List of kings of Greece


This is a list of kings of the modern state of Greece The Kingdom of Greece was ruled by the House of Wittelsbach between 1832 and 1862 and by the House of Glücksburg from 1862 to 1924, temporarily abolished during the Second Hellenic Republic, and from 1935 to 1973, when it was permantly abolished and replaced by the Republic of Greece

Only the first king, Otto I, was actually styled King of Greece Greek: Βασιλεύς τῆς Ἑλλάδος His successor, George I, was styled King of the Hellenes Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων, as were all other modern monarchs

A republic was briefly established from 1924 to 1935 The restored monarchy was abolished following a referendum in 1973 conducted under the auspices of the then-ruling military regime Its finding was confirmed by a second referendum in 1974, after the restoration of democratic rule

Contents

  • 1 Kingdom of Greece 1832–1974
    • 11 House of Wittelsbach
    • 12 House of Glücksburg
  • 2 See also
  • 3 References

Kingdom of Greece 1832–1974edit

House of Wittelsbachedit

Main article: House of Wittelsbach

The London Conference of 1832 was an international conference convened to establish a stable government in Greece Negotiations between the three Great Powers United Kingdom, France and Russia resulted in the establishment of the Kingdom of Greece under a Bavarian Prince The decisions were ratified in the Treaty of Constantinople later that year

The convention offered the throne to the Bavarian Prince, Otto They also established the line of succession which would pass the crown to Otto's descendants, or his younger brothers should he have no issue It was also decided that in no case there would be a personal union of the crowns of Greece and Bavaria

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessors Title
Otto I
Ὄθων Αʹ
27 May 18321 23 October 1862   None; elected King for his Byzantine ancestry King of Greece
Βασιλεύς τῆς Ἑλλάδος

House of Glücksburgedit

Main article: House of Glücksburg

In October 1862, King Otto was deposed in a popular revolt, but while the Greek people rejected Otto, they did not seem averse to the concept of monarchy per se Many Greeks, seeking closer ties to the pre-eminent world power, Great Britain, rallied around the idea that Prince Alfred, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, could become the next King British Foreign Secretary Lord Palmerston believed that the Greeks were "panting for increase in territory", hoping that the election of Alfred as King would also result in the incorporation of the Ionian Islands, which were then a British protectorate, into an enlarged Greek state

The London Conference of 1832, however, had prohibited any of the Great Powers' ruling families from accepting the crown of Greece, and in any event, Queen Victoria was adamantly opposed to the idea Nevertheless, the Greeks insisted on holding a referendum on the issue of the head of state in November 1862 It was the first referendum ever held in Greece

Prince Alfred turned down the Kingship and Prince William of Denmark, son of Prince Christian of Denmark, was elected by the National Assembly to become King George I of the Hellenes

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessors Title
George I
Γεώργιος Αʹ
30 March 1863 18 March 1913   Seventh cousin once removed through William the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Elected King King of the Hellenes
Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων
Constantine I
Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ
18 March 1913 11 June 1917   Son of George I King of the Hellenes
Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων
Alexander I
Ἀλέξανδρος Αʹ
11 June 1917 25 October 1920   Son of Constantine I King of the Hellenes
Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων
Constantine I
Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ
19 December 1920 27 September 1922   Son of George I; father of Alexander I King of the Hellenes
Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων
George II
Γεώργιος Βʹ
27 September 1922 25 March 1924   Son of Constantine I; brother of Alexander I King of the Hellenes
Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων
Second Hellenic Republic 1924–1935
George II
Γεώργιος Βʹ
3 November 1935 1 April 1947   Son of Constantine I; brother of Alexander I King of the Hellenes
Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων
Paul I
Παῦλος Aʹ
1 April 1947 6 March 1964   Son of Constantine I King of the Hellenes
Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων
Constantine II
Κωνσταντῖνος Βʹ
6 March 1964 13 December 1967
exiled
1 June 1973
deposed
  Son of Paul I King of the Hellenes
Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων

See alsoedit

  • Greece portal
  • Greek Crown Jewels
  • Greek Royal Family
  • List of Greek regents
  • List of Greek royal consorts
  • List of heads of state of Greece

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Protocol signed in 1832 but landed in Greece on 6 February 1833


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