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Lincoln, New Hampshire

lincoln new hampshire loon mountain skiing, lincoln new hampshire weather 10 day forecast
Lincoln is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States It is the second-largest town by area in New Hampshire The population was 1,662 at the 2010 census1 The town is home to the New Hampshire Highland Games and to a portion of Franconia Notch State Park Set in the White Mountains, large portions of the town are within the White Mountain National Forest The Appalachian Trail crosses in the northeast Lincoln is the location of the Loon Mountain ski resort and associated recreation-centered development

The primary settlement in town, where 993 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Lincoln census-designated place CDP and is located along New Hampshire Route 112 east of Interstate 93 The town also includes the village of North Lincoln and the former village sites of Stillwater and Zealand sometime known as Pullman in the town's remote eastern and northern sections respectively, which are now within the White Mountain National Forest

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

General view c 1915

In 1764, Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth granted 32,456 acres 13134 km2 to a group of approximately 70 land investors from Connecticut Lincoln was named after Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle, 9th Earl of Lincoln – a cousin of the Wentworth governors He held the position of comptroller of customs for the port of London under George II and George III, which was important to trade between America and England2

The town was settled about 1782 The 1790 census indicates that it had 22 inhabitants Rocky soil yielded poor farming, but the area's abundant timber, combined with water power to run sawmills on the Pemigewasset River and its East Branch, helped Lincoln develop into a center for logging By 1853, the Merrimack River Lumber Company was operating The railroad transported freight, and increasingly brought tourists to the beautiful mountain region In 1892, James E Henry bought approximately 100,000 acres 400 km2 of virgin timber and established a logging enterprise at what is today the center of Lincoln In 1902, he built a pulp and paper mill He erected The Lincoln House hotel in 1903, although a 1907 fire would nearly raze the community Until he died in 1912, Henry controlled his company town, installing relatives in positions of civic authority3

In 1917, Henry's heirs sold the business to the Parker Young Company, which in turn sold it to the Marcalus Manufacturing Company in 1946 Franconia Paper took over in 1950, producing 150 tons of paper a day until bankruptcy in 1971, at which time new river classification standards discouraged further papermaking in Lincoln3

Tourism is today the principal business Nearby Loon Mountain has long drawn skiers, and in recent years has attempted to convert itself into a four-season attraction The Flume is one of the most visited attractions in the state Discovered in 1808, it is a natural canyon extending 800 feet 240 m at the base of Mount Liberty Walls of Conway granite rise to a height of 70 to 90 feet 21 to 27 m and are only 12 to 20 feet 25 to 60 m apart

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1309 square miles 3390 km2, of which 1303 square miles 3375 km2 is land and 06 square miles 16 km2 is water, comprising 043% of the town4 It is the second-largest town in area in New Hampshire, after Pittsburg

Lincoln is drained by the Pemigewasset River and its East Branch Lincoln lies almost fully within the Merrimack River watershed, with the western edge of town in the Connecticut River watershed5 Kancamagus Pass, elevation 2,860 feet 870 m, is on the Kancamagus Highway at the eastern boundary The highest point in Lincoln is either the summit of Mount Carrigain, at 4,700 ft 1,433 m above sea level, plus or minus 10 ft 30 m, or the summit of Mount Bond at 4,698 ft 1,432 m

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 22
1800 41 864%
1810 100 1439%
1820 32 −680%
1830 50 563%
1840 76 520%
1850 57 −250%
1860 71 246%
1870 71 00%
1880 65 −85%
1890 110 692%
1900 541 3918%
1910 1,278 1362%
1920 1,473 153%
1930 1,548 51%
1940 1,560 08%
1950 1,415 −93%
1960 1,228 −132%
1970 1,341 92%
1980 1,313 −21%
1990 1,229 −64%
2000 1,271 34%
2010 1,662 308%
Est 2015 1,711 29%
US Decennial Census7
Hiking trail in Franconia Notch State Park The Flume c 1915

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 1,271 people, 583 households, and 324 families residing in the town The population density was 97 people per square mile 38/km² There were 2,339 housing units at an average density of 179 per square mile 69/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9740% White, 039% Native American, 087% Asian, 016% from other races, and 118% from two or more races 071% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 583 households out of which 228% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 434% were married couples living together, 89% had a female householder with no husband present, and 444% were non-families 357% of all households were made up of individuals and 127% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 218 and the average family size was 283

In the town, the population was spread out with 198% under the age of 18, 71% from 18 to 24, 279% from 25 to 44, 279% from 45 to 64, and 174% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 43 years For every 100 females there were 992 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 967 males

The median income for a household in the town was $28,523, and the median income for a family was $44,063 Males had a median income of $25,263 versus $22,784 for females The per capita income for the town was $17,999 About 34% of families and 80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53% of those under age 18 and 55% of those age 65 or over

See alsoedit

  • White Mountain art

Sites of interestedit

  • Clark's Trading Post
  • Franconia Notch State Park, including:
    • Flume Gorge
    • Lonesome Lake
  • Hobo Railroad
  • Loon Mountain ski resort
  • Whale's Tale Water Park

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 553–555 
  3. ^ a b History of Lincoln, New Hampshire
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Lincoln town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 10, 2011 
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Lincoln Public Library
  • New Hampshire Highland Games
  • White Mountain Snowmobile Club
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile

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