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List of counties in Montana

alphabetical list of counties in montana, numerical list of counties in montana
This is a list of the 56 counties in the US state of Montana Montana has two consolidated city-counties—Anaconda with Deer Lodge County and Butte with Silver Bow County The portion of Yellowstone National Park that lies within Montana was not part of any county until 1978, when part of it was nominally added to Gallatin County, and the rest of it to Park County Eight counties of the state are composed of two or more words

Montana's postal abbreviation is MT and its FIPS state code is 30


The Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided for each county The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county

FIPS County Code
County seat
Beaverhead County 001 Dillon 1864 Original County Beaverhead Rock in the Jefferson River, which is shaped like a beaver's head4 7003934500000000000♠9,345 7003554300000000000♠5,543 sq mi
7004143560000000000♠14,356 km2
Big Horn County 003 Hardin 1913 Rosebud County, Yellowstone County Bighorn sheep in the area56 7004132820000000000♠13,282 7003499500000000000♠4,995 sq mi
7004129370000000000♠12,937 km2
Blaine County 005 Chinook 1895 Chouteau County James G Blaine 1830 - 1893, United States Secretary of State and presidential candidate7 7003661900000000000♠6,619 7003422600000000000♠4,226 sq mi
7004109450000000000♠10,945 km2
Broadwater County 007 Townsend 1897 Jefferson County, Meagher County Charles A Broadwater 1840 - 1892, a pioneer in the area and colonel in the United States Army8 7003566700000000000♠5,667 7003119200000000000♠1,192 sq mi
7003308700000000000♠3,087 km2
Carbon County 009 Red Lodge 1895 Park County, Yellowstone County Coal deposits in the area6 7004103990000000000♠10,399 7003204800000000000♠2,048 sq mi
7003530400000000000♠5,304 km2
Carter County 011 Ekalaka 1917 Fallon County Thomas Henry Carter 1854 - 1911, a US Senator from Montana9 7003116900000000000♠1,169 7003334000000000000♠3,340 sq mi
7003865100000000000♠8,651 km2
Cascade County 013 Great Falls 1887 Chouteau County, Meagher County Great Falls of the Missouri River 7004823440000000000♠82,344 7003269800000000000♠2,698 sq mi
7003698800000000000♠6,988 km2
Chouteau County 015 Fort Benton 1865 Original County Jean Pierre Chouteau 1758 - 1849 and his son Pierre Chouteau, Jr 1789 - 1865 They were part of the Chouteau fur-trading family 7003589400000000000♠5,894 7003397300000000000♠3,973 sq mi
7004102900000000000♠10,290 km2
Custer County 017 Miles City 1865 Big Horn County George Armstrong Custer 1839 - 1876, United States Army officer 7004120920000000000♠12,092 7003378300000000000♠3,783 sq mi
7003979800000000000♠9,798 km2
Daniels County 019 Scobey 1920 Sheridan County, Valley County Mansfield A Daniels, an early rancher and storekeeper 7003179300000000000♠1,793 7003142600000000000♠1,426 sq mi
7003369300000000000♠3,693 km2
Dawson County 021 Glendive 1865 Unorganized lands Andrew Dawson, a trapping official and major in the United States Army 7003951800000000000♠9,518 7003237300000000000♠2,373 sq mi
7003614600000000000♠6,146 km2
Deer Lodge County 023 Anaconda 1864 Original County Deer Lodge Valley, which in turn was either named for the Native American name "Lodge of the White-tailed Deer" or a salt lick where deer came in droves 7003915000000000000♠9,150 7002737000000000000♠737 sq mi
7003190900000000000♠1,909 km2
Fallon County 025 Baker 1913 Custer County Benjamin O'Fallon, a Federal Native American agent 7003310800000000000♠3,108 7003162000000000000♠1,620 sq mi
7003419600000000000♠4,196 km2
Fergus County 027 Lewistown 1885 Original County Andrew Fergus, one of the first settlers in the county 7004114420000000000♠11,442 7003433900000000000♠4,339 sq mi
7004112380000000000♠11,238 km2
Flathead County 029 Kalispell 1893 Missoula County Flathead Native Americans 7004949240000000000♠94,924 7003509900000000000♠5,099 sq mi
7004132060000000000♠13,206 km2
Gallatin County 031 Bozeman 1864 Original County Albert Gallatin 1791 - 1849, the United States Secretary of the Treasury at the time of the Lewis and Clark Expedition 7004973080000000000♠97,308 7003250700000000000♠2,507 sq mi
7003649300000000000♠6,493 km2
Garfield County 033 Jordan 1919 Dawson County James A Garfield 1831 - 1881, the twentieth President of the United States 7003130900000000000♠1,309 7003466800000000000♠4,668 sq mi
7004120900000000000♠12,090 km2
Glacier County 035 Cut Bank 1919 Teton County Glacier National Park, which borders the county 7004136960000000000♠13,696 7003299500000000000♠2,995 sq mi
7003775700000000000♠7,757 km2
Golden Valley County 037 Ryegate 1920 Musselshell County, Sweet Grass County Probably named in a promotional attempt to lure settlers to the area 7002852000000000000♠852 7003117500000000000♠1,175 sq mi
7003304300000000000♠3,043 km2
Granite County 039 Philipsburg 1893 Deer Lodge County, Missoula County Named for the granite rock which is common in the area's mountains and also held the area's rich gold and silver ore; the old mining town of Granite shared the name10 7003320900000000000♠3,209 7003172800000000000♠1,728 sq mi
7003447500000000000♠4,475 km2
Hill County 041 Havre 1912 Chouteau County James J Hill 1838 - 1916, a leading railroad tycoon 7004165960000000000♠16,596 7003289600000000000♠2,896 sq mi
7003750100000000000♠7,501 km2
Jefferson County 043 Boulder 1864 Original County Thomas Jefferson 1743 - 1826, the third President of the United States 7004115580000000000♠11,558 7003165700000000000♠1,657 sq mi
7003429200000000000♠4,292 km2
Judith Basin County 045 Stanford 1920 Cascade County, Fergus County The Judith River which was in turn named by William Clark for Julia "Judith" Hancock, whom he would later marry 7003199100000000000♠1,991 7003187000000000000♠1,870 sq mi
7003484300000000000♠4,843 km2
Lake County 047 Polson 1923 Flathead County, Missoula County Flathead Lake 7004290990000000000♠29,099 7003149400000000000♠1,494 sq mi
7003386900000000000♠3,869 km2
Lewis and Clark County 049 Helena 1864 Original County Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, the famous explorers 7004658560000000000♠65,856 7003346100000000000♠3,461 sq mi
7003896400000000000♠8,964 km2
Liberty County 051 Chester 1920 Chouteau County, Hill County The sentiment of the inhabitants when the county was formed soon after World War I 7003235900000000000♠2,359 7003143000000000000♠1,430 sq mi
7003370400000000000♠3,704 km2
Lincoln County 053 Libby 1909 Flathead County Abraham Lincoln 1809 - 1865, the 16th President of the United States 7004191250000000000♠19,125 7003361300000000000♠3,613 sq mi
7003935800000000000♠9,358 km2
McCone County 055 Circle 1919 Dawson County, Richland County George McCone, a Montana state senator who helped create the county 7003169400000000000♠1,694 7003264300000000000♠2,643 sq mi
7003684500000000000♠6,845 km2
Madison County 057 Virginia City 1864 Original County James Madison 1751 - 1836, the fourth President of the United States and the Secretary of State at the time of the Lewis and Clark Expedition 7003782000000000000♠7,820 7003358700000000000♠3,587 sq mi
7003929000000000000♠9,290 km2
Meagher County 059 White Sulphur Springs 1867 Chouteau County, Gallatin County Thomas Francis Meagher 1823 - 1867, an acting Governor of the Montana Territory 7003185300000000000♠1,853 7003239200000000000♠2,392 sq mi
7003619500000000000♠6,195 km2
Mineral County 061 Superior 1914 Missoula County Many mines and mining prospects within the county 7003425700000000000♠4,257 7003122000000000000♠1,220 sq mi
7003316000000000000♠3,160 km2
Missoula County 063 Missoula 1864 Original County Supposedly a contraction of the Flathead word, "im-i-sul-e-etiku", meaning "by or near the place of fear or ambush", a reference to Hell Gate Canyon, in which Flathead Native Americans were sometimes attacked by Blackfeet 7005112684000000000♠112,684 7003259800000000000♠2,598 sq mi
7003672900000000000♠6,729 km2
Musselshell County 065 Roundup 1911 Fergus County, Meagher County, Yellowstone County The Musselshell River, named in turn by the Lewis and Clark Expedition presumably due to mussels found on its banks 7003458900000000000♠4,589 7003186700000000000♠1,867 sq mi
7003483600000000000♠4,836 km2
Park County 067 Livingston 1887 Gallatin County Nearby Yellowstone National Park 7004158800000000000♠15,880 7003265600000000000♠2,656 sq mi
7003687900000000000♠6,879 km2
Petroleum County 069 Winnett 1926 Fergus County The production of petroleum at Cat Creek 7002485000000000000♠485 7003165400000000000♠1,654 sq mi
7003428400000000000♠4,284 km2
Phillips County 071 Malta 1915 Blaine County, Valley County BD Phillips, a leading rancher and early pioneer in the county 7003419200000000000♠4,192 7003514000000000000♠5,140 sq mi
7004133130000000000♠13,313 km2
Pondera County 073 Conrad 1919 Chouteau County, Teton County Originally pend d'oreille, French words meaning "ear pendant"; the name was changed to a form resembling the phonetic spelling to avoid confusion with the lake and town of the same name in Idaho and of a county in Washington 7003621900000000000♠6,219 7003162500000000000♠1,625 sq mi
7003420900000000000♠4,209 km2
Powder River County 075 Broadus 1919 Custer County The Powder River, named in turn for the gunpowder-like sand on its shores 7003178300000000000♠1,783 7003329700000000000♠3,297 sq mi
7003853900000000000♠8,539 km2
Powell County 077 Deer Lodge 1901 Deer Lodge County Mount Powell, which in turn was named for John Wesley Powell 1834 - 1902, the early environmentalist and explorer 7003690900000000000♠6,909 7003232600000000000♠2,326 sq mi
7003602400000000000♠6,024 km2
Prairie County 079 Terry 1915 Dawson County, Fallon County The county's location on the Great Plains 7003114800000000000♠1,148 7003173700000000000♠1,737 sq mi
7003449900000000000♠4,499 km2
Ravalli County 081 Hamilton 1893 Missoula County Anthony Ravalli 1812 - 1884, a Jesuit missionary who came to the area in 1845 7004410300000000000♠41,030 7003239400000000000♠2,394 sq mi
7003620000000000000♠6,200 km2
Richland County 083 Sidney 1914 Dawson County Named so as to depict fertile soil, in an attempt to lure in settlers 7004115760000000000♠11,576 7003208400000000000♠2,084 sq mi
7003539800000000000♠5,398 km2
Roosevelt County 085 Wolf Point 1919 Sheridan County Theodore Roosevelt 1858 - 1919, the twenty-sixth President of the United States 7004113320000000000♠11,332 7003235600000000000♠2,356 sq mi
7003610200000000000♠6,102 km2
Rosebud County 087 Forsyth 1901 Custer County The Rosebud River, which was named for the many wild roses along its banks 7003932600000000000♠9,326 7003501200000000000♠5,012 sq mi
7004129810000000000♠12,981 km2
Sanders County 089 Thompson Falls 1905 Missoula County Wilbur Fiske Sanders 1834 - 1905, a pioneer, vigilante, and US Senator from Montana 7004113640000000000♠11,364 7003276200000000000♠2,762 sq mi
7003715400000000000♠7,154 km2
Sheridan County 091 Plentywood 1913 Valley County Philip Sheridan 1831 - 1888, Civil War general 7003369600000000000♠3,696 7003167700000000000♠1,677 sq mi
7003434300000000000♠4,343 km2
Silver Bow County 093 Butte 1881 Deer Lodge County Silver Bow Creek; there are multiple theories explaining how the creek got its name 7004346800000000000♠34,680 7002718000000000000♠718 sq mi
7003186000000000000♠1,860 km2
Stillwater County 095 Columbus 1913 Carbon County, Sweet Grass County, Yellowstone County Stillwater River, ironically named for its very fast current 7003929000000000000♠9,290 7003179500000000000♠1,795 sq mi
7003464900000000000♠4,649 km2
Sweet Grass County 097 Big Timber 1895 Meagher County, Park County, Yellowstone County The abundant sweet grass in the county 7003366500000000000♠3,665 7003185500000000000♠1,855 sq mi
7003480400000000000♠4,804 km2
Teton County 099 Choteau 1893 Chouteau County The Teton Range which is in turn named for the French word for 'breast', teton 7003606400000000000♠6,064 7003227300000000000♠2,273 sq mi
7003588700000000000♠5,887 km2
Toole County 101 Shelby 1914 Hill County, Teton County Joseph Toole 1851 - 1929, the first and fourth Governor of Montana 7003515000000000000♠5,150 7003191100000000000♠1,911 sq mi
7003494900000000000♠4,949 km2
Treasure County 103 Hysham 1919 Rosebud County Named promotionally to attract new settlers 7002692000000000000♠692 7002979000000000000♠979 sq mi
7003253600000000000♠2,536 km2
Valley County 105 Glasgow 1893 Dawson County Much of the county lies within the valley of the Milk River 7003764000000000000♠7,640 7003492100000000000♠4,921 sq mi
7004127450000000000♠12,745 km2
Wheatland County 107 Harlowton 1917 Meagher County, Sweet Grass County The many wheat fields in the county 7003210200000000000♠2,102 7003142300000000000♠1,423 sq mi
7003368600000000000♠3,686 km2
Wibaux County 109 Wibaux 1914 Dawson County, Fallon County, Richland County Pierre Wibaux 1858 - 1913, a pioneer and cattleman 7003112100000000000♠1,121 7002889000000000000♠889 sq mi
7003230200000000000♠2,302 km2
Yellowstone County 111 Billings 1893 Custer County The Yellowstone River, named in turn for the yellow rocks found along its shores 7005155634000000000♠155,634 7003263500000000000♠2,635 sq mi
7003682500000000000♠6,825 km2

Defunct Countyedit

  • Yellowstone National Park 1872–1978


  1. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing" EPAgov Retrieved 2008-02-23 
  2. ^ a b National Association of Counties "NACo - Find a county" Retrieved 2007-04-26 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Selected Age Groups by Sex for the United States, States, Counties, and Puerto Rico Commonwealth and Municipios: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014" American FactFinder U S Census Bureau Retrieved 31 October 2015 
  4. ^ Muntmyler, L E April 1914 "An Enjoyable Water Trip" Hunter-Trader-Trapper Columbus, Ohio: A R Harding: 52 
  5. ^ Greene, Jerome 2008 Stricken Field: The Little Bighorn Since 1876 Hardcover Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press p 263 ISBN 978-0-8061-3791-9 
  6. ^ a b Hill, Thomas 1915 The Open Door To Independence Chicago, Illinois: Hill Standard Book Company p 225 
  7. ^ Fay, Robert; Branson, Carl 1959 "Oklahoma Geological Survey" PDF Ogsedu 
  8. ^ Guidebook … Annual Field Conference 13: 143 1962 Townsend, Montana lies in the central part of Townsend Valley at an elevation of 3833 and is the county seat of Broadwater County The town was named for an official of the Northern Pacific Railroad The county was named for Colonel Charles A Broadwater, an early pioneer  Missing or empty |title= help
  9. ^ http://wwwcartercountymtinfo/
  10. ^ "Montana Place Names from Alzada to Zortman" Montana Place Names Companion Website Montana Historical Society and Montana State Library Retrieved 31 October 2015 

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