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List of Lake Erie Islands

names of lake erie islands, list of lake erie islands
The Lake Erie Islands are a chain of archipelagic islands in Lake Erie They include Kelleys Island, Pelee Island, the Bass Islands, and several others The majority of these islands are under the sovereignty of Ohio in the United States Pelee Island is the only major island administered by Ontario, while the smaller Middle Island is the southernmost point in Canada Most islands that are large enough are popular tourist attractions with car ferries running from the mainland and between some islands and some small airports and numerous private marinas offering other ways to reach the islands Combined with nearby Sandusky and Port Clinton, Ohio, the islands are part of the collective area known regionally as "Vacationland"1

Contents

  • 1 Geology
  • 2 Economy
  • 3 Residents
  • 4 Lake Erie islands
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Geologyedit

Depth map showing the three basins of Lake Erie The islands are in the westernmost, shallowest basin Glacial grooves stemming from the Wisconsin glaciation at Kelleys Island, Ohio

The Lake Erie Islands are geologically part of the Silurian Columbus Limestone When the Pleistocene ice sheets carved out the basin of modern-day Lake Erie, these hard rocks proved more resistant to erosion than the shales in the east, and as a result, Lake Erie's western end is much shallower than the basins in the east, so that the islands remain above water Quarrying operations on Kelleys Island revealed glacial grooves in the bedrock, which would in time be regarded as some of the best direct evidence of the Pleistocene ice sheets available anywhere The glacial grooves are now protected as part of Kelleys Island State Park2 3

Economyedit

Most of the islands remain financially stable via tourism Grape growing and wineries were once the mainstay of the economy Kelleys is heavily forested and has replaced them almost entirely, South Bass is more developed and still has a few large vineyards Pelee is the only major island where vineyards remain popular Limestone quarrying still occurs on Kellys Island; as well, there are a few hobby farms

Residentsedit

Most of the islands are headed by a small group of year-round residents However, eager vacationers often raise the populations dramatically during the summer months, most notable on South Bass Island, which is the most tourist-friendly of the islands despite its small size

Lake Erie islandsedit

Map of the Lake Erie Islands Alvar habitat on Kelleys Island Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial is barely visible in the distance on neighboring South Bass Island Green Island from the air, with South Bass Island in the foreground
Name State/Province Area
sq mi4km²5
Location Inhabited6
Pelee Island Ontario 16140 sq mi 4179 km² 41°46′00″N 82°38′27″W / 417667°N 826409°W / 417667; -826409 Pelee Island Yes
Kelleys Island Ohio 441 sq mi 1142 km² 41°36′05″N 82°41′51″W / 41601389°N 826975°W / 41601389; -826975 Kelleys Island Yes
South Bass Island Ohio 2482 sq mi 6428 km² 41°38′59″N 82°49′08″W / 416497°N 828189°W / 416497; -828189 South Bass Island Yes
Middle Bass Island Ohio 1258 sq mi 3258 km² 41°40′45″N 82°48′40″W / 41679167°N 82811111°W / 41679167; -82811111 Middle Bass Island Yes
North Bass Island Ohio 1076 sq mi 2786 km² 41°43′00″N 82°49′00″W / 41716667°N 82816667°W / 41716667; -82816667 North Bass Island Yes
Johnson's Island Ohio 0469 sq mi 1215 km² 41°29′47″N 82°44′05″W / 414963°N 827346°W / 414963; -827346 Johnson's Island Yes
Rattlesnake Island Ohio 0133 sq mi 0344 km² 41°40′45″N 82°50′57″W / 416791°N 828493°W / 416791; -828493 Rattlesnake Island Yes
West Sister Island Ohio 0120 sq mi 0311 km² 41°44′23″N 83°06′19″W / 41739722°N 83105278°W / 41739722; -83105278 West Sister Island No Longer
Middle Island Ontario 0072 sq mi 0186 km² 41°40′57″N 82°41′04″W / 416825°N 82684444°W / 416825; -82684444 Middle Island No Longer
East Sister Island Ontario 0058 sq mi 0150 km² 41°48′47″N 82°51′23″W / 41813056°N 82856389°W / 41813056; -82856389 East Sister Island No
Sugar Island Ohio 0047 sq mi 0123 km² 41°41′31″N 82°49′34″W / 41692°N 82826°W / 41692; -82826 Sugar Island Yes
Green Island Ohio 0027 sq mi 0069 km² 41°38′44″N 82°51′54″W / 416456°N 828651°W / 416456; -828651 Green Island No Longer
Ballast Island Ohio 0019 sq mi 0049 km² 41°40′40″N 82°47′07″W / 416778°N 827853°W / 416778; -827853 Ballast Island Yes
Mouse Island Ohio 41°35′28″N 82°49′59″W / 4159111°N 8283306°W / 4159111; -8283306 Mouse Island No Longer
Gibraltar Island Ohio 0010 sq mi 0026 km² 41°39′30″N 82°49′14″W / 416582°N 828206°W / 416582; -828206 Gibraltar Island Yes
Indian Island Michigan 41°45′08″N 83°23′27″W / 41752202°N 83390962°W / 41752202; -83390962 Indian Island No
Hen Island and her "Chickens":
Big Chicken, Chick, and Little Chicken islands
Ontario 41°47′18″N 82°47′51″W / 41788333°N 827975°W / 41788333; -827975 Hen Island Hen Yes, the "chickens" No
Middle Sister Island Ontario 0015 sq mi 0039 km² 41°50′55″N 83°00′03″W / 418487°N 830007°W / 418487; -830007 Middle Sister Island No Longer
North Harbour Island Ontario 41°49′30″N 82°51′36″W / 41825°N 8286°W / 41825; -8286 North Harbour Island Yes
Turtle Island Ohio/Michigan 0002 sq mi 0005 km² 41°45′09″N 83°23′28″W / 417525°N 83391111°W / 417525; -83391111 Turtle Island No Longer
Ryerson's Island Ontario 42°36′08″N 80°16′54″W / 42602358°N 80281611°W / 42602358; -80281611 Ryerson's Island Yes
Second Island Ontario 42°35′24″N 80°16′15″W / 42589883°N 80270843°W / 42589883; -80270843 Second Island No
Starve Island Ohio 0003 sq mi 0008 km² 41°37′36″N 82°49′21″W / 41626667°N 828225°W / 41626667; -828225 Starve Island No
Buckeye Island Ohio 41°39′53″N 82°47′25″W / 416648°N 827904°W / 416648; -827904 Buckeye Island No
Lost Ballast Island Ohio 41°40′32″N 82°47′11″W / 41675475°N 82786383°W / 41675475; -82786383 Lost Ballast Island No
Snow Island Ontario 42°34′47″N 80°15′33″W / 42579731°N 80259129°W / 42579731; -80259129 Snow Island No
Mohawk Island formerly Gull Island Ontario 0015 sq mi 0039 km² 42°50′02″N 79°31′21″W / 42833889°N 795225°W / 42833889; -795225 Mohawk Island No Longer
Gull Island, Ohio Ohio 41°39′35″N 82°41′14″W / 41659761°N 82687328°W / 41659761; -82687328 Gull Island No7
Catawba Island
former island8
Ohio 5700 sq mi 148 km² 41°33′49″N 82°50′20″W / 41563611°N 82838889°W / 41563611; -82838889 Catawba Island Yes
Gard Island Michigan 41°45′00″N 83°26′32″W / 41750064°N 8344212°W / 41750064; -8344212 Gard Island No Longer
Presque Island
former island
Pennsylvania 4863 sq mi 12594 km² 42°09′47″N 80°06′03″W / 42163056°N 80100833°W / 42163056; -80100833 Presque Island Yes
Kafralu Island Ohio 41°27′53″N 82°40′25″W / 41464719°N 82673476°W / 41464719; -82673476 Kafralu Island No Longer
Bird Island New York 42°53′43″N 78°54′24″W / 42895333°N 78906722°W / 42895333; -78906722 Squaw Island No


See alsoedit

  • Battle of Lake Erie
  • Islands of the Great Lakes

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Vacationland" history - Sandusky Library
  2. ^ Publishers: 1 Lake Erie Coastal Ohio Trail National Scenic Byway 2 Ohio Chapter of The Nature Conservancy 3 Ohio Sea Grant; Editors: Art Weber, Melinda Huntley of the Ohio Sea Grant College Program, Explore the Lake Erie Islands, Retrieved September 1, 2014, see page 5 "Lake Erie’s shallow, nutrient-rich western basin and the much deeper central and eastern basinsThe western basin dolomite and limestone are more durable than the softer shales glacier dug through the stones resistance from the dolomite and limestone in the western basin"
  3. ^ "Kelleys Island State Park" Retrieved 2017-01-07 
  4. ^ Land Area - Censusgov
  5. ^ Land Area - Statcangcca
  6. ^ Population - Middle Bass 2org
  7. ^ "Lake Erie Island Sites" Middle Bass on the Web Retrieved 2008-10-25 
  8. ^ "Catawba Island, the Great Peach Growing Center of Ohio" PDF Retrieved March 6, 2014 

External linksedit

  • How many islands are there in Lake Erie
  • Explore the Lake Erie Islands: Self-guided Tours to Natural Wonders & Historic Tales pdf — A Guide to Nature and History along the Lake Erie Coastal Ohio Trail

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