List of streetcar systems in the United States


This is an all-time list of streetcar tram, interurban and light rail systems in the United States, by principal city or cities served, and separated by political division, with opening and closing dates It includes all such systems, past and present; cities with currently operating systems, and those systems themselves, are indicated in bold and blue background colored rows It is one in a group of lists that collectively cover all countries of the world; the other lists are indexed at List of town tramway systems

This is not a list of streetcar operating companies It is a list of US cities that were the focus or base of a streetcar system at one time, with starting and ending dates for each general type of streetcar service eg horsecar, electric streetcar in each city or metropolitan area "System", as used in the article title, refers collectively to all streetcar infrastructure and rolling stock in a given metropolitan area, used by any of several different operating companies over many years, often passing from one operating company to the next The "Name of system" column is intended to distinguish the few cases where two distinctly different systems were in operation in one city at the same time, but is also used to identify operators that have a Wikipedia article In many US cities, the streetcar system was operated by a succession of different private companies during the years in which the system existed1

The use of the diamond ♦ symbol indicates where there were or are two or more independent streetcar or light rail systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area Usually, this refers either to interurban lines connecting the area's principal city with other cities or to cases where separate cities within one metropolitan area were served by independently operated streetcar systems

Unless otherwise noted in the "Type" column, all systems listed were/are conventional streetcar tram systems although some past systems might have been termed light rail if that 1970s-introduced term had existed at the time they were in operation Interurban and light rail systems are noted in that column for convenience

For lists of existing systems only, see the following:

  • Light rail in the United States
  • List of United States light rail systems by ridership
  • Light rail in North America
  • List of rail transit systems in the United States which also includes subway/metro and commuter rail systems

Contents

  • 1 Alabama
  • 2 Arizona
  • 3 Arkansas
  • 4 California
  • 5 Colorado
  • 6 Connecticut
  • 7 Delaware
  • 8 District of Columbia
  • 9 Florida
  • 10 Georgia
  • 11 Hawaii
  • 12 Idaho
  • 13 Illinois
  • 14 Indiana
  • 15 Iowa
  • 16 Kansas
  • 17 Kentucky
  • 18 Louisiana
  • 19 Maine
  • 20 Maryland
  • 21 Massachusetts
  • 22 Michigan
  • 23 Minnesota
  • 24 Mississippi
  • 25 Missouri
  • 26 Montana
  • 27 Nebraska
  • 28 Nevada
  • 29 New Hampshire
  • 30 New Jersey
  • 31 New Mexico
  • 32 New York
  • 33 North Carolina
  • 34 North Dakota
  • 35 Ohio
  • 36 Oklahoma
  • 37 Oregon
  • 38 Pennsylvania
  • 39 Rhode Island
  • 40 South Carolina
  • 41 South Dakota
  • 42 Tennessee
  • 43 Texas
  • 44 Utah
  • 45 Vermont
  • 46 Virginia
  • 47 Washington
  • 48 West Virginia
  • 49 Wisconsin
  • 50 Wyoming
  • 51 See also
  • 52 References
    • 521 Bibliography

Alabamaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
Alabama Power Company Anniston Horse        
Electric   1888 20 Apr 1932 Formerly Anniston Electric and Gas Company2
Birmingham Railway, Light and Power Company Birmingham Horse   24 Jan 1884 16 Apr 1898  
Steam   25 May 1885 26 Feb 1904  
Electric   10 Oct 1891 19 Apr 1953  
  ♦ Bessemer Steam   14 May 1890 26 Feb 1904  
Electric   25 Jul 1906 1915 City streetcar service absorbed by interurban services
  ♦ Birmingham - Bessemer two lines Steam   14 May 1890 26 Feb 1904  
Electric   3 Jun 1902 14 Jul 1952  
South Calera Street Railway Calera Steam        
North Alabama Traction Company Decatur Horse        
Electric   Nov 1903    
  Eufaula Steam        
Peoples Railroad3 Fairhope Petrol gasoline        
Alabama Power Company3 Gadsden Mule4   1887 1888  
Steam   Oct 1888    
Electric   Jun 1889 Jan 1934  
Gadsden, Bellevue and Lookout Mountain Railway3 Gadsden Electric   Sep 19135    
Alabama Power Company Huntsville Steam        
Electric     15 Feb 1931 Formerly Huntsville Railway, Light and Power Company2
  Lannett Steam       Connected Lanett with Bleecker, and West Point, Georgia
Mobile Light and Railroad Company3 Mobile Horse   1877 1893  
Steam   1890    
Electric   18 Jan 1893 1941  
Capital City Street Railway Montgomery Electric   15 Apr 1886 8 Apr 1936  
Opelika & Auburn Electric Railway Opelika Steam       Connected Opelika and Auburn
Selma Electric Railway Selma Horse        
Steam        
Electric     1924  
Sheffield Company3 Sheffield Steam        
Electric     Feb 1933  
Tuscaloosa Railway and Utilities Company Tuscaloosa Horse        
Steam        
Electric   1914 Nov 1941  
Union Springs Street Car Company Union Springs Horse        
  • Peschkes Part Four, 1998, page 26 states that a company was organized to build a steam tramway in Blountsville but never started construction, and that other sources tabulate this system among those in operation

Arizonaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
Douglas Traction and Light Company3 Douglas Steam        
Electric     1924  
Phoenix Street Railway3 Phoenix first era Horse   5 Nov 1887 8 Jun 1895  
Electric 28 Sep 1893 16 Feb 1948 See Phoenix Street Railway Interurban line to Glendale opened 1911 Planned extensions to Scottsdale, Tempe, and Mesa were never built
  ♦ Tempe in Phoenix metropolitan area Horse        
Valley Metro Rail Phoenix second era Electric Light rail 27 Dec 2008   Also serves the Phoenix suburbs of Tempe and Mesa
Prescott and Mount Union Railway2 Prescott Electric   Nov 1905 1911  
Tucson Rapid Transit Company3 Tucson first era Horse   1898 1906  
Electric   1 Jun 1906 31 Dec 1930
Old Pueblo Trolley Electric   17 April 1993 Obtober 20116 Volunteer-operated heritage streetcar using one mile of original track
Sun Link Tucson second era Electric   25 Jul 20147   Reintroduction
Warren–Bisbee Railway Warren – Bisbee Electric Interurban 12 Mar 1908 31 May 1928 Connected Warren and Bisbee

Arkansasedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Bentonville Petrol gasoline   14 Jun 1914 11 Jun 1916  
Eureka Traction Company3 Eureka Springs Horse   14 Jul 1891 Jan 1896  
Electric   1896 by 1922  
Fort Smith – Oklahoma Light and Traction Company8 Fort Smith Horse   2 Aug 1883 1889  
Electric   1896 15 Nov 1933 System included interstate line to Arkoma, Oklahoma See also Fort Smith Trolley Museum, which operates non-transit heritage streetcar service along city streets
  ♦ Van Buren Electric        
West Helena Consolidated Company3 Helena Horse   Dec 1894 Jan 1910  
Electric   Jan 1910 5 Aug 1933  
Central Arkansas Railway and Light Corporation3 Hot Springs Horse        
Electric     1938  
Central Power and Light Company3 Hoxie – Walnut Ridge Horse   1889 1905  
Electric   1 Jul 1904 1928  
Intercity Terminal Railway3 Little Rock first era Horse   1876 1895  
Steam   3 Jul 1888 1889  
Electric   23 Dec 1891 1 Sep 1947 Also served North Little Rock, which before 1917 was named Argenta
Metro Streetcar Little Rock second era Electric   1 Nov 2004   Heritage streetcar system Originally called the River Rail Streetcar; renamed Metro Streetcar in 2015 Also serves North Little Rock
Pine Bluff Company3 Pine Bluff Horse   4 Nov 1886 1902  
Electric   1902 1934  
Searcy & West Point Railroad Searcy Horse       Connected Searcy with West Point
Stuttgart Improvement Company Stuttgart Horse        
  Sulphur Rock Horse   1885 1926 Believed to be the last town tramway operated by horse traction in the US
Southwestern Gas and Electric Company3 Texarkana Horse   1894 1900  
Electric   1900 31 Dec 1934 Interstate streetcar system, also served Texarkana, Texas
Central Power and Light Company3 Walnut Ridge Electric        

Californiaedit

See also: List of California street railroads
Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  ♦ Alameda Horse     1892  
Electric   7 May 1893 1930  
  ♦ Anaheim Horse   1 Mar 1887 1899  
Bakersfield and Kern Electric Railway3 Bakersfield Horse   May 1888 1900  
Electric 17 Feb 1901 28 Feb 1942  
  ♦ Berkeley Horse   1873 1875  
Steam   1875 1891  
Electric   12 May 1891 28 Nov 1948  
Burlingame Electric Railway2 ♦ Burlingame Accumulator storage battery   22 Feb 1913 19 Nov 1917  
Sacramento Northern Railroad3 Chico Electric Interurban 12 Aug 1904 28 Nov 1948  
  ♦ Coronado Horse   1886 1886  
Steam   1886 1893  
Electric   6 Oct 1893 31 May 1947  
Humboldt Transit Company3 Eureka Horse   20 Aug 1888 30 Apr 1897  
Electric   15 Sep 1903 31 Oct 1940  
Visalia Electric Railroad3 Exeter Electric Interurban 1904 1944  
Diesel   1944 1992  
Fresno Traction Company3 Fresno Horse   25 Jan 1889 Sep 1901  
Electric   19 Oct 1902 20 May 1939  
Glendale and Montrose Railway3 ♦ Glendale Electric Interurban 13 Mar 1909 30 Dec 1930  
Nevada County Traction Company Grass Valley – Nevada City, California Electric Interurban c 1901 19239  
  ♦ Hayward Horse     1 Sep 1909  
  ♦ Imperial Beach Petrol gasoline   1910 1913  
Accumulator storage battery   Apr 1913 1916  
  Lake Elsinore Electric       Note for Lake Elsinore: Only one source dated 1888 states that an electric tramway was in operation here No other sources provide confirmation
  ♦ Long Beach Electric   Sep 1902 24 Feb 1940 Reintroduced LRT 14 Jul 1990 as part of Metro Rail's Blue Line
  Los Angeles Horse   1 Jul 1874    
Cable   8 Oct 1885 2 Oct 1902  
Steam   1886 ca 1915  
Los Angeles Railway10 Los Angeles Electric   1901 1958 Name was changed to Los Angeles Transit Lines in 1945
Pacific Electric10 Los Angeles Electric Interurban and streetcar 1901 1958  
Los Angeles MTA10 Los Angeles Electric   3 Mar 1958 31 Mar 1963  
Angels Flight Los Angeles Funicular   1901

1996

1969

 

Reopened in 1996 a few blocks away from the original site; however, service suspended since Sep 2013
Metro Rail Blue, Expo, Gold and Green lines Los Angeles Electric Light rail 14 July 1990 Part of Los Angeles' larger Metro Rail network, which also includes the heavy rail Red and Purple lines
  Marysville – Yuba City Horse   17 Aug 1889    
Electric   1907 15 Feb 1942  
  ♦ Monrovia Horse     1903  
Monterey and Pacific Grove Railway311 Monterey – Pacific Grove Horse   5 Aug 1891 1905  
Electric   1905 Dec 1923  
  ♦ National City Horse        
Nevada County Traction Company3 Nevada City – Grass Valley Electric Interurban 15 Oct 1901 3 Jan 1924  
  Oakland Horse   30 Oct 1869 1883 See List of California street railroads
Steam   1875  
Cable   9 Nov 1886 21 May 1899
Electric   12 May 1891 28 Nov 1948 see also Key System, San Francisco
Key System ♦ Oakland – Hayward Electric   17 May 1892 10 Mar 1935  
Key System ♦ Oakland – Richmond Electric   7 Jul 1904 7 Nov 1933  
  ♦ Ontario – Upland Horse   1887 1895  
Pacific Electric Electric Interurban 1895 6 Oct 1928 Formerly Ontario and San Antonio Heights Railroad2
  Oxnard Petrol gasoline   1908 Jan 1927  
  ♦ Palo Alto Electric   14 Nov 1906 27 Sep 1925 see also San Jose
  ♦ Pasadena Horse   1886 1895  
Electric   1893 19 Jan 1941 Reintroduced LRT 26 Jul 2003 as part of Metro Rail's Gold Line
  Paso Robles Horse     1903  
  Petaluma Horse   1889 1903  
Petaluma and Santa Rosa Railroad3 Petaluma – Santa Rosa Electric Interurban     Ran from Petaluma to Santa Rosa via Sebastopol and Forestville
  ♦ Pomona Horse   10 Feb 1888 1896  
Steam   Apr 1888 Jun 1909  
Electric   3 Jul 1909 3 Jul 1924  
  ♦ Redlands Horse   23 May 1899 22 Jul 1899  
Steam   4 Jul 1888 14 May 1915  
Electric   23 Dec 1899 20 Jul 1936  
Shipyard Railway ♦ Richmond Electric   7 Jul 1904 7 Nov 1933 The Shipyard Railway was operated by the transit company Key System
  ♦ Riverside Horse   1887 1898  
Steam   1887 1898  
Electric   11 Apr 1899 10 Jan 1943  
  Sacramento first era Horse   20 Aug 1870 ca 1892  
Accumulator storage battery   1887 189_  
Sacramento Electric, Gas and Railway Company2 Electric   1890 1915  
Pacific Gas and Electric Company3 Electric   1915 4 Jan 1947 Reintroduced 12 Mar 1987 see below
  Sacramento second era Electric Light rail 12 Mar 1987 LRT12 see Sacramento Regional Transit District
  ♦ San Bernardino Steam   1885 1903  
Electric     8 Apr 1942  
  San Diego first era Horse   3 Jul 1886 30 Jun 1896  
Coronado Beach Railroad Company13 Steam   29 Nov 1887 1892  
San Diego Cable Railway13 Cable   7 Jun 1890 1 Oct 1892  
San Diego Electric Railway313 Electric   31 Dec 1887

21 Sep 1892

June 1889

24 Apr 1949

See San Diego Electric Railway Reintroduced as LRT, 19 July 1981 see below
San Diego Trolley San Diego second era Electric Light rail 19 Jul 1981 Operated by MTS, via SDTI14 Preceded by the San Diego Electric Railway
  ♦ San Diego – National City Electric   1 Dec 1907 10 Jan 1930  
  San Francisco first era Steam        
Horse        
Clay Street Hill Railroad Cable   1 Sep 1873 12 Sep 1891 The world's first cable car line
Sutter Street Railway Cable   27 Jan 1877    
California Street Cable Railroad Cable   10 Apr 1878 31 Jul 1951 Purchased by the city of San Francisco in 1952, with one line of the system reopened, and still in service
Geary Street, Park and Ocean Railway Cable   16 Feb 1880 6 May 1912  
  San Francisco Cable   1878   15 See: San Francisco cable car system
Muni Metro Electric Light rail after 1980s upgrades 29 Jul 1891

1917 1980

  Renovated as partially "light rail" in 1980-198215 See: San Francisco Municipal Railway See also: Key System, Oakland
Electric   1 Sep 1995   Heritage streetcar operation; see F Market & Wharves and E Embarcadero
Peninsular Railway3 San Jose first era Horse        
Steam   1896 Sep 1901  
Electric   16 May 1888 10 Apr 1938 Reintroduced as LRT, 14 Dec 1987 see below
  San Jose second era Electric Light rail 14 Dec 1987 LRT16 see Santa Clara VTA Light Rail
  San Luis Obispo Horse   1888 1901  
  ♦ San Pedro Electric   1905 23 Jan 1938 Reopened as a Heritage streetcar see below
Port of Los Angeles Waterfront Red Car Line Electric   12 Jul 2003 Heritage streetcar17
  ♦ Santa Ana – Orange Steam   1897 1914  
Electric   10 Feb 1906 14 Sep 1930  
Santa Barbara & Suburban Railway Santa Barbara Horse   1875 1896  
Electric   1 Oct 1896 1 Oct 1929  
Union Traction Company3 Santa Cruz Horse   3 Aug 1875

Oct 1908

1899

Jul 1910

 
Electric     14 Jan 1926  
  Santa Maria Horse        
  ♦ Santa Monica Horse   1891 1906  
Electric   1 Jul 1896 13 Dec 1929  
  Santa Rosa Horse   1877 1905  
  ♦ South San Francisco Electric   1902 31 Dec 1938  
Stockton Electric Railroad3 Stockton Horse   6 Apr 1874 1892  
Electric   13 Jul 1892 Sep 1941  
  Vallejo Horse        
San Francisco, Napa and Calistoga Railway Vallejo – Calistoga Electric Interurban 1905 1937 Ran from Vallejo to Calistoga via Napa, Yountville, Oakville, Rutherford and St Helena
Watsonville Railway and Navigation Company2 Watsonville Electric Interurban May 1904

Apr 1911

1907

Oct 1913

 
  Woodland Horse        

Coloradoedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Aspen Horse        
  Boulder Horse   1891 1893  
Electric   Jun 1899 1931  
  Colorado Springs Horse   1887    
Accumulator storage battery   1890    
Electric     30 Apr 1932  
  ♦ Colorado Springs – Manitou Springs Electric   1890 30 Apr 1932  
  Denver first era Horse   1871    
Cable   22 Dec 1888 1 Apr 1900  
Electric   1888 3 June 1950 See Denver Tramway
RTD Light Rail Denver second era Electric Light rail 7 Oct 1994   Currently operates six light rail lines
  Durango Horse   1883    
Electric     1920  
  Florence Electric   1912   Tramway line built and two cars purchased, but public service was not started
Fort Collins Municipal Railway Fort Collins Electric   29 Dec 1907 30 June 1951 Heritage streetcar service opened December 29, 1984,18 using the same name as the former system see Fort Collins Municipal Railway; service was temporarily suspended for maintenance during 2010-2011
  Grand Junction Horse   1890 1909  
Electric   1909 1928  
  Greeley Electric   1910 1923  
  Leadville Horse        
  Pueblo Horse   1879 1890  
Electric   6 Jun 1890 1948  
  ♦ Manitou Springs Electric        
  Trinidad Horse   22 Feb 1886    
Electric     1926  

Peschkes Part Four, 1998, Page 59 states that, despite various evidence, the following town did not have a tramway:

  • Silver Cliff

Connecticutedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Bridgeport Horse   188_    
Electric     1937  
  Bristol Electric   189_ 1 Aug 1935  
  Danbury Horse   188_    
Electric     1926  
  Derby Horse   188_    
Electric     1937  
  Greenwich Electric   189_ 1927  
  Groton Electric   1904 1928  
Groton and Stonington Street Railway Groton - Westerly, Rhode Island Electric Interurban 1904 1928  
Connecticut Company Hartford Horse   3 May 1863 1892  
Electric   1888 27 Jul 1941  
  Meriden Horse   187_    
Electric     1931  
  Middletown Horse   187_    
Electric     1929  
  Milford Electric   189_ 27 Nov 1937  
  Mystic Horse   187_    
Electric   190_    
  New Britain Horse   188_    
Electric     1937  
  New Haven Horse   6 May 1861    
Electric   189219 25 Sep 1948  
  New London Horse   187_    
Electric     1934  
  Norwalk Horse   186_    
Electric     1935  
  Norwich Horse   187_    
Electric   188_ 1936  
Norwich and Westerly Railway Norwich - Westerly, Rhode Island Electric Interurban 18 Aug 1906 31 Dec 1922 Ran from Norwich to Westerly via Preston, Ledyard, North Stonington and Pawcatuck
  Stamford Horse   1887    
Electric   1894 1933  
  Stratford Horse   188_    
Electric     1934  
  Torrington Electric   189_ 1929  
  Wallingford Electric     1937  
  Waterbury Horse   188_    
Electric     1937  
  Willimantic Horse   188_    
Electric   1903 1936  

Delawareedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Middletown – Odessa Steam   1906 1909  
  Wilmington Horse   30 Jun 1864    
Electric   1888 1940  

District of Columbiaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Washington first era Horse   29 Jul 1862 26 May 1900  
Cable   12 Apr 1890 23 Jul 1899  
Electric   17 Oct 1888 28 Jan 1962 See: Streetcars in Washington, DC, Northern Virginia trolleys

See also Notes below

DC Streetcar Washington second era Electric   27 Feb 201620   Reintroduction; see DC Streetcar
  • Notes for Washington, DC:
    • Operation into Maryland,  – 2 January 1960
    • Operation into Virginia, 1923 – 25 August 1956

Floridaedit

See also: List of Florida street railroads
Name of system Location Traction
type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date from Date to Notes
  Altamonte Springs Horse        
Arcadia Street Railway and Improvement Company Arcadia Horse   1881 Approximate   2122
  Avon Park Horse       Connected Avon Park and Pabor Lake
Bartow Street Railway Bartow Horse   5 August 1885    
Manatee Light & Traction Company: Bradenton Electric Interurban between Manatee and Bradenton 1903 1905  
Coral Gables Rapid Transit ♦ Coral Gables Electric High Speed Interurban   30 Apr 1925 3 Nov 1935  
Central of Florida Railway Company Daytona Beach Accumulator storage battery     1918 Daytona, Daytona Beach, and Seabreeze were separate cities at this time The rail company built the original Broadway Bridge for its trolleys2324
  Everglades Accumulator storage battery     1929 25
Fernandina and Amelia Beach Railway Fernandina Beach Electric   1902 1915 26
Fernandina Beach Municipal Railway's Fernandina Beach Electric   1916 Summer Season Only 1916 Summer Season Only 26
THE WAVE STREETCAR Fort Lauderdale Pantograph Electric   PLANNED PLANNED 27
Fort Meade Street Car Company Fort Meade Horse   1 Jan 1887 1913 28
Gainesville Street Railway Gainesville Horse        
GAINESVILLE STREETCAR Gainesville Pantograph Electric   PLANNED PLANNED 29
Green Cove Street Railway Green Cove Springs Horse   3 Aug 1891   Connected Green Cove Springs and Magnolia Springs, bridging Governors Creek, served all railroad stations and steamboat docks30
Jacksonville Street Railway ♦Jacksonville Horse   1880 May 1895 Various companies consolidated to create Florida's largest streetcar system31
Electric   24 Feb 1893 12 Dec 1936 31
Jacksonville and LaVilla Street Railway Horse   24 Jan 1885 1895 31
Pine Street Railway Horse   1882 Name Changed to Main Street Railway when the street name was changed by the City
Main Street Railway Horse   1882 1902
Electric   24 Feb 1893 12 Dec 1936
North Jacksonville Street Railway, Town and Improvement Company Electric   1 July 1902 31 Mar 1911 Merged to for Jacksonville Traction Company31
Jacksonville and Suburban Railway Horse   1 July 1882 1887 31
Jacksonville Electric Company Electric   1902 Formed in merger of the Main Street Ry and the Jacksonville Street Railway 31 Mar 1911 Merged to for Jacksonville Traction Company31
South Jacksonville Municipal Railways Electric   15 May 1924 Operated by the Jacksonville Traction Company until its demise 12 Dec 193631
Ortega Traction Company Electric   May 1905 1909 Folded into the Jacksonville Traction Company31
Duval Traction Company Electric   1918 for the Camp Johnston Extension Operated by the Jacksonville Traction Company until its demise 12 Dec 193631
Jacksonville Traction Company ♦Jacksonville Electric Express Trolley to Camp Johnston and San Jose along former Interurban route 31 Mar 1911 1932 Sold to Motor Transit Corp a subsidiary of the National City Lines/General Motors Cabal, they phased out services until closure on 12 Dec 193631
Key West Electric Company Key West Horse   1881    
Electric     10 Jun 1926  
  Leesburg Horse        
Miami Traction Company Miami Accumulator storage battery   1915 1921  
Electric   1st time: 25 Jul 1906 32

2nd time: 7 Jan 1922

1st time: 3 Sep 1907

2nd time: 14 Nov 1940

 
MIAMI STREETCAR ♦ Miami Pantograph Electric   PLANNED PLANNED 33
Miami Beach Railway Co ♦ Miami Beach Electric   Dec 1920 17 Oct 1939  
  Mulberry Horse        
IMC Agrico Phosphates Co Mulberry Electric Trolley Freight only     34
Ocala Street and Suburban Railroad ♦ Ocala Horse   1888 Apron 1900  
Silver Springs and Western ♦ Ocala Horse and Steam Dummy Interurban services between Ocala and Silver Springs     Connected Ocala and Silver Springs
Orlando Street Railway ♦ Orlando Horse        
Orlando and Winter Park Railway ♦ Orlando – Winter Park Steam Dummy Line Interurban service between Orlando, Winter Park and Oviedo     known as the Dinky Line, later part of East Florida and Atlantic Railroad, later part of Seaboard Air Line Railroad, later part of SCL
Florida East Coast The Ormond Hotel tram Ormond Beach Horse        
Palatka and Heights Street Railway Palatka Horse       35
Florida East Coast The Breakers Hotel Tram Palm Beach Horse        
  Panacea Horse       Connected Panacea and Sopchoppy
Pensacola Electric Terminal Company Pensacola Electric City and Interurban to Warrington and Navy Yard   Jun 1932  
St Augustine and South Beach Railway ♦St Augustine Horse        
Steam        
Electric Early Interurban through Salt Marshes     36
St Augustine Light and Power ♦St Augustine Electric Interurban with freight to Anastasia Island and Beaches   1930 37
St Petersburg Municipal Railways St Petersburg Electric     1949  
Sanford Traction Company Sanford Petrol gasoline Interurban to Beck Hammock and Cameron City 1908   Under the same ownership as the Sanford and Everglades Railroad 38
  Tallahassee Horse        
Tampa Street Railway ♦ Tampa First Streetcar Era Horse and Steam   1885 1892 39
Tampa Street Railway and Power Company ♦Tampa Electric   1893 1894 39
The Consumers Electric Light and Street Railway Company ♦Tampa Electric   189s 1899 39
Tampa Electric Company TECO ♦ Tampa Electric   1899 1946 39
TECO Line Streetcar System Tampa second era Electric   21 Oct 2002   Heritage streetcar system40 operated by the Hillsborough Transit Authority
Florida East Coast Hotel tram ♦ Palm Beach Horse        
Winter Park Company ♦ Winter Park Mule   6 Feb 1885 1903  

Georgiaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Albany Horse        
Albany Transit Company41 Electric   1912 1920  
  Americus Electric   1891 1893  
  Athens Horse        
Electric     1930  
Atlanta first era Horse   8 Sep 1871   See Streetcars in Atlanta
Steam   1887  
Electric   23 Aug 1889 17 Apr 1949
Atlanta Streetcar Atlanta second era Electric   30 Dec 201442   Modern streetcar line – Downtown Loop: construction began early 2012,43 with line opening December 30, 201442
  Augusta Horse        
Electric     1937  
  Brunswick Horse        
Steam        
Electric   1909 1924  
  Cedartown Horse        
  Clarkesville Horse     1918  
  Columbus Horse        
Steam        
Electric     1935 System included interstate line to Phenix City, Alabama
  Covington Horse     1918  
  Cumberland Island Horse        
  ♦ Fairburn Petrol gasoline     1925  
  Gainesville Horse        
Electric     4 Apr 1925  
  Griffin Horse        
  Macon Horse        
Electric     1935  
  Milledgeville Horse        
Steam        
Accumulator storage battery     13 Jun 1914  
  Rome Horse        
Steam        
Electric     1931  
  St Marys Horse        
  St Simons Horse        
Steam        
Petrol gasoline        
  Savannah Horse   186944    
Steam     189244  
Electric   189044 194644 Heritage streetcar service the River Street Streetcar with limited days and hours of operation opened 11 February 2009
  Talapoosa Horse        
Accumulator storage battery        
  Valdosta Horse        
Electric     1934  
  Washington Horse     1916  
  Waycross Horse        
Electric     1917  

Peschkes Part Four, 1998, Page 44 states that, despite the assumption of another historian, there is no evidence for tramways in the following towns:

  • Dahlonega
  • Dalton
  • LaGrange
  • Lexington
  • Summerville
  • Thomasville

Hawaiiedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Honolulu Horse   28 December 1888    
Electric   1900 1 July 1941 Note: New light rail line under construction

Idahoedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Boise Horse   1887    
Electric   1891 1928  
  Caldwell Electric   1907 1928  
  Lewiston Electric   3 May 1915 3 Aug 1929 Interstate tramway, extended between Lewiston and Clarkston, Washington
  Sandpoint Electric   Apr 1910 1917  

Illinoisedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
Alton Granite & St Louis Alton Horse        
Electric     1932  
  Anna – Jonesboro Electric   1907 1925  
Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Aurora Horse   1884    
Electric 1891 17 Nov 1934  
  ♦ Belleville Horse        
Electric     1932 Reintroduced St Louis LRT 2001
  Belvidere Electric   1895 30 Jun 1915  
  Bloomington – Normal Horse   1888    
Electric     1936  
  ♦ Blue Island Electric        
  Cairo Horse   1880    
Electric     1933  
Illinois Central Electric Railway Canton Gas       "Gas" refers to town gas, not petrol gasoline
Electric   1907 25 Jul 1928  
  Centralia Horse        
Electric   1892 1929  
  Champaign – Urbana Horse   1863    
Electric   1890 1936  
  Charleston Electric   1904 1925  
Chicago Transit Authority Chicago Horse   1858 1906  
Cable   28 Jan 1882 21 Oct 1906  
Electric   21 Oct 1890 21 Jun 1958 See Chicago Surface Lines
See also Hammond, Indiana
  ♦ Chicago Heights Electric        
  Chillicothe Horse        
Chicago and West Towns Railway ♦ Cicero – Berwyn Horse       Also experimental operation with steam and gas town gas traction
Electric     10 Apr 1948  
  Danville Horse        
Electric   1891 1936  
  Decatur Horse   1876    
Electric     1936  
  DeKalb Electric        
  ♦ Dixon Electric   May 1904 17 Sep 1925  
  Du Quoin Horse       Connected Du Quoin and St Johns
East St Louis & Suburban East St Louis Electric     1935 System operated interstate tramway services to St Louis, Missouri Reintroduced St Louis LRT 1993
Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Elgin Horse 1884    
Electric      
Evanston Railway Company ♦ Evanston Electric     1935  
Freeport Railway Light & Power Freeport Horse        
Electric   1891 1933  
Galesburg Railway Company Galesburg Horse   1885    
Electric     1931  
  ♦ Granite City Electric     1958 Interstate suburban line from St Louis, Missouri
  Harrisburg Electric   1913 1933  
  ♦ Harvey Electric   1892 189_  
  Hillsboro Electric   1906   Interurban served Hillsboro & Litchfield
  Jacksonville Horse   1867    
Electric     1930  
  Joliet Horse        
Electric     1934  
Kankakee Electric Railway Kankakee Electric   1891 1931  
  Kewanee Electric     Feb 1936  
  LaSalle – Peru Steam        
Electric   1891 1926  
  Lincoln Electric   25 Dec 1891 1929  
Mattoon Street Railway Mattoon Electric   1904 1927  
  Mechanicsburg – Buffalo Horse        
Electric        
Tri City Railway and Light ♦ Moline Electric     1936  
  Mount Vernon Electric     1917  
  Murphysboro Electric   1903 1927  
  Ottawa Electric   1889 1934  
  Paris Electric     1928  
Pekin Municipal Railway Pekin Horse        
Electric     11 Nov 1935  
Illinois Power Company Peoria Horse   1870    
Electric     1946  
  Pontiac Electric   23 Apr 1905 24 Nov 1925  
  Princeton Electric   1906 1929  
Quincy Railway Quincy Horse   1867    
Electric     1930  
Rockford Public Service Rockford Horse   1881 1889  
Electric   1889 3 Sep 1936  
Tri City Railway and Light Rock Island Horse   1866    
Electric     1940 Operated as part of Davenport, Iowa, system Operated interstate service to Davenport, Iowa
Illinois Power Company Springfield Horse   1865    
Electric   1893 27 Dec 1937  
  Sterling Electric   May 1904 17 Sep 1925  
  Streator Electric   1891

1898

1896

1912

 
  Taylorville Electric     1925  
Bluff City Electric Railway45 Waukegan Electric   1891 194746 See the Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad in which the Bluff City Electric Railway was a subsidiare47

Indianaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Anderson Horse     14 Aug 1892  
Electric     13 Nov 1937  
  Angola Electric   1904 1918  
  Brazil Electric        
  Brownstown Horse        
  Columbus Horse        
Electric   1892 28 Jul 1929  
  Crawfordsville Electric     31 Oct 1922  
Hammond, Whiting and East Chicago Railway ♦ East Chicago Electric   15 May 1893 1940 Also served Whiting
Northern Indiana Railway Elkhart Horse        
Electric   1891

15 May 1894

1891

2 Jun 1934

 
  Elwood Electric   6 Sep 1893 1 Aug 1924  
  Evansville Horse   1886 1894  
Electric   15 Sep 1892 1939  
  Fort Wayne Horse   6 Jan 1872 9 Aug 1894  
Electric   7 August 1892 27 June 1947  
  French Lick – West Baden Springs Electric   9 Nov 1903 18 Jul 1919  
Gary Railways Gary Electric   20 May 1908 1947 Also served Hobart
  Goshen Electric   4 Jul 1896 1920  
  Greencastle Horse        
Hammond, Whiting and East Chicago Railway Hammond Electric   15 May 1893 1946 Operated interstate service to Chicago, Illinois
  Huntington Electric   1902 1910  
  Indianapolis Horse   3 Oct 1864 1894  
Electric   18 Jun 1890 11 Jan 1953  
  ♦ Jeffersonville Electric   1888 1934  
  Kokomo Electric   15 Dec 1891 17 Apr 1932  
  La Porte Electric   1 Jul 1902 1918  
  Lafayette Horse   1868

1884

187_

1889

 
Electric   30 Oct 1888 14 Mar 1940  
  Logansport Horse   1882 1896  
Electric   1 Oct 1891 29 Apr 1932  
  Madison Horse   188_    
Electric   20 Jun 1898 30 Jun 1918  
  Marion Horse   188_    
Electric   1 Aug 1893 26 Jun 1947  
Northern Indiana Railway Michigan City Electric   189_ 1932  
  Mount Vernon Horse        
  Muncie Steam        
Electric   1 Sep 1892 1932  
  New Albany Electric   1891 21 Jan 1946 See also Louisville, Kentucky
  New Castle Electric     31 Oct 1922  
  Peru Electric   3 Aug 1901 30 Sep 1934  
  Richmond Horse        
Electric   6 Sep 1889 1938  
Northern Indiana Railway ♦ South Bend Horse   27 May 1885    
Electric   15 Jan 1885

1889

 

15 Jun 1940

Experimental operation in 1882 System also served Mishawaka
  Terre Haute Horse        
Electric     6 Jan 1940  
  Vincennes Horse   1881    
Electric   8 September 1891 1 Jul 1938  
  Wabash Electric   3 Aug 1901 1 Aug 1931  
  Warsaw Electric     1938  
  Washington Horse        
Electric   1894 31 Oct 1935  

Iowaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Albia Horse        
Petrol gasoline        
Electric   18 Dec 1907 1922  
  Ames Steam        
Electric   1907 Jul 1929  
  Boone Horse   1883    
Electric   14 Nov 1899 19 May 1925  
  Burlington Horse   1 Jan 1874    
Electric   30 May 1891 1929  
  ♦ Cedar Falls Electric   14 Dec 1897 18 May 1941  
  Cedar Rapids Horse   188_    
Electric   1891 13 Nov 1937  
  Centerville Horse   1887    
Electric   1902 25 Apr 1925  
  Charles City Electric   1915 1921  
  Clinton Horse   6 Feb 1869    
Electric   1890 25 May 1937  
  Council Bluffs Horse   1869    
Electric   Dec 1887 15 Sep 1948 Omaha Traction Company
  Davenport Horse   2 Mar 1869    
Electric   6 Aug 1888 15 Apr 1940 Tramway system also served Rock Island and Moline, Illinois
  Des Moines Horse   11 Jan 1868    
Electric   1888 6 March 1950  
  Dubuque Horse   23 May 1868  
Electric   25 Dec 1889 4 Jul 1932  
  Fort Dodge Electric   1896 14 Nov 1925  
  Fort Madison Horse   Jul 1888    
Electric   1895 1929  
  Independence Electric   22 Aug 1892 14 Aug 1907  
  Iowa City Electric   1 Nov 1910 16 Aug 1930  
  Keokuk Horse   1883    
Electric   30 Aug 1890 15 May 1928  
  Marshalltown Horse   1883    
Electric   31 Dec 1892 31 Aug 1928  
  Mason City Electric   1897 30 Aug 1936  
  Muscatine Horse   11 Sep 1883    
Electric   30 May 1893 17 Mar 1929  
  Oskaloosa Horse   1880    
Electric   1898 May 1926  
  Ottumwa Horse   1881    
Electric   1889 12 Aug 1930  
  Red Oak Horse   Apr 1882 1901  
  Sioux City Horse   1 Jul 1881

1885

 

 
Cable   1 Jun 1889 15 May 1894  
Electric   6 April 1890 1948 System included interstate tramway to South Sioux City, Nebraska
  Tama – Toledo Electric   4 Jul 1894 25 Jun 1925  
  Waterloo Horse   1885 May 1896  
Electric   1896 Aug 1939  
  ♦ Waterloo – Cedar Falls Electric   1897 31 Jul 1958  

Kansasedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Abilene Horse        
  ♦ Arkansas City Horse   18__    
Electric     1922  
  Atchison Horse        
Electric     1929  
  Baxter Springs Horse        
  Chetopa Horse        
  Clay Center Horse        
  Coffeyville Electric   190_ 1948  
  Cottonwood Falls – Strong City Horse   22 Aug 1887 29 Jan 1918  
Petrol gasoline   29 Jan 1918 27 Jun 1919  
  Council Grove Horse        
  Dighton Horse       See note
  Emporia Horse        
Electric   189_ 1928  
  Fort Scott Horse        
Electric   189_ 1918  
  Galena Electric       See also: Joplin, Missouri
  Garden City Horse        
  Great Bend Horse        
  Hutchinson Horse   188_    
Electric     192548  
  Independence Electric     1946  
  Iola Electric        
  Junction City Electric   12 Aug 1901 28 Feb 1934  
  Kansas City Horse        
Cable   15 Jun 1885 13 Oct 1913  
Electric     195748 Streetcar system served Kansas City, North Kansas City and Independence, Missouri, and Kansas City, Kansas
  Kingman Horse        
  Larned Horse        
  Lawrence Horse        
Electric     193348  
  Leavenworth Horse        
Electric   189_ 1925  
Manhattan City and Interurban Railway Co Manhattan Petrol gasoline        
Electric Interurban 10 Jun 1909 Oct 1928 Extended to Fort Riley and Junction City
  McPherson Horse        
  Newton Horse   1886

1910

1890

 
Electric   25 Oct 1913 1 Nov 1925  
  Ottawa Horse        
  Parsons Electric        
  Pittsburg Electric   20 Oct 1890 1932 See also: Joplin, Missouri
  Pratt Horse        
  Salina Horse   188_    
Steam        
Electric     17 Jul 1937  
  Topeka Horse   188149 1889  
Electric   188949 193748  
  Wellington Horse        
  Wichita Horse   188_   Horse drawn trolley car, Wichita City Railway Company
Electric     193348  
  Winfield Horse   1886 17 May 1909  
Electric     24 May 1926  
  • Peschkes Part Four, 1998, Page 57 states that, although included in some statistics, the following horse-drawn streetcar systems were not built:
    • Beloit
    • Dighton Peschkes states that one source, dated 1888, states that this town had a streetcar line, but no confirmation was found
    • El Dorado
    • Marion Peschkes states that "there is no more than a rumor" that this town had a horsecar line

Kentuckyedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
Ohio Valley Electric Railway Ashland Electric Interurban and streetcar 189_ 1936 Besides operating local streetcar service in Ashland the Ohio Valley Electric Railway operated an interurban route between Ashland and Huntington, West Virginia
  Bowling Green Horse        
Electric   189_    
  Covington Horse   1867    
Electric   1890 3 Jul 1950 Also served Newport and other communities Operated service across Ohio River to Cincinnati, Ohio
  Frankfort Electric     6 Jan 1934  
  Georgetown Horse        
Electric   189_    
  Henderson Horse   188_    
Electric     17 Jul 1923  
  Lexington Horse   26 Aug 1882 4 Sep 1890  
Electric   24 Aug 1890 20 Apr 1938  
  Louisville Steam   1838 1844  
Horse   1844 1901  
Electric   1889 30 Apr 1948 See also New Albany and Jeffersonville, Indiana
  Maysville Electric        
  Middlesboro Horse   188_    
Steam        
  Owensboro Horse   188_    
Electric     1934  
  Paducah Horse   188_    
Electric     1932  
  Somerset Electric        
  Winchester Electric        
  • Peschkes Part Four, 1998, Page 59 states that, despite various evidence, the following towns did not have streetcar systems:
    • Barbourville – Peschkes describes "a marvellous picture postcard of a horse tramcar in the main street of Barbourville, with a woman driver," dated 1917 Similar picture postcards exist for US towns that did not have horsecar or streetcar systems
    • Mount Sterling

Louisianaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Abita Aprings Horse        
  Alexandria Horse   19 Jun 1891 19 Jun 1899  
Electric   12 Apr 1906 18 Dec 1926  
  ♦ Algiers Horse   1884 1 Sep 1907  
Electric   1 Sep 1907 22 Jan 1931  
  Baton Rouge Mule   16 Oct 1890 5 Apr 1893 Two mule car lines, later connected as a belt line
Electric   6 Apr 1893 23 Apr 1936 Three lines at peak in 1924-193250
  Burnside Horse        
  Grand Isle Horse   1866 1893  
  Lake Charles Horse   1891    
Steam   1893 1906  
Electric   1 Feb 1906 29 Jun 1927  
  Monroe Electric   15 Jun 1906 21 Aug 1938  
  New Orleans Horse   Jan 1835    
Steam   26 Jan 1835    
Electric   1 Feb 1893   See Streetcars in New Orleans Operation suspended 28 Aug 2005 – 18 Dec 2005 because of storm damage Hurricane Katrina
  Shreveport Horse   31 Dec 1870 16 Oct 1893  
Electric   4 Oct 1890 10 Dec 1939  

Maineedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
Augusta, Winthrop and Gardiner Street Railway in German Augusta Electric   26 Jul 1889 31 Jul 1932  
  Bangor Electric   29 Apr 1889 31 Dec 1945  
  Bath Electric   189_ 1932  
  Biddeford Horse   4 Jul 1888 5 May 1892 Connected Biddeford and Saco
Electric     5 Jul 1939
  Brunswick Electric        
  Calais Electric   4 Jul 1894 31 Oct 1929 International tramway, connected Calais and St Stephen New Brunswick, Canada qv
  Fairfield Electric        
Fryeburg Horse Railroad in German51 Fryeburg Horse   18 May 1888 1 Oct 1913  
  Lewiston Horse   3 Sep 1881 1896 Connected Lewiston and Auburn
Electric     6 Sep 1941  
The Norway – Paris Street Railway52 Norway Electric   1895 1918 Connected Norway and South Paris
  Portland Horse   10 Oct 1863 17 Dec 1895  
Electric   20 Jun 1891 4 May 1941  
  Rockland Electric   1 Aug 1892 1 Apr 1931  
  Sanford Electric   189_ 27 Apr 1947  
  Waterville Horse   23 Jun 1888 1892  
Electric   20 Jul 1892 11 Oct 1937  

Marylandedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Annapolis Electric        
  Baltimore first era Horse   1859    
Cable   23 May 1891 23 Mar 1899  
Electric     3 Nov 1963  
Baltimore Light Rail Baltimore second era Electric Light rail Apr 1992    
  Buena Vista – Buena Vista Springs Horse        
  Chesapeake Beach Steam        
Electric        
Petrol gasoline     1921  
Cumberland and Westernport Electric Railway Cumberland Horse        
Electric   189_ 1932  
Hagerstown & Frederick Railway Frederick Electric   189_ 1937  
Hagerstown Electric   189_ 1939  

Massachusettsedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Attleboro Horse   187_    
Electric     1932  
  Boston Horse   1856    
Electric Portion MBTA Green Line upgraded to light rail in the 1970s 1 January 188953   See Boston-area streetcar lines The surviving portions are the Mattapan Line and the MBTA Green Line See also: Category:Streetcars in the Boston area
  Brockton Horse   26 July 1881    
Electric   5 Sep 1890 11 Jul 1937  
  Conway Horse   1 April 1895 1921  
  Fall River Horse   1880 1891  
Electric   1892 20 Sep 1936  
  Fitchburg Horse   3 July 1886    
Electric     1932 Connected Fitchburg and Leominster
  Framingham Electric   188_ 1925  
  Gardner Electric   189_ 1924  
  Gloucester Horse   188_    
Electric     1919  
  Greenfield Electric   189_    
  Haverhill Horse   188_    
Electric     29 Aug 1936  
  Holyoke Horse   188_    
Electric     1936  
  Lawrence Horse   188_    
Electric     Mar 1936  
  Lowell Horse   187_    
Electric     Mar 1936 Resurrected as a 1-mile heritage streetcar line in 1984, and is still currently operating5455
  Lynn Horse   185_    
Electric   19 November 1888 1937 Purported to be the first electric trolley in Massachusetts56
  New Bedford Horse   187_    
Electric     1947  
  Newburyport Horse        
Electric     27 Aug 1930  
  Newton Horse        
Electric     193_  
  Northampton Horse   186_    
Electric     1933  
  Oak Bluffs Electric        
  Pittsfield Horse        
Electric     1932  
  Plymouth Horse   188_    
Electric     1928  
  Quincy Horse   188_    
Electric     1948  
  Salem Horse        
Electric        
  Springfield Horse   186_    
Electric   6 Jun 1890 1940  
  Stoneham Electric     27 Jul 1946  
  Taunton Horse   23 Sep 1871    
Electric   3 Sep 1893 Jul 1932  
  Waltham Horse        
Electric     193_  
  Worcester Horse   186_    
Electric     31 Dec 1945  

Michiganedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Adrian Electric   1889 1924  
  Ann Arbor Horse        
Electric   28 Sep 1890 31 Jan 1925  
  Battle Creek Horse   1865    
Electric   1887

188_

1887

30 Sep 1932

 
  Bay City Electric     Aug 1921  
  Benton Harbor Horse        
Electric   1892 Sep 1935 System also served St Joseph
  Cheboygan Horse   1893 1898  
    1896 1898  
Department of Street Railways The DSR 1922-195657 Detroit first era Horse   3 Aug 1863 9 Nov 1895  
Electric   1 Sep 1886 8 Apr 19565758 See also: Detroit United Railway 1900-1922 Detroit had a heritage streetcar line, 20 Sep 1976–Jun 2003
QLine Detroit second era Electric   12 May 2017   Reintroduction; see QLine
  Escanaba Electric   1892 1932  
  Fenton Horse        
  Flint Horse        
Electric   1900 4 Apr 1936  
  Grand Haven Electric        
  Grand Rapids Horse   1864    
Cable   18 Apr 1888 12 Nov 1891  
Electric        
  Holland Electric        
  Iron RIver Horse   1913 1921  
  Ishpeming Electric   1893 20 Aug 1927  
  Jackson Horse        
Electric   19 Sep 1891 27 Jun 1936  
  Kalamazoo Horse   1885    
Electric   1893 2 Nov 1932  
  Lansing Horse   1886    
Electric   26 Aug 1890 15 Apr 1933  
  Manistee Electric   1892 26 Aug 1921  
  Marquette Electric   1891 19 April 1935  
  Menominee Electric     1928 System also served Marinette, Wisconsin
  Monroe Electric        
  Mount Clemens Horse   1890    
Electric   1900 Jan 1930  
  Muskegon Horse   25 Nov 1882    
Electric   Apr 1890 10 Oct 1929  
  Owosso Electric   1911 1929 Connected Owosso and Corunna
  Pontiac Electric   1900 1932  
  Port Huron Horse   186_    
Electric   1886 28 Jan 1930 See also Sarnia, Ontario, Canada
  Saginaw Horse   1863    
Electric   1899 9 Oct 1931 Operation suspended Aug 1921 – 1 Nov 1923 because of dispute between street railway company and local authority
  Sault Ste Marie Electric   1888 8 Jul 1931 See also Sault Ste Marie, Ontario, Canada

Minnesotaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Anoka Horse   1884

1908

1897

1908

 
  Brainerd Horse   1887 1889  
Electric   1893 2 Jun 1898  
  Breckenridge Electric   30 Aug 1910 31 Mar 1925 Interstate streetcar line, connecting Breckenridge with Wahpeton, North Dakota Ranked as the smallest interstate streetcar system and one of the smallest urban streetcar systems in the UScitation needed
Duluth Street Railway Duluth Horse   1882 1890  
Electric   1890 9 Sep 1939 System served Duluth and Superior, Wisconsin Two funiculars operated in Duluth The 7th Avenue West Incline which operated as part of the streetcar system, and the independent Duluth Belt Line Railway
Mesaba Railway Company59:180 Hibbing Electric Interurban 11 Dec 1921 16 Apr 1927  
American Traction Company59:179 International Falls Electric   1891 Oct 1895  
Accumulator storage battery   1913 1919 Occasional reports, described by Wyatt60 as "unproven," state that accumulator storage battery tramcars operated on the railway bridge to Fort Francis, Ontario, Canada
Mankato Street Railway Company59:180 Mankato Horse   23 Jul 1886 1895  
Electric   10 May 1908 8 Mar 1930  
Twin City Rapid Transit Company Minneapolis first era Horse   2 Sep 1875 23 Dec 1889  
Electric   23 Dec 1889 31 Oct 1953 See also Como-Harriet Streetcar Line Heritage streetcar
METRO Minneapolis second era Electric Light rail 26 Jun 2004   Blue 2004 & Green 2014 lines
  Moorhead Electric   9 Dec 1912 30 Jun 1937 Operated as part of Fargo, North Dakota, streetcar system
Granite City Railway St Cloud Horse   3 Oct 1887 1892  
Electric   30 Jun 1892 29 Apr 1936  
  ♦ St Paul Horse   15 Jul 1872    
Cable   21 Jan 1888 3 Jun 1898  
Electric     18 Jul 1954  
  ♦ Stillwater Electric   6 Nov 1899

27 Jun 1899

1897

10 Sep 1932

 
  Winona Horse   25 Dec 1883    
Electric   22 Jan 1892 21 Jul 1938  

Mississippiedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Biloxi Electric   189_ 1932  
  Columbus Electric     1920  
  Enterprise Horse        
  Greenville Electric   188_ 1929  
  ♦ Gulfport Electric   190_ 1932  
  Hattiesburg Electric   190_    
  Jackson Mule   1871 1899  
Electric   1899 1935  
  Laurel Electric     1934  
  Meridian Horse   188_    
Electric        
  Natchez Horse   188_    
Electric     1928  
  Pascagoula Electric        
  Vicksburg Electric   189_ 1935  
  Yazoo City Electric   1911 1918  

Missouriedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Ava – Mansfield Steam        
Petrol gasoline        
  Cape Girardeau Horse        
Electric   189_ 1932  
  Carrollton Steam   1893    
Electric   30 Aug 1897    
  Carthage Horse   17 Oct 1883 24 Jan 1885  
Electric   24 Aug 1895 21 Jul 1935  
  ♦ Carthage – Carterville Electric       See also: Joplin below
  Clinton Horse        
  Farmington – Delassus Electric        
  ♦ Farmington – St Francois Electric        
  Hannibal Horse        
Electric   188_    
  ♦ Independence Horse   1886    
Steam   1886    
Electric     1935  
  Jefferson City Electric     1934  
  Joplin Horse   188_    
Electric     1935  
Petrol gasoline        
  ♦ Joplin – Duenweg – Carterville Electric        
  ♦ Joplin – Galena, Kansas – Baxter Springs, Kansas – Picher, Oklahoma Electric        
  ♦ Joplin – Pittsburg, Kansas Electric       See also: Pittsburg, Kansas
  ♦ Joplin – Webb City Horse        
Electric        
  Kansas City first era Horse   Apr 1869    
Steam        
Cable   15 Jun 1885 13 Oct 1913  
Electric     23 Jun 1957 See Streetcars in Kansas City
KC Streetcar Kansas City second era Electric   6 May 201661   Reintroduction; see KC Streetcar
  Lebanon Electric        
  Nevada Horse        
Electric        
  ♦ North Kansas City Horse        
Electric        
  St Joseph Horse   186_    
Electric     1939  
  St Louis first era Horse   1859    
Steam        
Cable   15 Apr 1886 14 Mar 1901  
Electric     20 Jun 1966 See Streetcars in St Louis
St Louis MetroLink St Louis second era Electric Light rail 31 Jul 1993   Note: A separate, heritage streetcar line is under construction; see Delmar Loop Trolley
  Sedalia Horse        
Electric   189_ 1931  
  Springfield Horse   188_    
Steam        
Electric     1937  
  Trenton Electric        
  ♦ Webb City Horse        
Electric        
  ♦Webb City – Carterville Horse        
Electric        
  • Peschkes Part Four, 1998, Page 80 states that, despite various evidence, the following towns did not have streetcar systems:
    • Excelsior Springs
    • Lexington

Montanaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Anaconda Electric   1 Sep 1890 31 Dec 1951  
  Billings Horse   1882 1883  
Accumulator storage battery   4 Apr 1912 1917  
  Bozeman Electric   21 Jul 1892 15 Dec 1921  
  Butte Horse   1886    
Cable   4 Mar 1889 19 Sep 1897  
Electric   26 Aug 1890 22 Aug 1937  
  Great Falls Electric   18 Aug 1891 30 Nov 1931  
Horse   1892 1893  
  Helena Horse   25 Sep 1886    
Electric   25 May 1890 1 Jan 1928  
  Missoula Horse   1897    
Electric   1892

11 May 1910

1897

24 Jan 1932

 

Nebraskaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Beatrice Electric   18__ 1897  
  Fremont Horse        
  Grand Island Horse     1898  
  Hastings Horse   1887    
  Kearney Electric   18__ 1898  
  Lincoln     18__ 1945  
  Nebraska City Horse   1889 1910  
  Norfolk Electric   18__ 1897  
Omaha Horse Railway Company Omaha Horse   1868    
Omaha Traction Company Cable   29 Dec 1887 7 Jul 1890
Omaha and Council Bluffs Railway and Bridge Company Electric     1955  
  Plattsmouth Electric   18__ 1892  
  Red Cloud Horse   1887 1910  
  Wymore Horse        
  York Horse        

Nevadaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Reno Electric   Nov 190462 Sep 192762 See Streetcars in Reno

New Hampshireedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Berlin Electric   4 Jul 1902 1 Dec 1928  
  Claremont Electric   190_ 1918  
  Concord Horse   1881    
Electric     29 Apr 1933  
  Dover Horse   1882    
Electric   16 Aug 1889 15 Sep 1926  
  Exeter Electric   189_ 1924  
  Keene Electric   190_    
  Laconia Horse   188_    
Electric     1926  
  Manchester Horse   1877    
Electric   1895 2 May 1940  
  Nashua Horse   188_    
Electric     1932  
  Portsmouth Electric   189_ 1925  
  Rochester Electric   1 Sep 1889 6 May 1925  

New Jerseyedit

See also: List of New Jersey street railroads
Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Asbury Park Horse        
Electric   19 Sep 1897 1931  
  Atlantic City Horse        
Electric     27 Dec 1955 see also Shore Fast Line
  Beach Haven Horse        
Bridgeton and Millville Traction Company Bridgeton Electric       see also Millville and Vineland
  Brigantine Electric        
  Camden first era Horse   1871    
Electric     1935 Also served Gloucester City and other neighboring towns
  ♦ Camden-Trenton Electric   190_ 1931  
River Line New Jersey Transit Camden second era Diesel Light rail 14 Mar 2004    
  Cape May Horse        
Steam    

1916

1892

1918

 
Electric   1892 1913  
Accumulator storage battery   1916 1916  
  Elizabeth Horse   1869    
Coal Gas       Coal gas is also known as Town gas and is not the same as petrol gasoline
Electric     18 Feb 1931 Newark – Elizabeth tramway line closed 3 Jan 1937
Fort Lee Public Service Coordinated Transport Bergen Division and predecessors 1435 electric 20 Apr 1896 5 Sep 1938  
  Gibbsboro – Lucaston Horse        
Steam        
  Hackensack Electric     1938  
  Hudson County first era Horse   1860    
Electric     7 Aug 1949 Date refers to abandonment of the last lines using the Hoboken Inclined Elevated viaduct
Hudson–Bergen Light Rail Hudson County second era Electric Light rail 22 Apr 2000    
  Keansburg Electric        
  Keyport Horse        
Electric   189_ 1923  
  Long Branch Horse        
Electric        
  Metuchen Electric        
Millville Traction Company Millville Electric       see also Bridgeton
  Morristown Electric     1927  
  Mount Holly Horse        
  New Brunswick Horse   1867    
Electric     1 Aug 1931 Suburban tramway line closed 26 Oct 1931
  Newark Horse   1859 1893  
Cable       Line built and tested, but not placed in service because of technical problems
Electric Light rail modern era Oct 1890

26 May 1935

See Note See: Newark Light Rail aka Newark City Subway See also: Note, below
  Ocean City Electric       see also Atlantic City
  Ortley Beach Horse        
  Passaic Electric       Newark – Passaic tramway closed 20 Mar 1937
  Paterson Horse   1863    
Steam        
Coal Gas       Coal gas is also known as Town gas and is not the same as petrol gasoline
Accumulator storage battery        
Electric     1 May 1928 Newark – Paterson tramway line closed 1938
  Phillipsburg Horse        
Electric   1894 31 Oct 1931 See also Easton, Pennsylvania
  Plainfield Electric   1901 1925 Newark – Plainfield tramway line closed 15 Sep 1935
  Point Pleasant Horse        
Electric     1919  
  Red Bank Electric   1896 1921  
  Rutherford Horse        
Electric   1896 1921  
  Sea Isle City Electric        
  Stone Harbor – Cape May Court House Steam        
Petrol gasoline        
  Trenton first era Horse        
Electric     6 Dec 1934  
River Line New Jersey Transit Trenton second era Diesel Light rail 14 Mar 2004    
  Vineland Electric        
  Wildwood Electric     1946  
  • Note for Newark: The streetcar subway, the Newark City Subway, opened 26 May 1935 Also served East Orange and other neighboring towns See also Public Service Railway and Newark-Trenton Fast Line Last Newark streecar line not using the subway closed 1 May 1938 Last surface streetcar lines using the subway closed 30 Mar 1952 Since then, effectively operated as a "light rail" line; line extended in 2002 System expanded to include a second line in 2006

New Mexicoedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Albuquerque Horse   1880 1904  
Electric   Sep 1904 31 Dec 1927 Reintroduction planned
  Las Vegas Horse   188_    
Electric     1928  

New Yorkedit

See also: List of streetcar lines in the Bronx, List of streetcar lines in Brooklyn, List of streetcar lines in Manhattan, List of streetcar lines in Queens, List of streetcar lines in Staten Island, and List of streetcar lines on Long Island
Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
United Traction Co ♦ Albany Horse   22 Feb 1864 1921  
Electric   1890 1 Aug 1946  
  ♦♦ Albia – Averill Park Electric   5 Oct 1895 31 Mar 1925 Albia is a former suburb and current neighborhood of Troy, New York
  Amsterdam Horse   4 Jul 1873    
Electric   20 Dec 1890 1 Sep 1936  
  Auburn Electric        
Babylon Rail Road Company ♦ Babylon Horse   1871 1909  
Electric   1909 15 May 1920  
♦♦ Babylon – Amityville Electric   1909 15 May 1920  
  Batavia Electric   Sep 1903 13 Jun 1927  
  Beacon Electric   27 Aug 1892 20 Apr 1930 Connected Beacon and Fishkill
  Binghamton Horse   1873 1893  
Electric   31 May 1887 1 Aug 1932  
  ♦ Binghamton – Port Dickinson – Johnson City Horse   1 Jan 1883 1 Jul 1892  
Electric   1892 1 Aug 1932  
  ♦ Bronx Horse        
Electric   1892 21 Aug 1948  
  ♦ Brooklyn Horse        
Electric   1890 30 Oct 1956  
  Buffalo first era Horse   11 Jun 1860 1893  
Electric   20 Jun 1889 1 Jul 1950  
  ♦ Buffalo – Depew Electric   8 May 1901 23 Sep 1926  
  ♦ Buffalo – Gardenville – Ebenezer Electric   18 Apr 1896 12 Dec 1931  
  ♦ Buffalo – Hamburg Electric   6 Oct 1900 12 Dec 1931  
  ♦ Buffalo – Williamsville Electric   5 April 1893 18 September 1930  
Buffalo Metro Rail Buffalo second era Electric Light rail 18 May 1984    
  Canandaigua Horse   6 Sep 1887 Jul 1892  
Electric   4 Aug 1894 31 Jul 1930  
  Catskill Electric   14 Dec 1900 by 31 Oct 1917  
  ♦ Charlotte – Manitou Beach Electric   1 Jun 1891 25 Aug 1925  
Pelham Park and City Island Railway ♦♦ City Island Horse   20 May 1887 1914  
Accumulator storage battery   17 Aug 1914 9 Aug 1919  
  ♦ Cohoes Horse   1864    
Electric   1890 6 Feb 1934  
  Corning Electric   1 Nov 1895 1 Apr 1930  
  Cortland Horse   14 Sep 1885    
Electric   1 Apr 1895 1928  
  ♦ Cortland – Homer – McGraw – Preble Horse   14 Sep 1885   Connected Cortland and Homer
Electric   1 Apr 1895 15 Feb 1931  
  Dunkirk Electric   1 Jul 1900

1917

1917

by Aug 1923

 
  ♦ Dunkirk – Fredonia Horse   Sep 1866 1891  
Electric   30 Oct 1891 25 Mar 1934  
Northport Traction Company ♦ East Northport - Northport Electric   18 Apr 1902 19 Aug 1924  
  Elmira Horse   Oct 1871    
Steam   23 Jul 1889    
Electric   30 Aug 1890 11 Mar 1939  
Ocean Electric Railway
originally Far Rockaway Railroad
♦♦ Far Rockaway Horse   2 Jul 1886 1898  
Electric   1898 24 Sep 1924  
  Fonda – Fultonville Horse   1875 11 Jul 1884  
  Frankfort – Ilion – Mohawk – Herkimer Horse   4 Jul 1871 1895  
Electric   1895 30 Jun 1933  
  ♦ Fredonia Electric   15 May 1910 Jul 1927  
Seashore Municipal Railroad ♦ Freeport Electric   1906 1924  
  Fulton Horse   15 Aug 1886 by 1908  
Electric     15 Sep 1927  
  Geneva Electric   27 Mar 1895 1925  
  ♦ Geneva – Waterloo – Seneca Falls – Cayuga Steam   1886    
Electric   13 Jul 1890 6 Dec 1928 Opened in stages, completed 27 Mar 1895
  Glens Falls Horse   28 Sep 1885    
Electric   1891 30 Jun 1928  
Fonda, Johnstown and Gloversville Railroad Gloversville Electric        
  ♦ Gloversville – Mountain Lake Electric   23 Aug 1901 30 Sep 1917  
  ♦ Highland – New Paltz Electric   17 Aug 1897 7 Jul 1925  
  Hornell Electric   6 Aug 1892 15 Jul 1926  
  ♦ Hornell – Canisteo Electric   30 Dec 1892 15 Jul 1926  
Huntington Railroad ♦ Huntington Horse   19 Jul 1890 1898 Replaced by Huntington Traction Company 1920-1927
Electric   17 Jun 1898 15 Aug 1927
♦♦ Huntington – Amityville Electric   26 Aug 1909 23 Sep 1919  
  Ithaca Electric   2 Jan 1888

28 Jan 1893

May 1892

22 Jun 1935

 
  Jamestown Horse   20 Jun 1884 1892  
Electric   11 Jun 1891 29 Jan 1938  
Fonda, Johnstown and Gloversville Railroad Johnstown Electric        
Kingston City; Colonial City ♦ Kingston Horse   1867    
Electric   1894 30 Sep 1930 Merged to Kingston Consolidated Railway Co
  ♦ Larchmont Horse   1 May 1888    
Electric   10 Jun 1900 16 Aug 1927  
  Lima – Honeoye Electric   8 Aug 1899 by 30 Oct 1915  
  Lockport Horse   1 Jan 1887 1891  
Electric   20 Aug 1895 16 Apr 1938  
Long Beach Railway ♦ Long Beach Petrol gasoline   20 Oct 1923 1926  
  Long Island         See also the entries for New York City
  ♦ Manhattan Horse   14 Nov 1832 1917  
Cable   31 Aug 1885 25 May 1901  
Accumulator storage battery   1910 1932  
Electric     21 Jun 1947 Last tramway line in New York, which operated on the Queensboro Bridge between Manhattan and Queens, closed 7 Apr 1957
  Middletown Electric   8 May 1894 9 Apr 1924  
  ♦ Middletown- Goshen Electric   25 Nov 1895 21 Oct 1924  
  ♦ Mount Vernon Electric     1950  
  ♦ New Rochelle Electric     1950  
  New York City         See also Long Island and Westchester County
  Newburgh Horse   24 Dec 1886 May 1894  
Electric   9 Jun 1894 31 Mar 1923  
  ♦ Newburgh – Orange Lake – Walden Electric   July 1894 1923 See note
  ♦ Niagara Falls Horse   2 Jul 1883    
Electric   July 1892 22 Aug 1937  
  Ogdensburg Horse   14 Aug 1886 1895  
Electric   1 Sep 1895 1 Apr 1932  
  Oneida Horse   4 Jul 1885 30 Jul 1902  
Electric   14 Dec 1902 Dec 1930  
  Oneonta Electric        
  ♦ Ossining Electric   1893

1 Oct 1907

20 Oct 1906

7 May 1926

 
  Oswego Horse   22 Aug 1885 1892  
Electric   1892 21 Apr 1927  
Suffolk Traction Company ♦ Patchogue Accumulator storage battery   1 Jul 1911 10 Oct 1919  
♦ Patchogue – Holtsville Accumulator storage battery   1914 10 Oct 1919 Extension Holtsville – Port Jefferson started, not completed
♦♦ Patchogue – Sayville Accumulator storage battery   by 1914 10 Oct 1919  
  ♦ Peekskill Electric   Jun 1899 30 Jun 1926  
  ♦♦ Peekskill – Lake Mohegan Electric   30 Jul 1899 1924  
  ♦♦ Peekskill – Oregon Electric   25 Mar 1907 29 Aug 1925 Opened in stages, completed 1909
  ♦♦ Peekskill – Verplanck Electric   1902 30 Jun 1926  
  Penn Yan – Branchport Electric   15 Aug 1897

1 Jan 1927

11 Oct 1926

13 Mar 1927

 
  Plattsburgh Electric   25 Jul 1896 1 Nov 1929  
Larchmont Horse Railway ♦ Port Chester Horse   1888 1901  
Port Chester Street Railway Electric   12 Jul 1898 16 Aug 1927 Acquired by New York and Stamford Railway in 1901
  Port Jervis Electric   15 Jan 1898

4 Jul 1910

9 Jun 1910

15 Nov 1924

 
  Poughkeepsie Horse   1871 1894  
Electric   15 Dec 1894 25 Nov 1935  
  ♦ Poughkeepsie – Wappingers Falls Electric   1895 Nov 1928  
  ♦ Queens Horse   1869    
Electric   1887 26 Apr 1950  
  Redwood – Alexandria Bay Electric   18 Aug 1902 16 Oct 1916  
  ♦ Rensselaer Electric   4 Nov 1897 193_  
  Rochester Horse   13 Jul 1863 1893  
Electric   1889 1 Apr 1941  
Ocean Electric Railway
originally Rockaway Village Railroad
♦♦ Rockaway Park Horse   2 Jun 1886

1897

1895

1898

 
Electric   1898 26 Aug 1928 See note
  Rome Horse   4 Jul 1887

1 Jul 1902

1900

1903

 
Compressed-air   22 Sep 1900 30 Jun 1902 System returned to horse-drawn after 1902 until electric
Electric   9 Jun 1903 7 Dec 1930  
  Saratoga Springs Electric   30 Jun 1892 20 Jan 1926 Brief periods of operation in 1890 and 1891
Schenectady Railway Co ♦ Schenectady Horse        
Electric     1946  
Nassau County Railway ♦ Sea Cliff Electric   2 Jul 1902 31 Dec 1924 aka; Sea Cliff Village Trolley
Glen Cove Railroad ♦♦ Sea Cliff – Glen Cove Electric   16 Nov 1905 15 Nov 1924  
  ♦ Staten Island Horse   Sep 1868 1896  
Electric   1893 26 Jan 1934  
South Shore Traction Company ♦ Sayville – Blue Point Horse   1903 1909  
Accumulator storage battery   1909 Jan 1913 Acquired by Suffolk Traction Company
Suffolk Traction Company Accumulator storage battery   Jan 1913 10 Oct 1919  
  Syracuse Horse   11 May 1860    
Electric   29 Nov 1888 4 Jan 1941  
  ♦ Syracuse – Edwards Falls Electric   16 Jun 1898 24 Oct 1931  
  ♦ Troy Horse   Sep 1861    
Electric     26 Sep 1933  
  Utica Horse   14 Sep 1863    
Electric   1890 13 May 1941  
  Watertown Electric   20 May 1891 17 Aug 1937  
  ♦ Watertown – Brownsville – Dexter Electric   30 Jun 1891 9 Mar 1931  
  Waverly Electric   30 Jun 1896 11 Jun 1930  
  ♦ Waverly – Sayre, PA – Athens, PA Electric   30 Jun 1896 11 Jun 1930  
  Westchester County         See also the entries for New York City
  ♦ White Plains Electric   1 Oct 1895 16 Nov 1929  
Yonkers Railroad Company ♦ Yonkers Horse   Mar 1887 1892  
Electric   May 1892 Nov 1952  
  • Note for Cortland – Homer – McGraw – Preble: Horse tramway connected Cortland and Homer Electric tramway, opened 1 Apr 1895, connected Cortland, Homer and McGraw Extended to Preble in 1907 McGraw Preble segment closed 1 Apr 1929 Remainder closed 15 Feb 1931
  • Note for Newburgh – Orange Lake – Walden: Opened in stages, to Orange Lake in July 1894, completed 1 Jun 1895 Newburgh – Orange Lake operated during summer season, 1924 and 1925, petrol gasoline traction
  • Note for New York – City Island: Experimental monorail operated Bartow railway station – north end of City Island bridge, 15 Jul – 19 Jul 1910, and 14 Nov 1910 – 16 Mar 1914
  • Note for New York – Rockaway Park: Tramcars operated over electrified Long Island Rail Road tracks between Far Rockaway and Hammels, 1905 – 9 Sep 1926, using overhead current collection to 1912 and third-rail current collection thereafter

North Carolinaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Asheville Horse        
Electric   1 Feb 1889 1934  
  Belmont Electric        
  Burlington Electric   1912 1922 Connected Burlington and Haw River
  Charlotte first era Horse        
Accumulator storage battery        
Electric   18 May 1891 14 Mar 1938  
Charlotte Trolley Charlotte second era Electric   30 Aug 1996 28 Jun 2010 Heritage streetcar service opened in 1996, though with only limited days and hours, but ended in 2010
Lynx Electric Light rail 24 Nov 2007    
Lynx Gold Line Electric   14 Jul 2015   Planned to be a modern-streetcar service, but is initially, temporarily operated by the replica-vintage cars formerly used on the Charlotte Trolley heritage service
Concord Horse      
Steam   ca 1889    
Accumulator storage battery   1911    
Electric   1923 ca 1929  
  Durham Horse        
Electric   1902 1934  
  Fayetteville Horse        
Steam   ca 1908 1909  
Petrol gasoline        
Electric        
  Gastonia Electric     21 Sep 1948  
  Goldsboro Electric   1910

1915

1912

ca 1920

 
  Greensboro Horse        
Electric   11 Jun 1902 1934  
  Hendersonville Horse        
Steam        
Petrol gasoline        
Electric   1911 ca 1920  
  High Point Accumulator storage battery   1906    
Electric   1912 1935  
  New Bern Accumulator storage battery   1913    
Electric   ca 1913 1929  
  Pinehurst Electric   1896 1907  
  Raleigh Horse   25 Dec 1886    
Electric   1 Sep 1891 1934  
  Salisbury Electric   1905 1938  
  Wilmington Horse        
Electric   1892 18 Apr 1939  
  ♦ Wilmington – Wrightsville Beach Steam        
Electric   190_ 1939  
  Winston-Salem Electric   14 July 1890 1936  

North Dakotaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Bismarck Electric   16 Feb 1904 28 Feb 1931 Only US town tramway owned by a federal state authority
  Fargo Horse   1879

7 July 1882

1879

18 Sep 1882

 
Electric   16 Feb 1904 21 Aug 1937 Tramway system also served Moorhead, MN
  Grand Forks Electric   20 Nov 1904 1 Feb 1934 System included an interstate line to East Grand Forks, Minnesota
Valley City Street & Interurban Railway Valley City Electric   18 Dec 1905 194_  
  Wahpeton         See Breckenridge, MN

Ohioedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Akron Horse   18 Aug 1883    
Electric   2 Oct 1888 26 Mar 1947  
  Alliance Electric   1888 15 Jul 1939  
  Ashtabula Horse   1883    
Electric   9 Apr 1892 30 Jan 1939  
  Bellaire Horse   16 Oct 1865    
  Bellefontaine Electric        
  Berea Horse        
  Cambridge Electric   190_ 1929  
  Canton Horse   1884    
Electric   Mar 1890 18 Apr 1931  
  Chillicothe Electric   189_ 1930  
  Cincinnati first era Horse   1859 1904  
Cable   8 Jul 1885 19 Jul 1902  
Steam   1866 1897 Mt Lookout dummy
Electric   1889 29 Apr 195163 See Streetcars in Cincinnati, and in this list see also Covington, Kentucky
Cincinnati Bell Connector Cincinnati second era Electric   9 Sep 201664  
  Cleveland Horse   1860 1901  
Cable   17 Dec 1890 28 Jan 1901  
Electric Interurban Light rail     See Streetcars in Cleveland
Last in-street trolley/tram lines closed in 1954, but Shaker light rail lines survived see Blue and Green Lines
  Columbus Horse   1863 1892  
Electric   1891 5 Sep 1948  
  Conneaut Electric        
  Coshocton Electric     1927  
  Dayton Horse   1870 1895  
Accumulator storage battery   May 1893    
Steam   1872 1886  
Electric   1888 1947 See Note
  Defiance Electric   12 Dec 1891 1913  
  Delaware Electric   189_ 19 Aug 1926  
  East Liverpool Electric   1892 Apr 1939  
  Elyria Electric   189_ 1931  
  Findlay Horse   1887 1894  
Electric   1891 31 Jan 1932  
  Fremont Electric   190_ 1932  
  Gallipolis Electric   189_ 1932  
  Hamilton Electric   1890 1933  
Ohio Valley Electric Railway Ironton Electric     1930  
  Lancaster Electric   189_ 30 Oct 1937  
  Lima Electric   19 Jul 1886

189_

 

13 May 1939

 
  Lorain Electric   189_ 7 May 1938  
  Mansfield Electric   7 Aug 1887 6 Jun 1937  
  Marietta Horse   1888    
Electric   1896 1934  
  Marion Electric   189_ 1933  
  Massillon Electric   1892 2 Jun 1929  
  Middletown Horse   1879 4 May 1918 Replaced by motorbus
  Mount Vernon Electric   189_ 1917  
  New Philadelphia – Dover Electric   4 Jul 1889 26 Jan 1926  
  Newark Electric   189_ 10 Aug 1926  
  Niles Electric   1894 1927  
  Norwalk Electric     14 May 1938  
  Painesville Electric   1893 1926  
  Piqua Electric   189_    
  Pomeroy Electric   Nov 1900 1929  
  Portsmouth Electric   189_ 1939  
  Put-in-Bay Electric   1891

1913

1910

1914

Brief period of operation in 1915, to 30 Jun 1915
  Salem Electric   23 May 1890 9 Dec 1911  
  Sandusky Horse   3 Aug 1883    
Electric   27 Nov 1890 25 May 1938  
  Springfield Electric   1891 9 Dec 1932 Town tramway service on interurban line, Dec 1929 – 3 Jun 1938
  Steubenville Electric   1888 Dec 1938  
  Tiffin Electric   189_ 1919  
  Toledo Horse   1860 1890  
Electric   1890 31 Dec 1949  
  Toronto Electric        
  Uhrichsville – Dennison Electric   1901 Jan 1922  
  Warren Electric   1894 1931  
  Youngstown Horse   1873    
Electric     8 Dec 1940 See also Sharon, Pennsylvania
  Zanesville Horse   13 Nov 1875    
Electric   27 Dec 1890 31 Dec 1930  
  • Note for Dayton: Town streetcar services were provided by a single undertaking in most US towns Such undertakings were often organized by consolidation "unification" of predecessor undertakings In most cases, such consolidations were completed before the First World War Dayton was a notable exception In this town, five undertakings operated town streetcar services from 1909 to 1933 Conversions to trolleybus began in 1933; remarkably, all five undertakings operated trolleybuses for several months in 1940, before the beginning of consolidations See Trolleybuses in Dayton for further information

Oklahomaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Ardmore Electric   Jan 1906 1922  
  Bartlesville Electric   14 Jul 1908 15 Jul 1920  
  Chickasha Electric   12 Jul 1910 14 Aug 1927  
  Clinton Petrol gasoline   Jun 1909 1911  
Electric   1912 27 Aug 1914  
  ♦ El Reno Petrol gasoline        
Electric   1908 192_  
Enid City Railway Enid Electric   1907 1929  
  Lawton Electric   11 Jul 1914 11 Nov 1927  
  McAlester Electric   15 Sep 1903 1932  
  ♦ McAlester – Hartshorne Electric   15 Sep 1903 27 Apr 1947  
Muskogee Electric Traction Company65 Muskogee Electric   15 May 1905 9 Mar 1933  
  Oklahoma City first era Electric   7 Feb 1903 13 Apr 1947  
  ♦ Guthrie Electric   26 May 1905 193_  
  Shawnee Electric   1903 9 Jan 1927  
  ♦ Oklahoma City – El Reno Electric Interurban 3 Dec 1911 9 Nov 1946  
  ♦ Oklahoma City – Guthrie Electric Interurban 20 Jul 1916 9 Nov 1946  
  ♦ Oklahoma City – Norman Electric Interurban 1913 Oct 1947  
Oklahoma City Streetcar Oklahoma City second era Electric       New system under construction,66 projected to open late 2018
  Okmulgee Electric   20 Nov 1911 1919  
  ♦ Sapulpa Electric   1910 193_  
  Tulsa Mule   27 May 1907 Jul 1907  
Electric   Jul 1907 5 Feb 1936  
  ♦ Tulsa – Sand Springs Electric   1911 2 Jan 1955  
  ♦ Tulsa – Sapulpa Electric   Mar 1908 1933  

Oregonedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Albany Steam   1889   May have started as late as 189267
Horse   30 Aug 188968 1909  
Electric   1909 191868  
  Astoria Horse   9 May 188869 1892  
Electric   189269 Jun 192469 Seasonal heritage streetcar line, the Astoria Riverfront Trolley, started 1999
  Baker Horse   4 Jun 189070    
  Corvallis Horse   19 Jun 189071 c 1898–9971  
Eugene Street Railway72 Eugene Horse   26 Jun 1891 1903 Mule-drawn67
Electric   26 Sep 1907 15 Oct 1927 Renamed "Portland, Eugene and Eastern" 1907-191572
  Forest Grove Electric   c 190673 191173  
  Klamath Falls Horse   4 Jul 190774 May 191174  
  Medford Electric   191475 192075 First streetcar was delivered on 16 March 1914
  Portland first era Horse   ca Dec 1872 189676 First test run on 7 Dec 187277
Cable   22 Feb 1890 Aug 190476  
Electric   1 Nov 188978 26 Feb 19507980  
  ♦ Portland – Oregon City, Portland – Bellrose Electric Interurban 16 Feb 1893 25 Jan 1958 Opening date is for Oregon City line; closure date is same for both
  ♦ Portland – Vancouver, Washington Electric   1917 1940  
MAX Light Rail Portland second era Electric Light rail 5 Sep 1986   Reintroduction, as MAX Light Rail
Portland Streetcar 20 Jul 2001   Modern-streetcar system
  Salem Horse   15 Jan 188967    
Electric   27 May 189081 4 Aug 19276781  
  Union Steam   189582    

Pennsylvaniaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
Gettysburg Electric Railway Adams County Electric   Jul 1893 Jun 1917citation needed  
  Aliquippa Electric   191_ 1937 See also Beaver Falls
  Allentown Horse   21 May 1868 17 Apr 1891 Lehigh Valley Transit Co
Electric   1 Jul 1891 18 Jun 1953  
  Altoona Horse   188_    
Electric     1954  
  Bangor Electric   190_ 1933  
  ♦ Bethlehem Electric     18 Jun 1953  
  Beaver Falls – New Brighton Horse   188_    
Electric     1937 See also Aliquippa
  Berwick Electric   191_ 1924  
  Bloomsburg Electric   190_ 1926  
  Bradford Horse   188_    
Electric     1927  
  Butler Electric   190_ 1941  
Scranton Railway Company Carbondale Electric        
  Carlisle Electric   190_ 1938  
  Chambersburg Electric   190_ 1928  
  ♦ Charleroi Electric     1953  
  ♦ Chester Horse   1 Feb 1883 1 Apr 1893  
Electric   10 Dec 1892 1934  
  ♦ Clairton Electric        
West Penn Railways, Coke Division: ♦ Connellsville Electric   1891 1952  
  Corry Electric   1906 27 Aug 1923  
  Danville Electric   190_ 1924  
  ♦ Donora Electric   15 Dec 1901 5 May 1953  
  DuBois Electric   189_ 1926 See also Punxsutawney
  Easton Horse   20 Jun 1889 10 Dec 1892  
Electric   1892 5 Nov 1939 See also Phillipsburg, New Jersey
  Erie Horse   1867    
Electric   25 Jun 1889 11 May 1935  
Springs Horse Railroad Gettysburg Horse    
  Greensburg Electric   1889 3 Jan 1937 Interurban West Penn Railways, Coke Division service continued to 1952
  Hanover Electric   1893 1931 See also York
  Harrisburg Horse   4 Jul 1865 1892  
Electric   20 Jul 1889 16 Jul 1939  
  Hazleton Electric   189_ 1932  
  Hershey Electric   15 Oct 1904 21 Dec 1946  
  Huntingdon Electric     20 Jul 1926  
  Indiana Electric   190_ 1934  
  Jersey Shore Electric   1903    
  Jim Thorpe Electric     1931  
Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway Jim Thorpe formerly Mauch Chunk Gravity        
Johnstown Traction Company Johnstown Horse   188_    
Electric     11 Jun 196083  
  Kittanning – Ford City Electric   Aug 1899 8 Nov 1936  
Conestoga Traction Company Lancaster Horse   Nov 1874    
Electric   1890 20 Sep 1947  
  ♦ Latrobe Electric   1900 1952  
  Lebanon Electric   1891 21 Jul 1930  
  Leechburg – Apollo Electric   23 Mar 1906 17 Mar 1936  
  Lewisburg Electric        
  Lewistown Electric   190_    
  Lock Haven Electric        
  ♦ McKeesport Electric   1890 3 Jun 1938  
  Meadville Electric   189_ 1928  
  Milton Electric   189_ 1928  
  Mount Carmel Electric   189_ 1936  
  New Castle Electric   1889 1940  
  New Kensington Electric   1906 22 May 1937 See also Pittsburgh
  ♦ Norristown Horse   8 Apr 1885 1893 Philadelphia and Western, Lehigh Valley Transit interurban
Electric   21 Jul 1893 9 Sep 1933  
  Oakdale – McDonald Electric   1907 15 Oct 1927 See also Pittsburgh
  Oil City – Franklin Electric   189_ 16 Jun 1928  
  Philadelphia Horse   20 Jan 1858 14 Jan 1897  
Cable   7 Apr 1883 20 Jun 1895  
Electric   15 Dec 1892 1992 Last non Subway–Surface Trolley lines, Routes 23 and 56, closed in 1992
See also: Camden, New Jersey
SEPTA Subway–Surface Trolley Lines Electric   1906   See SEPTA
SEPTA Routes 101 and 102 Electric Light rail 15 Mar 1906   See SEPTA
SEPTA Route 15 Electric   1859

2005

1992

 

Originally opened as a horsecar line in 1859; electrified in 1895; line extensions in 1902–1903 Closed and replaced by buses in 1992 Reopened as a heritage streetcar line in 2005
  ♦♦ Philadelphia Upper Darby – West Chester Horse   24 December 1858 1892  
Electric   1892 1954 Now mostly part of SEPTA
  Pittsburgh Horse   1859 1924  
Cable   Sep 1888 14 Jun 1891  
Electric converted to Light rail 1888

1984

  See: Pittsburgh Railways Also served many neighboring towns
Converted to and opened as Pittsburgh Light Rail starting on 15 Apr 1984; first downtown subway opened 3 Jul 1985; further modernizations in 1987; modernized Overbrook Line opened in 2004; subway extension to North Shore opened in 2012
Light-rail transit LRT system incorporates many segments built previously84
Pittsburgh Railways
Interurban Division
♦♦ Pittsburgh – Charleroi Electric     1953  
  ♦♦ Pittsburgh – McKeesport Electric     1963  
Pittsburgh Railways
Interurban Division
♦♦ Pittsburgh – Washington Electric     29 Aug 1953  
  ♦ Port Vue Electric     1919  
  Pottstown Electric   189_ 1937  
  Pottsville Horse   1872    
Electric   1890 1932  
  Punxsutawney Electric   189_ 1926 See also Du Bois
  Reading Horse   1874    
Electric   26 Nov 1888 17 Jan 1952  
Allenport & Roscoe Street Railway Roscoe Electric   1903 1906 Bought by Pittsburgh Railways
  Sayre Electric   190_ 1930  
  ♦ Scottdale Electric   1891 1952  
  Scranton Horse   4 Jul 1867    
Scranton Transit Company Electric   30 Nov 188685 18 Dec 1954 Scranton Transit Company was known as Scranton Railway Company until 1934
Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad Scranton - Wilkes-Barre Electric        
  Shamokin Electric   189_ 1929  
  Sharon Electric   1890 1939 See also: Youngstown, Ohio
  Shenandoah Electric        
  Stroudsburg Horse   187_    
Electric     1928  
  Sunbury Horse   1885 1890  
Electric   1885

30 May 1890

1885

11 Mar 1939

 
  Titusville Electric   189_ 1924  
  ♦ Uniontown Electric   1890 1952  
Washington and Canonsburg Railway Co ♦ Washington Electric   1903 1909 Bought by Pittsburgh Railways
  Warren Electric   190_ 1929  
  Waynesboro Electric        
  ♦ West Chester Electric   189_ 1927  
  Wilkes-Barre Horse   25 Jul 1866    
Electric   Mar 1888 14 Oct 1950 See also Scranton
  Williamsport Electric   189_ 1933  
  York Horse     Sep 1886  
Electric   1892 Feb 1939 See also Hanover

Rhode Islandedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Block Island Horse     c1898  
  Newport Electric   7 Aug 1889 1925  
  ♦ Pawtucket Horse   26 May 1864    
Electric   20 Jan 1892 11 May 1934 Service continued between Providence and Pawtucket to 26 Jun 1940
  Providence Horse   26 May 1864 26 Apr 1894  
Cable   25 Dec 1889 26 Jan 1895  
Electric   20 Jan 1892 14 May 1948  
  Westerly Electric   189_    
  Woonsocket Horse        
Electric   25 Sep

1888

Dec 1887

1928

 

South Carolinaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Anderson Electric   19 Feb 1905 14 Nov 1934  
  Charleston Horse   15 Oct 1866 1897  
Electric   26 Jun 1897 10 Feb 1938  
  Columbia Horse   12 Oct 1886 1893  
Electric   3 May 1893 11 Mar 1927 Limited service, resumed because of court order, 9 Jan 1931 – 22 Nov 1936
  Gaffney Steam   1892 1896  
  Greenville Horse   1875 1897  
Electric   1900 Oct 1937  
  Orangeburg Horse        
  Rock Hill Accumulator storage battery   24 Feb 1912 1918  
  Spartanburg Horse        
Electric   1900 27 Apr 1935 Service suspended 30 Dec 1922 Limited service restored only one car in operation, 13 Jan 1923 – 21 Jul 1923 Full service resumed 1925

South Dakotaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Aberdeen Electric   Nov 1910 1922  
  Deadwood Horse        
  Hot Springs Electric        
  Pierre Horse        
  Rapid City Horse        
  Sioux Falls Electric     1930  
  Watertown Horse        

Tennesseeedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Athens Horse        
  Bristol Horse        
Electric        
  Chattanooga Horse   ca 1875 1891  
Electric   23 Jun 1889 10 Apr 1947  
  Clarksville Horse   1888 1896  
Electric   1896 16 Jul 1928  
  Cleveland Horse        
  Columbia Horse        
  Jackson Horse   188_    
Electric     1939  
  Johnson City Electric   189_ 1931  
  Knoxville Horse   187_    
Electric     1 Aug 1947  
  Memphis first era Horse   May 1866    
Electric     1947  
MATA Trolley Memphis second era Electric   29 Apr 199386   Main Street Trolley heritage streetcar system opened in 1993; expansions in 1997 and 2004 Service suspended for critical maintenance as of May 2014update
  Nashville Horse   186_    
Electric     1941  

Texasedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Abilene Electric     1931  
  Amarillo Electric     1940  
  Aransas Pass Mule        
  Austin Mule   1875 1891  
Electric   1891 1940  
  Beaumont Electric   190_ 1937  
  Bonham Electric        
  Brownsville Petrol gasoline       Connected Brownsville and San Benito
Electric   1915 1926  
  Cleburne Electric     1917  
  Corpus Christi Mule        
Steam        
Electric   189_ 1934  
  Corsicana Electric   1902 30 Sep 1931  
  Dallas first era Mule   187_    
Cable       Construction started, not completed
Electric   1890 15 Jan 1956  
McKinney Avenue Transit Authority Dallas second era Electric   22 Jul 1989   Reintroduction, as a heritage streetcar line providing regular transit service87
DART Light Rail Electric Light rail 14 Jun 1996    
Dallas Streetcar Electric   13 Apr 201588    
  Denison Mule   188_    
Steam        
Electric     1931  
  Denton Electric     1918  
  Dublin Mule        
  El Paso Horse   Oct 1882 1902  
Electric   11 Jan 1902 1947 International tramway see below continued in operation until 1973
International tramway El Paso – Ciudad Juárez, Chih, México Mule   Oct 1882 1902  
Electric   11 Jan 1902 30 Jul 1973 Operation suspended Aug 1966 – Nov 1967, and Jul 1969 – Nov 1970 because of bridge reconstruction Operation restored following closure, in El Paso only, 14 Nov 1973 – 4 May 1974
  Fort Worth Mule   187_    
Electric     1939  
  Gainesville Mule        
  Galveston first era Mule   1867    
Electric   1891 May 1938  
Galveston Island Trolley Galveston second era Diesel-electric   23 Jul 1988   Heritage streetcar Note: Service has been suspended since 2008, due to damage from Hurricane Ike,89 to be restored around sometime in 201790
Galveston–Houston Electric Railway ♦ Galveston - Houston Electric   1911 1936  
  Greenville Mule        
Electric     14 Dec 1918  
  Haskell Petrol gasoline       Connected Haskell and Hemphill Lake
  Hillsboro Mule     1898  
Electric        
  Houston first era Mule   25 Jan 1868    
Electric   14 Jun 1891 8 Jun 1940  
METRORail Houston second era Electric Light rail 1 Jan 2004    
  Lampasas Mule        
  Laredo Electric   27 Jan 1890 1934 First electric town streetcar line in Texas Also operated international tramway line to Nuevo Laredo, México
  Lockhart Mule        
  Longview Mule        
Electric   188_ 1925  
  Marshall Electric   188_ 1925  
  Matador Petrol gasoline   1914 1936 Connected Matador and Motley Junction
  McKinney Electric     1926  
  Mineral Wells Petrol gasoline        
Electric   1908 1920 System included line connecting Mineral Wells and Elmhurst Park
  Moscow Mule   1846   The opening year of 1846, which appears in a list of Texas town streetcar systems published by the Texas Division, Electric Railroaders Association, is believed unlikely
  Mount Pleasant Mule        
  Palestine Mule   1875 1877  
  Paris Mule   187_    
Electric     1926  
  Port Arthur Petrol gasoline        
Electric     1938  
  Rockport Mule        
  Rusk Mule       Connected Rusk and New Birmingham New Birmingham was located 2 mi 3 km south of Rusk91
  San Angelo Electric   1908    
  San Antonio Mule        
Petrol gasoline        
Electric     1933 First large US town to replace all electric town streetcar services with motorbuses
  Seguin Mule        
  Sherman Mule   1877 1901  
Electric     1931  
  Taylor Mule   1891 1899  
Electric        
  Temple Electric   190_ 1923  
  Texas City Petrol gasoline        
  Tyler Electric   189_    
  Uvalde Steam        
Petrol gasoline        
  Vernon Mule        
  Victoria Mule   1888 1894  
  Waco Mule   1878    
Steam        
Electric     3 Feb 1937  
  Waxahachie Mule   1892 1912  
Electric   1912 Feb 1928  
  Weatherford Mule        
  Wichita Falls Electric   1909 1934 System included line connecting Wichita Falls and Lake Wichita
  Yubadam Mule       Located near Tyler
  • Note: Peschkes Part Four, 1998, Page 125 states that, although listed in some statistics, streetcar systems were not built in the following towns:
    • Brenham
    • Colorado City
    • Henrietta – Seymour
    • Marlin – Wootan Wells
    • Sulphur Springs

Utahedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Brigham City Electric   1907 1919  
  Logan Electric   1910 1926  
  Ogden Horse   188_    
Electric     26 Dec 1935  
  Provo Electric   Oct 1913 1919  
  Salt Lake City first era Horse   187_    
Electric    

1941

1941

1945

 
TRAX Salt Lake City second era Electric Light rail 4 Dec 1999   Reintroduction, as UTA's TRAX
S Line Utah Transit Authority Electric   7 Dec 201392   Modern streetcar system, the S Line Utah Transit Authority originally known as the Sugar House Streetcar project

Vermontedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Barre Electric        
  Bellows Falls Electric        
  Brattleboro Electric   31 Jul 1895 29 Aug 1923  
  Burlington Horse   187_ Green Mountain Railway  
Electric     3 Aug 1929  
  Montpelier Electric     1927 Connected Montpelier and Barre
  Rutland Horse   187_    
Electric     1924  
  Springfield Electric   18__ 195_ Connected Springfield and Charlestown, New Hampshire
  St Albans Electric   190_ 1921  

Virginiaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Charlottesville Horse   188_    
Electric     1935  
  Danville Horse   1886 1888  
Electric     1938  
  Fredericksburg Horse        
  Lynchburg Electric     2 Mar 1941  
  Norfolk first era Horse   186_    
Electric     11 Jul 1947  
  ♦ Newport News Electric   189_ Jan 1946  
  ♦ Portsmouth Electric     1936  
Tide Light Rail Norfolk second era Electric Light rail 19 Aug 2011    
  Petersburg Horse   188_    
Electric     1936  
  Radford Electric        
Richmond Union Passenger Railway Richmond Horse   186_    
Electric   2 Feb 188893 25 Nov 194993 First successful, reliable, large electrified streetcar system in the world, due to its use of the trolley pole invented by Frank J Sprague
  Roanoke Horse   188_    
Electric     31 Aug 1948  
  Staunton Electric        
  Tazewell Electric        

Washingtonedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Aberdeen Electric   1905 31 Jul 1932 Connected Aberdeen, Hoquiam and Cosmopolis
  Bellingham Horse   28 Mar 1891    
Electric   1891 1 Dec 1938  
  Chehalis Electric   1910 1929 Connected Chehalis and Centralia
  Everett Electric   3 Jul 1893 1923  
  Olympia Horse   188_ 189_  
Electric   189_ 1932  
  Port Townsend Steam   18__ 189__  
Electric   1895 189_  
Seattle Street Railway Seattle first era Horse   23 Sep 1884   See: Seattle Street Railway
Cable   29 Sep 1888 9 Aug 1940
Electric     12 Apr 1941
  Seattle second era Electric   29 May 1982 18 Nov 2005 Heritage streetcar line called the Waterfront Streetcar Operation was suspended in 2005, but long-stalled plans to restore service have been dropped, and three of the five cars were sold in 201694
Seattle Streetcar Electric   12 Dec 200795   Reintroduction; see Seattle Streetcar
Central Link Electric Light rail 18 Jul 2009   See Link light rail
  South Bend Electric   1911 Jun 1930 Connected South Bend and Raymond
  Spokane Horse   188_    
Cable   21 Sep 1889 22 Jul 1894  
Electric     193_  
  Tacoma first era Horse   1888    
Cable   4 Aug 1891 8 Apr 1938  
Electric     1938 See Streetcars in Tacoma, Washington
Tacoma Link Tacoma second era Electric Light rail 22 Aug 2003   Reintroduction, as Tacoma Link
  Vancouver Electric     1927 See also Portland, Oregon
  Walla Walla Horse   1890 1899  
Electric   24 Dec 190696 31 Dec 192696  
  ♦ Walla Walla – Milton-Freewater, Oregon Electric   16 Apr 190796 2 Sep 193196 A 14-mile 23 km electric interurban line96
Yakima Valley Transportation Company Yakima Electric   25 Dec 1907 1 Feb 1947 Heritage streetcar service Yakima Valley Trolleys began operation 12 October 1974

West Virginiaedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Bluefield Electric   190_ 1936  
  Charleston Electric     1939  
  Clarksburg Electric   1899 1939  
  Fairmont Electric   1900 1940  
Ohio Valley Electric Railway Huntington Electric   188_ 1938  
  Martinsburg Electric   189_ 189_  
  Morgantown Electric   1903 1934 Morgantown's modern transit system is the Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit people mover
  Newell Electric        
  Parkersburg Horse   1889    
Electric   1898 25 May 1947  
  Princeton Electric     1940  
  Wheeling Horse   21 Jul 1886    
Electric   15 Mar 1888 14 Apr 1948  

Wisconsinedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
Wisconsin Traction Light Heat & Power Appleton Electric   1886 6 Apr 1930  
Ashland Light Power & Street Railway Co Ashland Horse   29 Jun 1887 1893  
Electric   22 Jan 1893 25 Sep 1933  
Beloit Traction Beloit Electric   31 Jul 1907 12 Aug 1930  
Chippewa Valley Electric Company ♦ Chippewa Falls Electric        
Chippewa Valley Electric Company Eau Claire Horse   1880 1889  
Electric   15 Nov 1889 8 Apr 1932  
Eastern Wisconsin Electric Company Fond du Lac Horse   1888 1888  
Electric   20 Oct 1893

27 Jun 1899

1894

1931

 
Green Bay Traction Green Bay Electric   8 Jun 1894 17 Nov 1937  
Janesville Traction Janesville Horse   24 Jul 1886 27 Nov 1891  
Electric   24 Jun 1892 8 Jul 1929  
  Kaukauna Electric   January 29, 1902 from Appleton 1904 from Green Bay May 9, 1928 Served by Wisconsin Traction Light Heat & Power from Appleton and Green Bay Traction The two systems met in Kaukauna to exchange passengers but did not normally run through despite a physical connection
  Kenosha Electric   1 Feb 1903 Jun 1931 Heritage streetcar Kenosha Electric Streetcar opened 17 Jun 200097
  La Crosse Horse   1878    
Electric   1893 1945  
Madison Railways Company Madison Horse   15 Nov 1884 30 Sep 1892  
Electric   1889 3 Feb 1935  
Manitowoc & Two Rivers Railway Manitowoc Electric   1902 9 May 1927 Also served Two Rivers
  Marinette Horse   1889    
Electric   1891 1928 System also served Menominee, Michigan
  Menasha Electric       Served by Wisconsin Traction Light Heat & Power from Appleton
Merrill Railway & Lighting Co Merrill Electric   1889 1921  
The Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light Company Milwaukee Horse   30 Aug 1860    
Electric   3 Apr 1890 2 Mar 1958 System also included interurban lines
Eastern Wisconsin Electric Company Neenah Horse   1880    
Electric        
Eastern Wisconsin Electric Company Oshkosh Horse   18 Oct 1882 1897  
Electric   14 Jul 1897 21 May 1930 Omro was served by a line from Oshkosh
Chicago & Wisconsin Valley Portage Electric   Jun 1913 1922  
  Racine Horse   Oct 1883    
Electric   Nov 1892 1 Oct 1940  
Wisconsin Power & Light Sheboygan Horse   1886 1895  
Electric   27 Nov 1895 1935  
Duluth Street Railway Superior Horse   22 Aug 1887 1890  
Electric   1 Jul 1890 23 Jun 1935 System also served Duluth, Minnesota
  Watertown Electric   Jun 1926 Jul 1927  
Waupaca Electric Light and Railway Company Waupaca Electric   9 Jul 1899 4 Jul 1925  
Wisconsin Valley Electric Wausau Electric   1906 1 Oct 1940  
Wisconsin Rapids Street Railroad Wisconsin Rapids Electric   1 Nov 1910 15 Aug 1931  

Wyomingedit

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date From Date To Notes
  Cheyenne Horse        
Electric     15 Aug 1924  
  Sheridan Electric     1927  

See alsoedit

  • List of town tramway systems – parent article
  • List of town tramway systems in North America
  • Streetcars in North America
  • Light rail in the United States
  • List of United States light rail systems by ridership
  • List of tram and light rail transit systems
  • List of rail transit systems in the United States
  • List of metro systems
  • List of United States rapid transit systems by ridership
  • List of trolleybus systems in the United States

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Middleton, William D 1967 The Time of the Trolley, pp 78–79 Milwaukee: Kalmbach Publishing ISBN 0-89024-013-2
  2. ^ a b c d e f g McGraw Publishing Company, McGraw Electric Railway Manual, 1914
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad McGraw-Hill Company, McGraw Electric Railway Directory, August 1920
  4. ^ http://wwwgadsdentimescom/article/20011211/NEWS/112110307
  5. ^ http://wwwgadsdentimescom/article/20030304/NEWS/303040302
  6. ^ Younger, Jamar October 11, 2011 "Tucson's historic trolleys will suspend operations until 2013" Arizona Daily Star 
  7. ^ "Tucson Sun Link streetcar opens" Railway Gazette International July 25, 2014 Retrieved 2016-03-07 
  8. ^ "The Era of Trolleys in Fort Smith, Arkansas" Fort Smith Trolley Museum Fort Smith Streetcar Restoration Association Inc 1995 Retrieved May 3, 2013 
  9. ^ Hilton, George W; Due, John F 2000 1960 The Electric Interurban Railways in America Stanford, California: Stanford University Press ISBN 0-8047-4014-3 
  10. ^ a b c "Los Angeles County" Chicago Railfan Retrieved 2013-05-11 
  11. ^ "Designing for Transit" PDF Monterey County Retrieved 2013-05-11 
  12. ^ Sacramento Regional Transit
  13. ^ a b c "SAN DIEGO'S EARLY STREETCARS" San Diego History Center Retrieved 2013-05-11 
  14. ^ "Metropolitan Transit System - General Information" San Diego Metropolitan Transit System 2015 Retrieved 2015-01-02 
  15. ^ a b SFMTA
  16. ^ Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority
  17. ^ Port of Los Angeles Waterfront Red Car Line
  18. ^ "History - The FCMR Society" Fort Collins Municipal Railway Society April 24, 2014 Retrieved 2014-07-07 
  19. ^ Abbott, Alana September 3, 2012 "Following the Trolley Tracks" Groton Patch Retrieved 2013-05-08 
  20. ^ Laris, Michael February 27, 2016 "DC streetcar makes its first voyages on H Street ‘Is it really happening’" The Washington Post Retrieved 2016-03-07 
  21. ^ http://vivafl500org/cities/arcadia/
  22. ^ https://wwwfloridamemorycom/items/show/2570
  23. ^ McGraw Transit Directory 1918
  24. ^ Yale University Class of 1914, George Washington Patterson, Yale University
  25. ^ Tebeau, Charlton W 1957 Florida's Last Frontier: The History of Collier County Copeland Studies in Florida History Miami, Florida: University of Miami Press pp 129–130 LCC 57-12971 
  26. ^ a b Mann, Robert W 1957 The Streetcars of Florida's First Coast Charleston SC: History Press, The p 180 ISBN 9781626197077 
  27. ^ http://wwwsfrtaflgov/docs/planning/WAVE_TIGER_IV_FINALPDF
  28. ^ Directory of American Street Railway Investments various years
  29. ^ http://go-rtscom/files/streetcar/2013-08-4-PTAC%202%20Presentation%20_v5%20-%20Finalpdf
  30. ^ Mann, Robert W 1957 The Streetcars of Florida's First Coast Charleston SC: History Press, The pp 193–198 ISBN 9781626197077 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mann, Robert W 1957 The Streetcars of Florida's First Coast Charleston SC: History Press, The pp 17–148 ISBN 9781626197077 
  32. ^ http://wwwmiamidadegov/transit/historyasp
  33. ^ http://wwwmiamigovcom/MiamiStreetcar/pages/
  34. ^ http://digitallibusfedu/SFS0031917/00001
  35. ^ Mann, Robert W 1957 The Streetcars of Florida's First Coast Charleston SC: History Press, The pp 183–189 ISBN 9781626197077 
  36. ^ Mann, Robert W 1957 The Streetcars of Florida's First Coast Charleston SC: History Press, The pp 151–175 ISBN 9781626197077 
  37. ^ Mann, Robert W 1957 The Streetcars of Florida's First Coast Charleston SC: History Press
  38. ^ http://articlesorlandosentinelcom/1999-07-04/news/9907020282_1_sanford-celery-trolley-tracks
  39. ^ a b c d http://tampapreservationorg/2011/01/tampa-streetcar-system/
  40. ^ TECO Line Streetcar
  41. ^ "Streetcars in Albany" RailGAcom February 11, 2013 Retrieved 2013-09-02 
  42. ^ a b Shapiro, Jonathan December 30, 2014 "Will Residents Use The New Atlanta Streetcar" WABE 901 FM Retrieved 2015-01-02 
  43. ^ "Atlanta streetcar breaks ground" Railway Gazette International February 21, 2012 Retrieved 2013-08-07 
  44. ^ a b c d "Streetcars in Savannah" RailGacom June 6, 2013 Retrieved 2013-09-02 
  45. ^ Moran, Dan July 27, 2011 "Last Waukegan streetcar will be riding the rails again" Lake County News-Sun Sun-Times Media Retrieved 2013-05-08 
  46. ^ "Suburban Transit History" Chicago Railfan Retrieved 2013-05-11 
  47. ^ "SUBSIDIARIES AND SYNONYMS" North Shore Line Retrieved 2013-05-11 
  48. ^ a b c d e Vandervoort, Bill "Transit Systems in Kansas" Retrieved 2014-07-11 
  49. ^ a b John T Davis August 2011 "Topeka's Complete Trolley Railway History" The Steel Rails Advocate Retrieved 2014-07-11 
  50. ^ Hennick, Louis C; Charlton, E Harper 1962 Louisiana: Its Street and Interurban Railways 1 Shreveport, LA US: Louis C Hennick pp 31–32 
  51. ^ Town History of Fryeburg, Maine
  52. ^ "Norway's Trolley" Norway Historical Society Norway Historical Society Retrieved 23 April 2013 
  53. ^ About the MBTA --> History --> Electrification, MBTA website official history page, retrieved 2017-08-02
  54. ^ "US Streetcar Systems- Massachusetts - Lowell" RPR Inc Retrieved 2014-07-07 
  55. ^ "Lowell, Massachusetts" APTA Streetcar and Heritage Trolley Site Hosted by the Seashore Trolley Museum Retrieved 2014-07-07 
  56. ^ The Thomson-Houston Road at Lynn, Mass, The Electrical World, Dec 8, 1888, page 303
  57. ^ a b Schramm, Kenneth 2006 Detroit's Street Railways Images of Rail Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing pp 7–8, 11–13 ISBN 0-7385-4027-7 
  58. ^ Kurlyandchik, Mark May 2012 "After 50+ Years, Streetcars Could Come Back to Woodward" Hour Detroit ISSN 1098-9684 Archived from the original on August 21, 2012 Retrieved August 20, 2012 
  59. ^ a b c Prosser, Richard S 2007 Rails to the NorthStar Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press 
  60. ^ Wyatt
  61. ^ Horsley, Lynn May 6, 2016 "After years of planning, setbacks, hard work, KC celebrates streetcar grand opening" The Kansas City Star Retrieved 2016-05-07 
  62. ^ a b Barber, Alicia "Reno Traction Company site" Reno Historical Special Collections, University of Nevada, Reno Libraries Retrieved 2014-07-10 
  63. ^ O'Neill, Tom August 18, 2001 "Exhibit commemorates the streetcar era" Cincinnati Enquirer Retrieved 2009-04-07 
  64. ^ Coolidge, Sharon September 9, 2016 "It's a go: Streetcar finally opens" The Cincinnati Enquirer Retrieved 2016-09-10 
  65. ^ "TRANSIT SYSTEMS IN OKLAHOMA" Chicago Railfan Retrieved 5 May 2013 
  66. ^ "Streetcar work begins in Bricktown" The Oklahoman Feb 7, 2017 Retrieved March 5, 2017 
  67. ^ a b c d Thompson, Richard 2008 Willamette Valley Railways Arcadia Publishing ISBN 978-0-7385-5601-7
  68. ^ a b Thompson, Richard "Albany streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  69. ^ a b c Thompson, Richard "Astoria streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  70. ^ Thompson, Richard "Baker City streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  71. ^ a b Thompson, Richard "Corvallis streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  72. ^ a b Thompson, Richard "Eugene streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  73. ^ a b Thompson, Richard "Forest Grove streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2015-05-12 
  74. ^ a b Thompson, Richard "Klamath Falls streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  75. ^ a b Thompson, Richard "Medford-Jacksonville streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  76. ^ a b Thompson, Richard H 2010 Portland's Streetcar Lines Arcadia Publishing pp 11, 15 ISBN 978-0-7385-8126-2 
  77. ^ Labbe, John T 1980 Fares, Please! Those Portland Trolley Years Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton ISBN 0-87004-287-4
  78. ^ The Morning Oregonian, November 4, 1889, p 4
  79. ^ Thompson, Richard 2006 Portland's Streetcars, p 113 Arcadia Publishing ISBN 0-7385-3115-4
  80. ^ Smith, Virgil S 27 Feb 1950 "Nostalgic Souvenir Hunters Crowd Streetcars on Final Portland Runs" The Oregonian
  81. ^ a b Thompson, Richard "Salem streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  82. ^ Thompson, Richard "Union streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  83. ^ Schneider, Fred W; Carlson, Stephen P 1983 PCC From Coast To Coast Glendale, CA US: Interurban Press ISBN 0-916374-57-2 
  84. ^ "US Urban Rail Transit Lines Opened From 1980: Appendix" publictransitus October 25, 2010 Retrieved 2013-11-02  See also Port Authority of Allegheny County
  85. ^ "museum" The Electric City Trolley Museum Association Retrieved 4 May 2013 
  86. ^ Wilkins, Van Spring 1996 "Heritage Trolleys in Memphis and Galveston" The New Electric Railway Journal Free Congress Foundation ISSN 1048-3845 Retrieved 2011-05-27 
  87. ^ Young, Andrew D 1997 Veteran & Vintage Transit St Louis: Archway Publishing p 76 ISBN 0-9647279-2-7 
  88. ^ Appleton, Roy April 14, 2015 "Downtown-Oak Cliff streetcar debuts with speeches, curious riders" The Dallas Morning News p 1B Retrieved 2015-04-15 
  89. ^ Welcome to Island Transit City of Galveston Retrieved March 26, 2014
  90. ^ http://wwwgalvnewscom/news/article_3369a871-508f-5190-8048-3aab94ad6002html
  91. ^ Long, Christopher June 15, 2010 "NEW BIRMINGHAM, TX" Texas State Historical Association Archived from the original on 2012-10-12 Retrieved 2016-02-25  See also: March, Bill June 15, 2010 "RUSK TRANSPORTATION COMPANY" Texas State Historical Association Retrieved 2016-02-25 
  92. ^ "Salt Lake City welcomes S-Line" Railway Gazette International Sutton, London: Railway Gazette Group December 9, 2013 Retrieved 2013-12-27 
  93. ^ a b IEEE Richmond Section February 1992 "Milestones:Richmond Union Passenger Railway, 1888" IEEE Global History Network IEEE Retrieved 2014-08-09 
  94. ^ Green, Josh January 14, 2016 "Seattle's old waterfront streetcars will live on - in different ways" KING 5 News Archived from the original on January 25, 2016 Retrieved March 7, 2016 
  95. ^ Seattle Times Staff December 12, 2007 "Streetcar starts service" The Seattle Times Retrieved 2016-03-07 
  96. ^ a b c d e Thompson, Richard "Walla Walla Valley Railway" The Oregon Encyclopedia Portland State University Retrieved 2014-05-17 
  97. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, September 2000, pp 348–349 ISSN 1460-8324

Bibliographyedit

  • Books, Periodicals and External Links


List of streetcar systems in the United States Information about

List of streetcar systems in the United States

List of streetcar systems in the United States
List of streetcar systems in the United States

List of streetcar systems in the United States Information Video


List of streetcar systems in the United States viewing the topic.
List of streetcar systems in the United States what, List of streetcar systems in the United States who, List of streetcar systems in the United States explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video



Random Posts

Social Accounts

Facebook Twitter VK
Copyright © 2014. Search Engine