List of counties in Maine


This is a list of the sixteen counties in the US state of Maine Before statehood, Maine was officially part of the state of Massachusetts and was called the District of Maine Maine was granted statehood on March 15, 1820 as part of the Missouri Compromise Nine of the sixteen counties had their borders defined while Maine was still part of Massachusetts, and hence are older than the state itself1page needed Even after 1820, the exact location of the northern border of Maine was disputed with Britain, until the question was settled and the northern counties took their final, official form by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, signed in 18422 Almost all of Aroostook County was disputed land until the treaty was signed1page needed

The first county to be created was York County, created as York County, Massachusetts by the government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1652 to govern territories it claimed in southern Maine3 No new counties have been created since 1860, when Knox County and Sagadahoc County were created The most populous counties tend to be located in the southwestern portion of the state, along the Atlantic seaboard The largest counties in terms of land area are inland and further north Maine's county names derive from a mix of British, American, and Native American sources, reflecting Maine's pre-colonial, colonial, and national heritage1page needed

The Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry Maine's code is 23, which when combined with any county code would be written as 23XXX The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county4

Listedit

County
FIPS County Code
5
Seat
6
Established
6
Origin
Etymology
Population
67
Area
67
Map
Androscoggin County 001 Auburn 1854 From parts of Cumberland County, Kennebec County, and Lincoln County The Androscoggin Native American tribe 7005107233000000000♠107,233 7002497000000000000♠497 mi²
1,287 km²
Aroostook County 003 Houlton 1839 From parts of Penobscot County, and Washington County A Native American word meaning beautiful river 7004686280000000000♠68,628 7003682900000000000♠6,829 sq mi
7004176870000000000♠17,687 km2
Cumberland County 005 Portland 1761 As Cumberland County, Massachusetts from part of York County Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, son of George II of Great Britain 7005289977000000000♠289,977 7003121700000000000♠1,217 sq mi
7003315200000000000♠3,152 km2
Franklin County 007 Farmington 1838 From parts of Kennebec County, Oxford County, and Somerset County Benjamin Franklin, the Founding Father, scientist, printer, and diplomat 7004299910000000000♠29,991 7003174400000000000♠1,744 sq mi
7003451700000000000♠4,517 km2
Hancock County 009 Ellsworth 1790 As Hancock County, Massachusetts, from part of Lincoln County John Hancock 1737–1793, the Founding Father and president of the convention that produced the United States Declaration of Independence 7004546590000000000♠54,659 7003235100000000000♠2,351 sq mi
7003608900000000000♠6,089 km2
Kennebec County 011 Augusta 1799 As Kennebec County, Massachusetts from part of Lincoln County The Kennebec River in Maine 7005119980000000000♠119,980 7002951000000000000♠951 sq mi
7003246300000000000♠2,463 km2
Knox County 013 Rockland 1860 From parts of Lincoln County and Waldo County Henry Knox 1750–1806, the first United States Secretary of War 1789 - 1794, who lived in Thomaston, Maine 7004398550000000000♠39,855 7003114200000000000♠1,142 sq mi
7003295800000000000♠2,958 km2
Lincoln County 015 Wiscasset 1760 As Lincoln County, Massachusetts from part of York County The city of Lincoln, England 7004339690000000000♠33,969 7002700000000000000♠700 sq mi
7003181300000000000♠1,813 km2
Oxford County 017 Paris 1805 As Oxford County, Massachusetts from parts of Cumberland County and York County Probably named for Oxford, Massachusetts 7004572020000000000♠57,202 7003217500000000000♠2,175 sq mi
7003563300000000000♠5,633 km2
Penobscot County 019 Bangor 1816 As Penobscot County, Massachusetts from part of Hancock County The Penobscot Native American tribe 7005152692000000000♠152,692 7003355600000000000♠3,556 sq mi
7003921000000000000♠9,210 km2
Piscataquis County 021 Dover-Foxcroft 1838 From parts of Penobscot County and Somerset County An Abenaki word meaning rapid waters 7004169310000000000♠16,931 7003437700000000000♠4,377 sq mi
7004113360000000000♠11,336 km2
Sagadahoc County 023 Bath 1854 From part of Lincoln County A Native American word meaning mouth of big river 7004351490000000000♠35,149 7002370000000000000♠370 sq mi
7002958000000000000♠958 km2
Somerset County 025 Skowhegan 1809 As Somerset County, Massachusetts from parts of Kennebec County The county of Somerset in England 7004511130000000000♠51,113 7003409500000000000♠4,095 sq mi
7004106060000000000♠10,606 km2
Waldo County 027 Belfast 1827 From parts of Hancock County, Kennebec County and Lincoln County Samuel Waldo, Maine landowner and a colonial soldier in the 1745 siege of Louisbourg 7004391550000000000♠39,155 7002853000000000000♠853 sq mi
7003220900000000000♠2,209 km2
Washington County 029 Machias 1790 As Washington County, Massachusetts from part of Lincoln County George Washington, the first President of the United States 7004316250000000000♠31,625 7003325500000000000♠3,255 sq mi
7003843000000000000♠8,430 km2
York County 031 Alfred 1652 As Yorkshire County, Massachusetts from the southern part of the District of Maine Renamed York County by Massachusetts in 1668 York, England, the birthplace of Christopher Levett who first attempted to settle the area 7005201169000000000♠201,169 7003127100000000000♠1,271 sq mi
7003329200000000000♠3,292 km2

Songedit

A song is taught to many elementary school children across the state, entitled the Maine County Song, to aid in memorizing the names of the state's 16 counties It is sung to the tune of Yankee Doodle

Sixteen counties has our state Cumberland and Franklin Piscataquis and Kennebec Oxford, Androscoggin Waldo, Washington, and York Lincoln, Knox, and Hancock Sagadahoc and Somerset Aroostook and Penobscot8

An alternate version as put forth by the Maine Secretary of State's Kids' Page:

The sixteen counties in our state Are Cumberland and Franklin Piscataquis and Somerset Aroostook, Androscoggin Sagadahoc and Kennebec Lincoln, Knox and Hancock Waldo, Washington and York Oxford and Penobscot9

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c Clark, Charles E 1990 Maine: A History University Press of New England ISBN 0-87451-520-3 
  2. ^ Bassett, John 1913 A Short History of the United States New York: Macmillan OCLC 869001  pp 437–438
  3. ^ Clark, Charles E 1970 The Eastern Frontier: The Settlement of Northern new England, 1610–1763 New York: Alfred A Knopf OCLC 94907  p 50
  4. ^ "FIPS Publish 6-4" National Institute of Standards and Technology Retrieved 2007-04-11 
  5. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing" EPAgov Retrieved 2008-02-23 
  6. ^ a b c d National Association of Counties "NACo - Find a county" Archived from the original on 2008-04-11 Retrieved 2008-04-30 
  7. ^ a b "Maine QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau" State & County QuickFacts Retrieved 2007-04-18 
  8. ^ 16 counties fit nicely in ‘Yankee Doodle’
  9. ^ Secretary of State Kid's Page Home


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List of counties in Maine

List of counties in Maine
List of counties in Maine

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