Mon . 20 Jul 2020
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |

List of Generalobersts


Generaloberst en: colonel general was, in Germany and Austria-Hungary—the German Reichswehr and Wehrmacht and the Austro-Hungarian Common Army—the second highest general officer rank, ranking above full general but below general field marshal It was equivalent to Generaladmiral in the Kriegsmarine until 1945, or to Flottenadmiral in the Volksmarine until 1990 The rank was the highest ordinary military rank and the highest military rank awarded in peacetime; the higher rank of general field marshal was only awarded in wartime by the head of state In general, a Generaloberst had the same privileges as a general field marshal

A supreme general or senior general Generaloberst,1 often translated as "colonel-general" by analogy to Oberst, "colonel," although, because "Oberst" derives from the superlative form of Germanic ober upper, cognate to English over, then "Superior General" might be a more idiomatic rendering was the second highest general officer rank—below field marshal Generalfeldmarschall—in the Prussian Army as well as in the German Empire 1871–1918, the Reichswehr of the Weimar Republic 1921–33, and the Wehrmacht which included the Luftwaffe, established in 1935 of Nazi Germany 1933–45 Together with the higher rank of general field marshal, Generaloberst was generally reckoned as the equivalent of a five-star general in NATO armies

The rank was created originally for Emperor William I—then Prince of Prussia—because traditionally members of the royal family were not promoted to the rank of a field marshal During the nineteenth century the rank was largely honorary and usually only held by members of the princely families or the Governor of Berlin Regular promotion of professional officers to the grade did not begin until 1911

Since the rank of Generalfeldmarschall was also reserved for wartime promotions, the additional rank of a "supreme general in the capacity of a field marshal" — the Generaloberst im Range eines Generalfeldmarschalls — was created for promotions during peacetime Such generals were entitled to wear four pips on their shoulder boards, compared to the normal three As such, Generaloberst could be a peacetime equivalent of the general field marshal rank

Contents

  • 1 Austro-Hungarian Army
  • 2 Bavarian Army
  • 3 Prussian Army
  • 4 Royal Saxon Army
  • 5 Army of Württemberg
  • 6 German Empire
    • 61 Reichswehr
    • 62 Wehrmacht
      • 621 Heer
      • 622 Luftwaffe
    • 63 Waffen-SS
    • 64 German Police
  • 7 German Democratic Republic East Germany
    • 71 National People's Army
    • 72 Ministry of State Security
    • 73 Deutsche Volkspolizei DVP
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References

Austro-Hungarian Armyedit

gorget patch Generaloberst of the kuk Common Army

In 1915 the Generaloberst rank was introduced to the Austro-Hungarian Common Army It was the second highest behind the Feldmarschall rank

See also Main article: List of Austro-Hungarian colonel generals

Bavarian Armyedit

  • December 27, 1911 – Carl von Horn 1847–1923, Minister of War
  • August 1, 1914 – Otto Kreß von Kressenstein 1850–1929, Minister of War
  • April 9, 1918 – Felix von Bothmer 1852–1937, commander-in chief in WW I

Prussian Armyedit

Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden as Prussian Generaloberst with the special rank GFM
  • March 20, 1854 – Wilhelm of Preußen 1797–1888, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall
  • Jun 16,1871 – Albrecht of Preußen 1809–1872, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall
  • September 2, 1873 – August Prinz von Württemberg 1813–1885, Commander and Governor of Berlin
  • Juni 25, 1888 – Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden 1826–1907, with the special rank of Generalfeldmaschall, Inspector of the Army
  • September 19, 1888 – Alexander August Wilhelm von Pape 1813–1895, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall, Commander in den Marken and Governor of Berlin
  • December 21, 1889 – Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 1818–1901
  • March 20, 1890 – Otto von Bismarck 1815–1898, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall à la suite of the Army, 1st Chancellor of Germany
  • October 18, 1901 – Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern 1835–1905
  • March 22, 1902 – Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg 1817–1905
  • September 15, 1905 – Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen 1851–1928, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall, Inspector of the Army
  • September 15, 1905 – Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden 1857–1928, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall, Inspector of the Army
  • September 13, 1906 – Ernst Rudolf Max Edler von der Planitz 1836–1910, Inspector General of the Cavalry
  • September 28, 1907 – Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg 1826–1908, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall of the Prussian Army2
  • September 18, 1908 – Hans von Plessen 1841–1929, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall, Adjutant General of the Kaiser and Commander of the Great Headquarters de: Großes Hauptquartier
  • 4 September 4, 1909 – Prince Henry of Prussia 1862–1929, with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall, Großadmiral, Inspector general of the Navy, à la suite of the Prussian Army
  • September 10, 1910 – Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia 1865–1931, à la suite
  • January 22, 1911 – Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein 1831–1917, à la suite
  • January 27, 1911 – Gustav von Kessel 1846–1918, Adjutant General of the Kaiser, Commander in the Marken, and Governor of Berlin
  • September 13, 1912 - Karl von Bülow 1846-1921, Army Commander, promoted to Generalfeldmarschal in 1915
  • January 1, 1913 - Hermann von Eichhorn 1948-1918 Army Group Commander, promoted to Generalfeldmarschal in 1917
  • Jun 16, 1913 – Maximilian von Prittwitz 1848–1917, Army Commander
  • Jun 16, 1913 – Friedrich von Scholl 1846–1928, Adjutant General of the Kaiser
  • January 27, 1914 – Josias von Heeringen 1850–1926, Army Commander
  • January 27, 1914 – Helmuth von Moltke the Younger 1848–1916, Chief of the 1st Oberste Heeresleitung
  • January 27, 1914 – Alexander von Kluck 1846–1934, Army Commander
  • December 3, 1914 - August von Mackensen 1849-1945, Army Commander, promoted to Generalfeldmarschal in 1915
  • December 3, 1914 - Remus von Woyrsch 1947-1920, Army Group Commander, promoted to Generalfeldmarschal in 1917
  • December 24, 1914 – Moritz von Bissing 1844–1917, Governor general of Belgium
  • December 24, 1914 – Ludwig von Falkenhausen 1844–1936, Army Commander
  • January 27, 1915 – Karl von Einem 1853–1934, Army Commander
  • February 20, 1916 – Alexander von Linsingen 1850–1935, Army Commander
  • January 27, 1917 – Günther Graf von Kirchbach 1850–1925, Commander of Heeresgruppe Kiew
  • January 27, 1917 – Richard von Schubert 1850–1933, Army Commander
  • January 27, 1918 – Hans von Beseler 1850–1921, Army Commander
  • March 22, 1918 – Max von Boehn 1850–1921, Army Group Commander
  • April 10, 1918 – Moriz Freiherr von Lyncker 1853–1932, Chief of the Military Cabinet

Royal Saxon Armyedit

  • December 21, 1889 – Carl Alexander Großherzog of Sachsen 1818–1901
  • September 15, 1905 – Bernhard Erbprinz of Sachsen-Meiningen 1851–1928
  • September 28, 1907 – Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg 1826–1908
  • September 4, 1909 – Prince Henry of Prussia 1862–1929
  • December 17, 1910 – Max Freiherr of Hausen 1846–1922, Minister-President, Army Commander
  • January 23, 1918 – Karl Ludwig d'Elsa 1849–1922, Army Commander
  • January 23, 1918 – Hans von Kirchbach 1849–1928, Army Commander

Army of Württembergedit

  • February 25, 1913 – Philipp Herzog von Württemberg 1838–1917, à la suite of the Army of Württemberg
  • September 24, 1913 – Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg 1865–1939, later also Prussian Generalfeldmarschall
  • 1918 – Otto von Marchtaler 1854–1920, Minister of War

German Empireedit

Rank insignia of the German Empire 1871 until 1918, here shoulder strap of the German Imperial Army: twisted of silver- and golden-braids with three stars to "Colonel general" equivalent to OF-9

Generaloberst 1871–1918

Reichswehredit

  • Januar 1, 1926 – Hans von Seeckt 1866–1936, Chief of the Heeresleitung
  • Januar 1, 1930 – Wilhelm Heye 1869–1947, Chief of the Heeresleitung
  • 1934 – Kurt Freiherr von Hammerstein-Equord 1878–1943, Chief der Heeresleitung

Wehrmachtedit

The equivalent ranks of a colonel general were in the:

  • Kriegsmarine - Generaladmiral en: General admiral
  • Waffen-SS - SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer und Generaloberst der Waffen-SS
  • Schutzstaffel SS - Oberst-Gruppenführer
  • Sturmabteilung SA - no equivalent
  • Ordnungspolizei Orpo - Generaloberst der Polizei en: Colonel general of police"
junior rank
General

Ranks Heer / Luftwaffe

Generaloberst
Generaladmiral

senior rank
Generalfeldmarschall

⇒ see also main articles Ranks: Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, and Waffen-SS

Heeredit

Rank insignia Arabesque Epaulette on flecktarn suit Generaloberst Heer
  1. April 20, 1936 – Werner von Fritsch 1880–1939
  2. November 1, 1938 – Ludwig Beck 1880–1944
  3. Dezember 31, 1938 – Wilhelm Adam 1877–1949
  4. Oktober 1, 1939 – Johannes Blaskowitz 1883–1948
  5. July 19, 1940 – Friedrich Dollmann 1882–1944
  6. July 19, 1940 – Heinz Guderian 1888–1954
  7. July 19, 1940 – Franz Halder 1884–1972
  8. July 19, 1940 – Hermann Hoth 1885–1971
  9. July 19, 1940 – Adolf Strauß 1879–1973
  10. July 19, 1940 – Nikolaus von Falkenhorst 1885–1968
  11. July 19, 1940 – Friedrich Fromm 1888–1945
  12. July 19, 1940 – Curt Haase 1881–1943
  13. July 19, 1940 – Erich Hoepner 1886–1944
  14. July 19, 1940 – Eugen Ritter von Schobert 1883–1941
  15. January 1, 1942 – Georg-Hans Reinhardt 1887–1963
  16. January 1, 1942 – Rudolf Schmidt 1886–1957
  17. April 1, 1942 – Richard Ruoff 1883–1967
  18. Jun 1, 1942 – Eduard Dietl 1890–1944
  19. July 3, 1942 – Georg Lindemann 1884–1963
  20. December 3, 1942 – Hans-Jürgen von Arnim 1889–1962
  21. January 1, 1943 – Gotthard Heinrici 1886–1971
  22. January 1, 1943 – Hans von Salmuth 1888–1962
  23. Januar 30, 1943 – Walter Heitz 1878–1944
  24. July 6, 1943 – Eberhard von Mackensen 1889–1969
  25. September 1, 1943 – Heinrich Gottfried von Vietinghoff-Scheel 1887–1952
  26. September 1, 1943 – Karl-Adolf Hollidt 1891–1985
  27. February 1, 1944 – Alfred Jodl 1890–1946
  28. February 1, 1944 – Erwin Jaenecke 1890–1960
  29. February 1, 1944 – Walter Weiß 1890–1967
  30. February 1, 1944 – Kurt Zeitzler 1895–1963
  31. April 1, 1944 – Josef Harpe 1887–1968
  32. April 1, 1944 – Lothar Rendulic 1887–1971
  33. April 20, 1944 – Hans-Valentin Hube 1890–1944
  34. July 23, 1944 – Johannes Frießner 1892–1971
  35. August 15, 1944 – Erhard Raus 1889–1956
  36. May 1, 1945 – Carl Hilpert 1888–1947

Luftwaffeedit

Rank insignia Collar patches on flying suit Generaloberst Luftwaffe
  1. July 19, 1940 – Alfred Keller 1882–1974
  2. July 19, 1940 – Hans-Jürgen Stumpff 1889–1968
  3. July 19, 1940 – Ernst Udet 1896–1941
  4. July 19, 1940 – Ulrich Grauert 1889–1941
  5. July 19, 1940 – Hubert Weise 1884–1950
  6. May 3, 1941 – Alexander Löhr 1885–1947
  7. April 1, 1942 – Hans Jeschonnek 1899–1943
  8. November 1, 1942 – Günther Rüdel 1883–1950
  9. February 16, 1943 – Bruno Loerzer 1891–1960
  10. Jun 11, 1943 – Otto Deßloch 1889–1977
  11. July 13, 1944 – Kurt Student 1890–1978
  12. July 22, 1944 posthum – Günther Korten 1898–1944

Waffen-SSedit

Rank insignia shoulder collar on
camouflage
Uniform colour "Feldgrau"

SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer and Generaloberst of the Waffen-SS:

  • 1942 - Sepp Dietrich 1892–1966
  • 1944 - Paul Hausser 1880–1972

German Policeedit

Generaloberst of the police

SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer und Generaloberst der Polizei:

  • 1942 - Kurt Daluege 1897–1946

German Democratic Republic East Germanyedit

Rank insignia Arabesque Epaulette Generaloberst Land forces

National People's Armyedit

In the Land Forces and Air Forces of the National People's Army, as well as the Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic Generaloberst was in line to Soviet military doctrine third general officer rank in that particular genera´s rank group Pertaining to the NATO-Rangcode it might have been comparable to the three-star rank OF-8 The equivalent to the Generaloberst was Admiral of the Volksmarine

See also
  • Ranks of the National People's Army


Preceded by
Junior Rank
Generalleutnant

NPA rank
Generaloberst
Succeeded by
Senior Rank
Armeegeneral
  1. March 1, 1966 Kurt Wagner 1904–1989
  2. March 1, 1972 Herbert Scheibe 1914–1991
  3. March 1, 1976 Horst Stechbarth born 1925
  4. October 7, 1977 Werner Fleißner 1922–1985
  5. July 14, 1979 Erich Peter 1919–1979
  6. October 7, 1979 Wolfgang Reinhold 1923–2012
  7. October 7, 1979 Fritz Streletz born 1926
  8. March 1, 1986 Joachim Goldbach 1929–2008
  9. March 1, 1987 Horst Brünner 1929–2008
  10. October 7, 1988 Klaus-Dieter Baumgarten 1931–2008
  11. October 7, 1989 Fritz Peter born 1927

Ministry of State Securityedit

  1. February 1980 Bruno Beater 1914–1982
  2. May 1986 Markus Wolf 1923–2006
  3. February 1987 Rudi Mittig 1925–1994
  4. 1989 Werner Großmann born 1929

Deutsche Volkspolizei DVPedit

  1. 1962 Karl Maron 1903–1975
  2. 1987 Karl-Heinz Wagner 1928–2011

See alsoedit

  • Colonel general
  • List of German colonel generals
  • Comparative military ranks of World War I
  • Comparative military ranks of World War II
  • Ranks of the National People's Army

Referencesedit

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia
  1. ^ A literal translation of Generaloberst would be "uppermost general"
  2. ^ Kurt von Priesdorff: Soldatisches Führertum Band 6, Hanseatische Verlagsanstalt Hamburg, ohne Jahr, S 417


List of Generalobersts Information about

List of Generalobersts


  • user icon

    List of Generalobersts beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


List of Generalobersts
List of Generalobersts
List of Generalobersts viewing the topic.
List of Generalobersts what, List of Generalobersts who, List of Generalobersts explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

B♭ (musical note)

B♭ (musical note)

B♭ B-flat; also called si bémol is the eleventh step of the Western chromatic scale starting from C ...
Fourth dimension in art

Fourth dimension in art

New possibilities opened up by the concept of four-dimensional space and difficulties involved in tr...
Holt Renfrew

Holt Renfrew

Holt, Renfrew & Co, Limited, commonly known as Holt Renfrew or Holt's,1 is a chain of high-end C...
Later Silla

Later Silla

Later Silla 668–935, Hangul: 후신라; Hanja: 後新羅; RR: Hushila, Korean pronunciation: ...