List of counties in Michigan


There are 83 counties in the US state of Michigan The boundaries of these counties have not changed substantially since 1897 However, throughout the 19th century, the state legislature frequently adjusted county boundaries County creation was intended to fulfill the goal of establishing government over unorganized territory, but a more important goal was encouraging settlement by surveying the land and dividing it into salable sections

The creation of counties generally occurred in two stages First the boundaries of a county were declared and given a name The county appeared on maps, even though this may have been the entire extent of a county's tangible existence for several years During this period, the as-yet–unorganized county was attached to another already organized county for administrative purposes The legislature frequently changed the administrative attachment of these unorganized counties Residents of such an attached county could petition the legislature for organization, which was the granting of full legal recognition to the county

There are many cities and villages that span county boundaries in Michigan, including its capital, Lansing For a few years during the early 1970s, split cities briefly had authority to petition to change the county boundaries to accord with the city boundaries The only city to take advantage of this brief opportunity was New Baltimore previously split between Macomb County and St Clair County; now completely in Macomb This transfer of territory from St Clair to Macomb was the only county boundary change in Michigan since the early 20th century

The state constitution of 1850 permitted an incorporated city with a population of at least 20,000 to be organized into a separate county of its own1 The Constitution of 1908 retained this provision, but raised the population threshold to 100,0002 No city was ever organized into an independent county in this fashion and when a new Constitution took effect in 1963, the provision was removed

Michigan's boundary with Illinois is formed by Lake Michigan, and three counties have water boundaries with Illinois: Berrien County, Van Buren County, and Allegan County Michigan also has a boundary with Minnesota, which is formed by Lake Superior The water boundary in this instance is formed by two counties: Ontonagon County and Keweenaw County

Contents

  • 1 Etymologies
  • 2 List of counties
  • 3 Defunct counties
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
    • 51 Further reading
  • 6 External links

Etymologiesedit

Nine counties have names invented by the ethnologist Henry Schoolcraft, usually adapted from parts of Native American words, but sometimes having parts from Greek, Arabic and Latin roots3 Schoolcraft's made-up words have disputed sources While he was a devotee of Native American words and culture, some of his words may have originated with tribes from other areas of the country, such as New York or the Northeast, where many settlers to Michigan came from Real Native words were eradicated, and he substituted made-up words, sometimes with a kernel of Indian language or sound in them456

A second group of four counties were renamed for Irish locales counties Antrim, Clare, Roscommon and Wexford, apparently because it was close to the heart for certain Michigan legislators or their constituents

Ten counties, the so-called "cabinet counties", were named for persons who served in Andrew Jackson's presidential administration, which was tied to Michigan's anticipated ascendancy to statehood Eight were named in 1829 Livingston County was named in 1833 Cass County was also named in 1829, but Governor Lewis Cass did not become a member of Jackson's Cabinet until 1831347

List of countiesedit

County
FIPS Code8 County seat
Created
Origin
Etymology
Population
Area
Map
 
Alcona County 001 Harrisville 1840 boundaries declared
1869 organized
From unorganized territory; named Negwegon County until 1843 Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name 7004109420000000000♠10,942 7003179100000000000♠1,791 sq mi
7003463900000000000♠4,639 km2
Alger County 003 Munising 1885 From part of Schoolcraft County Russell A Alger, 1836-1907:
Governor and national politician
7003960100000000000♠9,601 7003504900000000000♠5,049 sq mi
7004130770000000000♠13,077 km2
Allegan County 005 Allegan 1831 boundaries declared
1835 organized
From part of Barry County, and unorganized territory Pseudo-Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name 7005111408000000000♠111,408 7003183300000000000♠1,833 sq mi
7003474700000000000♠4,747 km2
Alpena County 007 Alpena 1840 boundaries declared
1857 organized
From part of Mackinac County, and unorganized territory Was named Anamickee County until 1843 Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name 7004295980000000000♠29,598 7003169500000000000♠1,695 sq mi
7003439000000000000♠4,390 km2
Antrim County 009 Bellaire 1840 From part of Mackinac County; named Meegisee County until 1843 County Antrim, Ireland 7004235980000000000♠23,598 7002602000000000000♠602 sq mi
7003155900000000000♠1,559 km2
Arenac County 011 Standish 1831 From unorganized territory; annexed to Bay County in 1857, but reinstated in 1883 Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name 7004158990000000000♠15,899 7002681000000000000♠681 sq mi
7003176400000000000♠1,764 km2
Baraga County 013 L'Anse 1875 From part of Houghton County Frederic Baraga 1797-1868: Catholic missionary and first bishop of Sault Ste Marie 7003886000000000000♠8,860 7003106900000000000♠1,069 sq mi
7003276900000000000♠2,769 km2
Barry County 015 Hastings 1829 From unorganized territory William T Barry 1784-1835: Postmaster General in the Jackson Administration 7004591730000000000♠59,173 7002577000000000000♠577 sq mi
7003149400000000000♠1,494 km2
Bay County 017 Bay City 1857 From parts of Arenac, Midland, and Saginaw Counties Saginaw Bay 7005107771000000000♠107,771 7002631000000000000♠631 sq mi
7003163400000000000♠1,634 km2
Benzie County 019 Beulah 1863 From part of Leelenau County French name of Betsie River: rivière aux Bec-scies, the "river of sawbill ducks" 7004175250000000000♠17,525 7002860000000000000♠860 sq mi
7003222700000000000♠2,227 km2
Berrien County 021 St Joseph 1829 From unorganized territory John M Berrien 1781-1856: Attorney General in the Jackson Administration 7005156813000000000♠156,813 7003158100000000000♠1,581 sq mi
7003409500000000000♠4,095 km2
Branch County 023 Coldwater 1829 From unorganized territory John Branch 1782-1863: Secretary of the Navy in the Jackson Administration 7004452480000000000♠45,248 7002519000000000000♠519 sq mi
7003134400000000000♠1,344 km2
Calhoun County 025 Marshall 1829 From unorganized territory John C Calhoun 1782-1850: Vice President of the United States in the Jackson Administration 7005136146000000000♠136,146 7002718000000000000♠718 sq mi
7003186000000000000♠1,860 km2
Cass County 027 Cassopolis 1829 From unorganized territory Lewis Cass 1782-1866: Secretary of War in the Jackson Administration 7004522930000000000♠52,293 7002508000000000000♠508 sq mi
7003131600000000000♠1,316 km2
Charlevoix County 029 Charlevoix 1869 From parts of Antrim, Emmet, and Otsego Counties Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix 1682-1761: Jesuit traveller and historian of New France 7004259490000000000♠25,949 7003139100000000000♠1,391 sq mi
7003360300000000000♠3,603 km2
Cheboygan County 031 Cheboygan 1840 From part of Mackinac County Cheboygan River 7004261520000000000♠26,152 7002885000000000000♠885 sq mi
7003229200000000000♠2,292 km2
Chippewa County 033 Sault Ste Marie 1827 From part of Mackinac County Ojibwa Native American tribe, also known as the Chippewa 7004385200000000000♠38,520 7003269800000000000♠2,698 sq mi
7003698800000000000♠6,988 km2
Clare County 035 Harrison 1840 From part of Mackinac County, and unorganized territory; named Kaykakee County until 1843 County Clare, Ireland 7004309260000000000♠30,926 7002575000000000000♠575 sq mi
7003148900000000000♠1,489 km2
Clinton County 037 St Johns 1831 From unorganized territory DeWitt Clinton 1769-1828: Governor of New York 7004753820000000000♠75,382 7002575000000000000♠575 sq mi
7003148900000000000♠1,489 km2
Crawford County 039 Grayling 1840 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Was named Shawano County until 1843 William Crawford, 1732-82, American Revolutionary War colonel western surveyor 7004140740000000000♠14,074 7002563000000000000♠563 sq mi
7003145800000000000♠1,458 km2
Delta County 041 Escanaba 1843 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Greek letter delta, referring to the triangular shape of the original county, which included segments of Menominee, Dickinson, Iron and Marquette counties 7004370690000000000♠37,069 7003199200000000000♠1,992 sq mi
7003515900000000000♠5,159 km2
Dickinson County 043 Iron Mountain 1891 From parts of Iron County, Marquette County and Menominee County Donald M Dickinson 1846-1917: Postmaster General in the Cleveland Administration 7004261680000000000♠26,168 7002777000000000000♠777 sq mi
7003201200000000000♠2,012 km2
Eaton County 045 Charlotte 1829 From unorganized territory John Eaton 1790-1856: Secretary of War in the Jackson Administration 7005107759000000000♠107,759 7002579000000000000♠579 sq mi
7003150000000000000♠1,500 km2
Emmet County 047 Petoskey 1840 From part of Mackinac County Was named Tonegadana County until 1843 Robert Emmet 1778-1803: Irish nationalist and rebel leader 7004326940000000000♠32,694 7002882000000000000♠882 sq mi
7003228400000000000♠2,284 km2
Genesee County 049 Flint 1835 From parts of Lapeer County, Saginaw County and Shiawassee County Seneca word, "je-nis-hi-yeh," meaning "beautiful valley": named after western New York valley from which many settlers came 7005425790000000000♠425,790 7002649000000000000♠649 sq mi
7003168100000000000♠1,681 km2
Gladwin County 051 Gladwin 1831 From unorganized territory Major Henry Gladwin, British commander of the fort at Detroit during the siege by Chief Pontiac in 1763-64 7004256920000000000♠25,692 7002516000000000000♠516 sq mi
7003133600000000000♠1,336 km2
Gogebic County 053 Bessemer 1887 From part of Ontonagon County Probably from the Chippewa "bic" which most references interpret as "rock" 7004164270000000000♠16,427 7003147600000000000♠1,476 sq mi
7003382300000000000♠3,823 km2
Grand Traverse County 055 Traverse City 1851 From part of Omeena County French grande traversenote 1 "long crossing", given first to Grand Traverse Bay by French voyageurs 7004869860000000000♠86,986 7002601000000000000♠601 sq mi
7003155700000000000♠1,557 km2
Gratiot County 057 Ithaca 1831 From unorganized territory Captain Charles Gratiot 1788-1855, built Fort Gratiot at the present site of Port Huron 7004424760000000000♠42,476 7002572000000000000♠572 sq mi
7003148100000000000♠1,481 km2
Hillsdale County 059 Hillsdale 1829 From unorganized territory From its terrain, made up of hills and dales10 7004466880000000000♠46,688 7002607000000000000♠607 sq mi
7003157200000000000♠1,572 km2
Houghton County 061 Houghton 1845 From parts of Marquette County and Ontonagon County Dr Douglass Houghton 1809-1845, first state geologist of Michigan, physician and surgeon, mayor of Detroit 1842-1843 7004366280000000000♠36,628 7003150200000000000♠1,502 sq mi
7003389000000000000♠3,890 km2
Huron County 063 Bad Axe 1840 From part of Sanilac County Lake Huron, which the French named lac des Hurons after the Hurons 7004331180000000000♠33,118 7003213600000000000♠2,136 sq mi
7003553200000000000♠5,532 km2
Ingham County 065 Mason 1829 boundaries declared
1838 organized
From parts of Shiawassee County, Washtenaw County and unorganized territory Samuel D Ingham 1779-1860, US Secretary of the Treasury in the Jackson Administration 7005280895000000000♠280,895 7002561000000000000♠561 sq mi
7003145300000000000♠1,453 km2
Ionia County 067 Ionia 1831 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Province in ancient Greece 7004639050000000000♠63,905 7002580000000000000♠580 sq mi
7003150200000000000♠1,502 km2
Iosco County 069 Tawas City 1840 From unorganized territory Was named Kanotin County until 1843 Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name 7004258870000000000♠25,887 7003189100000000000♠1,891 sq mi
7003489800000000000♠4,898 km2
Iron County 071 Crystal Falls 1885 From parts of Marquette County and Menominee County For the iron deposits and mines found in the county 7004118170000000000♠11,817 7003121100000000000♠1,211 sq mi
7003313600000000000♠3,136 km2
Isabella County 073 Mt Pleasant 1831 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Queen Isabella I 1451-1504 of Spain, under whose patronage Columbus undertook his voyages 7004703110000000000♠70,311 7002578000000000000♠578 sq mi
7003149700000000000♠1,497 km2
Jackson County 075 Jackson 1829 boundaries declared
1832 organised
From part of Washtenaw County and unorganized territory Andrew Jackson 1767-1845, 7th President of the United States and President when Michigan was admitted to the Union 7005160248000000000♠160,248 7002724000000000000♠724 sq mi
7003187500000000000♠1,875 km2
Kalamazoo County 077 Kalamazoo 1829 From unorganized territory Named for the Kalamazoo River See Etymology of Kalamazoo for a discussion of the river's name 7005250331000000000♠250,331 7002580000000000000♠580 sq mi
7003150200000000000♠1,502 km2
Kalkaska County 079 Kalkaska 1840 From part of Mackinac County Was named Wabassee County until 1843 Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name 7004171530000000000♠17,153 7002571000000000000♠571 sq mi
7003147900000000000♠1,479 km2
Kent County 081 Grand Rapids 1831 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory New York jurist James Kent, who represented the Michigan Territory in its dispute with Ohio over the Toledo Strip 7005602622000000000♠602,622 7002872000000000000♠872 sq mi
7003225800000000000♠2,258 km2
Keweenaw County 083 Eagle River 1861 From part of Houghton County Ojibwe word gakiiwe-wewaning meaning "portage" 7003215600000000000♠2,156 7003596600000000000♠5,966 sq mi
7004154520000000000♠15,452 km2
Lake County 085 Baldwin 1840 From part of Mackinac County Was named Aischum County until 1843 Has several small lakes and lies near Lake Michigan 7004115390000000000♠11,539 7002575000000000000♠575 sq mi
7003148900000000000♠1,489 km2
Lapeer County 087 Lapeer 1822 From parts of Oakland County and St Clair County An Americanization of the French la pierre, meaning "the flint" 7004883190000000000♠88,319 7002663000000000000♠663 sq mi
7003171700000000000♠1,717 km2
Leelanau County 089 Suttons Bay Township 1840 From part of Mackinac County Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name 7004217080000000000♠21,708 7003253200000000000♠2,532 sq mi
7003655800000000000♠6,558 km2
Lenawee County 091 Adrian 1822 From part of Monroe County A Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name for man, from either the Delaware leno or lenno or the Shawnee lenawai 7004998920000000000♠99,892 7002761000000000000♠761 sq mi
7003197100000000000♠1,971 km2
Livingston County 093 Howell 1833 boundaries declared
1836 organized
From parts of Shiawassee County and Washtenaw County Edward Livingston 1764-1836: second Secretary of State in the Andrew Jackson administration 7005180967000000000♠180,967 7002585000000000000♠585 sq mi
7003151500000000000♠1,515 km2
Luce County 095 Newberry 1887 From parts of Chippewa County and Mackinac County Named for Michigan Governor Cyrus G Luce 7003663100000000000♠6,631 7003191200000000000♠1,912 sq mi
7003495200000000000♠4,952 km2
Mackinac County 097 St Ignace 1818 From part of Wayne County Was named Michilimackinac County until 1837 Originally Michilimackinac, believed to be a French interpretation of the Native American name for Mackinac Island, meaning "big turtle" 7004111130000000000♠11,113 7003210100000000000♠2,101 sq mi
7003544200000000000♠5,442 km2
Macomb County 099 Mt Clemens 1818 From part of Wayne County Named for US General Alexander Macomb, a notable officer of the War of 1812 7005840978000000000♠840,978 7002570000000000000♠570 sq mi
7003147600000000000♠1,476 km2
Manistee County 101 Manistee 1840 From part of Mackinac County Named for the Manistee River, which in turn is from the Ojibwe name, ministigweyaa meaning "river at whose mouth there are islands" 7004247330000000000♠24,733 7003128100000000000♠1,281 sq mi
7003331800000000000♠3,318 km2
Marquette County 103 Marquette 1843 From parts of Chippewa County and Mackinac County Named for French Jesuit missionary Jacques Marquette 7004670770000000000♠67,077 7003342500000000000♠3,425 sq mi
7003887100000000000♠8,871 km2
Mason County 105 Ludington 1840 From part of Mackinac County Was named Notipekago County until 1843 Named for Michigan Governor Stevens T Mason 7004287050000000000♠28,705 7003124200000000000♠1,242 sq mi
7003321700000000000♠3,217 km2
Mecosta County 107 Big Rapids 1840 From parts of Mackinac County and Oceana County Named for Mecosta, a Native American leader 7004427980000000000♠42,798 7002571000000000000♠571 sq mi
7003147900000000000♠1,479 km2
Menominee County 109 Menominee 1861 From part of Delta County Was named Bleeker County until 1863 Named for the Menominee Native American people 7004240290000000000♠24,029 7003133800000000000♠1,338 sq mi
7003346500000000000♠3,465 km2
Midland County 111 Midland 1831 From part of Saginaw County and unorganized territory Located near the geographical center of the Lower Peninsula 7004836290000000000♠83,629 7002528000000000000♠528 sq mi
7003136800000000000♠1,368 km2
Missaukee County 113 Lake City 1840 From part of Mackinac County Named for Missaukee, an Ottawa leader who signed land-grant treaties in 1831 and 1833 7004148490000000000♠14,849 7002574000000000000♠574 sq mi
7003148700000000000♠1,487 km2
Monroe County 115 Monroe 1817 From part of Wayne County Named for James Monroe, the fifth US President 7005152021000000000♠152,021 7002680000000000000♠680 sq mi
7003176100000000000♠1,761 km2
Montcalm County 117 Stanton 1831 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Named for Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, a French military commander in Quebec 7004633420000000000♠63,342 7002721000000000000♠721 sq mi
7003186700000000000♠1,867 km2
Montmorency County 119 Atlanta 1840 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Was named Cheonoquet County until 1843 House of Montmorency, influential in the history of French Canada 7003976500000000000♠9,765 7002562000000000000♠562 sq mi
7003145600000000000♠1,456 km2
Muskegon County 121 Muskegon 1859 From parts of Oceana County and Ottawa County Muskegon River running through county, from the Ojibwa/Chippewa word mashkig meaning "swamp" or "marsh" 7005172188000000000♠172,188 7003145900000000000♠1,459 sq mi
7003377900000000000♠3,779 km2
Newaygo County 123 White Cloud 1840 From parts of Mackinac County and Oceana County Named for a Chippewa leader who signed the Saginaw Treaty of 181911 7004484600000000000♠48,460 7002861000000000000♠861 sq mi
7003223000000000000♠2,230 km2
Oakland County 125 Pontiac 1819 boundaries declared
1820 organized
From part of Macomb County The numerous "oak openings" in the area: "majestic orchards of oaks and hickories varied by small prairies, grassy lawns and clear lakes"12 7006120236200000000♠1,202,362 7002908000000000000♠908 sq mi
7003235200000000000♠2,352 km2
Oceana County 127 Hart 1831 From part of Mackinac County Borders Lake Michigan, the freshwater "ocean" 7004265700000000000♠26,570 7003130700000000000♠1,307 sq mi
7003338500000000000♠3,385 km2
Ogemaw County 129 West Branch 1840 From unorganized territory Annexed to Iosco County in 1867 and reinstated in 1873 The Ojibwe word ogimaa, meaning "chief" or "leader" 7004216990000000000♠21,699 7002575000000000000♠575 sq mi
7003148900000000000♠1,489 km2
Ontonagon County 131 Ontonagon 1843 From parts of Chippewa County and Mackinac County Named for the Ontonagon River The Ojibwa word onagon means "dish" or "bowl" 7003678000000000000♠6,780 7003374100000000000♠3,741 sq mi
7003968900000000000♠9,689 km2
Osceola County 133 Reed City 1840 From part of Mackinac County Was named Unwattin County until 1843 Osceola 1804-1838, Seminole chief 7004235280000000000♠23,528 7002573000000000000♠573 sq mi
7003148400000000000♠1,484 km2
Oscoda County 135 Mio 1840 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Schoolcraft pseudo-Native American name 7003864000000000000♠8,640 7002572000000000000♠572 sq mi
7003148100000000000♠1,481 km2
Otsego County 137 Gaylord 1840 From part of Mackinac County Was named Okkudo County until 1843 Named for Otsego County, New York 7004241640000000000♠24,164 7002526000000000000♠526 sq mi
7003136200000000000♠1,362 km2
Ottawa County 139 Grand Haven 1831 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Named for the Native American Ottawa people 7005263801000000000♠263,801 7003163200000000000♠1,632 sq mi
7003422700000000000♠4,227 km2
Presque Isle County 141 Rogers City 1840 From part of Mackinac County A derivation of the French phrase for "peninsula", literally "almost an island" 7004133760000000000♠13,376 7003257300000000000♠2,573 sq mi
7003666400000000000♠6,664 km2
Roscommon County 143 Roscommon 1840 From part of Mackinac County and unorganized territory Was named Mikenauk County until 1843 County Roscommon, Ireland 7004244490000000000♠24,449 7002580000000000000♠580 sq mi
7003150200000000000♠1,502 km2
Saginaw County 145 Saginaw 1822 From part of Oakland County A Native American term, perhaps a reference to the Sauks, who lived at the mouth of the river13 7005200169000000000♠200,169 7002816000000000000♠816 sq mi
7003211300000000000♠2,113 km2
St Clair County 147 Port Huron 1820 From part of Macomb County Named for either Arthur St Clair, first governor of the Northwest Territory, or Saint Clair on whose feast day Lake St Clair was discovered 7005163040000000000♠163,040 7002837000000000000♠837 sq mi
7003216800000000000♠2,168 km2
St Joseph County 149 Centreville 1829 From unorganized territory The St Joseph River, which flows through the county14 7004612950000000000♠61,295 7002521000000000000♠521 sq mi
7003134900000000000♠1,349 km2
Sanilac County 151 Sandusky 1822 From part of St Clair County Sanilac, a Wyandotte chief 7004431140000000000♠43,114 7003159000000000000♠1,590 sq mi
7003411800000000000♠4,118 km2
Schoolcraft County 153 Manistique 1843 From parts of Chippewa County and Mackinac County Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, 1793-1864:
American geographer and Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Michigan
7003848500000000000♠8,485 7003188400000000000♠1,884 sq mi
7003488000000000000♠4,880 km2
Shiawassee County 155 Corunna 1822 From parts of Oakland County and St Clair County Named for the Shiawassee River, and means 'river that twists about15 7004706480000000000♠70,648 7002541000000000000♠541 sq mi
7003140100000000000♠1,401 km2
Tuscola County 157 Caro 1840 From part of Sanilac County Pseudo-Native American name created by Henry Schoolcraft 7004557290000000000♠55,729 7002914000000000000♠914 sq mi
7003236700000000000♠2,367 km2
Van Buren County 159 Paw Paw 1829 From unorganized territory Martin Van Buren 1782-1862: Secretary of State in the Jackson Administration, later Vice President and eighth President of the United States 7004762580000000000♠76,258 7003109000000000000♠1,090 sq mi
7003282300000000000♠2,823 km2
Washtenaw County 161 Ann Arbor 1822 boundaries declared
1826 organised
From parts of Oakland County and Wayne County From the Native American name for the Grand River, O-wash-ta-nong "faraway water",16 whose headwaters were within the county's bounds 7005344791000000000♠344,791 7002723000000000000♠723 sq mi
7003187300000000000♠1,873 km2
Wayne County 163 Detroit 1815 All lands within Michigan Territory that had been ceded by Native Americans through the 1807 Treaty of Detroit "Mad" Anthony Wayne, 1745-1796:
United States Army general and statesman
7006182058400000000♠1,820,584 7002672000000000000♠672 sq mi
7003174000000000000♠1,740 km2
Wexford County 165 Cadillac 1840 From part of Mackinac County Was named Kautawaubet County until 1843 County Wexford, Ireland 7004327350000000000♠32,735 7002576000000000000♠576 sq mi
7003149200000000000♠1,492 km2

Defunct countiesedit

  1. Brown County formed in 1818 from unorganized territory when Michigan Territory was expanded to include area west of Lake Michigan upon formation of the state of Illinois Transferred to Wisconsin Territory in 1836 and continues as Brown County, Wisconsin
  2. Keskkauko County formed in 1840 from part of Mackinac County Renamed Charlevoix County in 1843 Annexed to Emmet County in 1853 Reformed as Charlevoix County from Emmet County in 1869
  3. Crawford County formed in 1818 from unorganized territory when Michigan Territory was expanded to include area west of Lake Michigan upon formation of the state of Illinois Transferred to Wisconsin Territory in 1836 and continues as Crawford County, Wisconsin
  4. Des Moines County formed in 1834 from unorganized territory Transferred to Wisconsin Territory in 1836 and continues as Des Moines County, Iowa
  5. Dubuque County formed in 1834 from unorganized territory Transferred to Wisconsin Territory in 1836 and continues as Dubuque County, Iowa
  6. Iowa County formed in 1830 from part of Crawford County Transferred to Wisconsin Territory in 1836 and continues as Iowa County, Wisconsin
  7. Isle Royale County formed in 1875 from part of Keweenaw County Returned to it in 1897
  8. Manitou County formed in 1855 from parts of Emmet County and Leelenau County County government was disorganized in 1861 and attached for administrative purposes to Mackinac County In 1865, it was attached to Leelanau and reattached to Mackinac in 1869 County was abolished in 1895 and absorbed by Charlevoix County and Leelanau County
  9. Milwaukee County formed in 1834 from part of Brown County Transferred to Wisconsin Territory in 1836 and continues as Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
  10. Omeena County formed in 1840 from part of Mackinac County Annexed to Grand Traverse County in 1853
  11. Wyandot County formed in 1840 from part of Mackinac County Annexed to Cheboygan County in 1853

See alsoedit

  • Cabinet counties
  • List of abolished US counties

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Constitution of the State of Michigan, 1850, Article 10, Section 2
  2. ^ Constitution of the State of Michigan, 1908, Article 8, Section 2
  3. ^ a b Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography by county and region, including origin of county names
  4. ^ a b Romig, Walter; Massie, Larry B Designer 1986 Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and the Naming of More Than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press ISBN 978-0-8143-1838-6 
  5. ^ Vogel, Virgil J 1986 Indian Names in Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press pp 244, 8 B&W photographs & 3 maps ISBN 978-0-472-06365-9 
  6. ^ Powers, Perry F; Cutler, HG, assisting 1912 A History of Northern Michigan and its People  at Google books
  7. ^ "Michigan Counties" Archived 28 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine from the Michigan Department of History, Arts and Libraries, which contains additional references at the end of the article
  8. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing" EPA Retrieved 2008-09-08 
  9. ^ Centre national de ressources textuelles
  10. ^ Dan Bisher 1999 "A Brief History of 'Hillsdale County'" Retrieved 24 November 2008 
  11. ^ Clarke Historical Library bibliographic entry for Newaygo County
  12. ^ As described by Dr Bela Hubbard, surveyor of Michigan
  13. ^ Clarke Historical Library bibliographic entry for Saginaw County
  14. ^ John Marvin "Background History on St Joseph County" Archived from the original on 15 June 2008 Retrieved 24 November 2008 
  15. ^ Clarke Historical Library bibliographic entry for Shiawassee County
  16. ^ Publications of the Historical Society of Grand Rapids 1906 p 36 
  1. ^ In modern standard French, la grande traversée; as the sense of ‘crossing’ is obsolete for traverse9

Further readingedit

  • Armitage, B Phyllis October–December 1943 "A Study of Michigan's Place-Names" Michigan History magazine 27: 626–637 
  • County histories published in Michigan History Magazine Some back issues that include these histories are still available for purchase
  • Jenks, William L 1912 "History and Meaning of the County Names of Michigan" Collections and Researches of the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society 38: 439–478 
  • Michigan Manual the "Red Book" published biennially by the Legislative Service Bureau under the direction of the Legislative Council, State of Michigan 
  • Powers, Perry F; Cutler, HG, assisting 1912 A History of Northern Michigan and its People  at Google books
  • Reports of Counties, Towns and Districts Report of the Pioneer Society of the State of Michigan I 2nd ed Lansing, Michigan: Robert Smith Printing Co 1874-6 1900 pp 94–520  Check date values in: |date= help
  • Romig, Walter; Massie, Larry B Designer 1986 Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and the Naming of More Than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press ISBN 978-0-8143-1838-6 
  • Vogel, Virgil J 1986 Indian Names in Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press pp 244, 8 B&W photographs & 3 maps ISBN 978-0-472-06365-9 

External linksedit

  • Bibliography by county and region, including origin of county names, Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University
  • Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary
  • History of County Creation
  • Michigan County History and atlases, digitized database, including Powers, Perry F, assisted by HG Cutler, A History of Northern Michigan and its People 1912
  • Michigan County names per the Michigan government
  • Table of dates counties laid out and organized
  • History of the name Sheboygan
  • American FactFinder for the 2010 Census


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