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List of shrinking cities in the United States


The following municipalities in the United States have lost at least 20% of their population, from a peak of over 100,000, since 1950 In all but a few cases, the surrounding metropolitan areas and urban areas including the shrinking metropolitan areas have increased in population In recent decades, most of the cities in the Northeast have begun growing again1

Contents

  • 1 Geography
  • 2 Shrinking cities
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References

Geographyedit

Further information:Rust belt

A patchwork of cities across the northern United States, because of their vibrant industrial economies, were referred to collectively as "the Foundry of the Nation"2 These are also referred to as the Manufacturing Belt or the Factory Belt This includes most of the cities of the Midwest out to the Mississippi River, and many of those in the New England and Mid-Atlantic states, particularly those away from the Eastern Seaboard After World War II, the cities in the area among the nation's 100 largest in the middle-20th century had population that had fallen most by the century's end3

At the center lies an area stretching from northern Indiana and southern Michigan in the west to Upstate New York in the east, where local tax revenues still rely more heavily on manufacturing than on any other sector by far the largest contiguous area of the US where this is the case4

Shrinking citiesedit

BuffaloClevelandDetroitGaryNew OrleansPittsburghSt LouisYoungstown
City1950
population
Peak population
year
2010
population
Decline
from peak
 % decline
from peak
Akron, Ohio7005274605000000000♠274,6057005290351000000000♠290,351 19607005199110000000000♠199,1107004912410000000000♠91,2417001345000000000000♠345%
Albany, New York7005134995000000000♠134,9957005134995000000000♠134,995 19507004978560000000000♠97,8567004371390000000000♠37,1397001275000000000000♠275%
Baltimore, Maryland7005949708000000000♠949,7087005949708000000000♠949,708 19507005620961000000000♠620,9617005328747000000000♠328,7477001346000000000000♠346%
Birmingham, Alabama7005326037000000000♠326,0377005340887000000000♠340,887 19607005212237000000000♠212,2377005128650000000000♠128,6507001377000000000000♠377%
Boston, Massachusetts7005801444000000000♠801,4447005801444000000000♠801,444 19507005617594000000000♠617,5947005183850000000000♠183,8507001229000000000000♠229%
Buffalo, New York7005580132000000000♠580,1327005580132000000000♠580,132 19507005270240000000000♠270,2407005309892000000000♠309,8927001534000000000000♠534%
Camden, New Jersey7005124555000000000♠124,5557005124555000000000♠124,555 19507004773440000000000♠77,3447004472110000000000♠47,2117001379000000000000♠379%
Canton, Ohio7005116912000000000♠116,9127005116912000000000♠116,912 19507004730070000000000♠73,0077004439050000000000♠43,9057001376000000000000♠376%
Chicago, Illinois7006362096200000000♠3,620,9627006362096200000000♠3,620,962 19507006269559800000000♠2,695,5987005925364000000000♠925,3647001256000000000000♠256%
Cincinnati, Ohio7005503998000000000♠503,9987005503998000000000♠503,998 19507005296943000000000♠296,9437005207055000000000♠207,0557001411000000000000♠411%
Cleveland, Ohio7005914808000000000♠914,8087005914808000000000♠914,808 19507005396815000000000♠396,8157005517993000000000♠517,9937001566000000000000♠566%
Dayton, Ohio7005243872000000000♠243,8727005262332000000000♠262,332 19607005141527000000000♠141,5277005120805000000000♠120,8057001461000000000000♠461%
Detroit, Michigan7006184956800000000♠1,849,5687006184956800000000♠1,849,568 19507005713777000000000♠713,7777006113579100000000♠1,135,7917001614000000000000♠614%
Erie, Pennsylvania7005130803000000000♠130,8037005138440000000000♠138,440 19607005101786000000000♠101,7867004366540000000000♠36,6547001265000000000000♠265%
Flint, Michigan7005163413000000000♠163,4137005196940000000000♠196,940 19607005102434000000000♠102,4347004945060000000000♠94,5067001480000000000000♠48%
Gary, Indiana7005133911000000000♠133,9117005178320000000000♠178,320 19607004802940000000000♠80,2947004980260000000000♠98,0267001550000000000000♠55%
Hammond, Indiana7004875950000000000♠87,5957005111698000000000♠111,698 19607004808300000000000♠80,8307004308680000000000♠30,8687001276000000000000♠276%
Hartford, Connecticut7005177397000000000♠177,3977005177397000000000♠177,397 19507005124060000000000♠124,0607004533370000000000♠53,3377001301000000000000♠301%
Jersey City, New Jersey7005299017000000000♠299,0177005316715000000000♠316,715 19307005247597000000000♠247,5977004691180000000000♠69,1187001218000000000000♠218%
Milwaukee, Wisconsin7005637392000000000♠637,3927005741324000000000♠741,324 19607005594833000000000♠594,8337005146491000000000♠146,4917001198000000000000♠198%
Minneapolis, Minnesota7005521718000000000♠521,7187005521718000000000♠521,718 19507005382578000000000♠382,5787005139140000000000♠139,1407001267000000000000♠267%
Newark, New Jersey7005438776000000000♠438,7767005442337000000000♠442,337 19307005277140000000000♠277,1407005165197000000000♠165,1977001373009999900000♠373%
New Haven, Connecticut7005164443000000000♠164,4437005164443000000000♠164,443 19507005129779000000000♠129,7797004346640000000000♠34,6647001211000000000000♠211%
New Orleans, Louisiana7005570445000000000♠570,4457005627525000000000♠627,525 19607005384320000000000♠384,3207005243205000000000♠243,2057001388009999900000♠388%
Niagara Falls, New York7004908720000000000♠90,8727005102394000000000♠102,394 19607004501940000000000♠50,1947004522000000000000♠52,2007001510000000000000♠51%
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania7006207160500000000♠2,071,6057006207160500000000♠2,071,605 19507006152600600000000♠1,526,0067005545599000000000♠545,5997001263000000000000♠263%
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania7005676806000000000♠676,8067005676806000000000♠676,806 19507005305704000000000♠305,7047005371102000000000♠371,1027001548000000000000♠548%
Providence, Rhode Island7005248674000000000♠248,6747005253504000000000♠253,504 19407005178042000000000♠178,0427004749390000000000♠74,9397001296000000000000♠296%
Reading, Pennsylvania7005109320000000000♠109,3207005111171000000000♠111,171 19307004880820000000000♠88,0827004230890000000000♠23,0897001208000000000000♠208%
Rochester, New York7005332488000000000♠332,4887005332488000000000♠332,488 19507005210565000000000♠210,5657005121923000000000♠121,9237001367000000000000♠367%
Scranton, Pennsylvania7005125536000000000♠125,5367005143333000000000♠143,333 19307004760890000000000♠76,0897004672440000000000♠67,2447001469000000000000♠469%
Somerville, Massachusetts7005102351000000000♠102,3517005103908000000000♠103,908 19307004757540000000000♠75,7547004281540000000000♠28,1547001271000000000000♠271%
South Bend, Indiana7005115911000000000♠115,9117005132445000000000♠132,445 19607005101168000000000♠101,1687004312770000000000♠31,2777001236000000000000♠236%
St Louis, Missouri7005856796000000000♠856,7967005856796000000000♠856,796 19507005319294000000000♠319,2947005537502000000000♠537,5027001627000000000000♠627%
Syracuse, New York7005220583000000000♠220,5837005220583000000000♠220,583 19507005145170000000000♠145,1707004754130000000000♠75,4137001342000000000000♠342%
Toledo, Ohio7005303616000000000♠303,6167005383818000000000♠383,818 19707005287208000000000♠287,2087004966100000000000♠96,6107001252000000000000♠252%
Trenton, New Jersey7005128009000000000♠128,0097005128009000000000♠128,009 19507004849130000000000♠84,9137004430960000000000♠43,0967001337000000000000♠337%
Utica, New York7005100489000000000♠100,4897005101740000000000♠101,740 19307004622350000000000♠62,2357004395050000000000♠39,5057001388009999900000♠388%
Washington, DC7005802178000000000♠802,1787005802178000000000♠802,178 19507005601723000000000♠601,7237005200455000000000♠200,4557001250000000000000♠25%
Wilmington, Delaware7005110356000000000♠110,3567005112504000000000♠112,504 19407004708510000000000♠70,8517004416530000000000♠41,6537001370000000000000♠37%
Youngstown, Ohio7005168330000000000♠168,3307005170002000000000♠170,002 19307004669820000000000♠66,9827005103020000000000♠103,0207001606000000000000♠606%

Note: New Orleans' population is registering large increases post-Hurricane Katrina
Some cities like San Francisco and Chicago registered 4 decades of population declines 1950 thru 1980 before growing again In 1980, SF may have been considered a shrinking city but this is no longer the case

See alsoedit

  • Commuter town
  • Decline of Detroit
  • Depopulation of the Great Plains
  • Rural flight
  • Urban sprawl
  • Urbanization
  • White flight
  • Black flight

International:

  • List of Canadian municipalities having experienced population decreases
  • List of cities whose population has fallen under a million

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "By 2040, DC's population could be close to 900,000" Retrieved 16 June 2016 
  2. ^ "Sun On The Snow Belt editorial" Chicago Tribune August 25, 1985 Retrieved October 7, 2015 
  3. ^ Hansen, Jeff; et al March 10, 2007 "Which Way Forward" The Birmingham News Retrieved October 7, 2015 
  4. ^ "Rural Classifications:2004 County Typology Codes" USDA Economic Research Service Retrieved October 7, 2015 


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List of shrinking cities in the United States


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