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List of counties in New Mexico

list of counties in new mexico state, names of counties in new mexico
See also:

  • US District Court of New Mexico
  • Political parties
  • Qualified New Mexico Parties
    • Democratic Party
    • Republican Party
    • Green Party
    • Libertarian Party
    • National minor parties
Inferior Jurisdictions
  • Counties
  • Cities
  • census-designated places
  • School districts
Federal Representation
  • US Senators Tom Udall D Martin Heinrich D
  • US Representatives 1: Michelle Lujan Grisham D 2: Steve Pearce politician R 3: Ben R Luján D
  • v
  • e

This is a list of the 33 counties in New Mexico There were originally nine counties formed in 1852 Santa Ana County, New Mexico Territory, one of the nine original counties, was annexed in 1876 to Bernalillo County, New Mexico

The Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry1 New Mexico's code is 35, which when combined with any county code would be written as 35XXX The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county


  • 1 List
  • 2 Former counties
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


For comparison, the population estimate for the state of New Mexico as of July 2011 was 2,082,224, and the area was 7005121589000000000♠121,589 mi² 315,194 km²

County FIPS code
County seat
Formed from
Bernalillo County 001 Albuquerque 1852 One of the nine original counties The Gonzales-Bernal family, Spanish nobles who settled the territory in the seventeenth century 7005670968000000000♠670,968 7003116600000000000♠1,166 mi²
3,020 km²
Catron County 003 Reserve 1921 Part of Socorro County Thomas Benton Catron, a Santa Fe attorney and New Mexico's first US Senator 7003373300000000000♠3,733 7003692800000000000♠6,928 sq mi
7004179430000000000♠17,943 km2
Chaves County 005 Roswell 1889 Part of Lincoln County Jose Francisco Chaves, a US Army colonel in New Mexico during and after the Civil War 7004658900000000000♠65,890 7003607100000000000♠6,071 sq mi
7004157240000000000♠15,724 km2
Cibola County 006 Grants 1981 Parts of Valencia County, Socorro County, McKinley County, and Catron County The mythical Seven Cities of Cibola 7004276580000000000♠27,658 7003454000000000000♠4,540 sq mi
7004117590000000000♠11,759 km2
Colfax County 007 Raton 1869 Part of Mora County Schuyler Colfax, the seventeenth vice president of the United States 7004136400000000000♠13,640 7003375700000000000♠3,757 sq mi
7003973100000000000♠9,731 km2
Curry County 009 Clovis 1909 Parts of Quay County and Roosevelt County George Curry, a governor of New Mexico Territory from 1907 to 1910 7004496490000000000♠49,649 7003140600000000000♠1,406 sq mi
7003364200000000000♠3,642 km2
De Baca County 011 Fort Sumner 1917 Parts of Chaves County and Guadalupe County Ezequiel Cabeza de Baca, the second state governor of New Mexico 7003194500000000000♠1,945 7003232500000000000♠2,325 sq mi
7003602200000000000♠6,022 km2
Doña Ana County 013 Las Cruces 1852 One of the nine original counties Doña Ana Robledo, a seventeenth-century Spanish woman known for her charitable giving to the native population 7005213598000000000♠213,598 7003380700000000000♠3,807 sq mi
7003986000000000000♠9,860 km2
Eddy County 015 Carlsbad 1887 Part of Lincoln County Charles Eddy, a rancher and developer of the area 7004541520000000000♠54,152 7003418200000000000♠4,182 sq mi
7004108310000000000♠10,831 km2
Grant County 017 Silver City 1868 Part of Doña Ana County Ulysses Simpson Grant, the Civil War general and eighteenth president of the United States 7004293800000000000♠29,380 7003396600000000000♠3,966 sq mi
7004102720000000000♠10,272 km2
Guadalupe County 019 Santa Rosa 1891 Part of San Miguel County Our Lady of Guadalupe, the patron saint of the Americas 7003461900000000000♠4,619 7003303100000000000♠3,031 sq mi
7003785000000000000♠7,850 km2
Harding County 021 Mosquero 1921 Parts of Mora County and Union County Warren Gamaliel Harding, the twenty-ninth president of the United States 7002740000000000000♠740 7003212600000000000♠2,126 sq mi
7003550600000000000♠5,506 km2
Hidalgo County 023 Lordsburg 1920 Part of Grant County Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest who is known as the Father of Mexican Independence 7003486100000000000♠4,861 7003344600000000000♠3,446 sq mi
7003892500000000000♠8,925 km2
Lea County 025 Lovington 1917 Parts of Chaves County and Eddy County Joseph Calloway Lea, a captain in the US Army and the founder of the New Mexico Military Academy 7004654230000000000♠65,423 7003439300000000000♠4,393 sq mi
7004113780000000000♠11,378 km2
Lincoln County 027 Carrizozo 1869 Part of Socorro County Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States 7004204540000000000♠20,454 7003483100000000000♠4,831 sq mi
7004125120000000000♠12,512 km2
Los Alamos County 028 Los Alamos 1949 Parts of Sandoval County and Santa Fe County Named for its county seat of Los Alamos, New Mexico, which itself is the Spanish name for the cottonwood tree 7004182220000000000♠18,222 7002109000000000000♠109 sq mi
7002282000000000000♠282 km2
Luna County 029 Deming 1901 Parts of Doña Ana County and Grant County Solomon Luna, the largest land owner in the county at the time of its creation; itself Spanish for moon 7004252810000000000♠25,281 7003296500000000000♠2,965 sq mi
7003767900000000000♠7,679 km2
McKinley County 031 Gallup 1899 Part of Bernalillo County William McKinley, the twenty-fifth president of the United States 7004736640000000000♠73,664 7003544900000000000♠5,449 sq mi
7004141130000000000♠14,113 km2
Mora County 033 Mora 1859 Part of Taos County Named for its county seat of Mora, New Mexico, which is itself named after lo de mora, the Spanish term for blackberry 7003477300000000000♠4,773 7003193100000000000♠1,931 sq mi
7003500100000000000♠5,001 km2
Otero County 035 Alamogordo 1899 Parts of Doña Ana County and Lincoln County Miguel A Otero, territorial delegate to U S Congress 7004657030000000000♠65,703 7003662700000000000♠6,627 sq mi
7004171640000000000♠17,164 km2
Quay County 037 Tucumcari 1903 Part of Guadalupe County Matthew Stanley Quay, a US Senator from Pennsylvania who supported New Mexico's statehood 7003902600000000000♠9,026 7003285500000000000♠2,855 sq mi
7003739400000000000♠7,394 km2
Rio Arriba County 039 Tierra Amarilla 1852 One of the nine original counties Named for its location on the upper Rio Grande Río Arriba is "upper river" in Spanish 7004404460000000000♠40,446 7003585800000000000♠5,858 sq mi
7004151720000000000♠15,172 km2
Roosevelt County 041 Portales 1903 Parts of Chaves County and Guadalupe County Theodore Roosevelt, the twenty-sixth president of the United States 7004204460000000000♠20,446 7003244900000000000♠2,449 sq mi
7003634300000000000♠6,343 km2
Sandoval County 043 Bernalillo 1903 Part of Bernalillo County Named for the Sandoval family, prominent seventeenth-century Spanish landowners 7005134259000000000♠134,259 7003371000000000000♠3,710 sq mi
7003960900000000000♠9,609 km2
San Juan County 045 Aztec 1887 Part of Rio Arriba County San Juan River, itself named after the Catholic saint 7005128200000000000♠128,200 7003551400000000000♠5,514 sq mi
7004142810000000000♠14,281 km2
San Miguel County 047 Las Vegas 1852 One of the nine original counties San Miguel de Bado Catholic Church, the first in the area 7004293010000000000♠29,301 7003471700000000000♠4,717 sq mi
7004122170000000000♠12,217 km2
Santa Fe County 049 Santa Fe 1852 One of the nine original counties Spanish term meaning "holy faith," which refers to the spirituality of the founding missionaries 7005145648000000000♠145,648 7003190900000000000♠1,909 sq mi
7003494400000000000♠4,944 km2
Sierra County 051 Truth or Consequences 1884 Parts of Doña Ana County and Socorro County Possibly named for the Black Range Sierra is mountain range in Spanish 7004119430000000000♠11,943 7003418000000000000♠4,180 sq mi
7004108260000000000♠10,826 km2
Socorro County 053 Socorro 1852 One of the nine original counties Spanish term meaning "aid," which refers to the help Native Americans gave to starving travelers 7004178730000000000♠17,873 7003664700000000000♠6,647 sq mi
7004172160000000000♠17,216 km2
Taos County 055 Taos 1852 One of the nine original counties Named for its county seat of Taos, New Mexico, which in turn was named for the nearby Taos Pueblo, an ancient Native American village Taos is red willow in the Tiwa language 7004329170000000000♠32,917 7003220300000000000♠2,203 sq mi
7003570600000000000♠5,706 km2
Torrance County 057 Estancia 1903 Parts of Bernalillo County, Valencia County, and Socorro County Francis J Torrance, the developer of the New Mexico Central Railroad 7004163450000000000♠16,345 7003334500000000000♠3,345 sq mi
7003866400000000000♠8,664 km2
Union County 059 Clayton 1893 Parts of Colfax County, Mora County and San Miguel County Named for the "union" of the three counties which donated land to form the new county 7003443300000000000♠4,433 7003383000000000000♠3,830 sq mi
7003992000000000000♠9,920 km2
Valencia County 061 Los Lunas 1852 One of the nine original counties Named for the town of Valencia, New Mexico, which is itself named for Valencia, Spain 7004770700000000000♠77,070 7003106800000000000♠1,068 sq mi
7003276600000000000♠2,766 km2

Former countiesedit

  • Mesilla County, appears on 1860s-era territorial map encompassing area in present-day Dona Aña, Grant, Hidalgo, Luna, Sierra west of the Rio Grande
  • Santa Ana County 1844–1876 absorbed by Bernalillo County; portions are now in present-day McKinley County
  • Santa Fe County, Texas 1848-1850, never organized, included the portion of New Mexico east of the Rio Grande except for southeastern New Mexico east of the Pecos River and south of the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River as well as the Trans-Pecos and most of the Panhandle regions of Texas, the Oklahoma Panhandle, and portions of Colorado, Kansas, and Wyoming Before Texas ceded its western lands to the federal government after the Compromise of 1850, the following counties were briefly created from Santa Fe County earlier that year in south-central New Mexico between the Rio Grande and the Pecos:
    • El Paso County, Texas
    • Worth County, Texas

See alsoedit

  • List of New Mexico county name etymologies


  1. ^ "FIPS Publish 6-4" National Institute of Standards and Technology Retrieved 2007-08-06 
  2. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing" US Environmental Protection Agency Retrieved 2007-08-06 
  3. ^ a b c "NACo - Find a county" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2007-09-30 Retrieved 2007-08-07 
  4. ^ "NMGenWeb Counties" Rootswebcom Archived from the original on 2007-07-02 Retrieved 2007-08-06 
  5. ^ Viva New Mexico County Names
  6. ^ http://wwwcensusgov/popest/data/counties/totals/2011/CO-EST2011-01html
  7. ^ "New Mexico QuickFacts" US Census Bureau Retrieved 2007-08-07  2000 Census

External linksedit

  • Text description of counties
  • Maps of historic New Mexico counties

list of counties in new mexico, list of counties in new mexico state, names of counties in new mexico

List of counties in New Mexico Information about

List of counties in New Mexico

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