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Lincoln County, Oregon

lincoln county oregon assessor's office, lincoln county oregon school district
Lincoln County is a county located in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, its population was 46,0341 The county seat is Newport2 The county is named for Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States3

Lincoln County comprises the Newport, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Economy
  • 3 Geography
    • 31 Adjacent counties
    • 32 National protected areas
  • 4 Demographics
    • 41 2000 census
    • 42 2010 census
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Census-designated places
    • 63 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Lincoln County was created by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 20, 1893, from the western portion of Benton and Polk counties The county adjusted its boundaries in 1923, 1925, 1927, 1931, and 1949

At the time of the county's creation, Toledo was picked as the temporary county seat In 1896 it was chosen as the permanent county seat Three elections were held to determine if the county seat should be moved from Toledo to Newport Twice these votes failed—in 1928 and 1938 In 1954, however, the vote went in Newport's favor While Toledo has remained the industrial hub of Lincoln County, the city has never regained the position it once had

Like Tillamook County to the north, for the first decades of its existence Lincoln County was isolated from the rest of the state This was solved with the construction of US Route 101 completed in 1925, and the Salmon River Highway completed in 1930 In 1936, as some of many federally funded construction projects during the Great Depression, bridges were constructed across the bays at Waldport, Newport, and Siletz, eliminating the ferries needed to cross these bays

The northern part of Lincoln County includes the Siletz Reservation, created by treaty in 1855 The reservation was open to non-Indian settlement between 1895 and 1925 The Siletz's tribal status was terminated by the federal government in 1954, but in 1977 it became the first Oregon tribe to have its tribal status reinstated The current reservation totals 3,666 acres 1484 km2

Economyedit

Principal industries of the county are travel primarily tourism, trade, health services and construction45 Paper manufacturing and fishing are still important although they contribute proportionally less to the county's employment than they used tocitation needed Newport is one of the two major fishing ports of Oregon along with Astoria that ranks in the top twenty of fishing ports in the UScitation needed Its port averaged 105 million pounds 48,000 t of fish landed in 1997-2000citation needed Newport is home of Oregon State University's Hatfield Marine Science Center, as well as the Oregon Coast Aquarium, and their fleet of ocean-going vessels

Many of the other communities in Lincoln county depend on tourism as their principal source of incomecitation needed The county's average nonfarm employment was 18,820 in 2007citation needed

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,194 square miles 3,090 km2, of which 980 square miles 2,500 km2 is land and 214 square miles 550 km2 18% is water6

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Tillamook County north
  • Polk County east
  • Benton County east
  • Lane County south

National protected areasedit

  • Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge part
  • Siletz Bay National Wildlife Refuge
  • Siuslaw National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1900 3,575
1910 5,587 563%
1920 6,084 89%
1930 9,903 628%
1940 14,549 469%
1950 21,308 465%
1960 24,635 156%
1970 25,755 45%
1980 35,264 369%
1990 38,889 103%
2000 44,479 144%
2010 46,034 35%
Est 2016 47,806 Formatting error: invalid input when rounding%
US Decennial Census8
1790-19609 1900-199010
1990-200011 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the 2000 census, there were 44,479 people, 19,296 households, and 12,252 families residing in the county The population density was 45 people per square mile 18/km² There were 26,889 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile 11/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9059% White, 030% Black or African American, 314% Native American, 093% Asian, 016% Pacific Islander, 166% from other races, and 323% from two or more races 476% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 168% were of German, 135% English, 108% Irish and 85% American ancestry

There were 19,296 households out of which 2440% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 4950% were married couples living together, 1000% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3650% were non-families 2930% of all households were made up of individuals and 1270% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 227 and the average family size was 275

In the county, the population was spread out with 2140% under the age of 18, 650% from 18 to 24, 2350% from 25 to 44, 2900% from 45 to 64, and 1950% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 44 years For every 100 females there were 9400 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9010 males

The median income for a household in the county was $32,769, and the median income for a family was $39,403 Males had a median income of $32,407 versus $22,622 for females The per capita income for the county was $18,692 About 980% of families and 1390% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1950% of those under age 18 and 720% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,034 people, 20,550 households, and 12,372 families residing in the county12 The population density was 470 inhabitants per square mile 181/km2 There were 30,610 housing units at an average density of 312 per square mile 120/km213 The racial makeup of the county was 877% white, 35% American Indian, 11% Asian, 04% black or African American, 01% Pacific islander, 34% from other races, and 37% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 79% of the population12 In terms of ancestry, 235% were German, 220% were English, 146% were Irish, and 46% were American14

Of the 20,550 households, 212% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 463% were married couples living together, 96% had a female householder with no husband present, 398% were non-families, and 312% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 220 and the average family size was 270 The median age was 496 years12

The median income for a household in the county was $39,738 and the median income for a family was $52,730 Males had a median income of $42,416 versus $31,690 for females The per capita income for the county was $24,354 About 117% of families and 162% of the population were below the poverty line, including 217% of those under age 18 and 88% of those age 65 or over15

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results16
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 398% 10,039 495% 12,501 108% 2,716
2012 378% 8,686 583% 13,401 39% 897
2008 368% 8,791 597% 14,258 35% 840
2004 418% 10,160 565% 13,753 17% 412
2000 400% 8,446 514% 10,861 86% 1,811
1996 326% 6,717 512% 10,552 162% 3,338
1992 264% 5,716 444% 9,603 292% 6,304
1988 422% 7,364 550% 9,598 28% 481
1984 512% 9,110 485% 8,637 03% 57
1980 446% 7,637 409% 7,009 145% 2,481
1976 436% 5,755 507% 6,685 58% 759
1972 516% 6,112 432% 5,117 53% 625
1968 470% 5,031 468% 5,009 62% 659
1964 310% 3,200 688% 7,101 02% 22
1960 499% 5,231 500% 5,243 01% 9
1956 536% 5,346 464% 4,624 00% 0
1952 601% 5,559 393% 3,632 07% 61
1948 469% 3,587 486% 3,720 46% 349
1944 482% 2,801 507% 2,947 11% 65
1940 451% 2,962 535% 3,510 14% 93
1936 314% 1,585 600% 3,024 86% 433
1932 354% 1,415 594% 2,376 52% 207
1928 573% 2,100 400% 1,464 27% 99
1924 522% 1,328 252% 641 226% 575
1920 591% 1,229 322% 669 88% 182
1916 509% 1,167 399% 915 92% 212
1912 311% 410 284% 375 405% 53417
1908 585% 595 277% 282 138% 140
1904 648% 581 200% 179 152% 136

In its early history, Lincoln County, like almost all of Western Oregon during the era, was very solidly Republican It was won by the Republican presidential nominee in every election from its creation up to and including 1928, even voting for William Howard Taft in 1912 when his party was divided18 Since Franklin Delano Roosevelt became the fist Democrat to carry the county in 1932, Lincoln has become a strongly Democratic-leaning county The only Republicans to win Lincoln County since the Great Depression transformed its politics have been Dwight D Eisenhower, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan, who each carried the county twice With the exception of 1968, all these post-Depression Republican wins in Lincoln County occurred during landslide GOP victories across the nation

In the United States House of Representatives, Lincoln County lies within Oregon's 5th congressional district, represented by Democrat Kurt Schrader

Communitiesedit

Lincoln Beach, Oregon, Fishing Rock with Rabbit Rock in background

Citiesedit

  • Depoe Bay
  • Lincoln City
  • Newport county seat
  • Siletz
  • Toledo
  • Waldport
  • Yachats

Census-designated placesedit

  • Lincoln Beach
  • Rose Lodge

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Agate Beach
  • Bayview
  • Beverly Beach
  • Burnt Woods
  • Chitwood
  • Eddyville
  • Elk City
  • Fisher
  • Gleneden Beach
  • Harlan
  • Kernville
  • Little Albany
  • Logsden
  • Nashville
  • Neotsu
  • Newport Heights
  • Nortons
  • Otis
  • Otis Junction
  • Otter Rock
  • Roads End
  • San Marine
  • Seal Rock
  • South Beach
  • Tidewater
  • Yaquina

See alsoedit

  • List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Oregon
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Lincoln County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States US Government Printing Office p 187 
  4. ^ Oregon Labor Market Information System
  5. ^ Bureau of Economic Analysis
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 265 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 227 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 42 votes
  18. ^ Menendez, Albert J; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp 284-285 ISBN 0786422173

External linksedit

  • Lincoln County Official Site
  • Accurate statistical information provided by the government of the united states
  • Media related to Lincoln County, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 44°38′N 123°55′W / 4464°N 12391°W / 4464; -12391

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Lincoln County, Oregon


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