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List of heads of state of Hungary

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The following is a list of heads of state of Hungary, from the Hungarian Declaration of Independence and the establishment of the Hungarian State in 1849 during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 until the present day

Currently, the head of state of Hungary is the President of the Republic Hungarian: köztársasági elnök, államelnök, or államfő, elected by the members of the National Assembly every five years He or she has a largely ceremonial figurehead role, but may also veto legislation or send legislation to the Constitutional Court for review Most other executive powers, such as selecting Government ministers and leading legislative initiatives, are vested in the office of the Prime Minister instead

The current President of the Republic is János Áder, who took office on 10 May 2012

Contents

  • 1 Hungarian State 1849
  • 2 Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen 1867–1918
  • 3 Hungarian Democratic Republic 1918–1919
  • 4 Hungarian Soviet Republic 1919
  • 5 Hungarian Republic 1919–1920
  • 6 Hungarian Kingdom 1920–1946
    • 61 Government of National Unity 1944–1945
    • 62 Soviet-backed provisional governments 1944–1946
  • 7 Hungarian Republic 1946–1949
  • 8 Hungarian People's Republic 1949–1989
    • 81 Chairman of the Presidential Council
    • 82 General Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party / Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
  • 9 Hungarian Republic / Hungary 1989–present
  • 10 Living former heads of state
  • 11 Latest election
  • 12 See also
  • 13 References

Hungarian State 1849edit

Parties   Opposition Party

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
1 Lajos Kossuth
1802–1894
14 April 1849 11 August 1849 Opposition Party Governor-President
Also Prime Minister
until 1 May 1849
Artúr Görgey
1818–1916
11 August 1849 13 August 1849 Revolutionary Army Acting civil and military authority

After the collapse of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the restored Hungarian Kingdom became an integral part of the Austrian Empire until 1867, when dual Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was created and the Hungarian Kingdom was organized as Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen

Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen 1867–1918edit

Further information: List of Hungarian monarchs

Hungarian Democratic Republic 1918–1919edit

Parties   F48P–Károlyi

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
1 Mihály Károlyi
1875–1955
16 November 1918 21 March 1919 F48P–Károlyi President of the Republic
Also Prime Minister
until 11 January 1919

Hungarian Soviet Republic 1919edit

Parties   MSZP/SZKMMP   MSZDP

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
1 Sándor Garbai
1879–1947
21 March 1919 1 August 1919 MSZP/SZKMMP Chairman of the Central Executive Council
Gyula Peidl
1873–1943
1 August 1919 6 August 1919
deposed
MSZDP Acting Head of State
Also Prime Minister

Hungarian Republic 1919–1920edit

Parties   KNEP   Independent

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
1 Archduke Joseph August
1872–1962
7 August 1919 23 August 1919 Independent
Regent
Regent of Hungary
István Friedrich
1883–1951
23 August 1919 24 November 1919 KNP → KNEP Acting Head of State
Also Prime Minister
Károly Huszár
1882–1941
24 November 1919 1 March 1920 KNEP

Hungarian Kingdom 1920–1946edit

  Independent

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
2 Miklós Horthy
1868–1957
1 March 1920 15 October 1944 Independent
Regent
Regent of Hungary

Government of National Unity 1944–1945edit

Parties   NYKP

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
1 Ferenc Szálasi
1897–1946
16 October 1944 28 March 1945 NYKP Leader of the Nation
De facto, appointed by the Germans
Also Prime Minister

Soviet-backed provisional governments 1944–1946edit

Parties   Independent

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
Béla Miklós
1890–1948
21 December 1944 25 January 1945 Independent Head of State
Also Prime Minister
In opposition
High National Council 26 January 1945 1 February 1946 Multi-party Collective Head of State
In opposition to 28 March 1945

Hungarian Republic 1946–1949edit

Parties   FKGP   MDP

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
1 Zoltán Tildy
1889–1961
1 February 1946 3 August 1948 FKGP President of the Republic
2 Árpád Szakasits
1888–1965
3 August 1948 23 August 1949 MDP

Hungarian People's Republic 1949–1989edit

Chairman of the Presidential Counciledit

Main article: Presidential Council of the Hungarian People's Republic

Parties   MDP–MSZMP   Independent

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions
1 Árpád Szakasits
1888–1965
23 August 1949 26 April 1950 MDP Chairman of the Presidential Council
2 Sándor Rónai
1892–1965
26 April 1950 14 August 1952
3 István Dobi
1898–1968
14 August 1952 25 October 1956
3 25 October 1956 14 April 1967 MSZMP
4 Pál Losonczi
1919–2005
14 April 1967 25 June 1987
5 Károly Németh
1922–2008
25 June 1987 29 June 1988
6 Brunó Ferenc Straub
1914–1996
29 June 1988 23 October 1989 Independent

General Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party / Hungarian Socialist Workers' Partyedit

Parties   MDP–MSZMP

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Notes
1 Mátyás Rákosi
1892–1971
12 June 1948 18 July 1956 MDP Also Prime Minister 1952–1953
2 Ernő Gerő
1898–1980
18 July 1956 25 October 1956
3 János Kádár
1912–1989
25 October 1956 27 May 1988 MSZMP Also Prime Minister 1956–1958 and 1961–1965
4 Károly Grósz
1930–1996
27 May 1988 7 October 1989 Also Prime Minister 1987–1988

Hungarian Republic / Hungary 1989–presentedit

Parties   MSZP   SZDSZ   Fidesz   Independent

No Picture Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party Positions Term
Election
Mátyás Szűrös
1933–
23 October 1989 2 May 1990 MSZP Provisional President of the Republic
Árpád Göncz
1922–2015
2 May 1990 3 August 1990 SZDSZ Acting President of the Republic
1 4 August 1990 4 August 1995 President of the Republic 1 1990
4 August 1995 4 August 2000 2 1995
2 Ferenc Mádl
1931–2011
4 August 2000 5 August 2005 Independent 3 2000
3 László Sólyom
1942–
5 August 2005 6 August 2010 4 2005
4 Pál Schmitt
1942–
6 August 2010 2 April 2012
resigned
Fidesz 5 2010
László Kövér
1959–
2 April 2012 10 May 2012 Acting President of the Republic
5 János Áder
1959–
10 May 2012 8 May 2017 President of the Republic 6 2012
8 May 2017 Incumbent 7 2017

Living former heads of stateedit

There are three living former Hungarian Presidents:

Latest electionedit

Main article: Hungarian presidential election, 2017

See alsoedit

  • Biography portal
  • Hungary portal
  • Lists portal
  • Politics portal
  • High National Council
  • List of Hungarian people
  • List of Prime Ministers of Hungary
  • List of Vice Presidents of the Presidential Council of Hungary

Referencesedit

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List of heads of state of Hungary


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