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Litchfield, New Hampshire

litchfield new hampshire griffin memorial school, litchfield new hampshire real estate litchfield new hampshire
Litchfield is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 8,271 at the 2010 census1


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Transportation
  • 6 Municipal services
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links


Originally known as Naticook, the name was changed to Brenton's Farm in 1729 when the land was granted to William Brenton, colonial governor of Rhode Island The town was incorporated in 1734 After Brenton's death in 1749, the land was granted to another group of settlers and named Litchfield after George Henry Lee, Earl of Lichfield

Wiseman Claget moved to his substantial estates here shortly before the Revolution He was involved in the temporary government serving as the only Solicitor General, the post being abolished shortly before his death in 1784


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 154 square miles 40 km2, of which 151 sq mi 39 km2 is land and 03 sq mi 078 km2 is water, comprising 227% of the town The highest point in Litchfield is the summit of Rocky Hill, at 357 feet 109 m above sea level The town is bordered to the north by Manchester, to the east by Londonderry in Rockingham County, to the south by Hudson, and to the west by Merrimack, with the Merrimack River separating the two towns There is no bridge connecting Litchfield and Merrimack; the closest river crossings are to the south between Nashua and Hudson, and to the north between Manchester and Bedford


Historical population
1790 357
1800 372 42%
1810 382 27%
1820 465 217%
1830 505 86%
1840 481 −48%
1850 447 −71%
1860 352 −213%
1870 345 −20%
1880 291 −157%
1890 252 −134%
1900 243 −36%
1910 255 49%
1920 213 −165%
1930 286 343%
1940 341 192%
1950 427 252%
1960 721 689%
1970 1,420 969%
1980 4,150 1923%
1990 5,516 329%
2000 7,360 334%
2010 8,271 124%
Est 2015 8,448 21%
US Decennial Census3

As of the census4 of 2000, there were 7,360 people, 2,357 households, and 2,031 families residing in the town The population density was 4875 people per square mile 1882/km² There were 2,389 housing units at an average density of 1583 per square mile 611/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9772% White, 053% African American, 029% Native American, 057% Asian, 015% from other races, and 075% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 083% of the population

There were 2,357 households out of which 534% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 753% were married couples living together, 74% had a female householder with no husband present, and 138% were non-families 95% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 312 and the average family size was 335

In the town, the population was spread out with 334% under the age of 18, 54% from 18 to 24, 378% from 25 to 44, 199% from 45 to 64, and 35% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 33 years For every 100 females there were 1011 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 981 males

The median income for a household in the town was $73,302, and the median income for a family was $76,931 Males had a median income of $46,809 versus $33,488 for females The per capita income for the town was $25,203 About 22% of families and 21% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16% of those under age 18 and 121% of those age 65 or over


There are three public schools in Litchfield:

  • Griffin Memorial School K-4
  • Litchfield Middle School 5-8
  • Campbell High School 9-12


Two New Hampshire state highways cross Litchfield:

  • New Hampshire Route 3A closely parallels the Merrimack River, entering the town from Hudson in the south, and leaving the town into Manchester in the north It is known as the Charles Bancroft Highway through the town
  • New Hampshire Route 102 crosses the extreme southeastern corner of town, known as Derry Road locally It enters Hudson at both borders

Though the town borders Merrimack on the west, it cannot be directly accessed as there are no bridges across the river Access to Londonderry, to the east of Litchfield, is primarily via Hillcrest Road, which is the main east-west thoroughfare across central Litchfield

Litchfield has no air or rail transport within the town limits The nearest commercial airport is Manchester–Boston Regional Airport along the border of Londonderry and Manchester, which is close to the northern border of Litchfield The nearest rail service is the Lowell Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail which can be accessed at the Charles A Gallagher Transit Terminal in Lowell, Massachusetts The nearest Amtrak stations are Boston's North Station or South Station

Municipal servicesedit

The Town of Litchfield operates a waste management and transfer station on Hillcrest Road, located near the geographical center of Litchfield and the "new" town hall and police station The historical center of Litchfield is on the Charles Bancroft Highway New Hampshire Route 3A Today the fire station, the first church in Litchfield and the Litchfield Historical Society are located there in and around the old town hall

Several public parks, including Darrah Pond, Parker Park and Litchfield State Forest, are open year-round to the public

The Litchfield Mosquito Control District was featured on Last Week Tonight with John Oliver The episode featured segments from a televised town meeting from September 17, 2015, which had no members of the public in attendance56

Notable peopleedit

  • Clifton Clagett, US congressman7


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  5. ^ John Oliver March 6, 2016 Special Districts: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver HBO Video YouTube New York: HBO Event occurs at 4:06 Retrieved June 4, 2017 
  6. ^ Mosquito Control District Meeting - Sept 17, 2015 Video YouTube Litchfield, New Hampshire: LitchfieldTV September 17, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2017 
  7. ^ "CLAGETT, Clifton, 1762 - 1829" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved January 19, 2014 

External linksedit

  • Town of Litchfield official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • City-Datacom
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