List of counties in South Carolina


The US state of South Carolina is made up of 46 counties, the maximum allowable by state law1 They range in size from 359 square miles 578 square kilometers in the case of Calhoun County to 1,228 square miles 3,181 square kilometers in the case of Berkeley County The least populous county is McCormick County, with only 9,958 residents, while the most populous county is Greenville County, with a population of 451,225, despite the state's most populous city, Columbia, being located in Richland County

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Alphabetical list
  • 3 Defunct parishes, counties and districts
    • 31 Parishes
    • 32 Counties
    • 33 Districts
  • 4 Proposed counties
  • 5 Notes
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

In the colonial period, the land around the coast was divided into parishes corresponding to the parishes of the Church of England There were also several counties that had judicial and electoral functions As people settled the backcountry, judicial districts and additional counties were formed This structure continued and grew after the Revolutionary War In 1800, all counties were renamed as districts In 1868, the districts were converted back to counties2 The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has maps that show the boundaries of counties, districts, and parishes starting in 16823

Alphabetical listedit

County
FIPS County Code
4
County seat
5
Established
5
Origin
Etymology
Population
Area
Map
Abbeville County 001 Abbeville 1785 Ninety-Six District Abbeville, France 7004254170000000000♠25,417 7002511000000000000♠511 sq mi
7003132300000000000♠1,323 km2
Aiken County 003 Aiken 1871 Barnwell, Edgefield, Lexington, and Orangeburg William Aiken, founder of the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company 7005160099000000000♠160,099 7003108000000000000♠1,080 sq mi
7003279700000000000♠2,797 km2
Allendale County 005 Allendale 1919 Barnwell and Hampton PH Allen, first postmaster of the new county 7004104190000000000♠10,419 7002413000000000000♠413 sq mi
7003107000000000000♠1,070 km2
Anderson County 007 Anderson 1826 Pendleton District Robert Anderson, American Revolutionary War general and Southern surveyor 7005187126000000000♠187,126 7002757000000000000♠757 sq mi
7003196100000000000♠1,961 km2
Bamberg County 009 Bamberg 1897 Barnwell Francis Marion Bamberg, Confederate general in the American Civil War 7004159870000000000♠15,987 7002395000000000000♠395 sq mi
7003102300000000000♠1,023 km2
Barnwell County 011 Barnwell 1798 Orangeburg John Barnwell, South Carolina State Senator and prisoner of war during the American Revolution 7004222610000000000♠22,261 7002557000000000000♠557 sq mi
7003144300000000000♠1,443 km2
Beaufort County 013 Beaufort 1769 1769 Judicial District Henry Somerset, 1st Duke of Beaufort, colonial proprietary landowner 7005162233000000000♠162,233 7002576000000000000♠576 sq mi
7003149200000000000♠1,492 km2
Berkeley County 015 Moncks Corner 1882 Charleston William Berkeley, colonial proprietary governor and landowner 7005177843000000000♠177,843 7003122800000000000♠1,228 sq mi
7003318100000000000♠3,181 km2
Calhoun County 017 St Matthews 1908 Lexington and Orangeburg John C Calhoun, US Senator from South Carolina and states' rights advocate 7004151850000000000♠15,185 7002392000000000000♠392 sq mi
7003101500000000000♠1,015 km2
Charleston County 019 Charleston 1769 1769 Judicial District King Charles II of England 7005350209000000000♠350,209 7002916090000000000♠91609 sq mi
7003237300000000000♠2,373 km2
Cherokee County 021 Gaffney 1897 Spartanburg, Union, and York Cherokee Native Americans 7004553420000000000♠55,342 7002397000000000000♠397 sq mi
7003102800000000000♠1,028 km2
Chester County 023 Chester 1785 Camden District Chester, Pennsylvania 7004331400000000000♠33,140 7002586000000000000♠586 sq mi
7003151800000000000♠1,518 km2
Chesterfield County 025 Chesterfield 1798 Cheraws District Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, an Enlightenment-era scholar, government official, and member of the British House of Lords 7004467340000000000♠46,734 7002806000000000000♠806 sq mi
7003208800000000000♠2,088 km2
Clarendon County 027 Manning 1855 Sumter Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, colonial proprietary landowner 7004349710000000000♠34,971 7002696000000000000♠696 sq mi
7003180300000000000♠1,803 km2
Colleton County 029 Walterboro 1800 Charleston John Colleton, colonial proprietary landowner 7004388920000000000♠38,892 7003113300000000000♠1,133 sq mi
7003293400000000000♠2,934 km2
Darlington County 031 Darlington 1785 Cheraws District Darlington, England 7004686810000000000♠68,681 7002567000000000000♠567 sq mi
7003146900000000000♠1,469 km2
Dillon County 033 Dillon 1910 Marion JW Dillon, founder of the Wilson Short Cut Railroad 7004320620000000000♠32,062 7002407000000000000♠407 sq mi
7003105400000000000♠1,054 km2
Dorchester County 035 St George 1868 Berkeley and Colleton Dorchester, Massachusetts 7005136555000000000♠136,555 7002577000000000000♠577 sq mi
7003149400000000000♠1,494 km2
Edgefield County 037 Edgefield 1785 Ninety-Six District Disputed; either its location on the edge of the state or Edgefield, Norfolk, England 7004269850000000000♠26,985 7002507000000000000♠507 sq mi
7003131300000000000♠1,313 km2
Fairfield County 039 Winnsboro 1785 Camden District The county's fair fields, as described by colonial governor Charles Cornwallis 7004239560000000000♠23,956 7002710000000000000♠710 sq mi
7003183900000000000♠1,839 km2
Florence County 041 Florence 1888 Clarendon, Darlington, Marion, and Williamsburg Florence Harllee, daughter of Wilmington and Manchester Railroad founder WW Harllee 7005136885000000000♠136,885 7002804000000000000♠804 sq mi
7003208200000000000♠2,082 km2
Georgetown County 043 Georgetown 1769 1769 Judicial District King George II of Great Britain 7004601580000000000♠60,158 7002813550000000000♠81355 sq mi
7003210700000000000♠2,107 km2
Greenville County 045 Greenville 1786 Washington District Nathanael Greene, Revolutionary War general 7005451225000000000♠451,225 7002795000000000000♠795 sq mi
7003205900000000000♠2,059 km2
Greenwood County 047 Greenwood 1897 Abbeville and Edgefield Greenwood Plantation, the home of John McGee, the county's largest landowner 7004696610000000000♠69,661 7002463000000000000♠463 sq mi
7003119900000000000♠1,199 km2
Hampton County 049 Hampton 1787 Beaufort Wade Hampton, Congressman from South Carolina and once the nation's wealthiest citizen 7004210900000000000♠21,090 7002563000000000000♠563 sq mi
7003145800000000000♠1,458 km2
Horry County 051 Conway 1801 Georgetown Peter Horry, Revolutionary War general 7005269291000000000♠269,291 7003113400000000000♠1,134 sq mi
7003293700000000000♠2,937 km2
Jasper County 053 Ridgeland 1912 Beaufort and Hampton William Jasper, Revolutionary War sergeant 7004247770000000000♠24,777 7002700000000000000♠700 sq mi
7003181300000000000♠1,813 km2
Kershaw County 055 Camden 1798 Claremont, Fairfield, Lancaster, and Richland Joseph Kershaw, one of the county's pioneering settlers 7004616970000000000♠61,697 7002740000000000000♠740 sq mi
7003191700000000000♠1,917 km2
Lancaster County 057 Lancaster 1798 Camden District Lancaster County, Pennsylvania 7004766520000000000♠76,652 7002555000000000000♠555 sq mi
7003143700000000000♠1,437 km2
Laurens County 059 Laurens 1785 Ninety-Six District Henry Laurens, president of the Second Continental Congress and prisoner of war during the American Revolution 7004665370000000000♠66,537 7002724000000000000♠724 sq mi
7003187500000000000♠1,875 km2
Lee County 061 Bishopville 1902 Darlington, Kershaw, and Sumter Robert E Lee, Confederate general during the Civil War 7004192200000000000♠19,220 7002411000000000000♠411 sq mi
7003106400000000000♠1,064 km2
Lexington County 063 Lexington 1804 Orangeburg Battle of Lexington, opening skirmish of the Revolutionary War 7005262391000000000♠262,391 7002758000000000000♠758 sq mi
7003196300000000000♠1,963 km2
Marion County 067 Marion 1800 Georgetown Francis Marion, Revolutionary War general 7004330620000000000♠33,062 7002494000000000000♠494 sq mi
7003127900000000000♠1,279 km2
Marlboro County 069 Bennettsville 1785 Cheraws District John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general, diplomat, and confidant of monarchs 7004289330000000000♠28,933 7002485000000000000♠485 sq mi
7003125600000000000♠1,256 km2
McCormick County 065 McCormick 1914 Abbeville, Edgefield, and Greenwood Cyrus McCormick, inventor of the mechanical reaper and founder of International Harvester 7004102330000000000♠10,233 7002394000000000000♠394 sq mi
7003102000000000000♠1,020 km2
Newberry County 071 Newberry 1785 Ninety-Six District Disputed; possibly Newbury, Berkshire, England, or from early settlers' notion that the landscape was as "pretty as a new berry" 7004375080000000000♠37,508 7002647000000000000♠647 sq mi
7003167600000000000♠1,676 km2
Oconee County 073 Walhalla 1868 Pickens Oconee Native Americans 7004742730000000000♠74,273 7002674000000000000♠674 sq mi
7003174600000000000♠1,746 km2
Orangeburg County 075 Orangeburg 1769 1769 Judicial District Prince William V of Orange 7004925010000000000♠92,501 7003112800000000000♠1,128 sq mi
7003292200000000000♠2,922 km2
Pickens County 077 Pickens 1826 Pendleton District Andrew Pickens, Governor of South Carolina 7005119224000000000♠119,224 7002512000000000000♠512 sq mi
7003132600000000000♠1,326 km2
Richland County 079 Columbia 1799 Camden District The county's rich soil 7005384504000000000♠384,504 7002772000000000000♠772 sq mi
7003199900000000000♠1,999 km2
Saluda County 081 Saluda 1896 Edgefield Saluda River 7004198750000000000♠19,875 7002462000000000000♠462 sq mi
7003119700000000000♠1,197 km2
Spartanburg County 083 Spartanburg 1785 Ninety-Six District "Spartan Regiment" of the state militia, which was the key force for victory in the Revolutionary War Battle of Cowpens 7005284307000000000♠284,307 7002819000000000000♠819 sq mi
7003212100000000000♠2,121 km2
Sumter County 085 Sumter 1798 Claremont, Clarendon, and Salem Thomas Sumter, Revolutionary War general and US Senator from South Carolina 7005107456000000000♠107,456 7002682000000000000♠682 sq mi
7003176600000000000♠1,766 km2
Union County 087 Union 1798 Ninety-Six District Union Church, the first Christian place of worship in the area 7004289610000000000♠28,961 7002516000000000000♠516 sq mi
7003133600000000000♠1,336 km2
Williamsburg County 089 Kingstree 1802 Georgetown District King William III of England 7004344230000000000♠34,423 7002937000000000000♠937 sq mi
7003242700000000000♠2,427 km2
York County 091 York 1798 Camden District York County, Pennsylvania 7005226073000000000♠226,073 7002696000000000000♠696 sq mi
7003180300000000000♠1,803 km2

Defunct parishes, counties and districtsedit

See also: List of former United States counties

Parishesedit

Until the late 19th century, the Lowcountry of South Carolina was divided into Parishes which themselves subdivided several "districts"; these civil parishes were based on and generally coincident even well after disestablishment with Anglican ecclesiastical parishes6

  • St Helena's Parish Beaufort District
  • St Luke's Parish Beaufort District created on 23 May 1767, located on Hilton Head Island and the adjacent mainland
  • St Peter's Parish Beaufort District
  • Prince William Parish Beaufort District
  • St Andrew's Parish Charleston District
  • St Bartholomew's Parish Charleston District
  • St John's Colleton Parish Charleston District
  • St George's Dorchester Parish Charleston District
  • St Philip's & St Michael's Parish Charleston District
  • Christchurch Parish Charleston District
  • St James' Goose Creek Parish Charleston District
  • St Thomas' & St Denis' Parish Charleston District
  • St John's Berkeley Parish Charleston District
  • St Stephen's Parish Charleston District
  • St James' Santee Parish Charleston District
  • St Paul's Parish Charleston District
  • All Saints' Parish Georgetown District
  • Prince George, Winyah, Parish Georgetown District
  • Prince Frederick Parish Georgetown District
  • St David's Parish Cheraw District
  • St Mark's Parish Cheraw District
  • St Matthew's Parish Orangeburgh District

Countiesedit

  • Carteret County
  • Craven County
  • Granville County
  • Orange County
  • Lewisburg County 1785-1791
  • Winton County present-day Barnwell County
  • Liberty County present-day Marion County
  • Winyah County former name of Georgetown County
  • Claremont County
  • Salem County

Districtsedit

  • Cheraw District created in 1769
  • Camden District created in 1769
  • Ninety-Six District created in 1769
  • Pinckney District 1791-1798
  • Washington District 1785-1798
  • Pendleton District created in 1789 from Cherokee lands

Proposed countiesedit

  • Birch County proposed in 2013 portions of Lexington and Richland counties

Notesedit

  1. ^ Section 3, Article VIII of the South Carolina Constitution Archived 4 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Edgar, Walter, ed The South Carolina Encyclopedia, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, pp 230-234, ISBN 1-57003-598-9
  3. ^ South Carolina Department of Archives and History maps
  4. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing" EPA Retrieved 2007-04-09 
  5. ^ a b National Association of Counties "NACo - Find a county" Retrieved 2007-04-26 
  6. ^ http://publicationsnewberryorg/ahcbp/documents/SC_Individual_County_Chronologieshtm  Missing or empty |title= help

Referencesedit

  • Landrum, John Belton O'Neall 1897 Colonial and revolutionary history of upper South Carolina: embracing for the most part the primitive and colonial history of the territory comprising the original county of Spartanburg with a general review of the entire military operations in the upper portion of South Carolina and portions of North Carolina Shannon and Company, Greenville, South Carolina, OCLC 3492548

http://wwwsciwaynet/facts/

External linksedit

  • Information on County Formation timeline
  • Complete South Carolina County Guide
  • Map of former parishes of South Carolina South Carolina Department of Archives and History


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