List of Ukrainian rulers


This list encompasses all rulers and leaders of what is today Ukraine, from ancient to modern times

The term "Ukrainians" is used according to the modern definition of "the inhabitants of the land Ukraine"1 not just those who identify with the ethnic group This list includes only local rulers whose seat of power was located in the modern Ukraine and only the rulers whose power was derived directly from the people of the territory at the time, and does not include the governors who received their authority from some foreign powers as during Lithuanian, Polish, Hungarian, Austrian, Russian, Czechoslovakian and Romanian overlordship

This is not a list of sovereigns Throughout its history the territory of modern Ukraine had various forms of governance from monarchies to democratic republics

Contents

  • 1 Antiquity c 500 BC – 16 BC
    • 11 Scythian kings2
    • 12 Kings of Cimmerian Bosporus
  • 2 Migration period c 200 – c 800
    • 21 Gothic rulers
    • 22 Hunnic rulers
    • 23 Rulers of Patria Onoguria
    • 24 Khazar rulers
  • 3 Rulers of Kiev and Kievan Rus' c 375/800 – 1240/1362
    • 31 Legendary and historical rulers of Kiev
    • 32 Rurik Dynasty
    • 33 Decline of Kievan Rus'
      • 331 Rurik Dynasty
  • 4 Kings and Princes of Galicia-Volhynia 1199–1349
  • 5 In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1362–1569 and Kingdom of Poland 1569–1667/1793
  • 6 Crimean khans 1441–1783
  • 7 Hetmans of Ukrainian Cossacks 1506–1775
    • 71 Hetmans and commanders of Ukrainian Cossacks
    • 72 Hetmans of the Cossack state
    • 73 Hetmans during the Ruin
  • 8 In the Russian Empire 1667/1793–1917 and Austria-Hungary 1526/1772–1918
  • 9 Ukrainian People's Republic 1917–1921
    • 91 Chairmen of the Central Council
    • 92 Hetman of the Ukrainian State
    • 93 Chairmen of the Directory
  • 10 West Ukrainian People's Republic 1918–1919
    • 101 President of the Ukrainian National Republic
    • 102 President of the Carpatho-Ukraine
  • 11 Ukrainian State 1941
    • 111 Prime Minister of the Ukrainian State
  • 12 Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic 1918/1919–1991
  • 13 Ukraine 1991 – present
    • 131 Presidents
  • 14 See also
  • 15 References

Antiquity c 500 BC – 16 BCedit

Scythian kings2edit

Main article: Scythia Scythian king Skilurus, relief from Scythian Neapolis, Crimea, 2nd century BC

Scythia was a loose state that originated as early as the 8th century BC Little is known of them and their rulers Most detailed description came down to us from Herodotus

  • Scylas aka Skyles or Skylla c 500 BC – c 450 BC – Herodotus describes him as a Scythian whose mother was Greek, he was expelled by his people
  • Octamasadas aka Oktamasades c 450 BC
  • Ateas the Thataean c 429 BC – 339 BC – defeated by the Macedonians; his empire fell apart
  • Skilurus aka Skylurus c 110 BC – deposed c 100 BC by the Sarmatians
  • Palacus aka Palakus c 100 BC – the last Scythian ruler, defeated by Mithridates VI of Pontus

Kings of Cimmerian Bosporusedit

Main article: Kings of Cimmerian Bosporus A silver coin depicting Mithradates VI of Pontus

The shores of Crimea were settled by Greeks since the 7th century BC The kingdom was established around 480 BC It was ruled by three consecutive dynasties: Archaenactidae 480 BC – 438 BC, Spartocids 438 BC – 108 BC, and Pontids 108 BC – 16 BC After Pontids the territory became a Roman client kingdom

Pontids

  • Mithridates VI of Pontus 108 BC – 64 BC
  • Pharnaces 64 BC – 47 BC
  • Asander 47 BC – 17 BC
  • Scribonius 17 BC – 16 BC

Migration period c 200 – c 800edit

In Eastern Europe the The Great Migration Period kicked off with the descent of the Goths from the Baltic region into the territory of modern Ukraine, about AD 200 They either took over or assimilated with the local Slavic tribes The Goths were in turn pushed out by aggressively encroaching Huns, about 375 The Goths went on to conquer Southern Europe and the Huns moved to the Balkans and created a Hunnic Empire which lasted for a hundred years After splitting of the Empire, some of the Huns moved back north in the territories of modern Ukraine and formed Patria Onoguria, now known as Old Great Bulgaria In the 7th century Onoguria largely defected to Khazaria – an expanding Turkic state centered in the North Caucuses which controlled the Eurasian steppe until the 9th century

Gothic rulersedit

Main article: Chernyakhov culture

In 238, the Goths for the first time passed the Danube, and took to the Black Sea The division of the Goths Thervingi-Vesi and Greuthungi-Ostrogothi is first attested in 291

Tervingi

The Balti dynasty, Balthes, Baltungs, or Balthings, existed among the Tervingi "forest people", called later the Visigothi The names of the Drevlyans and the Gothic Tervingi in Ukraine have often been adduced as parallels to agac-ari "forest men" in Turkic

  • Nidad, reik "ruler" c 218 – 249
  • Ovida, son of Nidad, co-ruler c 249 – 273
  • Cniva aka Kniwa "knife", brother of Ovida, co-ruler
  • Ilderic aka Hilderith, son of Ovida, co-ruler c 273 – 317
  • Ariaric aka Ascaric, brother of Hilderith, co-ruler
  • Geberic aka Geberich, son of Hilderith, kindin "king" c 317 – 350
  • Athanaric aka Aþanareiks "year-king", pagan, Gunþi-reik "battle prince" 365–381
  • Fritigern aka Frithugairns "desiring peace", converted to Arianism, Gunþi-reik 369–382

Greuthungi

The Amali dynasty, Amals, Amaler, or Amalings of the Greuthungi "steppe dwellers" or "people of the pebbly coasts", called later the Ostrogothi

  • Amal Amala, the Fortunate, born fl 110 or c 123
  • Hisarna, Isarna, the Iron One, born fl 140 or c 153
  • Ostrogotha, the Patient, born fl 170 or c 183, died c 250 in Ukraine
  • Hunuil "Immune to Magic" aka Ginvila, born fl 210 or c 213
  • Athal Athala, the Noble One, born fl 240 or c 243 in Ukraine
  • Achiulf Agiulf, born fl 270 or c 273 in Ukraine
  • Wultwulf Vultuulf, Vulthulf, Vuldulf, born fl 300 in Ukraine, died fl 370, prince of the Goths
  • Ermanaric Hermanaric, Ermanarich, Hermanarik, born c 303 in Ukraine, king of the Getae/Greutungi/Ostrogoths 335 or 350 – 375 or 376
  • Winithar Vinitharius, Conqueror of the Venedi-Slavs Antes, born fl 345 or c 353 in Ukraine, the last independent king of the Ostrogoths 376–380
  • Hunimund "Protege of the Huns", the Beautiful, born c 326 in Ukraine, the first Hunnic vassal prince of the Ostrogoths 376-fl405

Hunnic rulersedit

Main article: Huns
  • Balambér aka Bülümer Bulümar, Balamir, conqueror of the Ostrogoths 376–378
  • Baltazár aka Alyp-bi, king of the Western Huns 378–390, buried on Kuyantau current Kiev
  • Uldin aka Ulduz, king of the Western Huns 390–c 411
  • Donatus, King of the Eastern Huns c 382–412
  • Charaton aka Aksungur Aksuvar, c 411–c 422
  • Octar aka Oktar Uptar , c 425–c 430
  • Rugila aka Ruga Rua, Roila, Yabgu prince, then king 432–434
  • Mundzuk aka Aybat, Yabgu 390–434, King434
  • Bleda, King and ruler of Eastern Huns Ak Bulgar 434–445
  • Attila the Hun, Yabgu of Western Huns Kara Bulgar 434–445
  • Ellac aka Ellak, Khagan and ruler of the Sabirs 453–454
  • Dengizich aka Tengiz Diggiz, ruler of the Akatziroi, 454–468
  • Ernakh aka Bel-Kermek Hernach, ruler of the Bulgars 455–465, and the Akatziroi 469–503

Rulers of Patria Onoguriaedit

Main article: Bulgars

According to Zakarius Rhetor and Priscus Rhetor, Patria Onoguria was a vulgar statelet in alliance with Byzantium established in 463 around Azov having been forced west upon the Akatziroi by the Sabirs who in turn were being attacked Its 7th century period is commonly referred to as Old Great Bulgaria ~600–~690

  • Ernakh 469–503 raids on Byzantium
  • Utigur 503–520
  • Grod 520–528 alliance with Byzantium
  • Mugel and Chinialus 528–530 breaks alliance with Byzantium
  • Sandilch mid 6thC in Southeast supported by Byzantium against Khinialon and Sinnion in Southwest, then Zabergan while Sarosius assists arrangement between Pseudo-Avars in North and Justinian I Then Kagan Bayan controls the rest of Ukraine for most of the 60s until Sarosius assists Gokturks petition of Justin II to support a "true" Avar candidate in Patria Onoguria against the Pseudo-Avars
  • Houdbaad c 581–c 600
  • Organa 617–630
  • Gostun 2 years
  • Kubrat 632–660 extended dominion of Great Bulgarian Onoguria into Pannonia placing Pseudo-Avars under Kuber in Sirmium
  • Batbayan ruled two years before being challenged and sent to Itil by his brother Kotrag who ensured Khazar rule over a loose confederation of tribal city-states from Kiev in the West to Bolghar in the Northeast and the Caspian Gates in the Southeast

Khazar rulersedit

Main articles: Khazars and Rus' Khaganate

Khazar Khaganate controlled much of what is today southern and eastern Ukraine until the 10th century

  • Bulan Sabriel fl c 740
  • Obadiah c 786–809
  • Hezekiah ben Obadiah
  • Manasseh I ben Hezekiah
  • Hanukkah ben Obadiah
  • Isaac ben Hanukkah
  • Zebulun ben Isaac
  • Manasseh II ben Zebulun
  • Nisi ben Manasseh
  • Aaron I ben Nisi fl c 900
  • Menahem ben Aaron fl c 910
  • Benjamin ben Menahem fl c 920
  • Aaron II ben Benjamin c 920s–940
  • Joseph ben Aaron fl 940–965

Rulers of Kiev and Kievan Rus' c 375/800 – 1240/1362edit

Main articles: Grand Prince of Kiev and Kievan Rus'

Legendary and historical rulers of Kievedit

Portrait Name Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until
Bozh Bož, Boz, Booz, Box, a king of Antes, the east Slavic people 4th century 376
Alyp-bi Baltazár, the son of Balambér aka Bülümer, a khan of the Western Huns who was buried on Kuyantau mountain current Kiev 4th century 378 390
Kyi, a legendary founder of Kiev, a Slavic prince of Kuyavia, most likely eastern Polans 5th–6th centuries 482
Oleg Helge or Helgi, probably of Danish or Swedish origin, an apocryphal Kiev voivode, under the overlordship of the Khazar Khaganate 8th century
Bravlin, probably of Swedish origin,3 a Varangian voivode in the Rus' Khaganate 8th–9th centuries c 790 c 810
Askold and Dir Høskuldr and Dýri,4 probably of Swedish origin, Varangian konungs, not Rurikids, were rulers khagans of Kiev, not Kievan Rus'   - 882 c 8425 882

Rurik Dynastyedit

The Rurikids were descendants of Rurik Hrørekr, a Varangian pagan konung or chieftain, who supposedly was of haplogroup N1c1, which is common among Finno-Ugric peoples and not so rare in Baltic region6

All the rulers of Kievan Rus' before the conversion of Vladimir I and all the country to Christianity are Pagan rulers, except Olga of Kiev

Portrait Name Born Reign Marriage s Death Notes
Rurik I
Рюрик
Old Norse: Rørik
Unknown 862-879 Unknown
at least one son
879 Ruled as Prince of Novgorod Founder of the family
Oleg the Seer
Олег Віщий
Old Norse: Helgi7
Unknown 879-912 Unknown 912 Varangian kniaz of Holmgård Novgorod and Kønugård Kiev His relationship with the family is unknown He was probably a regent, in name of Igor, son of Rurik
Igor I the Old
Igor Rurikovich
Ігор Старий8
Old Norse: Ingvar Röreksson
c878
Son of Rurik
912-945 Olga of Kiev
901 or 902
at least one son
945
Iskorosten
aged 66–67
Saint Olga of Kiev
Saint Olga
Свята Ольга
Old Norse: Helga
c890
Pskov
945-962 Igor I the Old
901 or 902
at least one son
11 July 969
Kiev
aged 78–79
Regent on behalf of her minor son, she was baptized by Emperor Constantine VII but failed to bring Christianity to Kiev
Sviatoslav I the Brave
Sviatoslav Igorevich
Святосла́в Хоро́брий
Old Norse: Sveinald Ingvarsson9
c942
possibly Kiev
Son of Igor I the Old and Saint Olga of Kiev
962-972 Predslava
c954
two sons

Malusha/Malfrida1011
c958
at least one son
March 972
Khortytsia
aged 29–30
The first true ruler of Rus' who destroyed the Khazar Khaganate and united all of the Rus' principalities under the Kiev throne
Yaropolk I
Yaropolk Sviatoslavich
Яропо́лк Святосла́вич
Old Norse: Iaropolk Sveinaldsson
c950
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Predslava
972-980 A Greek nun
at least one son
980
Fort of Roden, near Kaniv
aged 29–30
Supposedly was baptised into Catholicism, and then was murdered by two Varangians
Vladimir I the Great
Vladimir Basil Sviatoslavich
Володимир Великий/Володимѣръ Свѧтославичь
Old Norse: Valdamarr Sveinaldsson
c958
Budyatychi
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Malusha/Malfrida
980-1015 Olava/Allogia
c977
at least one son

A Greek nun
widow of his brother
c980
at least one son

Rogneda of Polotsk
c978
possibly in bigamy
eight children

Adela of Bulgaria
at least two children maximum four

Malfrida of Bohemia
Before 1000
two children

Anna Porphyrogenita of Byzantium
988
Cherson
three children

Regelindis of Saxony granddaughter of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
After 1011
one or two daughters

Unknown
two children
15 July 1015
Berestove, Kiev
aged 57–58
His early rule is characterized by a staunch pagan reaction but in 988 he was baptized into Orthodoxy and successfully converted Kievan Rus' to Christianity
Sviatopolk I the Accursed
Sviatopolk Yaropolkovich
Святополк Окаянний
Old Norse: Sveinpolk Iaropolksson
c980
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Predslava
1015-1019 Unknown name
daughter of Bolesław I of Poland
no children
1019
aged 38–39
Yaroslav I the Wise
Yaroslav George Vladimirovich
Яросла́в Му́дрий
Old Norse: Jarizleifr Valdamarrsson12
c978
Son of Vladimir I the Great and Rogneda of Polotsk
1019-1054 Ingigerda of Sweden
1019
Novgorod
eight or nine children
20 February 1054
Vyshhorod
aged 75–76
Prince of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod, and Grand Prince of Kiev; during his reign Kievan Rus' reached the pinnacle of its power
Iziaslav I
Iziaslav Demetrius Yaroslavich
Ізяслав Ярославич
Old Norse: Izjasleifr Jarizleifsson
c1024
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden
1054-1068

1069-1073

1076-1078
Gertrude of Poland
1043
three children
3 October 1078
Nizhyn
aged 53–54
Reigned three times, threatened by the power of his relatives Vseslav of Polotsk 1068–69 and Sviatoslav II of Kiev 1073-76 First King of Rus', Pope Gregory VII sent him a crown from Rome in 1075
Vseslav I the Seer
Vseslav Basil Bryacheslavich
Всеслав Брячиславич
c1039
Polotsk
Son of Bryachislav of Polotsk
1068-1069 Unknown
six sons
24 April 1101
Polotsk
aged 61–62
A brief ruler during Iziaslav's official reign Also Prince of Polotsk
Sviatoslav II
Sviatoslav Nicholas Yaroslavich
Святослав Ярославич
Old Norse: Sveinald Jarizleifsson
c1027
Kiev
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden
1073-1076 Cecilia of Dithmarschen 13
Between 1043 and 1047
five children

Oda of Staden Nordmark
c1065
one son
27 December 1076
Kiev
aged 48–49
A brief ruler during his brother Iziaslav's official reign
Vsevolod I
Vsevolod Andrew Yaroslavich
Всеволод Ярославич
Old Norse: Vissivald Jarizleifsson
c1030
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden
1078-1093 Anastasia of Byzantium
c1053
two children

Anna of Cumania
c1070
four children
13 April 1093
Vyshhorod
aged 62–63
Usurped the throne from his nephew, Yaropolk Iziaslavich
Saint Yaropolk III Izyaslavich
Yaropolk Peter Iziaslavich
Ярополк Ізяславич
Old Norse: Iaropolk Izjasleifsson
c1043
Son of Iziaslav I and Gertrude of Poland
1078-1087 Kunigunde of Meissen
c1071
four children
22 November 1087
Zvenyhorod
aged 62–63
As hereditary King of Rus title assumed until his death, was a legitimate contestant for the throne, usurped by his uncle
Sviatopolk II
Sviatopolk Michael Iziaslavich
Всеволод Ярославич
Old Norse: Sveinpolk Izjasleifsson
8 November 1050
Son of Iziaslav I and Gertrude of Poland
1093-1113 Unknown name
daughter of Spytihněv II of Bohemia14
c1085
three children

Olenna of the Kipchaks
c1094
four children
26 April 1113
Vyshhorod
aged 62
Recovered the throne of his father from his uncle However, his descendants lost their rights to the Kievan throne
Vladimir II Monomakh
Vladimir Basil Vsevolodovich
Володимир Мономах
Old Norse: Valdamarr Vissivaldsson
1053
Son of Vsevolod I and Anastasia of Byzantium
1113-1125 Gytha of Wessex
c1074
five or six children

Euphemia of Byzantium
c1100
six or seven children

Unknown name
daughter of Aepa Ocenevich, Khan in Cumania
After 1107
no known children
19 May 1125
Kiev
aged 71–72
He is considered to be the last ruler of the united Kievan Rus'
Mstislav I the Great
Mstislav Theodore Vladimirovich
Мстислав Великий
Old Norse: Haraldr Valdamarrsson
1 June 1076
Turov
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh and Gytha of Wessex
1125-1132 Christina of Sweden
1095
ten children

Liubava Dmitrievna of Novgorod
1122
two children
14 April 1132
Kiev
aged 55
After his reign Kievan Rus' fell into recession starting a rapid decline

Decline of Kievan Rus'edit

Main article: List of early East Slavic states

After the Council of Liubech in 1097 Kievan Rus' entered a feudal period and was divided into principalities ruled by the Rurikid family princes who were in a constant power struggle with each other Major principalities were: Galicia-Volhynia, Kiev, Chernigiv, and Pereyaslavl In the period of 1240–1362, the three latter ones were forced to accept the Golden Horde overlordship

Note: the adopted numbering for the three principalities follows individually the Kievan Rus'


  Principality of Kiev   Principality of Chernigov   Principality of Pereyaslavl

Rurik Dynastyedit

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
David I Sviatoslavich 1050 1097-1123 1123 Chernigov Teodosia
five children
Son of Sviatoslav II of Kiev
Vladimir II Monomakh 1053 1097-1113 19 May 1125 Pereyaslavl Gytha of Wessex
c1074
five or six children

Euphemia of Byzantium
c1100
six or seven children

Unknown name
daughter of Aepa Ocenevich, Khan in Cumania
After 1107
no known children
Ruled against his relative Sviatopolk II until his own accession to the throne in 1113
Sviatoslav III Vladimirovich 1113-1114 6 March 1114 Pereyaslavl Unmarried Son of Vladimir II Monomakh
Yaropolk II 1082 1114-1132 18 February 1139 Pereyaslavl Helena of Ossetia
1116
one child
Brother of Mstislav I
Yaroslav II Constantine 1070 1123-1127 1129 Chernigov Unknown
three children
Brother of his predecessor
Vsevolod II 1104 1127-1139 1 August 1146 Chernigov Maria of Rus'
1116
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II of Rus', married Maria, sister of Mstislav I, Yaropolk II and Viacheslav I
Yaropolk II 1082 1132–1139 18 February 1139 Kiev Helena of Ossetia
1116
one child
Brother of Mstislav I
Vsevolod II 1103 1132 11 February 1138 Pereyaslavl Anna
before 1125
four children
Son of Mstislav I the Great
Yuri I the Long-Armed 1099 1132 15 May 1157 Pereyaslavl Two wives
fifteen children
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh 1st time
Iziaslav II 109615 1132-1133 13 November 115415 Pereyaslavl Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia15
1154
no children
Son of Mstislav I 1st time
Viacheslav I 1083 1133-1134 2 February 1154 Pereyaslavl Unmarried
before 1139
one child
1st time Deposed
Yuri I the Long-Armed 1099 1134-1135 15 May 1157 Pereyaslavl Two wives
fifteen children
2nd time
Andrew I the Good 11 August 1102 1135-1141 22 January 1141 Pereyaslavl Unknown
c1117
two children
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh
Vladimir II Davidovich 1139-1151 12 May 1151 Chernigov Unknown
1144
one child
Son of his predecessor
Viacheslav I 1083 1139 2 February 1154 Kiev Unmarried
before 1139
one child
1st time Deposed
Vsevolod II 1104 1139-1146 1 August 1146 Kiev Maria of Rus'
1116
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II of Rus', married Maria, sister of Mstislav I, Yaropolk II and Viacheslav I
Iziaslav II 109615 1141-1146 13 November 115415 Pereyaslavl Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia15
1154
no children
2nd time
Saint Igor II 1096 1146 19 September 1147 Kiev Unmarried Brother of Vsevolod II Deposed
Iziaslav II 109615 1146-1149 13 November 115415 Kiev Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia15
1154
no children
Son of Mstislav I 1st time
Mstislav II the Brave 1125 1146-1149 19 August 1170 Pereyaslavl Agnes of Poland
1151
three children
Son of Iziaslav II 1st time
Rostislav 1149-1151 1151 Pereyaslavl Unknown
before 1151
three children
Son of Yuri I
Yuri I the Long-Armed 1099 1149-1151 15 May 1157 Kiev Two wives
fifteen children
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh 1st time
Iziaslav II 1115 1151-1154 6 March 1161 Chernigov Unknown
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II 1st time
Mstislav II the Brave 1125 1151-1154 19 August 1170 Pereyaslavl Agnes of Poland
1151
three children
2nd time
Viacheslav I 1083 1151-1154 2 February 1154 Kiev Unmarried
before 1139
one child
2nd time
Iziaslav II 109615 1151-1154 13 November 115415 Kiev Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia15
1154
no children
2nd time, co-ruling with Viacheslav I
Sviatoslav III Olgovich 1106/1107 1154-1155 1164 Chernigov Unknown
six children
Grandson of Sviatoslav II 1st time
Rostislav I 1110 1154 14 March 1167 Kiev Unknown
eight children
Brother of Iziaslav II 1st time
Iziaslav III 1115 1154-1155 6 March 1161 Kiev Unknown
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II 1st time
Gleb 1125 1154-1169 20 January 1171 Pereyaslavl Unknown
1154
three children
Son of Yuri I
Iziaslav II 1115 1155-1157 6 March 1161 Chernigov Unknown
one child
2nd time
Yuri I the Long-Armed 1099 1155-1157 15 May 1157 Kiev Two wives
fifteen children
2nd time
Sviatoslav III Olgovich 1106/1107 1157-1164 1164 Chernigov Unknown
six children
2nd time
Iziaslav III 1115 1157-1158 6 March 1161 Kiev Unknown
one child
2nd time
Rostislav I 1110 1158-1167 14 March 1167 Kiev Unknown
eight children
Brother of Iziaslav II 2nd time In 1162 jointly with Iziaslav III
Iziaslav III 1115 1162 6 March 1161 Kiev Unknown
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II 3rd time Ruled jointly with Rostislav I
Sviatoslav IV 1123 1164-1180 25 July 1194 Chernigov Maria of Polotsk
1143
eight children
Son of Vsevolod II
Mstislav II the Brave 1125 1167-1169 19 August 1170 Kiev Agnes of Poland
1151
three children
Son of Iziaslav II 1st time
Gleb 1125 1169 20 January 1171 Kiev Unknown
1154
three children
Son of Yuri I 1st time
Vladimir III 1157 1169-1187 18 April 1187 Pereyaslavl Unknown
1180
no children
Son of his predecessor
Mstislav II the Brave 1125 1170 19 August 1170 Kiev Agnes of Poland
1151
three children
2nd time
Gleb 1125 1170-1171 20 January 1171 Kiev Unknown
1154
three children
2nd time
Vladimir III Mstislavich 1132 1171 1173 Kiev Unknown
1150
four children
Son of Mstislav I
Michael I 1151 1171 20 June 1176 Kiev Theodosia
before 1176
two children
Son of Yuri I
Roman I before 1149 1171-1173 14 June 1180 Kiev Maria of Novgorod
9 January 1149
three childen
Son of Rostislav I 1st time
Vsevolod III the Big Nest 1151 1173 20 June 1176 Kiev Maria Shvarnovna
fourteen children

Liubava Vasilkovna of Vitebsk
1209
no children
Son of Yuri I
Rurik II before 1157 1173 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov16
before 1176
six children
Son of Yuri I 1st time
Sviatoslav III 1123 1174 25 July 1194 Kiev Maria of Polotsk
1143
eight children
Son of Vsevolod II 1st time
Yaroslav II 1132 1174-1175 1180 Kiev Unknown
1149
four children
Son of Yuri I 1st time
Roman I before 1149 1175-1177 14 June 1180 Kiev Maria of Novgorod
9 January 1149
three childen
Son of Rostislav I 2nd time
Sviatoslav III 1123 1177-1180 25 July 1194 Kiev Maria of Polotsk
1143
eight children
2nd time
Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich 1139 1180-1198 1198 Chernigov Irene171819
before 1171
three children
Son of Vsevolod II
Yaroslav II 1132 1180 1180 Kiev Unknown
1149
four children
2nd time
Rurik II before 1157 1180-1182 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov16
before 1176
six children
2nd time
Sviatoslav III 1123 1182-1194 25 July 1194 Kiev Maria of Polotsk
1143
eight children
2nd time
Yaroslav II the Red 1187-1199 1199 Pereyaslavl Unmarried Grandson of Yuri I
Rurik II before 1157 1194-1202 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov16
before 1176
six children
3rd time
Igor II the Brave 3 April 1151 1198-1201 1201 Chernigov Euphrosyne Yaroslavna of Halych20
before 1170
five children
Son of Sviastoslav IV Olgovich
Yaroslav III 8 February 1191 1199-1206 30 September 1246 Pereyaslavl Unknown
1205
no children

Rostislava of Novgorod
1214
annulled 1216
no children

Theodosia of Ryazan
1218
twelve children
Son of Vsevolod III of Kiev
Vsevolod III the Red 1201-1212 August 1212 Kiev Maria of Poland
14 October or 24 December 117821 or 14 November 1179
one child
Son of Sviatoslav V Co-ruling with his brother Oleg III
Oleg II Sviatoslavich 1202-1204 1204 Chernigov Unknown
1176
two children
Son of Sviatoslav V Co-ruling with his brother Vsevolod III
Igor III 1152 1202-1203 1220 Kiev Unknown
five children
Son of Yaroslav II 1st time
Rurik II before 1157 1203-1205 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov16
before 1176
six children
4th time
Roman II the Great 1152 1204-1205 19 June 1205 Kiev Predslava of Kiev
1170 or 1180
two children

Anna Angelina of Byzantium
c1197
two children
Son-in-law of Rurik II Also King of Galicia-Volhynia
Rostislav II 13 April 1172 1204-1205 3 March 1218 Kiev Verchoslava of Kiev
15 June 1187
one child
Son of Rurik II and son-in-law of Vsevolod III Ruled with Roman, his brother-in-law
Rurik II before 1157 1206 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov16
before 1176
six children
5th time
Saint Michael I 1185 1206 20 September 1246 Pereyaslavl Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 121122
seven children
Son of Vsevolod IV of Kiev
Vladimir IV Between September and December 1187 1206-1213 3 March 1239 Pereyaslavl unknown
before 1239
four children
Son of Rurik II
Vsevolod IV the Red 1206-1207 August 1212 Kiev Maria of Poland
14 October or 24 December 117823 or 14 November 1179
one child
Son of Sviatoslav III 1st time
Rurik II before 1157 1207-1210 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov16
before 1176
six children
6th and last time
Vsevolod IV the Red 1210-1212 August 1212 Kiev Maria of Poland
14 October or 24 December 117824 or 14 November 1179
one child
2nd time
Rurik II before 1157 1212-121525 1215 Chernigov Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov16
before 1176
six children
Igor III 1152 1212-1214 1220 Kiev Unknown
five children
Son of Yaroslav II 2nd time
Vladimir V Vsevolodovich 26 October 1192 1213-121526 6 January 1227 Pereyaslavl unknown
before 1239
four children
Son of Vsevolod III of Kiev After his death the Principality was integrated on the Principality of Yaroslavl and then on the Principality of Vladimir
Mstislav III the Old 1156 1214-1223 2 June 1223 Kiev Unknown
1116
seven childen
Son of Roman II
Gleb I c1168 1215-1217 1215 or 122027 Chernigov Anastasia of Kiev
1183
three children
Son-in-law of Rurik II
Mstislav I c1168 1217-1223 31 May 1223 Chernigov Yasynya-Marfa Shvarnovna
1183
four children
Brother-in-law of Vsevolod the Big Nest
Saint Michael I 1185 1223-1234 20 September 1246 Chernigov Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 121122
seven children
Son of Vsevolod III 1st time
Vladimir IV Between September and December 1187 1223-1233 3 March 1239 Kiev unknown
before 1239
four children
Son of Rurik II
Iziaslav IV 1186 1233-1236 1255 Kiev Agafia
no children
Son of Mstislav III
Mstislav II before 1215/1220 1234-1239 after 18 October 1239 Chernigov Unknown
before 1239
two children
Yaroslav III 8 February 1191 1236-1238 30 September 1246 Kiev Unknown
1205
no children

Rostislava of Novgorod
1214
annulled 1216
no children

Theodosia of Ryazan
1218
twelve children
Son of Vsevolod III 1st time
Saint Michael II 1185 1238-1239 20 September 1246 Kiev Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 121122
seven children
Son of Vsevolod IV 1st time
Rostislav I after 1210 1239-1243 1262 Chernigov Anna of Hungary
1243
five children
Son of Michael I
Rostislav III after 1210 1239 1262 Kiev Anna of Hungary
1243
five children
Son of Michael II
Daniel I 1201 1132–1139 1264 Kiev Anna of Novgorod
1218
ten children

Unknown
before 1252
no children
Son of Roman II Also King of Galicia-Volhynia
Saint Michael II 1185 1241-1243 20 September 1246 Kiev Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 121122
seven children
2nd time
Saint Michael I 1185 1243-1246 20 September 1246 Chernigov Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 121122
seven children
2nd time, co-ruling with Andrew I
Andrew I Mstislavich28 1245-1246 1246 Chernigov Unknown Son of Mstislav II Co-ruling with Michael II
Yaroslav III 8 February 1191 1243-1246 30 September 1246 Kiev Unknown
1205
no children

Rostislava of Novgorod
1214
annulled 1216
no children

Theodosia of Ryazan
1218
twelve children
2nd time
Andrew II Vsevolodovich 1246-1263 1263 Chernigov Unknown Son of Vsevolod III and brother of Michael I
Saint Alexander Nevsky 13 May 1221 1246-1263 14 November 1263 Kiev Praskovia-Alexandra of Polotsk
1239
five children

Vassilissa
before 1263
n children
Son of his predecessor
Yaroslav IV 1230 1263-1272 16 September 1272 Kiev Natalia
before 1252
two children

Saint Xenia of Tarusa
1265
four children
Brother of his predecessor
Leo I 1228 1272-1301 1301 Kiev Constance of Hungary
1116
one child
Son of Daniel I Also King of Galicia-Volhynia After his death in 1301, Kiev fell in the hands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania Util at least 1362, were installed Lithuanian governors in Kiev, like Olgimont-Mykhailo Algimantas Alšėniškis29 and Feodor Teodoras Butvydaitis

Kings and Princes of Galicia-Volhynia 1199–1349edit

Main article: List of rulers of Galicia and Volhynia

Galicia-Volhynia was a Ruthenian Ukrainian state in Galicia and Volhynia Depending on the title of the ruler it was called either principality or kingdom The first king, Coloman of Galicia-Lodomeria, was crowned in 1215, although the first nominal king of Galicia was Andrew II of Hungary, the son of Béla III of Hungary, who reigned from 1188 to 1190

Portrait Name Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until
Roman II the Great, Prince of Novgorod 1168–1170, Prince of Volhynia 1170–1188, 1189–1205, Prince of Halych 1188, 1199–1205, and Grand Prince of Kiev 1204–1205 fl1160–1205 1199 1205
Coloman of Galicia-Lodomeria, Hungarian prince Kálmán, Prince of Halych 1214–15, became the first anointed and crowned and King of Galicia-Volhynia rex Galiciae et Lodomeriae in 1215 1208–1241 1214 1219
Daniel I of Galicia, held many titles since early childhood culminating with the crowning by a papal legate, archbishop Opizo, in Dorohychyn in 1253, King of Rus', Grand Prince of Kiev 1201–1264 1205 1264
Lev I, King of Rus', Prince of Belz 1245–1264, Prince of Peremyshl and Halych 1264–1269 who moved the capital of Galicia from Kholm to Lviv in 1272, Grand Prince of Kiev 1271–1301 1228–1301 1293 1301
Yuri I, King of Rus', Prince of Belz 1264–1301 fl1252–1308 1301 1308
Andrew II and Lev II, Kings of Rus', princes, joint rule, the last members of the Rurikid dynasty to rule Ukraine –1323 1308 1323
Yuri II-Boleslaw, natus dux et dominus Russiae, a member of the Piast dynasty the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland 1308–1340 1325 1340
Liubartas, prince, a member of the Gediminid dynasty, the last Ruthenian-Lithuanian ruler of Galicia-Volhynia, Prince of Volhynia 1323–1384 c 1300–1384 1340 1349

In 1349, Liubartas lost all territories, except for eastern Volhynia, to Casimir III of Poland In 1366, a Polish-Lithuanian treaty was signed: eastern Volhynia with Lutsk retained under Liubartas' rule the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, while Galicia, western Volhynia, and western Podolia were annexed by the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland

In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1362–1569 and Kingdom of Poland 1569–1667/1793edit

Princes of Kiev

In early 1320s, a Lithuanian army led by Gediminas defeated a Slavic army led by Stanislav of Kiev at the Battle on the Irpen' River, and conquered the city The Tatars, who also claimed Kiev, retaliated in 1324–1325, so while Kiev was ruled by a Lithuanian prince, it had to pay a tribute to the Golden Horde Finally, as a result of the Battle of Blue Waters in 1362, Kiev and surrounding areas were incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania

  • Algimantas Alšėniškis Olgimunt Holszański, Olgimont-Mykhailo Olshansky 1324–1331
  • Fiodor of Kiev aka Teodoras Butvydaitis, brother of Gediminas 1331–1362
  • Vladimiras Algirdaitis Volodymyr Olgerdovych 1362–1394
  • Skirgaila 1395–1397
  • Ivan Olshansky Jonas Alšėniškis 1397–c 1402
  • Jurgis Gedgaudas; lt Jerzy Giedygołd 1404–1411
  • Andriy Ivanovych Olshansky c 1412–c 1422
  • Mykhailo Ivanovych Olshansky 1422–1432
  • Mykhailo Semenovych Boloban Olshansky 1433–1435
  • Švitrigaila 1435–c 1440, Grand Duke of the Duchy of Rus 1432–c 1440
  • Aleksandras Olelka Olelko Volodymyrovych 1443–1454
  • Simonas Olelkaitis Semen Olelkovych 1454–1471
Kostiantyn Vasyl Ostrozky

Voivodes of Kiev

Main article: Kiev Voivodeship

When the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was formed by the Union of Lublin in 1569, Kiev and surrounding areas, Podolia, Volhynia, and Podlaskie, as the Kiev Voivodeship, Bratslav Voivodeship, Volhynian Voivodeship, and Podlaskie Voivodeship, were transferred from Lithuania to Poland

Crimean khans 1441–1783edit

Main article: List of Crimean khans

Crimean Tatars were not of the Ukrainian ethnos Their Crimean Khanate ruled a large part of modern Ukraine, with a capital at Bakhchisaray

Meñli I Giray centre with the eldest son, future khan Mehmed I Giray left and Turkish sultan Bayezid II right İslâm III Giray
Date of Reign Name Notes
1441–1466 Hacı I Giray
1466–1467 Nur Devlet first reign
1467 Meñli I Giray first reign
1467–1469 Nur Devlet second reign
1469–1475 Meñli I Giray second reign
1475 Hayder
1475–1476 Nur Devlet third reign
1476–1478 dynasty dismissed from power
1478–1515 Meñli I Giray third reign
1515–1523 Mehmed I Giray
1523–1524 Ğazı I Giray
1524–1532 Saadet I Giray
1532 İslâm I Giray
1532–1551 Sahib I Giray
1551–1577 Devlet I Giray
1577–1584 Mehmed II Giray
1584 Saadet II Giray
1584–1588 İslâm II Giray
1588–1596 Ğazı II Giray first reign
1596 Fetih I Giray
1596–1607 Ğazı II Giray second reign
1607–1608 Toqtamış Giray
1608–1610 Selâmet I Giray
1610–1623 Canibek Giray first reign
1623–1628 Mehmed III Giray
1628–1635 Canibek Giray second reign
1635–1637 İnayet Giray
1637–1641 Bahadır I Giray
1641–1644 Mehmed IV Giray first reign
1644–1654 İslâm III Giray
1654–1666 Mehmed IV Giray second reign
1666–1671 Adil Giray
1671–1678 Selim I Giray first reign
1678–1683 Murad Giray
1683–1684 Hacı II Giray
1684–1691 Selim I Giray second reign
1691 Saadet III Giray
1691–1692 Safa Giray
1692–1699 Selim I Giray third reign
1699–1702 Devlet II Giray first reign
1702–1704 Selim I Giray fourth reign
1704–1707 Ğazı III Giray
1707–1708 Qaplan I Giray first reign
1709–1713 Devlet II Giray second reign
1713–1715 Qaplan I Giray second reign
1716–1717 Devlet III Giray
1717–1724 Saadet IV Giray
1724–1730 Meñli II Giray first reign
1730–1736 Qaplan I Giray third reign
1736–1737 Fetih II Giray
1737–1740 Meñli II Giray second reign
1740–1743 Selamet II Giray
1743–1748 Selim II Giray
1748–1756 Arslan Giray first reign
1756–1758 Halim Giray
1758–1764 Qırım Giray first reign
1765–1767 Selim III Giray first reign
1767 Arslan Giray second reign
1767–1768 Maqsud Giray
1768–1769 Qırım Giray second reign
1769–1770 Devlet IV Giray first reign
1770 Qaplan II Giray
1770–1771 Selim III Giray second reign
1771–1775 Sahib II Giray
1775–1777 Devlet IV Giray second reign
1777–1782 Şahin Giray first reign
1782 Bahadır II Giray
1782–1783 Şahin Giray second reign
† The reigns of Canibek Giray in 1624 and of Maqsud Giray in 1771–1772 are not listed Though these khans were formally appointed by Ottoman sultans they did not reach the throne and did not rule Crimea In the years mentioned, the authority in the Crimean Khanate was exercised by Mehmed III Giray and Sahib II Giray correspondingly
Note: The nominal khans Şahbaz Giray 1787–1789 and Baht Giray 1789–1792 mentioned in some works are not listed in this table as they did not rule the Crimean Khanate annexed by Russian Empire in 1783

Hetmans of Ukrainian Cossacks 1506–1775edit

Main article: Hetmans of Ukrainian Cossacks

A Hetman was a military and civil leader, democratically elected by the Cossacks

Hetmans and commanders of Ukrainian Cossacksedit

Several Cossack regiments were operating in Ukraine at this time that were largely independent of each other, so some of the Hetmans' tenures overlap

1486 - 1492  Yuri Pats   governor of Kyiv; organizer Cossack units
1488 - 1495  Bogdan Glinski   Cossack leader, destroyer Ochakov
1492 - 1505  Dmitry Putyatych  Cossack leader
1510 - 1524  Senka Polozovych   governor of Kyiv; Cossack leader
1514 - 1535  Ostap Dashkevych  Cossack leader
1516 - 1528  Przecław Lanckoroński   Cossack leader
1550 - 1557  Dmytro Vyshnevetsky   founder of the fortress at Minor Khortytsia
1568  Birulya governmental   Cossack leader
1568  Carp Oil   Cossack leader
1568  Andrush   Moldavian boyar Cossack leader
1568  Lisun   Cossack leader
1568  Yatsko Belous   Cossack leader
1568  Andrew Lyakh   Cossack leader
1577 - 1578  Ioan Potcoavă   Cossack leader
1578  Lukyan Chornynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1581  Samuel Zborowski   Cossack leader, hetman
1584  Bogdan Mykoshynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1585  Michael Ruzhinskogo   Cossack leader, hetman
1585  Kirik Ruzhinskogo   Cossack leader, hetman
1585  Zachary Kulaga   Cossack leader, hetman
1586  Lukyan Chornynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1586  Bogdan Makoshynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1588  Potrebatskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1589  Zachary Kulaga   Cossack leader, hetman
1594  Bogdan Mykoshynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1594 - 1596  Hryhoriy Loboda   Cossack leader
1594 - 1596  Severyn Nalyvaiko   Cossack leader
1596  Matthew Shaul   Cossack leader, hetman
1596  Krzysztof Krempskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1596  Krzysztof Nechkovskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1596 - 1597  Gnat Vasiljevic   Cossack leader, hetman
1597  Tykhin Baybuza   Cossack leader, hetman
1598  Florian Giedroyc   Cossack leader
1598  Mitlovskyy   Cossack leader
1602 - 1603  John Kutskovych   Cossack leader, hetman
1603  John Oblique   Cossack leader, hetman
1606  Gregory Izapovych   Cossack leader, hetman
1606  Samuel Zborowski   Cossack leader, hetman
1606  Olevchenko Bogdan   Cossack leader, hetman
1617  Dmitry Barabash   Cossack leader, hetman
1618  Michael Skiba   Cossack leader
1619 - 1621   Yatsko Nerodych   Cossack leader, hetman
1620  Peter Odynets   Cossack leader
1624  Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman
1625  Theodore Pyrskyy   Cossack leader, hetman
1628  Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman
1629 - 1630  Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman
1630  Taras Fedorovych   Cossack leader, hetman
1632  Simon Tying   Cossack leader, hetman
1632  Andrey Didenko   Cossack leader, hetman
1633  Dorofiy Doroshenko   Cossack leader, acting hetman
1633  kettlebell Kanevets   Cossack leader
1633 - 1635  Ivan Sulyma   Cossack leader, hetman
1636 - 1637  Basil Tomylenko   Cossack leader, hetman
1637  Pavel Mikhnovych   Cossack leader, hetman
1638  James Ostrainyn   Cossack leader, hetman
1638  Dmytro Hunia   Cossack leader, hetman
1639 - 1642  Carp half-housings   Cossack leader, hetman
1642 - 1646  Maxim Gulak   Cossack leader, hetman

Hetmans of the Cossack stateedit

Following the Khmelnytsky uprising a new Cossack republic, the Hetmanate, was formed

# Hetman Elected event Took office Left office
1 Bohdan Khmelnytsky
1596–1657
Зиновій-Богдан Хмельницький
1648 Sich 26 January 1648 6 August 1657 died
2 Yurii Khmelnytsky
1641–1685
Юрій Хмельницький
death of his father 6 August 1657 27 August 1657 reconsidered by the Council of Officers
3 Ivan Vyhovsky
–1664
Іван Виговський
1657 Korsun 27 August 1657
confirmed: 21 October 1657
11 September 1659 surrendered title
4 Yurii Khmelnytsky
1641–1685
Юрій Хмельницький
1659 Hermanivka 11 September 1659
confirmed: 11 September 1659
October 1662 surrendered title

Hetmans during the Ruinedit

The Ruin 1660–1687 was a time in Ukrainian history when the country fell into disarray and chaos Afterwards, the Cossack state emerged as a vassal of the Russian Empire During this period a number of hetmans stayed in power for short periods of time and often controlled only parts of the country Moreover, the Treaty of Andrusovo 1667 split the Cossack Hetmanate along the Dnieper River into Left-bank Ukraine, which enjoyed a degree of autonomy within the Tsardom of Russia; and Right-bank Ukraine which remained part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, at times 1672–1699 occupied by the Ottoman Empire

Right-bank Ukraine Left-bank Ukraine
Polish protectorate Russianй protectorate
1660—1663 Yurii Khmelnytsky 1660—1663 Yakym Somko
1663—1665 Pavlo Teteria 1663—1668 Ivan Briukhovetsky
1665—1668 Petro Doroshenko
Unification
1668—1669 Petro Doroshenko
Partition
Right-bank Ukraine Left-bank Ukraine
Osman protectorate Polish protectorate Russian protectorate Swedish protectorate
1669—1676 Petro Doroshenko 1669—1674 Mykhailo Khanenko 1669—1672 Demian Mnohohrishny
1678—1681 Yurii Khmelnytsky 1675—1679 Ostap Gogol 1672—1687 Ivan Samoilovych
1681—1684 Gheorghe Duca 1683—1684 Stefan Kunicki
1685 Yurii Khmelnytsky 1684—1689 Andrii Mohyła
1687—1708 Ivan Mazepa
Unification
1708—1722 Ivan Skoropadsky 1708—1709 Ivan Mazepa
1708—1718 Pylyp Orlyk
1718—1742 Pylyp Orlyk 1722—1724 Pavlo Polubotok
1727—1734 Danylo Apostol
1750—1764 Kirill Razumovsky

In the Russian Empire 1667/1793–1917 and Austria-Hungary 1526/1772–1918edit

After the dissolution of the Cossack Hetmanate, a new Malorossiyan collegium was established in 1764, and the Zaporozhian Host was disbanded in 1775 As a result of the second and third Partitions of Poland in 1793 and 1795, eastern and central parts of Ukraine were incorporated directly into the Russian Empire Western Ukraine was annexed into the Habsburg Monarchy earlier, in the following order: Carpathian Ruthenia 1526, Galicia 1772, and Bukovina 1775

The Russian Empire existed until 1917, and the Dual Monarchy, Austria–Hungary, existed until 1918

Ukrainian People's Republic 1917–1921edit

Main article: List of national leaders of Ukraine

The Ukrainian People's Republic UNR, 1917–1921 was formed after the Russian Revolution of 1917, and lasted until the Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Russia in March 1921 The leadership title varied and, despite a rather widespread misconception, none of them had the official title of president

Chairmen of the Central Counciledit

The Central Council Tsentral’na rada was the representative body governing the UNR

  Ukrainian Socialist-Revolutionary Party

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Mykhailo Hrushevskyi
1866–1934
27 March 1917 29 April 1918 Ukrainian Socialist-Revolutionary Party
  • Volodymyr Naumenko and Serhiy Yefremov 27–29 April 1917 acting for Hrushevsky

Hetman of the Ukrainian Stateedit

A very short lived Hetmanate was established by Pavlo Skoropadskyi in 1918

# Hetman Elected event Took office Left office
1 Pavlo Skoropadskyi
1873–1945
Russian Revolution of 1917 29 April 1918 14 December 1918 Removed from power in an uprising led by the social democrat Symon Petliura

Chairmen of the Directoryedit

The Directorate of Ukraine was a provisional council of the UNR formed after Skoropadskyi's Hetmanate fell apart On 22 January 1919, the Act of Unification of the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian People's Republic was passed The text of the universal was made by the members of the Directory

  Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Volodymyr Vynnychenko
1880–1951
14 December 1918 11 February 1919 Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party
2 Symon Petliura
1879–1926
11 February 1919 10 November 1920 Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party

West Ukrainian People's Republic 1918–1919edit

The government of the West Ukrainian People's Republic WUNR was proclaimed on 19 October 1918 WUNR was united with the Ukrainian People's Republic on 22 January 1919, although it was mostly a symbolic act while the western Ukrainians retained their own Ukrainian Galician Army and government structure After the Polish-Ukrainian War 1918–1919, Poland took over most of territory of the West Ukrainian People's Republic by July 1919 Since November 1919, the government of the WUNR was in exile

President of the Ukrainian National Republicedit

  Ukrainian People's Labor Party

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Yevhen Petrushevych
1863–1940
19 October 1918 15 March 1923 Ukrainian People's Labor Party

President of the Carpatho-Ukraineedit

  Christian People's Party

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Avgustyn Voloshyn
1874–1945
15 March 1939 16 March 1939 Christian People's Party

Ukrainian State 1941edit

Prime Minister of the Ukrainian Stateedit

  Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Yaroslav Stetsko
1912–1986
30 June 1941 9 July 1941 Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic 1918/1919–1991edit

Ukraine was incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on 30 December 1922

Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party Bolsheviks of Ukraine

Mykola Skrypnyk
  • Mykola Oleksiiovych Skrypnyk 20 April – 26 May 1918 Secretary of the Organizational Bureau
  • Yurii Leonidovych Pyatakov 12 July – 9 September 1918
  • Serafima Ilyinichna Hopner 9 September – 23 October 1918
  • Emmanuil Ionovich Kviring 23 October 1918 – 30 May 1919
  • Stanislav Vikentevich Kosior 30 May – 10 December 1919 1st time
  • Vacant 10 December 1919 – January 1920
  • Rafail Borisovich Farbman  – 23 January March 1920 acting
  • Nikolay Ilyich Nikolayev 23–25 March 1920
  • Stanislav Vikentevich Kosior 25 March – 23 November 1920 2nd time

First Secretary of the Central Committee

  • Vyacheslav Mihailovich Molotov 23 November 1920 – 22 March 1921

Executive Secretary of the Central Committee

  • Feliks Yakovlevich Kon 22 March – 15 December 1921

First Secretaries of the Communist Party

  • Dmitry Zakharovich Manuilsky 15 December 1921 – 10 April 1923
  • Emmanuil Ionovich Kviring 10 December 1923 – 20 March 1925

General Secretaries of the Central Committee

  • Emmanuil Ionovich Kviring 20 March – 7 April 1925
  • Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich 7 April 1925 – 14 July 1928
  • Stanislav Vikentevich Kosior 14 July 1928 – 23 January 1934

First Secretaries of the Central Committee

Nikita Khrushchev
  • Stanislav Vikentevich Kosior 23 January 1934 – 27 January 1938
  • Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev 27 January 1938 – 3 March 1947 1st time, acting in Russian SFSR exile from 1941 until 1944
  • Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich 3 March – 26 December 1947 2nd time
  • Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev 26 December 1947 – 16 December 1949 2nd time
  • Leonid Georgyevich Melnikov 16 December 1949 – 4 June 1953
  • Aleksey Illarionovich Kirichenko 4 June 1953 – 26 December 1957
  • Nikolay Viktorovich Podgorny 26 December 1957 – 2 July 1963
  • Pyotr Yefimovich Shelest 2 July 1963 – 25 May 1972
  • Vladimir Vasilyevich Shcherbitsky 25 May 1972 – 28 September 1989
  • Vladimir Antonovich Ivashko 28 September 1989 – 22 June 1990
  • Stanislav Ivanovich Gurenko 22 June 1990 – 1 September 1991

Ukraine 1991 – presentedit

On 5 July 1991, the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR passed a law establishing the post of the President of the Ukrainian SSR The title was changed to the President of Ukraine upon the proclamation of independence 24 August 1991 The first election of the President of Ukraine was held on 1 December 1991

Presidentsedit

  Our Ukraine   Party of Regions   Batkivshchyna   Petro Poroshenko Bloc / UDAR   Independent / Non-partisan

Portrait Presidents Term of office Presidential mandate Affiliation
1 Leonid Kravchuk
b 1934
Леонід Кравчук
5 December 1991
Inauguration: 22 August 1992a
19 July 1994 1991 — 6159%
19,643,481
Independent / Non-partisan
2 Leonid Kuchma
b 1938
Леонід Кучма
19 July 1994 14 November 1999 1994 — 523%
14,016,850
Independent / Non-partisan
14 November 1999 23 January 2005 1999 — 577%
15,870,722
3 Viktor Yushchenko
b 1954
Віктор Ющенко
23 January 2005 25 February 2010 2004 — 5199%
15,115,712
Non-partisan 2004–2005
Our Ukraine 2005–nowadays
4 Viktor Yanukovych
b 1950
Віктор Янукович
25 February 2010 22 February 2014b 2010 — 4895%
12,481,266
Non-partisan30
Supported by Party of Regions
Oleksandr Turchynov
b 1964
Олександр Турчинов
acting
22 February 2014 7 June 2014 ex officio
as Chairman of Parliament, Article 112
Batkivshchyna
5 Petro Poroshenko
b 1965
Петро Порошенко
7 June 2014 Incumbent 2014 — 5470%
9,857,308
Non-partisan
Supported by Petro Poroshenko Bloc & UDAR

See alsoedit

  • Scythia
  • Kings of Cimmerian Bosporus
  • Kingdom of Pontus
  • Goths
  • Huns, List of Hunnic rulers
  • Bulgars
  • Khazars, List of Khazar rulers,
  • List of Crimean khans
  • List of rulers of Galicia and Volhynia
  • List of Galician rulers
  • List of leaders of Ukraine
  • President of Ukraine
  • Prime Minister of Ukraine

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Definition of UKRAINIAN, Merriam-Webster
  2. ^ uk:Скіфські царі
  3. ^ Staraya Ladoga Aldeigjuborg
  4. ^ Nordiska furstar lade grunden till Ryssland
  5. ^ Suszko, Henryk 2003 Latopis hustyński Opracowanie, przekład i komentarze Slavica Wratislaviensia CXXIV Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego ISBN 83-229-2412-7; Tolochko, Oleksiy 2010 The Hustyn' Chronicle Harvard Library of Early Ukrainian Literature: Texts ISBN 978-1-932650-03-7
  6. ^ DNA Testing of the Rurikid and Gediminid Princes
  7. ^ Sveerne
  8. ^ Історія України: Посібник - Олександр Палій - Google книги
  9. ^ Leszek Moczulski, Narodziny Międzymorza, p475, Bellona SA, Warszawa 2007 ISBN 978-83-11-10826-4
  10. ^ Vladimir Plougin: Russian Intelligence Services: The Early Years, 9th-11th Centuries, Algora Publ, 2000
  11. ^ History of Ukraine-Rus': From prehistory to the eleventh century, Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, 1997
  12. ^ Also known as Jarisleif I See Google books
  13. ^ 1
  14. ^ According to A Nazarenko It was thought not long ago that the first wife of Sviatopolk was Barbara Komnene, a supposed daughter of Alexios I Komnenos However, the lack of tradition of such a name in the Byzantine Empire led to doubt Today she may be considered fictional
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Monomakh branch Mstyslavychi at Izbornik
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Template:ВТ-МЭСБЕ
  17. ^ Charles Cawley 2009-03-14 "Russia, Rurikids - Grand Princes of Kiev, Princes of Chernigov, descendants of Sviatoslav II, Grand Prince of Kiev fourth son of Iaroslav I" Medieval Lands Foundation of Medieval Genealogy Retrieved 2009-04-10 
  18. ^ Dimnik, Martin The Dynasty of Chernigov - 1146-1246 
  19. ^ The chroniclers neglect to reveal the identity of Yaroslav’s wife, but the Lyubetskiy sinodik calls her Irene; Dimnik, Martin op cit 121
  20. ^ Basing their observations on the evidence of the Lay of Igor’s Campaign, a number of historians have suggested that her name was Evfrosinia and that she may have been Igor’s second wife; on the other hand, the chronicles neither give Yaroslavna’s name nor suggest that she was Igor’s second wife; Dimnik, Martin op cit 121
  21. ^ Cawley, Charles 14 March 2009, Russia, Rurikids - Rostislav Mikhailovich died 1263, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 20122  Check date values in: |access-date= help,self-published sourcebetter source needed
  22. ^ a b c d e Thurston, Herbert Editor Butler’s Lives of the Saints - September 
  23. ^ Cawley, Charles 14 March 2009, Russia, Rurikids - Rostislav Mikhailovich died 1263, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 20122  Check date values in: |access-date= help,self-published sourcebetter source needed
  24. ^ Cawley, Charles 14 March 2009, Russia, Rurikids - Rostislav Mikhailovich died 1263, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 20122  Check date values in: |access-date= help,self-published sourcebetter source needed
  25. ^ Some authors give Rurik II a two-year-reign 1210-1212, and attribute to Vsevolod the Red a second reign 1212-1215, which, in this case, would mean that Vsevolod died in 1215, and not in 1212
  26. ^ До половецкого плена; Соловьёв С М История России с дневнейших времён
  27. ^ Dimnik, Martin The Dynasty of Chernigov - 1146-1246 
  28. ^ ДЖИОВАННИ ДЕЛЬ ПЛАНО КАРПИНИ ИСТОРИЯ МОНГАЛОВ
  29. ^ http://izbornykorgua/dynasty/dyn40htm
  30. ^ Янукович припинив членство у Партії регіонів : Новини УНIАН


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