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List of counties in New Jersey

alphabetical list of counties in new jersey, list of counties in new jersey alphabetically
There are 21 counties in New Jersey These counties together contain 565 municipalities, or administrative entities composed of clearly defined territory; 250 boroughs, 52 cities, 15 towns, 244 townships, and 4 villages1 In New Jersey, a county is a local level of government between the state and municipalities County government in New Jersey includes a Board of Chosen Freeholders,2 sheriff, clerk, and surrogate responsible for uncontested and routine probate,3 all of which are elected officials Counties organized under the Optional County Charter Law may also have an elected county executive4 Counties traditionally perform state-mandated duties such as the maintenance of jails, parks, and certain roads5 The site of a county's administration and courts is called the county seat


  • 1 History
  • 2 Representation in the New Jersey Legislature
  • 3 FIPS code
  • 4 Counties
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


See also: History of New Jersey

New Jersey was governed by two groups of proprietors as two distinct provinces, East Jersey and West Jersey, between 1674 and 1702 New Jersey's first counties were created as administrative districts within each province, with East Jersey split in 1675 into Bergen, Essex, Middlesex and Monmouth counties, while West Jersey's initial counties of Burlington and Salem date to 168167 The most recent county created in New Jersey is Union County, created in 1857 and named after the union of the United States when the Civil War was imminent New Jersey's county names derive from several sources, though most of its counties are named after place names in England and prominent leaders in the colonial and revolutionary periods Bergen County is the most populous county—as of the 2010 Census—with 905,116 people, while Salem County is the least populous with 66,083 people

Representation in the New Jersey Legislatureedit

Until the 1960s, the New Jersey Senate had 21 representatives, one from each county regardless of population In the wake of the 1964 decision by the Supreme Court of the United States in Reynolds v Sims, establishing the one man, one vote principle that state legislative districts must be approximately equal in size, David Friedland filed suit in New Jersey Supreme Court on behalf of two union leaders, challenging a system under which each county was represented by a single member in the New Jersey Senate The senate enacted a proposal whereby each senator's vote would be weighted based on the population of the county represented, under which Cape May County's senator would receive one vote while the senator from Essex County would receive 191, in direct relation to the ratio of residents between counties8 In a decision issued on December 15, 1964, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the weighted voting system as adopted was unconstitutional The court ordered that interim measures be established for the 1965 legislative elections, in which weighted voting could be used as a temporary measure, and that the needed constitutional changes to restructure the New Jersey Legislature to be in compliance with "one man, one vote" requirements be in place before elections took place in 19678 The legislature's final decision was to establish 40 districts statewide, each represented by one senator and two assemblymembers, without relation to county boundaries

FIPS codeedit

The Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS code, used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry FIPS codes are five-digit numbers; for New Jersey the codes start with 34 and are completed with the three-digit county code The FIPS code for each county in the table links to census data for that county9


FIPS code9 County seat10 Created10 Formed from67 Named for11 Density Population 12 Area10 Map
Atlantic County 001 Mays Landing 1837 Gloucester County The Atlantic Ocean, which forms the county's eastern border 48939 7005274549000000000♠274,549 7002561000000000000♠561 sq mi
7003145300000000000♠1,453 km2
Bergen County 003 Hackensack 1683 One of 4 original counties created in East Jersey Bergen, New Netherland settlement, itself named for Bergen, North Holland 386802 7005905116000000000♠905,116 7002234000000000000♠234 sq mi
7002606000000000000♠606 km2
Burlington County 005 Mount Holly 1694 One of two original counties created in West Jersey The old ancient name for an inland market near Bridlington, England 55743 7005448734000000000♠448,734 7002805000000000000♠805 sq mi
7003208500000000000♠2,085 km2
Camden County 007 Camden 1844 Gloucester County Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden 1714–1794, an English supporter of the colonists during the American Revolution13 2,31377 7005513657000000000♠513,657 7002222000000000000♠222 sq mi
7002575000000000000♠575 km2
Cape May County 009 Cape May Court House 1692 Burlington County The 17th-century Dutch explorer Cornelius Jacobsen Mey, who explored and surveyed the Delaware Bay to the south of the county 38143 7004972650000000000♠97,265 7002255000000000000♠255 sq mi
7002660000000000000♠660 km2
Cumberland County 011 Bridgeton 1748 Salem County Prince William, Duke of Cumberland 1721–1765, second son of George II of England and military victor at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 32085 7005156898000000000♠156,898 7002489000000000000♠489 sq mi
7003126700000000000♠1,267 km2
Essex County 013 Newark 1683 One of four original counties created in East Jersey The county of Essex in England 6,22198 7005783969000000000♠783,969 7002126000000000000♠126 sq mi
7002326000000000000♠326 km2
Gloucester County 015 Woodbury 1686 Burlington County The city of Gloucester, England 88704 7005288288000000000♠288,288 7002325000000000000♠325 sq mi
7002842000000000000♠842 km2
Hudson County 017 Jersey City 1840 Bergen County The English explorer Henry Hudson d 1611, who explored portions of New Jersey's coastline 13,49502 7005634266000000000♠634,266 7001470000000000000♠47 sq mi
7002122000000000000♠122 km2
Hunterdon County 019 Flemington 1714 Burlington County Robert Hunter 1664–1734, the Colonial Governor of New Jersey from 1710 to 1720 29849 7005128349000000000♠128,349 7002430000000000000♠430 sq mi
7003111400000000000♠1,114 km2
Mercer County 021 Trenton 1838 Burlington County, Hunterdon County, Middlesex County, and Somerset County The Continental Army General Hugh Mercer 1726–1777, who died at the Battle of Princeton14 1,62174 7005366513000000000♠366,513 7002226000000000000♠226 sq mi
7002585000000000000♠585 km2
Middlesex County 023 New Brunswick 1683 One of four original counties created in East Jersey The former county of Middlesex in England 2,60405 7005809858000000000♠809,858 7002311000000000000♠311 sq mi
7002805000000000000♠805 km2
Monmouth County 025 Freehold Borough 1683 One of four original counties created in East Jersey The historic county of Monmouthshire in Wales 1,33555 7005630380000000000♠630,380 7002472000000000000♠472 sq mi
7003122200000000000♠1,222 km2
Morris County 027 Morristown 1739 Hunterdon County Colonel Lewis Morris 1671–1746, colonial governor of New Jersey at the time of the county's formation1516 1,04963 7005492276000000000♠492,276 7002469000000000000♠469 sq mi
7003121500000000000♠1,215 km2
Ocean County 029 Toms River 1850 Monmouth County The Atlantic Ocean, which forms the eastern border of New Jersey 62944 7005576567000000000♠576,567 7002636000000000000♠636 sq mi
7003164700000000000♠1,647 km2
Passaic County 031 Paterson 1837 Bergen County and Essex County "Pasaeck", a Lenape word meaning "valley" 2,70933 7005501226000000000♠501,226 7002185000000000000♠185 sq mi
7002479000000000000♠479 km2
Salem County 033 Salem 1694 One of two original counties created in West Jersey A Hebrew word meaning "peace" 19551 7004660830000000000♠66,083 7002338000000000000♠338 sq mi
7002875000000000000♠875 km2
Somerset County 035 Somerville 1688 Middlesex County The county of Somerset in England 1,06047 7005323444000000000♠323,444 7002305000000000000♠305 sq mi
7002790000000000000♠790 km2
Sussex County 037 Newton 1753 Morris County The county of Sussex in England 2865 7005149265000000000♠149,265 7002521000000000000♠521 sq mi
7003134900000000000♠1,349 km2
Union County 039 Elizabeth 1857 Essex County The union of the United States, which was being threatened by the dispute over slavery 5,20873 7005536499000000000♠536,499 7002103000000000000♠103 sq mi
7002267000000000000♠267 km2
Warren County 041 Belvidere 1824 Sussex County The American Revolutionary War General Joseph Warren 1741–1775, killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill 30361 7005108692000000000♠108,692 7002358000000000000♠358 sq mi
7002927000000000000♠927 km2

See alsoedit

  • New Jersey portal
  • List of United States counties and county equivalents
  • Metropolitan Statistical Areas of New Jersey—each New Jersey county is included in a Metropolitan Statistical Area as defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget


  1. ^ "New Jersey – Place and County Subdivision" US Census Bureau Archived from the original on November 22, 2009 Retrieved September 6, 2009 
  2. ^ Coppa, Frank J 2000 County government: a guide to efficient and accountable government Greenwood Publishing Group pp 39–40 ISBN 978-0-275-96829-8 Retrieved August 31, 2009 
  3. ^ Coppa, County government, p 165
  4. ^ Coppa, County government, p 108
  5. ^ "An Overview of County Government" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on April 17, 2013 Retrieved February 1, 2011 
  6. ^ a b "County Formation Map" PDF New Jersey Association of Election Officials Retrieved August 30, 2009 
  7. ^ a b Torp, Kim 2006 "New Jersey County Formation" Genealogy Trails Retrieved August 30, 2009 
  8. ^ a b Wright, George Cable December 16, 1964 "Weighted Voting Voided in Jersey; State's Highest Court Bars Senate's Plan – No Ruling on Its Constitutionality New Jersey Supreme Court Bars Senate's Weighted Vote Plan" The New York Times The New York Times Company Retrieved September 1, 2009 
  9. ^ a b "County FIPS Code Listing for the State of New Jersey" US Environmental Protection Agency Retrieved May 27, 2016 
  10. ^ a b c "NACo – Find a county" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on January 12, 2008 Retrieved January 25, 2008 
  11. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945 Accessed November 14, 2015
  12. ^ "American FactFinder" Factfinder2censusgov Retrieved 2012-08-15 
  13. ^ Greenberg, Gail August 30, 2009 "A Brief History of Camden County" Camden County Board of Freeholders Archived from the original on June 23, 2009 Retrieved August 31, 2009 
  14. ^ "History" Mercer County Cultural & Heritage Commission Retrieved August 31, 2009 
  15. ^ "The Land Past and Present" Morris County Board of Chosen Freeholders Archived from the original on August 22, 2009 Retrieved August 30, 2009 
  16. ^ "How did our county get its name" Morris County Library July 26, 2008 Archived from the original on February 23, 2009 Retrieved August 31, 2009 

External linksedit

  • 2010 Census: New Jersey Profile

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List of counties in New Jersey

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