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List of World Heritage Sites in France

list of world heritage sites in france
This is a list of World Heritage Sites in France with properties of cultural and natural heritage in France as inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List or as on the country's tentative list1 France accepted the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on June 27, 1975, after which it could nominate properties on their territory to be considered for the World Heritage List2

Currently, forty-one properties in France are inscribed on the World Heritage List Thirty-seven of these are cultural properties, three are natural properties, and one is mixed1 Three properties are transboundary properties3 The first was added to the list in 1979 and the latest in 2015 Five properties were submitted in 19791 The tentative list of France contains 37 properties4

The names in the tables below are the names of the properties as used on the website of UNESCO1 There are three different types of properties possible: cultural, natural, and mixed5 Selection criteria i, ii, iii, iv, v, and vi are the cultural criteria, and selection criteria vii, viii, ix, and x are the natural criteria6 The dates for the properties on the World Heritage List are the dates of inscription, the dates for the tentative list are those of submission The numbers are the reference numbers as used by UNESCO, and they link directly to the description pages of the properties on the UNESCO website1


  • 1 Properties on the World Heritage List
  • 2 Properties submitted on the Tentative List
  • 3 Location of inscribed sites
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References

Properties on the World Heritage Listedit

Ref # Site Image Region Era Description Type Year listed Exten- sion Ref
230 Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe Nouvelle Aquitaine 9th century cultural 1983 2007 7
165 Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay Bourgogne-Franche-Comté 12th century cultural 1981 2007 8
164 Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur from 1st century BC to 4th century; 12th century cultural 1981 - 9
84 Vézelay, Church and Hill Bourgogne-Franche-Comté 12th century cultural 1979 2007 10
943 Belfries of Belgium and France Hauts-de-France 13th century-20th century transboundary property, shared with Belgium ; Extension of the former Belfries of Flanders and Wallonia cultural 1999 2005 11
1256 Bordeaux, Port of the Moon Nouvelle Aquitaine 18th century cultural 2007 - 12
770 Canal du Midi Occitanie 17th century cultural 1996 - 13
162 Amiens Cathedral Hauts-de-France 13th century cultural 1981 - 14
635 Bourges Cathedral Centre-Val de Loire 13th century cultural 1992 - 15
81 Chartres Cathedral Centre-Val de Loire 13th century cultural 1979 - 16
601 Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi, and Palace of Tau, Reims Grand Est 13th century - 16th century cultural 1991 - 17
1153 The Causses and the Cévennes, Mediterranean agro-pastoral Cultural Landscape Occitanie cultural 2011 - 18
228 Historical center of Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble and Avignon Bridge Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 12th century - 16th century Palais des Papes, Episcopal Ensemble and Pont Saint-Bénezet cultural 1995 - 19
868 Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France Diverse sites right-of-way and route cultural 1998 - 20
1337 Episcopal City of Albi Occitanie cultural 2010 - 21
203 From the Great Saltworks of Salins-les-Bains to the Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, the Production of Open-pan Salt Bourgogne-Franche-Comté 18th century cultural 1982 2009 22
1283 Fortifications of Vauban Diverse 17th century cultural 2008 - 23
932 Jurisdiction of Saint-Émilion Nouvelle Aquitaine cultural 1999 - 24
1181 Le Havre, the City Rebuilt by Auguste Perret Normandy 20th century Built from 1945–1964 by the Atelier de Reconstruction du Havre d'Auguste Perret cultural 2005 - 25
80 Mont Saint-Michel and its Bay Normandy cultural 1979 2007 26
160 Palace and Park of Fontainebleau Île-de-France cultural 1981 - 27
83 Palace and Park of Versailles Île-de-France cultural 1979 2007 28
600 Paris, Banks of the Seine Île-de-France cultural 1991 - 29
229 Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière, and Place d'Alliance in Nancy Grand Est 18th century cultural 1983 - 30
334 Pont du Gard Roman Aqueduct Occitanie 1st century AD cultural 1985 2007 31
873 Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs Île-de-France cultural 2001 - 32
872 Historic site of Lyon Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes cultural 1998 - 33
1363 Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 5000–500 BCE A series of prehistoric pile-dwelling or stilt house settlements in and around the Alps transboundary property, shared with Austria, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland, 11 of the total 111 sites are in France cultural 2011 - 34
85 Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley Nouvelle Aquitaine cultural 1979 - 35
495 Strasbourg – Grande Île Grand Est cultural 1988 - 36
163 Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the "Triumphal Arch" of Orange Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur cultural 1981 2007 37
933 The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes Centre-Val de Loire, Pays de la Loire cultural 2000 - 38
345 Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne Occitanie cultural 1997 - 39
258 Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve Corsica N/A natural 1983 - 40
1115 Lagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems New Caledonia N/A Diversity of ecosystems in New Caledonia Barrier Reef natural 2008 - 41
1317 The Pitons, Cirques and Remparts of Réunion Island Réunion N/A natural 2010 - 42
773 Pyrénées – Mont Perdu Occitanie N/A transboundary property, shared with Spain mixed 1997 1999 43
1360 Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin Hauts-de-France 18th to 20th centuries Remarkable landscape shaped by three centuries of coal extraction cultural 2012 - 44
1426 Decorated Cave of Pont d’Arc, known as Grotte Chauvet-Pont d’Arc, Ardèche Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 30,000–28,000 BCE Earliest-known and best-preserved figurative drawings in the world cultural 2014 - 45
1425 The Climats, terroirs of Burgundy Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Middle Ages–present An outstanding example of grape cultivation and wine production developed since the High Middle Ages cultural 2015 - 46
1465 Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars Grand Est 17th century–present Sites where the method of producing sparkling wines was developed cultural 2015 - 47
1321 The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Île-de-France, Grand Est, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 20th century Testimonial to the invention of a new architectural language A transnational serial property shared with Argentina, Belgium, Germany, India, Japan and Switzerland cultural 2016 - 48
1528 Taputapuātea French Polynesia 10th century A Polynesian political, ceremonial and funerary centre cultural 2017 49

Properties submitted on the Tentative Listedit

Property names as submitted by France and year of inscription on Tentative List Translation of site names provided in italics for reference purposes; official translation of site name proposed only once site is put forward for consideration on World Heritage List

  • Sites mégalithiques de Carnac, 1996 Carnac megalithic sites
  • Cathédrale de Saint-Denis, 1996 Saint-Denis Cathedral
  • Rouen : ensemble urbain à pans de bois, cathédrale, église Saint-Ouen, église Saint Maclou, 1996 Rouen: timber-framed urban area, Rouen Cathedral, Basilica of Saint Ouen, Church of Saint Maclou
  • Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte, 1996 Vaux-le-Vicomte Castle
  • Les villes bastionnées des Pays-Bas du nord-ouest de l'Europe, 1996 Fortified cities of the Low Countries of north-western Europe
  • Le massif forestier de Fontainebleau, 1996 Forest of Fontainebleau
  • Montagne Sainte-Victoire et sites cézaniens, 1996 Mount Saint Victoire and Paul Cézanne sites
  • Ensemble de grottes à concrétions du Sud de la France, 2000 Concretion cave complexes in southern France
  • Parc national de la Vanois, 2000 Vanois National Park
  • Massif du Mont Blanc, 2000 Mont Blanc
  • La Camargue, 2002 The Camargue
  • Bouches de Bonifacio, 2002 Straight of Bonifacio
  • Parc national des Écrins, 2002 Écrins National Park
  • Parc national de Port-Cros, 2002 Port Cros National Park
  • Marais salants de Guérande, 2002 Guérande salt marshes
  • Le rivage méditerranéen des Pyrénées, 2002 Mediterranean shore of the Pyrenees Mountains
  • Rade de Marseille, 2002 Bay of Marseille
  • Les villes antiques de la Narbonnaise et leur territoire : Nîmes, Arles, Glanum, aqueducts, via Domitia, 2002 Roman Narbonensian cities and area: Nîmes, Arles, Glanum, aqueducts, via Domitia
  • Le chemin de fer de Cerdagne, 2002 Cerdagne railway
  • Office National d'Études et de Recherches Aérospatiales, Meudon, 2002 National Aerospace Research Centre, Meudon
  • Hangar Y, 2002 Hangar Y
  • Ancienne chocolaterie Menier à Noisiel, 2002 Former Menier chocolate factory in Noisiel
  • Phare de Cordouan, 2002 Cordouan Lighthouse
  • Centre ancien de Sarlat, 2002 Historic centre of Sarlat
  • Arsenal de Rochefort et fortifications de l'estuaire de la Charente, 2002 Rochefort arsenal and fortifications of the Charente Rivers estuary
  • Les Iles Marquises, 2010 Marquesas Islands
  • Chaîne des Puys et faille de Limagne, 2011 Puys volcanic mountains and Limagne fault line
  • Nîmes, l'Antiquité au présent, 2012 Nîmes, from Antiquity to present
  • Espace transfrontalier Marittime-Mercantour Les Alpes de la Mer, 2013 Marittime-Mercantour Transboundary Area The Maritime Alps50
  • Metz Royal et Impériale, enjeux de pouvoir, confrontations stylistiques et identité urbaine, 2014 Royal and Imperial Metz, power plays, stylistic exchange and urban identity51
  • Aires volcaniques et forestières de la Martinique, 2014 Volcanic and forested areas of Martinique
  • Les Plages du Débarquement, Normandie, 1944, 2014 Allied landing beaches in Normandy, 1944
  • Sites funéraires et mémoriels de la Première Guerre mondiale Front Ouest, 2014 World War One cemeteries and memorials Western Front
  • Grandes villes d'eaux d'Europe, 2014 Great Spas of Europe52
  • De la Grande-Île à la Neustadt, une scène urbaine européenne, 2015 From Grande Île to Neustadt, a European expression of urban development
  • La Réserve naturelle nationale des Terres Australes Françaises, 2016 French Southern Lands National Nature Reserve

Location of inscribed sitesedit

Vézelay Versailles Decorated Caves Chartres Cathedral Mont Saint-Michel Fontainebleau Fontenay Amiens Cathedral Arles Orange Royal Saltworks Piana Calanches Scandola Reserve Abbey of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe Place Stanislas Pont du
Gard Paris Grande
Île Reims Bourges Cathedral Canal
du Midi Avignon Carcassonne Mont Perdu Lyon Saint-
Émilion Belfries Loire Valley Provins Le Havre Bordeaux Fortifications of Vauban Albi Pile dwellings Causses & Cévennes Mining Basin Pont-d'Arc Burgundy Champagne Location of World Heritage Sites within France
Lagoons of New Caledonia Taputapuātea Reunion Island Location of French World Heritage Sites overseas

See alsoedit

  • Tourism in France
  • List of World Heritage Sites in Western Europe


  1. ^ a b c d e France UNESCO World Heritage Centre Retrieved on 2014-06-23
  2. ^ State Parties, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Retrieved on 2011-07-21
  3. ^ Pyrénées - Mont Perdu is shared with Spain; Belfries of Belgium and France is shared with Belgium; and Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps is shared with Austria, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, and Switzerland
  4. ^ Tentative Lists, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Retrieved on 2014-06-23
  5. ^ France's mixed property, Pyrénées – Mont Perdu, is shared with Spain
  6. ^ The Criteria, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Retrieved on 2011-07-21
  7. ^ "Abbaye de Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe" UNESCO 
  8. ^ "Abbaye cistercienne de Fontenay" UNESCO 
  9. ^ "Arles, monuments romains et romans" UNESCO 
  10. ^ "Basilique et colline de Vézelay" UNESCO 
  11. ^ "Beffries of Belgium and France" UNESCO 
  12. ^ "Bordeaux, Port de la Lune" UNESCO 
  13. ^ "Canal du Midi" UNESCO 
  14. ^ "Cathédrale d'Amiens" UNESCO 
  15. ^ "Cathédrale de Bourges" UNESCO 
  16. ^ "Cathédrale de Chartres" UNESCO 
  17. ^ "Cathédrale Notre-Dame, ancienne abbaye Saint-Rémi et palais de Tau, Reims" UNESCO 
  18. ^ "The Causses and the Cévennes, Mediterranean agro-pastoral Cultural Landscape" UNESCO 
  19. ^ "Centre historique d'Avignon" UNESCO 
  20. ^ "Chemins de Saint-Jacques-de-Compostelle en France" UNESCO 
  21. ^ "Cité épiscopale d'Albi" UNESCO 
  22. ^ "De la grande saline de Salins-les-Bains à la saline royale d'Arc-et-Senans, la production du sel ignigène" UNESCO 
  23. ^ "Fortifications de Vauban" UNESCO 
  24. ^ "Juridiction de Saint-Émilion" UNESCO 
  25. ^ "Le Havre, la ville reconstruite par Auguste Perret" UNESCO 
  26. ^ "Mont-Saint-Michel et sa baie" UNESCO 
  27. ^ "Palais et parc de Fontainebleau" UNESCO 
  28. ^ "Palais et parc de Versailles" UNESCO 
  29. ^ "Paris, rives de la Seine" UNESCO 
  30. ^ "Places Stanislas, de la Carrière et d'Alliance à Nancy" UNESCO 
  31. ^ "Pont du Gard" UNESCO 
  32. ^ "Provins, ville de foire médiévale" UNESCO 
  33. ^ "Site historique de Lyon" UNESCO 
  34. ^ "Et le nombre de sites du Patrimoine de l'Unesco est" UNESCO 
  35. ^ "Sites préhistoriques et grottes ornées de la vallée de la Vézère" UNESCO 
  36. ^ "Strasbourg – Grande île" UNESCO 
  37. ^ "Théâtre antique et ses abords et " Arc de Triomphe " d'Orange" UNESCO 
  38. ^ "Val de Loire entre Sully-sur-Loire et Chalonnes" UNESCO 
  39. ^ "Ville fortifiée historique de Carcassonne" UNESCO 
  40. ^ "Golfe de Porto" UNESCO 
  41. ^ "Lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie" UNESCO 
  42. ^ "Pitons, cirques et remparts de l'ile de la Réunion" UNESCO 
  43. ^ "Pyrénées - Mont Perdu" UNESCO 
  44. ^ "Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin" UNESCO 
  45. ^ "Decorated Cave of Pont d’Arc, known as Grotte Chauvet-Pont d’Arc, Ardèche" UNESCO 
  46. ^ World Heritage Committee "Sites in Denmark, France and Turkey inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List" United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Retrieved 2015-07-20 
  47. ^ World Heritage Committee "Sites in Denmark, France and Turkey inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List" United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Retrieved 2015-07-20 
  48. ^ "The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement" UNESCO 
  49. ^ "Taputapuātea" UNESCO 
  50. ^ A transboundary site with Italy Replaces “Mercantour / Alpi Marittime” Tentative List property reference 1650
  51. ^ "Official Metz's UNESCO application" PDF in French Archived from the original PDF on 2014-02-01 Retrieved March 2014  Check date values in: |access-date= help
  52. ^ A transboundary site with Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom

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