian Trail crosses the summits of Holts Ledge and Smarts Mountain

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 816
1800 1,318 615%
1810 1,670 267%
1820 1,824 92%
1830 1,804 −11%
1840 1,785 −11%
1850 1,617 −94%
1860 1,572 −28%
1870 1,358 −136%
1880 1,313 −33%
1890 1,154 −121%
1900 1,080 −64%
1910 1,007 −68%
1920 891 −115%
1930 830 −68%
1940 965 163%
1950 924 −42%
1960 1,026 110%
1970 1,112 84%
1980 1,289 159%
1990 1,496 161%
2000 1,679 122%
2010 1,716 22%
Est 2015 1,680 −21%
US Decennial Census5
Lyme Common

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,716 people, 705 households, and 503 families residing in the town The population density was 314 people per square mile 121/km² There were 810 housing units at an average density of 148 per square mile 57/km² The racial makeup of the town was 969% White, 03% African American, 03% Native American, 11% Asian, 03% some other race, and 10% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24% of the population6

Street scene, c 1910
Photo: Lyme Historians

Of the 705 households 285% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 613% were headed by married couples living together, 65% had a female householder with no husband present, and 287% were non-families 235% of all households were made up of householders living alone, and 90% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 242, and the average family size was 2866

In the town, the population was spread out with 224% under the age of 18, 41% from 18 to 24, 195% from 25 to 44, 363% from 45 to 64, and 178% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 474 years For every 100 females there were 954 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 934 males6

Looking at the occupations of employed people in the town over the age of 16, the largest group - 509% - is education and health care The next largest group - 96% - is professional, scientific, and management Construction and manufacturing make up 84%; agriculture and forestry make up 07%7

For the period 2010 through 2014 the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $110,781, and the median income for a family was $130,795 Males working full-time, year-round had a median income of $101,875 versus $58,125 for females The per capita income for the town was $68,381 About 06% of families and 31% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32% of those age 65 or over7

Educationedit

Lyme has two K-8 schools, one public and one independent

There are currently around 200 students attending The Lyme School,8 the public K-8 school The school typically ranks in the top 5 - 10% of New Hampshire schools Once a pupil reaches ninth grade, students from Lyme attend one of several high schools: Thetford Academy in Thetford, Vermont across the Connecticut River, Hanover High School in Hanover, New Hampshire about 10 miles south of Lyme, Hartford High School in Hartford, Vermont, Lebanon High School in Lebanon, New Hampshire, or St Johnsbury Academy in St Johnsbury, Vermont Attendance is typically split between St Johnsbury Academy, Thetford Academy and Hanover High, with the few remaining students going elsewhere

Crossroads Academy,9 founded in 1991 as a K-3 school in Hanover, New Hampshire, is now located on a wooded 140-acre campus at 95 Dartmouth College Highway in Lyme It serves more than 130 students from a 50-mile radius in grades K-8 and employs 36 faculty and staff

Sites of interestedit

  • Lyme Historians Museum
  • Appalachian Trail
  • Dartmouth Skiway

Notable peopleedit

  • Fred Hovey Allen, clergyman, author, and pioneer in American art reproduction
  • Jonathan Child, first mayor of Rochester, New York
  • David Marston Clough, 13th governor of Minnesota
  • Marquis Converse, founder of Converse Rubber Shoe Company
  • Amos P Cutting, architect
  • Trina Schart Hyman, illustrator of children's books
  • Arthur Latham Perry, economist
  • Baxter E Perry, second mayor of Medford, Massachusetts
  • Adm Albert Cushing Read, commanded first trans-Atlantic seaplane flight 1919

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001: Lyme town, Grafton County, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved August 24, 2016 
  2. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  3. ^ a b c d Cole, Luane, ed Patterns and Pieces 1761/1976 Phoenix Publishing: Canaan, NH 1976
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Lyme town, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved November 13, 2011 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  6. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 DP-1: Lyme town, Grafton County, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved October 3, 2016 
  7. ^ a b "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates DP03: Lyme town, Grafton County, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved October 3, 2016 
  8. ^ The Lyme School,
  9. ^ Crossroads Academy

External linksedit

  • Town of Lyme official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Converse Free Library
  • Lyme Historians
  • Dartmouth Skiway
  • The Lyme School
  • Crossroads Academy
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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