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List of Japanese poetry anthologies

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This is a list of significant Japanese poetry anthologies

Contents

  • 1 Waka
    • 11 Nara period chronicles 710 to 794
    • 12 Heian period 794 to 1185
    • 13 Kamakura period 1185–1333 and Muromachi period 1336–1573
  • 2 Renga
  • 3 Haikai and Haiku
  • 4 Kanshi
  • 5 Miscellaneous
  • 6 See also

Wakaedit

Starting with the Kokin Wakashu, there were 21 official anthologies, known collectively as the Nijūichidaishū 二十一代集, Collections of the Twenty-One Eras

Nara period chronicles 710 to 794edit

  • Man'yōshū the oldest anthology in Japanese, c785, 20 manuscript scrolls, 4,516 poems when the tanka envoys to the various chōka are numbered as separate poems, Ōtomo no Yakamochi was probably the last to edit the Man'yōshū It is not organized in any particular way most metadata is supplied by headnotes, and the poems are written in a Japanese version of the Chinese monosyllabic pronunciation for the Chinese characters

Heian period 794 to 1185edit

  • Imperial waka anthologies ; anthologies as a national project Each anthology reflected the taste of time and with loyal dignity became canons for contemporaries and those who followed The earliest three anthologies are often called Sandaishū, Three Major Anthologies, and earliest eight Hachidaishū, Eight Major Anthologies Twenty one Imperial anthologies were created: they are collectively known as the Nijūichidaishū
    1. Kokin Wakashū the first imperial waka anthology, 20 scrolls, 1,111 poems, ordered by Emperor Daigo and completed c 905, compiled by Ki no Tsurayuki, Ki no Tomonori, Ōshikōchi no Mitsune and Mibu no Tadamine
    2. Gosen Wakashū 20 scrolls, 1,426 poems, ordered in 951 by Emperor Murakami
    3. Shūi Wakashū 20 scrolls, 1,351 poems, ordered by ex-Emperor Kazan
    4. Goshūi Wakashū 20 scrolls, approx 1,200 poems, Ordered in 1075 by Emperor Shirakawa, completed in 1086
    5. Kin'yō Wakashū 10 scrolls, 716 poems, ordered by former Emperor Shirakawa, drafts completed 1124–1127, compiled by Minamoto no Shunrai Toshiyori
    6. Shika Wakashū 10 scrolls, 411 poems, ordered in 1144 by former Emperor Sutoku, completed c 1151–1154, compiled by Fujiwara Akisuke ja:藤原顕輔
    7. Senzai Wakashū 20 scrolls, 1,285 poems, ordered by former Emperor Go-Shirakawa, probably completed in 1188, compiled by Fujiwara no Shunzei also known as Toshinari
    8. Shin Kokin Wakashū the eighth imperial waka anthology Its name apparently aimed to show the relation and counterpart to Kokin Wakashū, ordered in 1201 by former Emperor Go-Toba, compiled by Fujiwara no Teika whose first name is sometimes romanized as Sadaie, Fujiwara Ariie ja:藤原有家, Fujiwara no Ietaka Karyū, the priest Jakuren, Minamoto Michitomo ja:堀川通具, and Asukai Masatsune
  • Private editions - Most of waka poets have their own anthology edited by self or by another They were one of sources of the imperial anthologies
    • Hitomarokashū An anthology of Kakinomoto no Hitomaro works The editor is unknown Perhaps edited in the early Heian period Many misattributed waka are included
    • Tsurayukishū An anthology of Ki no Tsurayuki works, one of editors of Kokin Wakashū
    • Kintōshū An anthology of Fujiwara no Kintō, the editor of Wakan Rōeishū It gave influence to the waka poetry in the middle Heian period
    • Hyakunin Isshu, or more precisely Ogura Hyakunin Isshu Edited by Fujiwara no Teika Till Meiji it had been read as elementary book for waka poets
    • Fujiwara no Teika Kashū An anthology of Fujiwara no Teika works
    • Izumi Shikibu Shū

Kamakura period 1185–1333 and Muromachi period 1336–1573edit

  • Imperial anthologies - thirteen anthologies were edited mostly in the Kamakura period
9 Shinchokusen Wakashū 10 Shokugosen Wakashū 11 Shokukokin Wakashū 12 Shokushūi Wakashū 13 Shingosen Wakashū 14 Gyokuyō Wakashū 15 Shokusenzai Wakashū 16 Shokugoshūi Wakashū 17 Fūga Wakashū 18 Shinsenzai Wakashū 19 Shinshūi Wakashū 20 Shingoshūi Wakashū 21 Shinshokukokin Wakashū

Rengaedit

  • Renri Hishō c 1349, a treatise on renga poetics by Nijō Yoshimoto
  • Tsukubashū 1356 edited by Nijō Yoshimoto Given the status of imperial anthology after compilation
  • Shinsentsukubashū 1470 Edited by Sōgi

Haikai and Haikuedit

  • Shinseninutsukubashū 1532 Edited by Yamazaki Sōkan The significant anthology of early haikai renga from which haiku later developed
  • Kai Ōi The Seashell Game 1672 hokku anthology, compiled by Matsuo Bashō
  • Haikai Shichibushū The conventional name for seven anthologies collecting Matsuo Bashō and his disciples' renku
    • Fuyunohi A Winter Day
    • Harunohi A Spring Day
    • Arano Wilderness
    • Hisago Gourd
    • Sarumino Monkey's Straw Raincoat
    • Sumidawara Carbon Carton
    • Zokusarumino Monkey's Straw Raincoat II

Kanshiedit

  • Kaifūsō 751 the oldest collection of Chinese poetry kanshi written by Japanese poets
  • Imperial anthologies - Advancing the Imperial waka anthologies, the earliest imperial anthologies gathered Kanshi, the Chinese poetry which Japanese learned from the Tang Dynasty Three anthologies were edited in the early Heian period:
    1. Ryōunshū
    2. Bunka Shūreishū
    3. Keikokushū

Miscellaneousedit

  • Wakan rōeishū A collection of waka and kanshi for reciting Compiled by Fujiwara no Kinto

See alsoedit

  • Fūyō Wakashū, late 13th century, sponsorship uncertain
  • List of Japanese language poets
  • List of Japanese classic texts
  • Japanese poetry
  • List of poetry anthologies
  • List of National Treasures of Japan writings

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