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Lucas County, Ohio

lucas county ohio gis, lucas county ohio board of elections
Lucas County is a county located in the US state of Ohio and bordered on the east by Lake Erie, and on the southeast by the Maumee River, which runs to the lake As of the 2010 census, the population was 441,8152 Its county seat is Toledo, located at the mouth of the Maumee River on the lake3 The county was named for Robert Lucas, 12th governor of Ohio, in 1835 during his second term4 Its establishment provoked the Toledo War conflict with the Michigan Territory, which claimed some of its area

Lucas County is the central county of the Toledo Metropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Rivers
    • 22 Adjacent counties
    • 23 National protected areas
    • 24 Major highways
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Government and politics
    • 51 County officials
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Villages
    • 63 Townships
    • 64 Census-designated places
    • 65 Unincorporated Communities
    • 66 Ghost towns
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

On August 20, 1794, near the site of the present-day town of Maumee, American forces led by General Anthony Wayne won a decisive victory over allied Indian forces at the Battle of Fallen Timbers after years of conflict in what was known as the Northwest Indian War The defeat of the Native forces resulted in the opening of the entire Northwest Territory for white settlement Northwest Ohio was occupied chiefly by villages and bands of the Odawa people, who had trading relations with the French at Fort Detroit since 1701 Other Odawa were located in southeast Michigan and further north on the peninsula They ceded much of that territory in the Treaty of Greenville but retained control of lands along the Maumee River until after the War of 1812 The last Odawa band, that of Ottokee, grandson of Chief Pontiac, left the Maumee River area for Kansas in 183956

The disputed portion of Michigan Territory claimed by the state of Ohio known as the Toledo Strip

Lucas County was established in 1835 At that time, both Ohio and Michigan Territory claimed sovereignty over a 468-square-mile 1,210 km2 region along their border see Toledo War When Michigan petitioned Congress for statehood in 1835, it sought to include the disputed territory within its bounds In response, the Ohio General Assembly formally organized part of the area as Lucas County, naming it after the incumbent governor of Ohio, Robert Lucas

Geographyedit

Devonian shell of Sylvania

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 596 square miles 1,540 km2, of which 341 square miles 880 km2 is land and 255 square miles 660 km2 43% is water7 It is the fourth-smallest county in Ohio by land area Much of the county lies within what was at the time of its establishment, a vast network of forests, wetlands, and grasslands known as the Great Black Swamp

Riversedit

  • Maumee River
  • Ottawa River

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Monroe County, Michigan north
  • Essex County, Ontario northeast
  • Ottawa County southeast
  • Wood County south
  • Henry County southwest
  • Fulton County west
  • Lenawee County, Michigan northwest

National protected areasedit

  • Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge
  • Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge part
  • West Sister Island National Wildlife Refuge

Major highwaysedit

  • I-73 future
  • Interstate 75
  • Interstate 80
  • Interstate 90
  • Interstate 280
  • Interstate 475
  • US Highway 20
  • US Highway 23
  • US Highway 24

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1840 9,382
1850 12,363 318%
1860 25,831 1089%
1870 46,722 809%
1880 67,377 442%
1890 102,296 518%
1900 153,559 501%
1910 192,728 255%
1920 275,721 431%
1930 347,709 261%
1940 344,333 −10%
1950 395,551 149%
1960 456,931 155%
1970 484,370 60%
1980 471,741 −26%
1990 462,361 −20%
2000 455,054 −16%
2010 441,815 −29%
Est 2016 432,488 −21%
US Decennial Census9
1790-196010 1900-199011
1990-200012 2010-20132

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 455,054 people, 182,847 households, and 116,290 families residing in the county The population density was 1,337 people per square mile 516/km² There were 196,259 housing units at an average density of 576 per square mile 223/km² The racial makeup of the county was 7750% White, 1698% Black or African American, 026% Native American, 121% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 186% from other races, and 216% from two or more races 454% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 182,847 households out of which 3110% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 4470% were married couples living together, 1470% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3640% were non-families 3010% of all households were made up of individuals and 1050% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 244 and the average family size was 306

In the county, the population was spread out with 2630% under the age of 18, 980% from 18 to 24, 2910% from 25 to 44, 2170% from 45 to 64, and 1310% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 35 years For every 100 females there were 9260 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 8860 males

The median income for a household in the county was $38,004, and the median income for a family was $48,190 Males had a median income of $39,415 versus $26,447 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,518 About 1070% of families and 1390% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1970% of those under age 18 and 870% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 441,815 people, 180,267 households, and 111,016 families residing in the county13 The population density was 1,2962 inhabitants per square mile 5005/km2 There were 202,630 housing units at an average density of 5945 per square mile 2295/km214 The racial makeup of the county was 740% white, 190% black or African American, 15% Asian, 03% American Indian, 20% from other races, and 31% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 61% of the population13 In terms of ancestry, 298% were German, 132% were Irish, 97% were Polish, 80% were English, and 38% were American15

Of the 180,267 households, 311% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 400% were married couples living together, 165% had a female householder with no husband present, 384% were non-families, and 314% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 239 and the average family size was 301 The median age was 370 years13

The median income for a household in the county was $42,072 and the median income for a family was $54,855 Males had a median income of $46,806 versus $33,394 for females The per capita income for the county was $23,981 About 140% of families and 180% of the population were below the poverty line, including 254% of those under age 18 and 87% of those age 65 or over16

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results17
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 381% 75,698 557% 110,833 62% 12,299
2012 332% 69,940 649% 136,616 19% 4,065
2008 334% 73,706 648% 142,852 18% 3,899
2004 395% 87,160 602% 132,715 03% 555
2000 392% 73,342 578% 108,344 30% 5,664
1996 320% 58,120 577% 104,911 103% 18,716
1992 312% 63,297 493% 99,989 196% 39,733
1988 453% 83,788 539% 99,755 08% 1,552
1984 503% 100,285 488% 97,293 10% 1,976
1980 453% 86,653 446% 85,341 101% 19,304
1976 414% 76,069 564% 103,658 23% 4,180
1972 484% 88,401 493% 90,142 23% 4,166
1968 390% 69,403 513% 91,346 97% 17,288
1964 311% 57,782 689% 128,110
1960 479% 94,679 521% 102,825
1956 532% 100,501 469% 88,598
1952 517% 97,490 483% 91,043
1948 468% 66,798 519% 74,064 14% 1,991
1944 504% 77,247 496% 76,109
1940 495% 76,405 505% 77,948
1936 345% 45,853 558% 74,155 98% 12,971
1932 408% 47,796 554% 64,902 37% 4,362
1928 632% 78,435 363% 44,977 05% 669
1924 554% 53,670 123% 11,948 323% 31,284
1920 591% 52,449 343% 30,452 66% 5,868
1916 330% 16,711 608% 30,779 62% 3,136
1912 150% 5,622 372% 13,999 478% 17,98918
1908 485% 18,715 420% 16,208 96% 3,697
1904 673% 22,924 243% 8,259 84% 2,862
1900 512% 17,128 460% 15,390 28% 932
1896 545% 16,758 447% 13,759 08% 259
1892 520% 11,211 458% 9,860 22% 481
1888 513% 9,443 469% 8,638 18% 331
1884 519% 8,341 459% 7,384 22% 360
1880 527% 7,157 440% 5,985 33% 447
1876 546% 6,524 431% 5,155 24% 281
1872 627% 5,253 368% 3,083 06% 48

Lucas County is a strongly Democratic county: the only Republicans to win a majority or plurality in the county since 1932 have been Dwight D Eisenhower in both 1952 and 1956, and Ronald Reagan in 1980 plurality and 198419

Government and politicsedit

See also: Ohio county government

Unlike most counties in northwest Ohio, Lucas County is strongly Democratic Although Ronald Reagan carried the county twice, no other Republican has won the county in the last 50 years20 In 1972, for instance, it was one of only two counties in the entire state that supported George McGovern

In the last five Presidential elections the Democratic candidate's margin of victory has ranged from 18% to 305% in the case of Barack Obama21 The eastern portion of Lucas County, including Toledo lies in Ohio's 9th congressional district, and it is represented by Marcy Kaptur, who is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus The western portion, however, lies in Ohio's 5th congressional district, and is represented by Bob Latta

County officialsedit

Office Name Party
Commissioner Carol A Contrada Democrat
Commissioner Peter L Gerken Democrat
Commissioner Tina Skeldon Wozniak Democrat
Prosecutor Julia R Bates Democrat
Sheriff John P Tharp Democrat
Clerk of Courts J Bernie Quilter Democrat
Recorder Phillip D Copeland Democrat
Treasurer Wade P Kapszukiewicz Democrat
Engineer Keith G Earley Democrat
Coroner James R Patrick Democrat
Auditor Anita L Lopez Democrat

22

Communitiesedit

Map of Lucas County, Ohio with Municipal and Township labels

Citiesedit

  • Maumee
  • Oregon
  • Sylvania
  • Toledo county seat
  • Waterville

Villagesedit

  • Berkey
  • Harbor View
  • Holland
  • Ottawa Hills
  • Swanton
  • Whitehouse

Townshipsedit

  • Harding
  • Jerusalem
  • Monclova
  • Providence
  • Richfield
  • Spencer
  • Springfield
  • Swanton
  • Sylvania
  • Washington
  • Waterville

Census-designated placesedit

  • Curtice
  • Neapolis

Unincorporated Communitiesedit

  • Alexis Addition
  • Bono
  • Business Corner
  • East Swanton
  • Frankfort
  • Monclova
  • Niles Beach
  • Reno Beach
  • Richfield Center
  • Shoreland
  • Yondota

Ghost townsedit

  • Providence
  • Frankfort

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Lucas County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Lucas County" PDF Ohio Department of Development Archived from the original PDF on 2007-06-21 Retrieved 2007-04-28 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on July 14, 2011 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  3. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  4. ^ "Lucas County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Retrieved 2007-04-28 dead link
  5. ^ Helen Hornbeck Tanner, ed, Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History University of Oklahoma Press: Norman, 1986 pp 3, 58–59
  6. ^ Larry Angelo 2nd chief of the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma, The Migration of the Ottawas from 1615 to Present, 1997, pp 3-6
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  18. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 12,442 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 5,173 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 216 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 158 votes
  19. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  20. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas Maps for Ohio by election
  21. ^ The New York Times electoral map Zoom in on Ohio
  22. ^ Lucas County elected officials

External linksedit

  • Lucas County Government's website
  • Lucas County Fair site
  • Lucas County SkyWarn website
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 41°41′N 83°30′W / 4168°N 8350°W / 4168; -8350

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