List of Polish monarchs


Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes the 9th–14th century or by kings and queens the 11th-18th century The longest-reigning dynasties were the Piasts ca 860–1370 and Jagiellonians 1386–1572

During the latter period, a tradition of free election of monarchs made it a uniquely electable position in Europe 16th–18th centuries Polish independence ended with the Third Partition of Poland 1795 and was restored at the end of World War I 1918 on a republican basis

Contents

  • 1 Poland in the Early Middle Ages
    • 11 Legendary rulers
    • 12 Semi-legendary rulers of the western Polans Greater Poland
    • 13 Piast Dynasty Dukes of the Polans
  • 2 Kingdom of Poland, 966–1569
    • 21 Piast dukes and kings
    • 22 Fragmentation of the Kingdom of Poland, 1138–1314
      • 221 Piast high dukes
      • 222 Reunification attempts in the Kingdom of Poland 1232–1305
        • 2221 Piast kings
        • 2222 Přemyslid kings
    • 23 Reunited Kingdom of Poland, 1314–1569
      • 231 Piast kings
      • 232 Anjou kings
      • 233 Jagiellonian kings
  • 3 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1569–1795
  • 4 Duchy of Warsaw, 1807–1815
  • 5 Pretenders to the Polish throne
    • 51 Not recognized Royal elections
  • 6 See also
  • 7 External links
  • 8 Bibliography
  • 9 References

Poland in the Early Middle Ages

See: Poland in the Early Middle Ages

Legendary rulers

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Lech I
6th century 6th century 6th century Legendary founder of the Polish nation Lechites Tribe
Krakus I
  • Krak
8th century 8th century 8th century Legendary founder of Kraków Lechites Tribe
Krakus II
  • Krak II
8th century 8th century 8th century Legendary son and successor of Krakus Lechites Tribe
Lech II
8th century 8th century 8th century Legendary son of Krakus and successor of Krakus II Lechites Tribe
Wanda
  • Wąda
8th century 8th century 8th century Legendary daughter of Krakus Lechites Tribe

Semi-legendary rulers of the western Polans Greater Poland

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Leszko I
  • Leszek I
  • Duke
7th / 8th centuries 7th / 8th centuries 7th[4] / 8th centuries A semi-legendary ruler of the West Slavic "proto-Polish" tribe of Goplans and Polans Goplans and Polans Tribes
Leszko II
  • Leszek II
  • Duke
8th century 8th century 8th century A semi-legendary ruler of the West Slavic "proto-Polish" tribe of Goplans and Polans Popielids
Leszko III
  • Leszek III
  • Duke
8th century 8th century 8th century A semi-legendary ruler of the West Slavic "proto-Polish" tribe of Goplans and Polans Popielids
Popiel I
  • Duke
8th century 8th century 8th century A semi-legendary ruler of the West Slavic "proto-Polish" tribe of Goplans and Polans Popielids
Popiel II
  • Duke
9th century 9th century 9th century A semi-legendary ruler of the West Slavic "proto-Polish" tribe of Goplans and Polans Popielids

Piast Dynasty Dukes of the Polans

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Piast the Wheelwright
  • Polish: Piast Kołodziej
    Latin: Past Ckosisconis, Pazt filius Chosisconisu
  • Duke
9th century 9th century 9th century A legendary ruler of the Polans
Son of Chościsko, father of Siemowit
Founder of the Piast dynasty
Piast
Siemowit
  • Ziemowit
  • Duke
9th century 9th century 9th century Son of Piast the Wheelwright and Rzepicha Piast
Lestek
  • Leszek, Lestko
  • Duke
9th / 10th centuries 9th / 10th centuries 9th / 10th centuries Son of Siemowit Piast
Siemomysł
  • Ziemomysł
  • Duke
10th century 10th century 10th century Son of Lestek Piast

Kingdom of Poland, 966–1569

Piast dukes and kings

See also: History of Poland during the Piast dynasty
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Mieszko I of Poland
  • Duke
ca 940 – 25 May 992 ca 960 992 Son of Siemomysł
First Christian Polish monarch
Misico, dux Wandalorum
Piast
Bolesław I the Brave
  • Bolesław I the Great
    Polish: Bolesław I Chrobry Wielki
  • King
967 – 17 June 1025 Duke: 992
King: 18 April 1025
Duke: 18 April 1025
King: 17 June 1025
Son of Mieszko I and Dobrawa of Bohemia
First to be crowned king
Regnum Sclavorum, Gothorum sive Polonorum
Piast
Mieszko II Lambert
  • King
ca 990 – 10/11 May 1034 1025 1031 Son of Bolesław I and Emnilda of Lusatia Piast
Bezprym
  • Duke
ca 986–1032 1031 1032 Son of Bolesław I and Judith of Hungary Piast
Otto Bolesławowic
  • Duke
1000–1033 1032 1032 Son of Bolesław I and Emnilda Piast
Dytryk
  • Theoderick
  • Duke
after 992 – after 1032 1032 1032 /1033 Grandson of Mieszko I and Oda of Haldensleben Piast
Mieszko II Lambert
  • Duke
ca 990 – 10/11 May 1034 1032 1034 Restored Piast
Bolesław the Forgotten
  • Polish: Bolesław Zapomniany
  • Duke
before 1016 – 1038 or 1039 1034 1038 /1039 Semi-legendary, existence disputed Piast
Casimir I the Restorer
  • Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel
  • Duke
1016-06-2525 June 1016 – 28 November 10581058-11-28 aged 42 1039 1058 Son of Mieszko II and Richeza of Lotharingia Piast
Bolesław II the Bold
  • Polish: Bolesław II Szczodry / Śmiały
  • King
ca 1041 or 1042 – 2 or 3 April 1081 or 1082 Duke: 1058
King: 1076
Duke: 1076
King: 1079
Son of Kazimierz I and Maria Dobroniega of Kiev Piast
Władysław I Herman
  • Duke
ca 1044 – 4 June 1102 1079 1102 Son of Kazimierz I and Maria Dobroniega Piast
Zbigniew
  • Zbygniew
  • Duke
ca 1073 – 8 July 1113 1102 1107 Son of Władysław I and Przecława of Prawdzic coat of arms disputed
First jointly with Władysław I 1098-1102
Piast
Bolesław III Wrymouth
  • Polish: Bolesław III Krzywousty
  • Duke
1086-08-2020 August 1086 – 28 October 11381138-10-28 aged 52 1107 1138 Son of Władysław I and Judith of Bohemia
First jointly with Władysław 1098-1102
Introduced senioral principle
Piast

Fragmentation of the Kingdom of Poland, 1138–1314

See also: Fragmentation of the realm and Testament of Bolesław III Wrymouth

Piast high dukes

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Władysław II the Exile
  • Polish: Władysław II Wygnaniec
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
1105 – 30 May 1159 1138 1146 Son of Bolesław III and Zbyslava of Kiev
Also Duke of Silesia
Exiled by his brothers
Piast
Bolesław IV the Curly
  • Polish: Bolesław Kędzierzawy
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1125 – 5 January 1173 1146 1173 Son of Bolesław III and Salomea of Berg
Also Duke of Masovia
Piast
Mieszko III the Old
  • Polish: Mieszko III Stary
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1127 – 13 March 1202 1173 1177 Son of Bolesław III and Salomea
Also Duke of Greater Poland
Piast
Casimir II the Just
  • Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1138 – 5 May 1194 1177 1190 Son of Bolesław III and Salomea
Also Duke of Wiślica and Sandomierz
Piast
Mieszko III the Old
  • Polish: Mieszko III Stary
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1127 – 13 March 1202 1190 1190 Restored Piast
Casimir II the Just
  • Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1138 – 5 May 1194 1190 1194 Restored Piast
Leszek I the White
  • Polish: Leszek Biały
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1186 – 24 November 1227 1194 1198 Son of Casimir II and Helen of Znojmo
Also Duke of Sandomierz
Piast
Mieszko III the Old
  • Polish: Mieszko III Stary
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1127 – 13 March 1202 1198 1199 Restored Piast
Leszek I the White
  • Polish: Leszek Biały
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1186 – 24 November 1227 1199 1199 Restored Piast
Mieszko III the Old
  • Polish: Mieszko III Stary
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1127 – 13 March 1202 1199 1202 Restored Piast
Władysław III Spindleshanks
  • Polish: Władysław III Laskonogi
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1161/66 – 3 November 1231 1202 1202 Son of Mieszko III and Eudoxia of Kiev
Also Duke of Greater Poland
Piast
Leszek I the White
  • Polish: Leszek Biały
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1186 – 24 November 1227 1202 1210 Restored Piast
Mieszko IV Tanglefoot
  • Polish: Mieszko I Plątonogi
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1130 – 16 May 1211 1210 1211 Son of Władysław II and Agnes of Babenberg
Also Duke of Silesia
Piast
Leszek I the White
  • Polish: Leszek Biały
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1186 – 24 November 1227 1211 1225 Restored Piast
Henryk I the Bearded
  • Polish: Henryk I Brodaty
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1165 – 19 March 1238 1225 1225 Grandson of Władysław II, son of Bolesław I the Tall and Krystyna
Also Duke of Silesia
Piast
Leszek I the White
  • Polish: Leszek Biały
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1186 – 24 November 1227 1225 1227 Restored
Assassinated
Piast
Władysław III Spindleshanks
  • Polish: Władysław III Laskonogi
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1161/66 – 3 November 1231 1227 1229 Restored Piast
Konrad I of Masovia
  • Polish: Konrad I Mazowiecki
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1187/88 – 31 August 1247 1229 1232 Son of Kazimierz II and Helen of Znojmo
Also Duke of Masovia
Piast
Henryk I the Bearded
  • Polish: Henryk I Brodaty
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1165 – 19 March 1238 1232 1238 Restored Piast
Henryk II the Pious
  • Polish: Henryk II Pobożny
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1196 – 9 April 1241 1238 1241 Son of Henry I and Saint Hedwig of Andechs Saint Hedwig of Silesia
Slso Duke of Wroclaw and Greater Poland
Fell at Battle of Legnica
Piast
Bolesław II Rogatka
  • Bolesław II the Horned
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1220–1225 1241 1241 Son of Henry II and Anne of Bohemia
Also Duke of Silesia
Piast
Konrad I of Masovia
  • Polish: Konrad I Mazowiecki
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1187/88 – 31 August 1247 1241 1243 Restored Piast
Bolesław V the Chaste
  • Polish: Bolesław Wstydliwy
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
21 June 1226 – 7 December 1279 1243 1279 Son of Leszek the White and Grzymislawa of Luck Piast
Leszek II the Black
  • Polish: Leszek Czarny
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1241 – 30 September 1288 1279 1288 Paternal grandson of Konrad I of Masovia
Maternal grandson of Henry II
Son of Casimir I of Kuyavia and Constance of Wrocław
Piast
Bolesław II of Masovia
  • Boleslaw II of Płock
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1251 – 20 April 1313 1288 1288 Grandson of Konrad I of Masovia
Duke of Masovia
Piast
Henryk IV Probus
  • Polish: Henryk IV Prawy
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1257/58 – 23 June 1290 1288 1289 Paternal grandson of Henryk II
Maternal grandson of Konrad I
Son of Henry III the White and Judyta of Masovia
Duke of Lower Silesia
Piast
Bolesław II of Masovia
  • Boleslaw II of Płock
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1251 – 20 April 1313 1289 1289 Restored Piast
Władysław I the Elbow-high
  • Polish: Władysław I Łokietek
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
1261 – 2 March 1333 1289 1289 Grandson of Konrad I of Masovia
Son of Kazimierz I of Kujawia and Euphrosyne of Opole
Piast
Henryk IV Probus
  • Polish: Henryk IV Prawy
  • High Duke
    Supreme Prince
ca 1257/58 – 23 June 1290 1289 1290 Restored Piast

Reunification attempts in the Kingdom of Poland 1232–1305

See also: Reunification attempts by Przemysł II and Wenceslaus II Piast kings
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Przemysł II
  • Premyslas, Premislaus
  • King
1257-10-1414 October 1257 – 8 February 12961296-02-08 aged 38 High Duke: 1290
King: 1295
High Duke: 1291
King: 1296
Grandson of Henryk II
Son of Przemysł I and Elisabeth of Wrocław
Also Duke of Poznań, Greater Poland and Pomerania
Piast
Přemyslid kings
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
  • Polish: Wacław II Czeski
  • King
1271-09-2727 September 1271 – 21 June 13051305-06-21 aged 33 High Duke: 1291
King: 1300
High Duke: 1300
King: 1305
Son of Ottokar II of Bohemia and Kunigunda of Slavonia
Married Przemysł II's daughter Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
Also King of Bohemia
Přemyslid
Wenceslaus III of Bohemia
  • Polish: Wacław III Czeski
  • King[5]
1289-10-066 October 1289 – 4 August 13061306-08-04 aged 16 1305 1306 Son of Wenceslaus II and Judith of Habsburg
Uncrowned
Assassinated
Přemyslid

Reunited Kingdom of Poland, 1314–1569

See also: Reunited Kingdom of Poland

Piast kings

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Władysław I the Elbow-high
  • Polish: Władysław I Łokietek
  • King
1261 – 2 March 1333 1320 1333 Restored
Re-united the Kingdom of Poland
Piast
Casimir III the Great
  • Polish: Kazimierz III Wielki
  • King
1310-04-3030 April 1310 – 5 November 13701370-11-05 aged 60 1333 1370 Son of Władysław I the Elbow-high and Jadwiga of Kalisz
Regarded as one of the greatest Polish monarchs
Piast

Anjou kings

See also: Louis I and Jadwiga of the Anjou dynasty 1370–1399
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Louis I of Hungary
  • Polish: Ludwik Węgierski
  • King
1326-03-055 March 1326 – 10 September 13821382-09-10 aged 56 1370 1382 Son of Charles I of Hungary and Elizabeth of Poland
Nephew of Casimir III
Elected king and crowned on 17 November
Also King of Hungary
Anjou
Jadwiga of Poland
  • Polish: Jadwiga Andegaweńska
  • King[6]
1373/4 – 17 July 1399 16 October 1384 17 July 1399 Daughter of Louis I and Elizabeth of Bosnia
Crowned "king", 1384
Reigned jointly with her husband
Władysław II Jagiełło from 1386
Anjou

Jagiellonian kings

See also: History of Poland during the Jagiellonian dynasty
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Władysław II Jagiełło
  • King
ca 1351/1362 – 1 June 14341434-06-01 4 March 1386 1 June 1434 Son of Algirdas of Lithuania and Uliana of Tver
Grand Duke of Lithuania, 1377-1434
Reigned jointly with his wife Jadwiga till 1399
The longest-reigning King of Poland
Jagiellonian
Władysław III of Poland
  • Władysław III of Varna, Władysław Warneńczyk
  • King
1424-10-3131 October 1424 - 10 November 14441444-11-10 aged 20 25 July 1434 10 November 1444 Son of Władysław II Jagiełło and Sophia of Halshany
Also king of Hungary, as Ulászló I
Fell at Battle of Varna, in Bulgaria, hence called "of Varna"
Jagiellonian
Casimir IV Jagiellon
  • Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk
  • King
1427-11-3030 November 1427 - 7 June 14921492-06-07 aged 64 25 June 1447 7 June 1492 Son of Władysław II and Sophia of Halshany
Also Grand Duke of Lithuania, 1440–92
His successful reign ended in the final destruction of the Teutonic Knights
Jagiellonian
John I Albert
  • Jan I Olbracht
  • King
1459-12-2727 December 1459 - 17 June 15011501-06-17 aged 41 23 September 1492 16 June 1501 Son of Casimir IV and Elisabeth of Austria Jagiellonian
Alexander I Jagiellon
  • Aleksander I Jagiellończyk
  • King
1461-08-055 August 1461 - 19 August 15061506-08-19 aged 45 12 December 1501 19 August 1506 Son of Casimir IV and Elisabeth of Austria
Also Grand Duke of Lithuania 1492-1506
Jagiellonian
Sigismund I the Old
  • Zygmunt I Stary
  • King
1467-01-011 January 1467 – 1 April 15481548-04-01 aged 81 8 December 1506 1 April 1548 Son of Casimir IV and Elisabeth of Austria
Also Grand Duke of Lithuania
Forced Prussian Homage in 1525
Annexed Duchy of Masovia in 1526
Entered alliance with Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
Jagiellonian
Sigismund II Augustus
  • Zygmunt II August
  • King
1520-08-011 August 1520 – 7 July 15721572-07-07 aged 51 1 April 1548 7 July 1572 Son of Sigismund I and Bona Sforza
Also Grand Duke of Lithuania
Replaced the personal union of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with a real union and an elective monarchy Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569
Jagiellonian

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1569–1795

See also: Rzeczpospolita

See also: History of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569–1648 and History of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1648–1764 and History of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1764–95

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Henry de Valois
  • Henryk Walezy
  • King
1551-09-1919 September 1551 – 2 August 15891589-08-02 aged 37 21 February 1574 12 May 1575 Son of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici
Abandoned the Polish throne three months after his coronation in order to become King of France
Valois
Anna
  • Anna Jagiellonka
  • King[7]
1523-10-1818 October 1523 – 9 September 15961596-09-09 aged 72 15 December 1575 12 December 1586 Daughter of Sigismund I and Bona Sforza
Reigned together with her husband Stephen Báthory
Jagiellonian
Stephen Báthory
  • Stefan Batory
  • King
1533-09-2727 September 1533 – 12 December 15861586-12-12 aged 53 15 December 1575 12 December 1586 Son of Stephen VIII Báthory and Catherine Telegdi
Prince of Transylvania
Reigned together with his wife Anna
Báthory
Sigismund III
  • Zygmunt III Waza
  • King
20 June 1566 – 30 April 16321632-04-30 aged 65 18 September 1587 19 April 1632 Grandson of Sigismund I
Son of John III of Sweden and Catherine Jagiellon
Also King of Sweden 1592-1599, titular King 1599–1632
During his reign Polish troops captured Moscow
Moved capital from Kraków to Warsaw
Vasa
Władysław IV
  • Władysław IV Waza
  • King
9 June 1595 – 20 May 16481648-05-20 aged 52 8 November 1632 20 May 1648 Son of Sigismund III and Anne of Austria
Titular Tsar of Russia 1610–1634, titular King of Sweden 1632–1648
Vasa
John II Casimir
  • Jan II Kazimierz
  • King
1609-03-2222 March 1609 – 16 December 16721672-12-16 aged 63 20 November 1648 16 September 1668 Son of Sigismund III and Constance of Austria
Titular King of Sweden 1648-1660
Abdicated
Vasa
Michael I
  • Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki
  • King
1640-05-31May 31, 1640 – November 10, 16731673-11-10 aged 33 19 June 1669 10 November 1673 Son of a successful but controversial military commander, Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, and Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Wiśniowiecki
John III
  • Jan III Sobieski
  • King
1629-08-1717 August 1629 – 17 June 16961696-06-17 aged 66 21 May 1674 17 June 1696 Son of Jakub Sobieski and Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz
Most famous for his brilliant victory over the Turks at the Battle of Vienna in 1683
Sobieski
Augustus II the Strong
  • August II Mocny
  • King
1670-05-1212 May 1670 – 1 February 17331733-02-01 aged 62 15 September 1697 16 February 1704 deposed
24 September 1706 abdicates
Son of John George III and Anna Sophie of Denmark
Elector of Saxony as Frederick Augustus I, 1694–1733
Wettin
Stanisław I
  • Stanisław I Leszczyński
  • King
1677-10-2020 October 1677 – 23 February 17661766-02-23 aged 88 4 October 1705 8 August 1709 Son of Rafał Leszczyński and Anna Jabłonowska
Yielded to Augustus II
Leszczyński
Augustus II the Strong
  • August II Mocny
  • King
1670-05-1212 May 1670 – 1 February 17331733-02-01 aged 62 8 August 1709 1 February 1733 Restored Wettin
Stanisław I
  • Stanisław I Leszczyński
  • King
1677-10-2020 October 1677 – 23 February 17661766-02-23 aged 88 12 September 1733 30 June 1734
deposed
27 January 1736
abdicates
Restored
Defeated in War of the Polish Succession
Became Duke of Lorraine until his death
Leszczyński
Augustus III
  • August III Sas
  • King
17 October 1696 – 5 October 17631763-10-05 aged 66 17 January 1734
in opposition
30 June 1734
effectively
5 October 1763 Son of Augustus II and Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Wettin
Stanisław II August
  • Stanisław August Poniatowski
  • King
1732-01-1717 January 1732 – 12 February 17981798-02-12 aged 66 25 November 1764 7 January 1795 Son of Stanisław Poniatowski and Konstancja Czartoryska
Forced to abdicate when the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth the Polish Republic since May 3, 1791 ceased to exist
Poniatowski

Duchy of Warsaw, 1807–1815

See also: Duchy of Warsaw
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Frederick Augustus I
  • Fryderyk August I
  • Duke
1750-12-2323 December 1750 – 5 May 18271827-05-05 9 June 1807 22 May 1815 Son of Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony and Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria
Duke of Warsaw
Wettin

Pretenders to the Polish throne

Part of a series on the
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  • Vratislaus II of Bohemia 1085–1092
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Not recognized Royal elections

See also: Royal elections in Poland
  • Maxmilian II Habsburg 1575–1576, See: Free election, 1576
  • Maxmilian III Habsburg 1587–1589, See: Free election, 1587
  • François Louis de Bourbon 1697, See: Free election, 1697

See also

  • Kings of Poland family tree
  • Royal coronations in Poland
  • Princely Houses of Poland
  • Dukes of Greater Poland
  • Dukes of Masovia
  • Dukes of Pomerania
  • Dukes of Sieradz-Łęczyca
  • Dukes of Silesia
  • List of rulers of Partitioned Poland
  • List of Galician rulers
  • List of heads of state of Poland
  • List of Prime Ministers of Poland
  • List of Poles
  • List of Polish consorts

External links

  • Górczyk, Wojciech, "Półksiężyc, orzeł, lew i smok Uwagi o godłach napieczętnych Piastów" Histmagorg June 14, 2009

Bibliography

  • Duczmal M, Jagiellonowie Leksykon biograficzny, Kraków 1996
  • Dybkowska A, Żaryn J, Żaryn M, Polskie dzieje Od czasów najdawniejszych po współczesność, wyd 2, Warszawa 1995 ISBN 83-01-11870-9
  • Gierowski JA, Rzeczpospolita w dobie złotej wolności 1648–1763, Kraków 2001 ISBN 83-85719-56-3
  • Grodziski S, Polska w czasach przełomu 1764–1815, Kraków 2001 ISBN 83-85719-45-8
  • Grodziski S, Porównawcza historia ustrojów państwowych, Kraków 1998 ISBN 83-7052-840-6
  • Grzybowski S, Dzieje Polski i Litwy 1506–1648, Kraków 2000 ISBN 83-85719-48-2
  • Morby JE, Dynastie świata Przewodnik chronologiczny i genealogiczny, Kraków 1995, s 261-263 ISBN 83-7006-263-6
  • Wyrozumski J, Dzieje Polski piastowskiej VIII w-1370, Kraków 1999 ISBN 83-85719-38-5
  • Zientara B, Henryk Brodaty i jego czasy, wyd 2, Warszawa 1997

References

  1. ^ Since 1574
  2. ^ It was not allowed to use abbreviations and acronyms
  3. ^ In the 17th century and later Poland was usually known as the Most Serene Republic of Poland Polish: Najjaśniejsza Rzeczpospolita Polska, Latin: Serenissima Res Publica Poloniae
  4. ^ dated around 700 by Marcin Bielski
  5. ^ Uncrowned - also considered titular King of Poland
  6. ^ Jadwiga was crowned King of Poland — Hedvig Rex Poloniæ, not Hedvig Regina Poloniæ Polish law had no provision for a female ruler queen regnant, but did not specify that the monarch had to be male The masculine gender of her title was also meant to emphasize that she was monarch in her own right, not a queen consort
  7. ^ Anna was crowned King of Poland


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List of Polish monarchs
List of Polish monarchs

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