List of Georgian monarchs


This is a list of kings and queens of the kingdoms of Georgia under Bagrationi dynasty before Russian annexation in 1801–1810

For more comprehensive lists, and family trees, of Georgian monarchs and rulers see Lists of Georgian monarchs

Contents

  • 1 Princes of Iberia
  • 2 Kings of Iberia
  • 3 Kings of the Kingdom of the Kartvels
  • 4 Kings of unified Georgia 1008–1490
  • 5 Kings of Kartli, Kakheti, and Imereti 1490–1762
  • 6 Kings of Kartli-Kakheti and Imereti 1762–1810
  • 7 Timeline of Georgian monarchs
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References

Princes of Iberiaedit

Persian and Byzantine conquest destroyed rule and replaced the hereditary king with a hereditary prince In 580, the Persians abolished the Iberian monarchy and established the province of Iberia, allowing various princes to rule through the Principality of Iberia as governors of the Sasanids for the remainder of their domination of Iberia, up to the course of the 620s With the dawn of the Arabs, the presiding princes regained power in 888, restoring kingship The following is a list of those princes:

  • Guaram I, the Guaramid, 588–c 590
  • Stephen I, the Guaramid, c 590–627
  • Adarnase I, the Chosroid, 627–637/642
  • Stephen II, the Chosroid, 637/642–c 650
  • Adarnase II, the Chosroid, c 650–684
  • Guaram II, the Guaramid, 684–c 693
  • Guaram III, the Guaramid, c 693–c 748
  • Adarnase III, the Nersianid, c 748–c 760
  • Nerse, the Nersianid, c 760–772, 775–779/780
  • Stephen III, the Guaramid, 779/780–786
  • Ashot I, the Bagratid, 813–830
  • Bagrat I, 842/843–876
  • David I, 876–881
  • Gurgen I, 881–891 overlaps with Adarnase IV’s restoration of kingship
  • Adarnase IV, 888–923
  • David II, 923–937
  • Sumbat I, 937–958
  • Bagrat II, 958–994
  • Gurgen of Georgia, 994–1008

Unified Kingdom of Georgia

  • Bagrat III, 1008–1014

The eventual victors in Georgia were of the house of Bagrationi, who claimed descent from the earlier dynasty This family would rule Georgia and all Georgian kingdoms until the Russians annexed all of Georgia in the early 19th century

Kings of Iberiaedit

  • Guaram I Kurapalate 575–590
  • Stepanoz I Kurapalate 590–605
  • Ashot 809–826, Prince of Kartli
  • Bagrat I Kuropalates 826–876, Prince of Kartli
  • David I Kuropalates 876–881, Prince of Kartli
  • Gurgen I of Tao 881–891, Prince of Kartli
  • Adarnase IV 888–923, King of the Georgians
  • David II 923–937, King of Kartli
  • Sumbat I 937–958, King of Kartli
  • Bagrat II 958–994, Adarnase V 961–966 and David III 966–975, Kings of Kartli
  • Gurgen II 994–1008, King of Kartli
  • Bagrat III 975–1008, King of the Abkhazis and Kartvelians, became king of Georgia in 1008

Kings of the Kingdom of the Kartvelsedit

  • Guaram II 619–678
  • Varazbakur 678–705
  • Nerse 705–742
  • Adarnase 742–779
  • Ashot I Kuropalates end of the 8th century / 813–826
  • Bagrat I Kuropalates 826–876, co-rulers: Adarnase 830–c870 and Guaram Mampali died 882
  • David I Kuropalates 876–881
  • Adarnase I Kuropalates 881–923, King of the Georgians 888–923
  • David II Magistros 923–937
  • Ashot II Kuropalates 937–954
  • Sumbat I Kuropalates 954–958
  • Bagrat II Regueni, "the Simple" 958–994
  • Gurgen, King of Kings 994–1008
  • Bagrat III, King of Apkhazeti Abkhazia since 978, King of united Georgia 1008–1014
  • Gurgen I Mampali c 870–891
  • Adarnase, Eristavt Eristavi 891–896
  • Ashot Kukhi, Eristavt Eristavi 896/908–918
  • Gurgen II the Great 918–941
  • Bagrat Magistros died 945
  • Adarnase II Kuropalates 945–961
  • Bagrat, Eristavt Eristavi 961–966
  • David III Kuropalates 966–1000
  • Sumbat I Mampali, the Great c 870–889
  • Bagrat I 889–900
  • David I 900–943
  • Sumbat II 943–988
  • David II 988–992/993
  • Sumbat III 992/993–1011
  • Gurgen died 1012

Kings of unified Georgia 1008–1490edit

In 1008, Bagrat, who had been King of Abkhazia present-day Western Georgia since 978, inherited from his father Gurgen the crown of Iberia or Kartli, present-day Eastern Georgia The two kingdoms united into what came to be known as the Kingdom of Georgia

Name Portrait Title s Born Reign Marriage s Death Notes
Bagrat III the Unifier
ბაგრატ III
King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, Kouropalates 960
Kutaisi
Son of Gurgen of Georgia and Gurandukht of Abkhazia
1008-1014 Martha
two children
7 May 1014
Tao
aged 53–54
Nephew of Theodosius III of Abkhazia United for the first time all the territory of Georgia
George I
გიორგი I
King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli 998 or 1002
Son of Bagrat III and Martha
1014-1027 Mariam of Vaspurakan
c1018 annulled
four children

Alda of Alania
one child
16 August 1027
Mqinwarni or Itaroni
aged 24–25 or 28-29
Mariam of Vaspurakan
მარიამი
Armenian:Մարիամ
regent
Dowager Queen of Georgia Before 1030s
Daughter of Senekerim-Hovhannes of Vaspurakan and Khushush
1027-1037 George I
c1018 annulled
four children
After November 1072
aged at least 41-42
Negotiated a peace treaty with the Byzantine Empire, and returned with the high Byzantine title of curopalates for his son in 1032
Bagrat IV
ბაგრატ IV
King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, Kouropalates, Nobilissimus, Sebastos 1018
Son of George I and Mariam of Vaspurakan
1037-1072 Helena of Byzantium
1032
Kutaisi
no children

Borena of Alania
Between 1033 and 1040
three children
24 November 1072
Marabdani
aged 53–54
Demetrius of Anacopia
დემეტრე
opponent
Magistros After 1018
Son of George I
and Alda of Alania
1027-1042 Unknown
before 1042
at least one son
1042
aged less than 24
Opposed Bagrat IV Supported by Dowager Queen Alda of Alania, the Byzantine Empire and the Liparitid clan
George II
გიორგი II
King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, Kouropalates, Nobilissimus, Sebastos, Caesar 1054
Son of Bagrat IV and Borena of Alania
1072-1089 Helena
c1070
one child
1112
aged 57–58
Opposed his father in 1050-1053 Abdicated 1089
David IV the Builder
დავით IV აღმაშენებელი
King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, Sword of the Messiah, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1073
Kutaisi
Son of George II and Helena
1089-1125 Rusudan of Armenia
c1090
annulled 1107

four children

Gurandukht of the Kipchaks
c1107
four children
24 January 1125
Tbilisi
aged 51–52
Demetrius I
დემეტრე I
King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1093
Son of David IV and Rusudan of Armenia
1125-1154

1155-1156
Unknown
Before 1130
four children
1156
Mtskheta
aged 62–63
In 1154 was forced by his own son David to abducate and become a monk With David's death months later, he was restored to the throne, but did not survive much longer
David V
დავით V
Before 1130s
First son of Demetrius I
1154-1155 Unknown
Before 1130
at least one child
1155
aged at least 24-25
Revolted against his father in 1130 Forced him to abdicate, but died a few months later
George III
გიორგი III
Before 1130s
Second son of
Demetrius I
1155-1184 Burdukhan of Alania
c1155
two children
27 March 1184
aged at least 53-54
His reign was part of what would be called the Georgian Golden Age - a historical period in the High Middle Ages, during which the Kingdom of Georgia reached the peak of its military power and development
Demetrius of Georgia
დემეტრე
opponent
King of Georgia Before 1155
Son of David V
1177-1178 Unknown
before 1042
at least one son
After 1178
aged at least 23
Opposed George III Supported by the Orbeli noble family
Tamar Mepe the Great
თამარი მეფე
Shahanshah, Autocrat of all the East and the West, Queen of Abkhazia, Queen of Kartli, Queen of Kakheti and Hereti, Queen of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan c1160
Daughter of
George III and Burdukhan of Alania
1184-1213 Yury Bogolyubsky
c1185annulled 1187
no children

David Soslan
1189
two children
18 January 1213
Agarani
aged 52–53
Co-ruler with her father since 1178 Ruled in a period of political and military successes and cultural achievements, presiding the peak of the Georgian Golden Age
George IV Lasha the Resplendent
გიორგი IV ლაშა
King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan c1191
Son of David Soslan and Queen Tamar
1213-1223 Unmarried 18 January 1223
Bagavan
aged 31–32
Co-ruler with his mother since 1207 Continued the policy of his mother, but, at the end of his reign was defeated by a Mongol expedition
Rusudan
თამარი მეფე
Autocrat of all the East and the West, Queen of Abkhazia, Queen of Kartli, Queen of Kakheti and Hereti, Queen of Armenians, Possessor of Shirvan 1194
Daughter of David Soslan and Queen Tamar
1223-1245 Ghias ad-din
c1223annulled 1226
two children
1245
Tbilisi
aged 50–51
Period marked by mongol invasions of Georgia The queen was forced to accept the sovereignty of the Mongol Khan in 1242, to pay an annual tribute and to support the Mongols with a Georgian army
David VI Narin the Younger
დავით VI ნარინი
King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians 1225
Son of Ghias ad-din and Queen Rusudan
1245-1259

From 1248 junior co-ruler of David VII
Tamar Amanelisdze
before 1254
three children

Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina of Byzantium
1254
one child
1293
Tbilisi
aged 67–68
Co-ruler with his mother since 1230 Forced by the Mongols to share power with his cousin David VII 1248, he rose against Mongol domination 1259, but failed, and became restrained to an eastern kingdom, named Imereti, from 1259, where he ruled alone, passing it to his descendants
David VII Ulu the Older
დავით VII ულუ
1215
Illegitimate son of George IV
1248-1259

as senior co-ruler of David VI
Jigda-Khatun
before 1252
no children

Altun of Alania
in bigamy, repudiated 1252
c1249

Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
in poligamy until 1252
1250
one child

Esukan
1263
no children
1270
Tbilisi
aged 54–55
Co-ruler with his cousin until 1259 Forced by the Mongols to share power with his cousin David VI 1248, he rose against Mongol domination 1262, but failed However, his negotiation of peace made him lord of the western part of the Georgian Kingdom, which kept the original name, Georgia
Between 1259 and 1330, due to the consequences of the Mongol invasions, Imereti was ruled by distinct kings from the rest of Georgia David VI and David VII, who had ruled together as vassals of the Mongols, now ruled distinct parts of the country Imereti had a few more periods of independence, between 1387 and 1412 during Timur's invasions of Georgia, and again between 1446 and 1452

  Independent Kingdom of Imereti   Kingdom of Georgia broken   Periods of reuniting

David VI / I Narin the Younger
დავით VI ნარინი
King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenians 1225
Son of Ghias ad-din and Queen Rusudan
1259-1293 Tamar Amanelisdze
before 1254
three children

Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina of Byzantium
1254
one child
1293
Tbilisi
aged 67–68
King of Imereti Developed friendly relations with the Golden Horde and Bahri dynasty of Egypt, and repulsed the Ilkhanate attacks Interfered in Trebizond's politics
David VII Ulu the Older
დავით VII ულუ
1215
Illegitimate son of George IV
1259-1270 Jigda-Khatun
before 1252
no children

Altun of Alania
in bigamy, repudiated 1252
c1249

Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
in poligamy until 1252
1250
one child

Esukan
1263
no children
1270
Tbilisi
aged 54–55
Had the remaining Georgia A heavy burden of Mongol dominance led to a political and economic crisis in the kingdom
Demetrius II Tavdadebuli the Devoted
დემეტრე II თავდადებული
1259
First son of David VII and Gvantsa Kakhaberidze
1270-1289 Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1277
five children

Solghar of Mongolia
in poligamy
Before 1280
three children

Natela Jaqeli
in poligamy
1280
one child
12 March 1289
Movakani
aged 29–30
Criticized for is possible poligamy Executed by the Great Khan
Vakhtang II
დავით VII ულუ
Before 1254
First son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1289-1292 Oljath Khan
1289
no children
1292
aged at least 37-38
Ascended in Georgia, with the consent of the Mongols Named II after Vakhtang I of Iberia
Constantine I
კონსტანტინე I
Before 1254
Second son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1293-1327 unknown
Before 1327
no children
1327
aged at least 72-73
Unlike his eastern Georgian counterparts, Constantine remained independent from the Ilkhanid hegemony However, his troubled reign was marked by the opposition of his brother, Michael
David VIII
დავით VIII
1273
First son of Demetre II and Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1292-1311
from 1299 with oppostion of George V and Vakhtang III
Oljath Khan
1291
no children

Unknown, from Surameli family
1302
one child
1311
aged 37–38
Refused to submit to the orders of the Mongols, and between 1299-1308 he had his own brothers as kings against him, supported by the Mongol Khan
George V Brtskinvale the Magnificent
გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე
opponent
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1299-1302 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Opposed David VIII Supported by the Mongols
Vakhtang III
ვახტანგ III
opponent
1276
Second son of Demetre II and Theodora Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1302-1308 Ripsime
before 1308
two children
1308
aged 31–32
George V Brtskinvale the Magnificent
გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე
regent
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1311-1313 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Named regent for his nephew, George VI
George VI Mtesire the Minor
გიორგი VI მცირე
c1302
Son of David VIII
1311-1313
under regency of George V
Unmarried 1313
aged 10–11
Under regency of his uncle, George V Died as a minor
George V Brtskinvale the Magnificent
გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1313-1330 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
Ascended as king after the death of his nephew Reunited Gerogia in 1330
Michael I
მიქელი I
Before 1254
Third son of David VI and Tamar Amanelisdze
1327-1329 unknown
Before 1329
one child
1329
aged at least 74-75
Opposed his brother, Constantine I Sought to resubjugate to the crown the great nobles and provincial dynasts who had asserted greater autonomy for themselves in the reign of Constantine I
Bagrat I Mtesire the Minor
ბაგრატ I მცირე
Before 1329
Son of Michael I
1329-1330 Unknown, a daughter of Qvarqare II Jaqeli
1358
three children
1372
aged at least 74-75
Still a minor, was deposed by George V the Magnificent
George V Brtskinvale the Magnificent
გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე
1286 or 1289
Son of Demetre II and Natela Jaqeli
1330-1346 Unknown
before 1346
one son
1346
aged 56–57 or 59-60
A flexible and far-sighted politician, he recovered Georgia from a century-long Mongol domination, restoring the country’s previous strength and Christian culture
David IX
დავით IX
Before 1346
Son of George V
1346-1360 Sindukhtar
before 1360
two children
1360
aged at least 13-14
The prosperity of the kingdom did not last, as the Black Death swept through the area in 1348
Bagrat V Didi the Great
ბაგრატ V დიდი
King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, King of Abkhazia, King of Kartli, King of Kakheti and Hereti Before 1360
Son of George V
1360-1387

1392-1393
Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
before 1366
two children

Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
June 1366
one child
1393
aged at least 32-33
A fair and popular ruler, was imprisoned by the Golden Horde Agreed to convert from Christianity and become Muslim
Bagrat V Didi the Great
ბაგრატ V დიდი
Before 1360
Son of George V
1387-1392 Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
before 1366
two children

Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
June 1366
one child
1393
aged at least 32-33
In 1387, ruler only of the eastern part of Georgia
Alexander I
ალექსანდრე I
After 1358
First son of Bagrat I
1387-1389 Anna Orbeliani
Before 1389
two children
1389
aged not more than 30-31
Still a minor, was deposed by George V the Magnificent
George I
გიორგი I
After 1358
Second son of Bagrat I
1389-1392 Unmarried 1392
aged not more than 33-34
In 1392 Imereti is reannexed to Georgia
George VII
გიორგი VII
Before 1366
Son of Bagrat V and Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1393-1396 Unmarried 1407
aged at least 40-41
Loses Imereti again in 1396
George VII
გიორგი VII
Before 1366
Son of Bagrat V and Helena Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1396-1407 Unmarried 1407
aged at least 40-41
Constantine II
კონსტანტინე II
After 1358
Second son of Bagrat I
1396-1401 Unmarried 1401
aged not more than 42-43
In 1396, Constantine took advantage of George VII's continuous war with Timur—in which a great number of Imeretians died—and the death of Vameq Dadiani and returned to Imereti
Constantine I
კონსტანტინე I
c1366
Son of Bagrat V and Anna Megala Komnene of Trebizond
1407-1412 Natia Amirejibi
c1389
three children
1412
aged 45–46
Demetrius I
დემეტრე I
Before 1389
Son of Alexander I and Anna Orbeliani
1401-1412 Unknown
Before 1445
no children
1445
aged at least 55-56
From 1412 accepts suzerainity from Georgia and rules as duke
Alexander I Didi the Great
ალექსანდრე I დიდი
1386
Son of Constantine I and Natia Amirejibi
1412-1442 Dulandukht Orbeliani
c1411
three children

Tamar of Imereti
c1414
three children
27 August 1445 or 7 March 1446
aged 58–59-60
Regains Imereti in 1412 Despite his efforts to restore the country from the ruins left by the Turco-Mongol warlord Timur's invasions, Georgia never recovered and faced the inevitable fragmentation that was followed by a long period of stagnation He was the last ruler of a united Georgia which was relatively free from foreign domination Abdicated
Vakhtang IV
ვახტანგ IV
1413
Son of Alexander I and Dulandukht Orbeliani
1442-1446 Sitikhatun Panaskerteli-Tsitsishvili
c1442
no children
December 1446
aged 32–33
George VIII
გიორგი VIII
1417
Son of Alexander I and Tamar of Imereti
1446-1465 Tamar
1445
five children
Nestan-Darejan
1456
five children
1476
aged 58–59

Kings of Kartli, Kakheti, and Imereti 1490–1762edit

In 1490, after several decades of dynastic infighting, a national council agreed on the division of the Kingdom of Georgia into three kingdomscitation needed The Kings of Georgia retained the largest portion of the divided kingdom which reverted to its old name of Kartli Imereti and Kakheti emerged as the other two Bagrationi kingdoms created out of the division

  • Bagrat VI r1465-1478, reigned in Kartli and Imereti
Imereti Kartli Kakheti
Picture Name Picture Name Picture Name
Alexander II
1478–1510
Son of Bagrat VI
Titled "King of Georgia" between 1478 and 1483 in concurrence with his rival Constantine II
Constantine II
1478–1505
Son of Demetrius III
Titled "King of Georgia" between 1478 and 1490, King of Kartli between 1490 and 1505
Alexander I
1476–1511
Son of George VIII of Georgia, who reigned in Kakheti as George I between 1465 and 1476
David X
1505–1525
Son of Constantine II
Bagrat III
1510–1565
Son of Alexander II
George II "the Wicked"
1511–1513
Son of Alexander I
Annexed by Kartli between 1513 and 1520
Levan or Leon
1520–1574
Son of George II
George IX
1525–1527 or 1534
Son of Constantine II, brother of David X
Luarsab I
1527–1556 or 1534–1558
Son of David X, nephew of George IX
Simon I
1556 or 1558–1569
Son of David X, nephew of George IX
First reign
George II
1565–1585
Son of Bagrat III
David XI Daud Khan
1569–1578
Son of David X, brother of Simon I
Alexander II
1574–1601
Son of Levan
First reign
Simon I
1578–1599
Son of David X, brother of David XI
Second reign
Leon or Levan
1585–1588
Son of George II
Rostom
1588–1589
Grandson of Bagrat III, cousin of Leon
First reign
Bagrat IV
1589–1590
Great-grandson of Alexander II
Rostom
1590–1605
Grandson of Bagrat III, cousin of Leon
Second reign
George X
1599–1606
Son of Simon I
David I
1601–1602
Son of Alexander II
Alexander II
1602–1605
Son of Levan, Father of David I
Second reign
Constantine I Constantine Khan
1605
Son of Alexander II
George III
1605–1639
Brother of Rostom
Luarsab II
1606–1615
Son of Simon I
Teimuraz I also known as Tahmuras Khan
1605–1648
Son of Alexander II
Deposed by the Persians between 1616 and 1625, and 1633 and 1634, during which years Kakheti was under Persian governorship
Bagrat VII Bagrat Khan
1615–1619
Son of David XI Daud Khan
Simon II Semayun Khan
1619–1630
Son of Bagrat VII Bagrat Khan
Kartli part of Teimuraz's Kingdom of Kakheti between 1630 and 1634
Rostom Rustam Khan
1633–1658
Son of David XI Daud Khan
Alexander III
1639–1660
Son of George III
Annexed by Kartli between 1648 and 1656, then under direct Persian rule until 1664
Bagrat V
1660 March–September
Son of Alexander III
First reign
Vakhtang V Shah-Nawaz Khan
1658–1675
Adoptive son of Rostom, born Bagration-Mukhrani
Vakhtang Tchutchunashvili
1660–1661
Lover of the Queen Dowager Nestan Darejan
First reign
Archil
1661–1663
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
First reign
Demetrius of Guria
1663–1664
Duke of Guria, briefly in power of all Imereti
Bagrat V
1664–1668
Son of Alexander III
Second reign
Archil
1664–1675
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Vakhtang Tchutchunashvili
1668
Lover of the Queen Dowager Nestan Darejan
Second reign
Bagrat V
1668–1678
Son of Alexander III
Third reign
Archil
1678–1679
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Second reign
George XI Shah-Nawaz Khan II
1675–1688
Son of Vakhtang V
First reign
Heraclius I Erekle I, Nazar Alī Khān
1675–1676
Grandson of Teimuraz I
First reign
Bagrat V
1679–1681
Son of Alexander III
Fourth reign
Under direct Persian administration between 1676 and 1703
George IV Gurieli
1681–1683
Prince of Guria, seized the crown of Imereti
Alexander IV
1683–1690
Son of Bagrat V
First reign
Heraclius I Erekle I, Nazar Alī Khān
1688–1703
Grandson of Teimuraz I of Kakheti
Archil
1690–1691
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Third reign
Alexander IV
1691–1695
Son of Bagrat V
Second reign
Archil
1695–1696
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Fourth reign
George V
1696–1698
Put on the throne by the powerful Giorgi-Malakia Abashidze
Archil
1698–1699
Son of Vakhtang V of Kartli
Fifth reign
Simon
1699–1701
Illegitimate son of Alexander IV
Mamia Gurieli, "the Great", "the Black"
1701–1702
Prince of Guria, son of George IV
First reign
George VI
1702–1707
Prince Giorgi-Malakia Abashidze
George XI Shah-Nawaz Khan II
1703–1709
Son of Vakhtang V
Second reign
David II Imām Qulī Khān
1703–1720
Son of Heraclius I
George VII
1707–1711
Illegitimate son of Alexander IV
First reign
Kaikhosro
1709–1711
Grandson of Vakhtang V, nephew of George XI
Mamia Gurieli, "the Great", "the Black"
1711–1712
Prince of Guria, son of George IV
Second reign
Interregnum, regency actually since 1703 of the future Vakhtang VI
George VII
1712–1713
Illegitimate son of Alexander IV
Second reign
Mamia Gurieli, "the Great", "the Black"
1713–1714
Prince of Guria, son of George IV
Third reign
George VII
1714–1720
Illegitimate son of Alexander IV
Third reign
Exiled between 1716 and 1719, regency of the Abashidze family
Jesse Ali-Quli Khan, Mustafa Pasha
1714–1716
Grandson of Vakhtang V, brother of Kaikhosro
First reign
Vakhtang VI "the Scholar", "the Lawgiver"
1716–1724
Grandson of Vakhtang V, brother of Kaikhosro and Jesse
George VIII Gurieli
1720
Prince of Guria, son of Mamia
Alexander V
1720–1741
Son of George VII
First reign
Constantine II Mahmād Qulī Khān
1722–1732
Son of Heraclius I
Jesse Ali-Quli Khan, Mustafa Pasha
1724–1727
Grandson of Vakhtang V, brother of Kaikhosro
Second reign
Direct administration by the Ottoman Empire 1727–1735, then by the Persian Empire 1735–1744
Teimuraz II
1732–1744
Son of Constantine II
George IX
1741–1742
Son of George VII, brother of Alexander V
Alexander V
1742–1752
Son of George VII, brother of George IX
Second reign
Teimuraz II
1744–1762
King of Kakheti 1732–1744, son of Constantine II of Kakheti
Heraclius II or Erekle II
1744–1762
Son of Teimuraz II
Solomon I
1752–1766
Son of Alexander V
First reign

Kings of Kartli-Kakheti and Imereti 1762–1810edit

The process of unification of Kartli and Kakheti was initiated in 1744, when Teimuraz II of Kakheti was confirmed as King of Kartli by the Persians, and left Kakheti to his son Heraclius II It was fulfilled in 1762, when Teimuraz II died, and Heraclius joined the two crowns The Russian southward expansion would however cut short this evolution; Kartli-Kakheti became a Russian protectorate in 1783 by the Treaty of Georgievsk, and was annexed in 1801 following the death of George XII Imereti kept its independence a few years longer, until 1810

Imereti Kartli-Kakheti
Picture Name Picture Name
Solomon I
1752–1766
Son of Alexander V
First reign
Heraclius II or Erekle II
1762–1798
Son of Teimuraz II
Teimuraz
1766–1768
Grandson of George VII, cousin of Solomon I
Solomon I
1768–1784
Son of Alexander V
Second reign
David II
1784–1789
Son of George IX
First reign
Solomon II David-Salomon
1789–1790
Nephew of Solomon I
First reign
David II
1790–1792
Son of George IX
Second reign
Solomon II David-Salomon
1792–1810
Nephew of Solomon I
Second reign
George XII
1798–1800
Son of Heraclius II
After George XII's death, and before Prince David could ascend the throne, Russia fully integrated Kartli-Kakheti into the Empire and abolished the monarchy Imereti would be similarly annexed in 1810, as Solomon II was deposed

Many members of the Bagrationi dynasty were forced to flee the country and live in exile after the Red Army took control of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1921 and installed the Georgian Communist Party Since Georgia regained independence in 1990 the dynasty have raised their profile, and in 2008 the two rival branches were united in marriage2

Timeline of Georgian monarchsedit

See alsoedit

  • History of Georgia country
  • Monarchism in Georgia
  • Line of succession to the former Georgian throne

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Ended by Russia's annexation
  2. ^ The Bagrationi Bagration Dynasty History


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