List of counties in Oregon


The following is a list of 36 counties in the US state of Oregon The Oregon Constitution does not explicitly provide for county seats; Article VI, covering the "Administrative Department" of the state of Oregon, simply states that:

All county and city officers shall keep their respective offices at such places therein, and perform such duties, as may be prescribed by law1

More details on the etymologies of Oregon county names and place names in general are documented in Oregon Geographic Names Oregon's postal abbreviation is OR and its FIPS state code is 41

Contents

  • 1 County information
  • 2 See also
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

County informationedit

The Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county

County
FIPS County Code
2
County seat
3
Established
3
Origin
4
Etymology
4
Population
20165
Area
3
Map
Baker County 001 Baker City 1862 Wasco County, Union County and Malheur County Edward Dickinson Baker, a senator from Oregon who was killed at Ball's Bluff, a battle of the American Civil War 7004165100000000000♠16,510 7003306800000000000♠3,068 sq mi
7003794600000000000♠7,946 km2
Benton County 003 Corvallis 1847 Polk County Thomas Hart Benton 1782 - 1858, a US senator who advocated US control over the Oregon Country 7004913200000000000♠91,320 7002676000000000000♠676 sq mi
7003175100000000000♠1,751 km2
Clackamas County 005 Oregon City 1843 One of the original four districts of the Oregon Country The Clackamas Indians, a Native American tribe living in the area 7005404980000000000♠404,980 7003186800000000000♠1,868 sq mi
7003483800000000000♠4,838 km2
Clatsop County 007 Astoria 1844 Northern and western portions of the original Twality District Clatsop tribe of Native Americans, who lived along the coast of the Pacific Ocean prior to European settlement 7004382250000000000♠38,225 7002827000000000000♠827 sq mi
7003214200000000000♠2,142 km2
Columbia County 009 Saint Helens 1854 Northern half of Washington County Columbia River, which forms the county's northern borders 7004507950000000000♠50,795 7002657000000000000♠657 sq mi
7003170200000000000♠1,702 km2
Coos County 011 Coquille 1853 Western parts of Umpqua and Jackson Counties The Coos Tribe of Native Americans who lived in the region 7004631900000000000♠63,190 7003160000000000000♠1,600 sq mi
7003414400000000000♠4,144 km2
Crook County 013 Prineville 1882 Southern part of Wasco County George Crook 1828 - 1890, a US Army officer who served in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars 7004215800000000000♠21,580 7003298000000000000♠2,980 sq mi
7003771800000000000♠7,718 km2
Curry County 015 Gold Beach 1855 Coos County George Law Curry 1820-1878, a governor of the Oregon Territory 7004226000000000000♠22,600 7003162700000000000♠1,627 sq mi
7003421400000000000♠4,214 km2
Deschutes County 017 Bend 1916 Southern part of Crook County "Riviere des Chutes", French for "River of the Falls" 7005176635000000000♠176,635 7003301800000000000♠3,018 sq mi
7003781700000000000♠7,817 km2
Douglas County 019 Roseburg 1852 Portion of Umpqua County which lay east of the Coast Range summit Stephen A Douglas 1813 - 1861, a US Senator who supported Oregon statehood 7005110395000000000♠110,395 7003503700000000000♠5,037 sq mi
7004130460000000000♠13,046 km2
Gilliam County 021 Condon 1885 Eastern third of Wasco County Cornelius Gilliam 1798 - 1848, a pioneer who commanded the forces of the Provisional Government of Oregon after the Whitman Massacre 7003198000000000000♠1,980 7003120400000000000♠1,204 sq mi
7003311800000000000♠3,118 km2
Grant County 023 Canyon City 1864 Parts of old Wasco and old Umatilla counties Ulysses S Grant 1822 - 1885, army officer who served in the Oregon Territory; a Union general in the American Civil War at the time of the county's creation; and subsequently President of the United States 1869–1877 7003741000000000000♠7,410 7003452900000000000♠4,529 sq mi
7004117300000000000♠11,730 km2
Harney County 025 Burns 1889 Southern two-thirds of Grant County William S Harney 1800 - 1889, a cavalry officer of the period, who was involved in the Pig War 7003732000000000000♠7,320 7004101350000000000♠10,135 sq mi
7004262500000000000♠26,250 km2
Hood River County 027 Hood River 1908 Northwest portion of Wasco County The Hood River a tributary of the Columbia River, which flows through the county 7004247350000000000♠24,735 7002522000000000000♠522 sq mi
7003135200000000000♠1,352 km2
Jackson County 029 Medford 1852 Southwestern portion of Lane County and the unorganized area south of Douglas and Umpqua Counties Andrew Jackson 1767–1845, the seventh President of the United States 7005213765000000000♠213,765 7003278500000000000♠2,785 sq mi
7003721300000000000♠7,213 km2
Jefferson County 031 Madras 1914 Crook County Mount Jefferson, which is located on its western boundary, named in turn for Thomas Jefferson 1743 - 1826, the 3rd president of the United States 7004227900000000000♠22,790 7003178100000000000♠1,781 sq mi
7003461300000000000♠4,613 km2
Josephine County 033 Grants Pass 1856 Western half of Jackson County Virginia "Josephine" Rollins, the first white woman to make this county her home 7004846750000000000♠84,675 7003164000000000000♠1,640 sq mi
7003424800000000000♠4,248 km2
Klamath County 035 Klamath Falls 1882 Western part of Lake County The Klamath or Clamitte tribe, which has had a presence in the area for 10,000 years 7004674100000000000♠67,410 7003594500000000000♠5,945 sq mi
7004153970000000000♠15,397 km2
Lake County 037 Lakeview 1874 Jackson and Wasco Counties Numerous lakes and hot springs 7003801500000000000♠8,015 7003794000000000000♠7,940 sq mi
7004205650000000000♠20,565 km2
Lane County 039 Eugene 1851 Southern part of Linn County and the portion of Benton County east of Umpqua County Gen Joseph Lane 1801–1881, the first governor of Oregon Territory 7005365940000000000♠365,940 7003455400000000000♠4,554 sq mi
7004117950000000000♠11,795 km2
Lincoln County 041 Newport 1893 Western portion of Benton County and Polk County Abraham Lincoln 1809 - 1865, sixteenth President of the United States 7004477350000000000♠47,735 7002980000000000000♠980 sq mi
7003253800000000000♠2,538 km2
Linn County 043 Albany 1847 Southern portion of Champoeg later Marion County US Senator Lewis F Linn 1795 - 1843 of Missouri, author of the Donation Land Act, which provided free land to settlers in the West 7005122315000000000♠122,315 7003229100000000000♠2,291 sq mi
7003593400000000000♠5,934 km2
Malheur County 045 Vale 1887 Southern portion of Baker County Malheur River formally "Riviere au Malheur" or "Unfortunate River", named by French trappers whose property and furs were stolen from their river encampment 7004317050000000000♠31,705 7003988800000000000♠9,888 sq mi
7004256100000000000♠25,610 km2
Marion County 047 Salem 1843 One of the original four districts of the Oregon territory Francis Marion 1732–1795, American Revolutionary War general 7005333950000000000♠333,950 7003118500000000000♠1,185 sq mi
7003306900000000000♠3,069 km2
Morrow County 049 Heppner 1885 Western portion of Umatilla County and a small portion of eastern Wasco County Jackson L Morrow, a state representative who advocated for the formation of the county 7004117450000000000♠11,745 7003203300000000000♠2,033 sq mi
7003526500000000000♠5,265 km2
Multnomah County 051 Portland 1854 Eastern part of Washington and the northern part of Clackamas counties The Indian village of Multnomah, on Sauvie Island The word is derived from nematlnomaq, probably meaning downriver Lewis and Clark made note of the name in 1805, and applied that name to all local Indians 7005790670000000000♠790,670 7002435000000000000♠435 sq mi
7003112700000000000♠1,127 km2
Polk County 053 Dallas 1845 Yamhill District James Knox Polk 1795–1849, President of the United States at the time of the county's creation 7004797300000000000♠79,730 7002741000000000000♠741 sq mi
7003191900000000000♠1,919 km2
Sherman County 055 Moro 1889 Northeast corner of Wasco County William Tecumseh Sherman 1820 - 1891, American Civil War general, and businessman, educator, and author 7003179500000000000♠1,795 7002823000000000000♠823 sq mi
7003213200000000000♠2,132 km2
Tillamook County 057 Tillamook 1853 Clatsop, Yamhill and Polk Counties Tillamook or Killamook Native American people 7004259200000000000♠25,920 7003110200000000000♠1,102 sq mi
7003285400000000000♠2,854 km2
Umatilla County 059 Pendleton 1862 Portion of Wasco County Sahaptin word, possibly meaning laughing waters 7004798800000000000♠79,880 7003321500000000000♠3,215 sq mi
7003832700000000000♠8,327 km2
Union County 061 La Grande 1864 Baker County The town of Union, which had been established two years before and named by its founders for the "Union" of the states during the Civil War 7004267450000000000♠26,745 7003203700000000000♠2,037 sq mi
7003527600000000000♠5,276 km2
Wallowa County 063 Enterprise 1887 Eastern portion of Union County The Nez Perce word wallowa to designate a tripod of poles used to support fish nets The area was claimed by the Chief Joseph band of the Nez Perce as its hunting and fishing grounds 7003714000000000000♠7,140 7003314500000000000♠3,145 sq mi
7003814600000000000♠8,146 km2
Wasco County 065 The Dalles 1854 Parts of Clackamas, Lane, Linn and Marion counties The Wasco or Wascopam Native American tribe 7004267000000000000♠26,700 7003238100000000000♠2,381 sq mi
7003616700000000000♠6,167 km2
Washington County 067 Hillsboro 1843 One of the original four districts of the Oregon Country as Twality District George Washington 1732 - 1799, Founding Father of the United States and first President of the United States 7005583595000000000♠583,595 7002724000000000000♠724 sq mi
7003187500000000000♠1,875 km2
Wheeler County 069 Fossil 1899 Parts of Grant, Gilliam, and Crook Counties Henry H Wheeler, who operated the first mail stage line from The Dalles to Canyon City 7003146500000000000♠1,465 7003171500000000000♠1,715 sq mi
7003444200000000000♠4,442 km2
Yamhill County 071 McMinnville 1843 One of the original four districts of the Oregon Country The Yamhelas, members of the Kalapuya Native American family, who lived along the Yamhill River in the western Willamette Valley 7005104990000000000♠104,990 7002716000000000000♠716 sq mi
7003185400000000000♠1,854 km2

See alsoedit

  • Oregon portal
  • Umpqua County, Oregon historic
  • Oregon locations by per capita income
  • List of US county secession proposals#Oregon
  • Lists of Oregon-related topics

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Article VI of the Constitution of Oregon, from the Oregon Blue Book
  2. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing" EPA Retrieved 2007-04-09 
  3. ^ a b c National Association of Counties "NACo - Find a county" Retrieved 2007-04-26 
  4. ^ a b Oregon State Archives "County Government" Oregon Blue Book Retrieved 2008-02-23 
  5. ^ "Certified Population Estimates for Oregon and Counties 2016" Population Research Center Portland State University December 15, 2016 Retrieved 1 March 2017 

External linksedit

  • Historic county boundaries from the Oregon Archives
  • Map of counties adjusted for population


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