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Lorne (electoral district)

lorne electoral district map, lorne electoral district association
Lorne was an electoral district that existed in the District of Saskatchewan, Northwest Territories from 1880 until 1888 The district was one of the first three created by Royal Proclamation in 1880 Of the first three electoral districts proclaimed, it was the only one to actually have an election held in it

Under the Northwest Territories Act 1880 the district was mandated at its inception to return a single member to the Northwest Territories Legislature under the First Past the Post electoral system The district was named in the honour of former Governor General, the Marquess of Lorne Lorne would tour the through the Northwest Territories just after the electoral district was created in 1881

The electoral district ceased to exist at the drop of the writ for the 1888 Northwest Territories general election This was due to a population boom in the area caused by an influx of settlers The electoral district was redistributed and split between the electoral districts of Batoche and the Prince Albert electoral district During the nine years the district existed, it returned three members through three elections who served roughly three-year terms


  • 1 Overview
  • 2 Members of the Legislative Assembly MLAs
  • 3 Election results
    • 31 1881 election
    • 32 1883 election
    • 33 1885 election
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References


The electoral district was one of three royally proclaimed by Lieutenant-Governor David Laird on November 13, 1880 The other two electoral districts were Salisbury, named after the Marquess of Salisbury and Kimberley name after the Lord of Kimberley Kimberley's contribution to the Northwest Territories was transferring the Canadian Arctic Archipelago to Canada on September 1, 1880

The electoral district was created with the provision to cover an area of 1,000 square miles 2,600 km2 and have a population of 1000 electors The major population centres in the electoral district at the time of creation were Prince Albert, and Fort Carlton The land around the district boomed due to a high rate of settlement in that period The cause of this was due to the possibility of the Canadian Pacific transcontinental railway line being built through the area

The Northwest Territories political system used at this time was run by an early form of consensus government Candidates stood for election independent of the political parties that exist in other provinces and territories and the federal level within Canada The government had not yet developed to the point of being a Responsible government as the majority of members were appointed and not elected The district was served by three representatives during its eight-year history

Members of the Legislative Assembly MLAs

  Name Elected Left Office
     Lawrence Clarke 1881 1883
     Day Hort MacDowall 1883 1885
     Owen Hughes 1885 1888

Election results

1881 election

The 1881 by-election held on March 23, 1881 was a pivotal milestone towards Responsible Government being attained in the Northwest Territories The election marked the first time the provision of the North-West Territories Act 1880 that allowed for an electoral district to be proclaimed if an area the size of 1,000 square miles 2,600 km2 had 1000 residents had been activated

March 23, 1881 by-election
Name Vote %
     Lawrence Clarke 250 6361%
     Henry Stewart Moore 143 3639%
Total Votes 393 100%

The election was conducted by voice vote, a qualified elector would tell the returning officer at a polling station who he was going to vote for and the results would be tallied Under the terms of the Act eligible electors were males who had reached the age of majority, which was 21 years of age at that time The act specified that electors must be bona fide males who were not aliens or unenfranchised Indians Electors must also have resided in the territory for at least 12 months to the day of the writ being dropped

The election commenced when Lieutenant-Governor David Laird dropped the writ on 1881 The election was contested by two candidates, Lawrence Clarke who was a fur trader and Chief Factor of the District of Saskatchewan for the Hudson's Bay Company Clarke's opponent was Henry Stewart Moore a local French speaking businessman from Prince Albert who had been operating a flour mill since 1875

Clarke held a big advantage in the campaign as he was supported by the Métis who had been looking for someone to locally represent them in the Legislature since the territory was formed in 1870 Clarke had also built his popularity and name recognition as a prominent fur trader On election day Clarke carried the district winning a solid victory He defeated Moore winning nearly 64% of popular vote His resounding win would make him the first elected member to sit on the Northwest Territories council

1883 election

Nearing the end of his term in office Clarke decided not to run for re-election in 1883 He was losing too much support due to his ties with the Hudson's Bay Company The electorate suspected him of working under the influence of his office to locate important government offices on the land owned by the company Two completely new candidates ran in the 1883 election, Captain Day Hort MacDowall and Dr Andrew Everett Porter

June 5, 1883 by-election
Name Vote %
     Day Hort MacDowall 279 6992%
     Andrew Porter 120 3008%
Total Votes 399 100%

Andrew Porter was famous for being the first registered private practicing medical doctor in the history of the Northwest Territories He originally settled in Prince Albert in 1878 MacDowall campaigned by appealing to the concerns of the Métis who comprised the largest demographic in the district He promised them that he would go to the Federal Government with their demands for better representation He also helped win support by donating $1,100 out of pocket towards the construction of a new church for the community of Batoche MacDowall's campaign efforts and donation proved to be very popular

Official results published June 20, 1883

MacDowall's appeal for representation translated into a landslide victory on election day On June 5, 1883 he defeated Andrew Porter capturing nearly 70% of the popular vote His win was the largest majority of the three elections held in the electoral district

The official results for the race showed MacDowall won big in most of the polls, winning four out of five Porter's support was concentrated in The Ridge where he won his only poll MacDowall swept the south end of the district winning a shut out in the Métis communities of Duck Lake and St Laurent de Grandin Along with the shut out he held strong support in the rest of the riding, with his biggest single vote tally of votes coming form within the town of Prince Albert

1885 election

The 1885 election in this district was held on September 17, 1885 as part of the 1885 Northwest Territories election This was the first major election held in the Northwest Territories The election grouped together a number of old districts that had been coming up for renewal on their three-year cycle and by-elections in new districts that were created by a population boom of settlers moving into the territory

1885 Northwest Territories election
Name Vote %
     Owen Hughes 141 5146%
     Andrew Porter 133 4854%
Total Votes 274 100%

Incumbent MacDowall, had played a major role in subduing the North-West Rebellion at the end of his term in office He would not run for re-election instead choosing to campaign for a seat in the Canadian House of Commons Dr Porter attempted to win a seat by running for office a second time Porter was challenged by Captain Owen E Hughes, a business man from Duck Lake Hughes had been the captain of the Prince Albert militia unit that was disbanded by the Federal Government prior to the start of the North-West Resistance Many of his former unit, including his lieutenant, Gabriel Dumont, were among the Metis who drove the loyalist forces back at the Battle of Fish Creek

On election day, despite increasing his popular share of the vote over the 1883 election even with lower turnout, Porter was defeated by Hughes The race was very tight and hotly contested nearly ending in a tie vote Hughes captured the electoral district by a margin of eight votes winning just over 51% of the popular vote

See also

  • Lorne electoral district Manitoba provincial electoral district
  • Mount Lorne electoral district Yukon territorial electoral district


  1. ^ a b Ordinances of the Northwest Territories 1881 P G Laurie, Printer to the Government of the Northwest Territories 1882 p 6 
  2. ^ Gordon W Smith "The Transfer of Arctic Territories from Great Britain to Canada in 1880" PDF University of Calgary p 63 Retrieved 2007-10-06 
  3. ^ "Consensus Government" The Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories Archived from the original on 2007-12-25 Retrieved 2007-11-08 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "North-West Territories: Council and Legislative Assembly, 1876-1905" PDF Saskatchewan Archives p 27 Archived from the original PDF on September 28, 2007 Retrieved 2007-09-30 
  5. ^ Ordinances of the Northwest Territories 1881 P G Laurie, Printer to the Government of the Northwest Territories 1882 p 53 
  6. ^ a b c "Lawrence Clarke Biography" Library and Archives Canada Retrieved 2007-10-06 
  7. ^ "Chapitre un Les débuts" in French Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise Archived from the original on March 10, 2009 Retrieved 2007-10-06 
  8. ^ a b "Why did the 1885 Resistance Happen" PDF Virtual Museum of Canada Archived from the original PDF on 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2007-10-07 
  9. ^ "North-West Council election" Vol IX No 298 Manitoba Daily Free Press June 20, 1883 p 15 
  10. ^ "Chief Fergus Hort Day Macdowall of Garthland" Kyle Family Society Retrieved 2007-10-07 
  11. ^ "Day Hort MacDowall Federal Political Experience" Parliament of Canada Archived from the original on 2011-06-04 Retrieved 2007-10-07 
  12. ^ McCook, James February 24, 1973 Heroes And Outlaws - Gabriel Dumont: A Rebel Who Won Deepest Respect Saskatoon Star Phoenix 

Coordinates: 53°12′N 105°45′W / 53200°N 105750°W / 53200; -105750

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