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Livermore, New Hampshire

where is livermore new hampshire, mount livermore new hampshire
Livermore is an unincorporated civil township and ghost town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States It was briefly inhabited as a logging town in the late 19th and early 20th centuries The site of the former village is about 16 miles 26 km west of North Conway, about 15 miles 24 km from US Route 302 the Crawford Notch Highway via the US Forest Service Sawyer River Road The logging operation was established by Daniel Saunders Jr and Charles W Saunders, members of the Saunders family The town was named for Samuel Livermore, a former United States senator who was the grandfather of Daniel Saunders' wife The population was reported as 0 at the 2010 census


  • 1 Geography
  • 2 Demographics
  • 3 History
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 638 square miles 1652 km2, of which 636 sq mi 1647 km2 is land and 02 sq mi 05 km2, or 027%, is water Nearly all of the town's area 997% is part of the White Mountain National Forest1

To the south is Waterville Valley, to the north and west is Lincoln and a southern tip of Bethlehem, and to the east are Hart's Location, Bartlett and the northwestern corner of Albany

The village of Livermore was benchmarked with an elevation of 1,264 feet 385 m, a quarter mile from the eastern boundary adjoining Hart's Location

Livermore is a long, relatively narrow township, forming a very rough approximation of a crescent with its endpoints at the north and west Livermore and its neighbor to the west, Lincoln, occupy a large area of uninhabited woodland once known as the "Pemigewasset Wilderness" a portion of which is preserved in the present-day WMNF Pemigewasset Wilderness in Lincoln The original boundary between the two towns did not follow natural features, such as the crest of the divide that separates the Pemigewasset River and Saco River drainages, which led to numerous charges and countercharges of cutting over the line between the two owners, the Saunders family in Livermore and James Everell Henry in Lincoln In addition, it was difficult to haul timber over the ridgecrest Eventually a settlement was reached by which the New Hampshire legislature redrew the town boundary to run along the ridgecrest, with the Lincoln portion defined as that part of the territory that is drained by the East Branch of the Pemigewasset River and the Livermore portion as that drained by other rivers This definition produced a peculiar result: there is a small piece of Livermore at the head of the Little River valley part of the Ammonoosuc River drainage that is not contiguous to the rest of the town - it is, in fact, 48 miles 77 km from the nearest corner of the main part of the town Since this fragment and all lands bordering it are now part of the White Mountain National Forest, this historical peculiarity no longer has any practical consequences

The curving northwestern border of the township follows the height of land between the drainage of the East Branch of the Pemigewasset River to the west and the headwaters of the Sawyer River and the Swift River to the east Important summits along the border from northeast to southwest include Mount Bemis, at 3,706 feet 1,130 m above sea level; Mount Lowell, at 3,743 feet 1,141 m; Mount Carrigain, the highest point in Livermore at 4,700 feet 1,400 m; Mount Kancamagus, at 3,728 feet 1,136 m; and Mount Osceola, at 4,326 feet 1,319 m

Two roads cross the township of Livermore, although neither one is close to the site of Livermore village The Kancamagus Highway New Hampshire Route 112 crosses Kancamagus Pass 2,855 ft or 870 m on the Lincoln/Livermore boundary and passes through several miles of the southeastern part of Livermore to a point just west of Sabbaday Falls The Tripoli Road not usually maintained for winter travel, which runs from the northern tip of Thornton through Thornton Gap to Waterville Valley, crosses the southwest corner of the township


Historical population
1880 103
1890 155 505%
1900 191 232%
1910 64 −665%
1920 98 531%
1930 23 −765%
1940 4 −826%
2000 3
Est 2015 0
US Decennial Census3

As of the census4 of 2010, there were no people living in the township

Historical census figures are shown in the adjacent table As a logging town where most of the actual logging was done in the winter by transient men hired for the season only, ascertaining the actual population of Livermore at any given time would have been problematic, and these census figures may have been influenced by how these transients were counted


  • 1874 - Grafton County Lumber Co incorporated
  • 1875 - Sawyer River Railroad incorporated
  • 1876 - Livermore incorporated
  • 1877 - Construction of Sawyer River Railroad begins to support logging activity
  • 1896 - Topographic map shows railroad and twelve inhabited buildings
  • 1927 - A November storm devastates the local lumber industry
  • 1928 - The last mill is closed
  • 1937 - All but one 12-acre 49 ha parcel of land is sold to the United States Forest Service for inclusion in the White Mountain National Forest
  • 1949 - The last resident leaves town
  • 1951 - Livermore dissolved by an act of the New Hampshire legislature
  • 1970s - Bill defeated in State House for Lincoln to annex Livermore

Diatomaceous earth—also called tripolite—was once mined in Little East Pond and processed in a mill located in the southwestern part of Livermore township The Tripoli Road received its name from this mill The USFS Little East Pond Trail follows for some distance the grade of the old railroad that served the mill, and the ruins of the mill can still be found by following the line of the railroad grade into the woods for a short distance However, this mill was far from the village of Livermore and was historically more identified with Thornton

See alsoedit

  • Samuel Bemis


  1. ^ NH GRANIT Conservation Lands Data Layer, 2010
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  • In November 1969, Yankee magazine published an article "Forever Livermore", by James F Morrow Jr, which provides an account of the town with many illustrations It is currently available at http://wwwbartletthistoryorg/bartletthistory/livermoreYankeePg1html and http://wwwbartletthistoryorg/bartletthistory/livermoreYankeePg2html A wealth of other information about Livermore's history can also be found at Bartletthistoryorg
  • Logging Railroads of the White Mountains, by C Francis Belcher, Boston, 1980, now unfortunately out of print, gives a thorough history of logging by railroad in Livermore and the rest of the White Mountains

External linksedit

  • Story about Livermore, NH on New Hampshire Public Radio
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 44°04′28″N 71°22′38″W / 4407444°N 7137722°W / 4407444; -7137722

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