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List of U.S. biological weapons topics

list of u.s biological weapons topics, list of u.s biological weapons topics to talk
The United States had an offensive biological weapons program from 1943 until 1969 Today, the nation is a member of the Biological Weapons Convention and has renounced biological warfare

Contents

  • 1 Agencies and organizations
    • 11 Military and government agencies and schools
    • 12 Biological weapons program locations
  • 2 Treaties, laws and policies
  • 3 Weapons
    • 31 Canceled weapons
    • 32 Other weapons
    • 33 Weaponized biological agents
    • 34 Researched biological agents
  • 4 Operations and exercises
  • 5 Biological attacks
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References

Agencies and organizationsedit

Military and government agencies and schoolsedit

  • United States Army Biological Warfare Laboratories USBWL
  • United States Army Chemical Corps
  • War Bureau of Consultants
  • War Research Service

Biological weapons program locationsedit

  • United States biological weapons program
  • Dugway Proving Ground
  • Granite Peak Range
  • Edgewood Arsenal
  • Fort Detrick and the US Army Biological Warfare Laboratories
  • Building 470
  • One-Million-Liter Test Sphere
  • Fort Douglas, Utah
  • Deseret Test Center
  • Fort Terry/Plum Island Animal Disease Center
  • Building 101
  • Building 257
  • Horn Island Testing Station
  • Pine Bluff Arsenal
  • Rocky Mountain Arsenal
  • Vigo Ordnance Plant

Treaties, laws and policiesedit

  • Biological Weapons Convention
  • Geneva Protocol
  • Statement on Chemical and Biological Defense Policies and Programs

Weaponsedit

Canceled weaponsedit

  • E77 balloon bomb
  • E99 bomblet
  • Flettner rotor, an experimental biological cluster bomb sub-munition
  • Project St Jo
  • SPD Mk I, 4 lb World War II-era biological bomb

Other weaponsedit

  • 20 mm particulate projectile
  • E120 bomblet
  • 50 lb cluster bomb, held 544 bomblets
  • E14 munition, sub-muntion for E86 cluster bomb
  • E23 munition, sub-munition for E77 cluster bomb
  • E48 particulate bomb E48R2, sub-munition for E96 cluster
  • E61 bomb E61R4
  • E86 cluster bomb
  • E95 bomblet
  • E96 cluster bomb
  • M114 bomb, 4 lb biological anti-personnel bomb, sub-munition for the M33 cluster bomb
  • M115 bomb, a 500 lb anti-crop bomb
  • M143 bomblet
  • M33 cluster bomb
  • SUU-24/A dispenser

Weaponized biological agentsedit

  • anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis
  • Ames strain
  • tularemia, caused by Francisella tularensis
  • brucellosis, caused by Brucella suis
  • Q-fever, caused by Coxiella burnetii
  • botulism, botulin toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum
  • Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B SEB, toxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus, used as an incapacitating agent
  • Stem rust, both wheat and rye stem rust, fungal anticrop agent
  • Rice blast, fungal anticrop agent

Researched biological agentsedit

  • Argentinian hemorrhagic fever AHF
  • Bird flu
  • Bolivian hemorrhagic fever BHF
  • Chikungunya virus CHIKV
  • Dengue fever
  • Eastern equine encephalitis EEE
  • Hantavirus
  • Lassa fever
  • Late blight of potato
  • glanders
  • melioidosis
  • Newcastle disease
  • Plague
  • Psittacosis
  • Smallpox
  • Ricin
  • Rift Valley fever RVF
  • Rinderpest
  • Typhus
  • Western equine encephalitis WEE
  • Yellow fever

Operations and exercisesedit

  • Edgewood Arsenal experiments
  • Operation Big Buzz
  • Operation Big Itch
  • Operation Blue Skies
  • Operation Dark Winter
  • Operation Dew
  • Operation Drop Kick
  • Operation LAC
  • Operation Magic Sword
  • Operation May Day
  • Operation Polka Dot
  • Operation Top Off
  • Operation Whitecoat
  • Project 112
  • Project Bacchus
  • Project Clear Vision
  • Project Jefferson

Biological attacksedit

  • 1984 Rajneeshee bioterror attack
  • 1989 California medfly attack
  • 2001 anthrax attacks
  • 2003 ricin letters

See alsoedit

  • List of US chemical weapons topics
  • United States and weapons of mass destruction

Referencesedit

  • "Chemical and Biological Weapons: Possession and Programs Past and Present", James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Middlebury College, April 9, 2002, accessed November 12, 2008
  • "Biological Weapons", Federation of American Scientists, updated October 19, 1998, accessed November 12, 2008
  • Croddy, Eric C and Hart, C Perez-Armendariz J, Chemical and Biological Warfare, Google Books, Springer, 2002, pp 30–31, ISBN 0387950761
  • Kirby, Reid "The CB Battlefield Legacy: Understanding the Potential Problem of Clustered CB Weapons", Army Chemical Review, pp 25–29, July–December 2006, accessed November 12, 2008
  • Kirby, Reid "The Evolving Role of Biological Weapons", Army Chemical Review, pp 22–26, July–December 2007, accessed November 12, 2008

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    29.10.2014


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