Wed . 20 Aug 2020
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |

LGBT history in North Dakota

The state of North Dakota has improved in its treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender residents in the late 1990s and into the 21st Century, when LGBT residents began to openly establish events, organizations and outlets for fellow LGBT residents and allies, and increase in political and community awareness


  • 1 Prior to the 20th century
  • 2 Late 20th century
  • 3 Into the 21st century
  • 4 Laws against homosexuality
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Prior to the 20th centuryedit

In the 1860s, Mrs Nash, a transgender woman, served as Libby Custer's favorite laundress while at Fort Abraham Lincoln, south of Mandan, North Dakota1234

Late 20th centuryedit

In the 1970s some businesses tolerated gay customers in Fargo, North Dakota and Grand Forks, North Dakota A bar in Fargo, North Dakota had a "gay section" and local Chinese restaurant transformed into a popular disco at night

In the 1980s, the Fargo City Mayor, Jon Lindgren, caused some controversy when he publicly supported gay rights and supported the efforts of a local gay businessman to open up a gay bar, "My Place" The bar remained the only gay bar in North Dakota, until it closed down in 1989

In 1981, North Dakota Governor Governor Allen Olson signed Executive Order Number 10,5 which the Governor has recently said, in interviews with the Fargo Forum Newspaper,6 was an attempt to protect State workers from anti-gay discrimination in employment, without expressly mentioning sexual orientation

In 1981, the North Dakota Supreme Court, in the case of Jacobson v Jacobson7 ruled that because of society's prejudices, the sexual orientation of a parent would be the deciding factor in child custody cases This ruling was subsequently reversed in 2003 by the case of Damron v Damron8

In 1982, University of North Dakota students, faculty and staff formed the Ten Percent Society A chapter of the organization was subsequently set up in Fargo, North Dakota

In June 1984, Fargo celebrated its first recognized gay pride week, with Mayor Jon Lindgren signing a degree formally recognizing the week’s gay pride celebrations9

In 1996, North Dakota lawmakers pass a State edition, "Defense of Marriage Act" The law bans legal recognition of same-sex marriage in North Dakota, including those marriages performed in other States

In 1999, Equality North Dakota is formed to campaign for LGBT rights in North Dakota, especially the inclusion of sexual orientation and gender identity in the State civil right code The chairman of the organization was Robert Uebel

In 1999, a gay bar opens up in Moorhead, Minnesota, which is right across the river from Fargo, North Dakota The bar attracts LGBT customers from all of North Dakota, as well as much of Western Minnesota

Into the 21st centuryedit

In 2002, as a result of a three-year grant from the Otto Bremer Foundation, the North Dakota Human Rights Coalition NDHRC was formed NDHRC is a broad-based coalition of individuals and organizations with an interest in the furtherance of human rights in North Dakota10

In November 2004, North Dakota voters ratified "Measure 1" The Constitutional Amendment banned legal recognition of same-sex marriage, as well as similar options, including civil unions Public opposition to the ballot measure came from Equality North Dakota, as well as by the Democratic Governor candidate Joe Satrom and the Libertarian Party of North Dakota11

In April 2009, the North Dakota legislature failed to pass a bill Senate Bill 227812 that would have protected LGBT people from discrimination in employment, housing and public accommodations The bill had passed in the State Senate, but did not have enough votes to pass in the State House13

In September 2012, North Dakota State College of Science football player Jamie Kuntz was dismissed from the team after it was discovered that he was gay The coach and the college insist that the decision was not motivated by Kuntz's sexual orientation, but because he had initially lied about it to his coach and had been seeing kissing his boyfriend14

In November 2012, Joshua Boschee was elected to the North Dakota State legislature, representing District 44 He is the first openly gay person to win a legislative seat in North Dakota, possible the first openly gay person to hold any partisan, elected office in the state15

In February 2013, the North Dakota legislature failed to pass a bill Senate Bill 225216 that would have protected LGBT people from discrimination in employment, housing and public accommodations The bill had failed in the State Senate17

In April 2015, the North Dakota legislature failed to pass a bill Senate Bill 227918 that would have protected LGBT people from discrimination in employment, housing and public accommodations The bill had passed in the State Senate, and failed in the State House19

In April 2015, State Rep Randy Boehning, a Republican legislator from Fargo, comes out as gay20

In August 2015, the bishop of the Catholic Church’s Bismarck Diocese ordered all of its parishes and schools that sponsor Boy Scout troops to cut ties with the organization because of its decision to lift a ban on allowing openly gay adults to serve in leadership positions21

An anti-discrimination resolution discouraging biased employment, rental/housing and service practices based on sexual orientation or gender identity was approved October 25, 2016 by the Bismarck City Commission 22

Laws against homosexualityedit

The first criminal law against sodomy in North Dakota was enacted in 1862, then the Dakota Territory It prohibited heterosexual and homosexual fellatio The law was expanded in 1885 to include anal intercourse and fellatio23 The state's vagrancy laws were expanded in 1903 to cover anyone whose speech or conduct was deemed to be "lewd, wanton and lascivious"23 In State v Nelson 1917, North Dakota Supreme Court broadened the scope of the sodomy law to include acts of cunnilingus

In 1927 the law initially designed to permit the sterilization of mentally and physically disabled inmates was expanded to include anyone who the State authorities believed might be "habitual criminals, moral degenerates and sexual perverts"23 The forced sterilization law was repealed in 1965

In 1973, the State legalized private, adult, consensual homosexual relations as part of a larger revision of the criminal code that set the universal age of consent at eighteen years24

See alsoedit

  • LGBT rights in North Dakota


  1. ^ "Bismarck tribune, November 04, 1878, Image 1" Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers Lib of Congress Retrieved September 9, 2016 
  2. ^ "IN SERVICE" Daily Kos November 6, 2009 Retrieved September 9, 2016 
  3. ^ "Libbie Custer’s laundress actually a man" Bismarck Tribune January 15, 2012 Retrieved October 13, 2015 
  4. ^ "Mrs Nash, the Transvestite with Custer’s Seventh Cavalry" historywithatwist August 11, 2013 Retrieved September 9, 2016 
  5. ^ "Executive Order 1981-10 Relating to Application of Personnel Policies" July 28, 1981 Retrieved March 28, 2016 
  6. ^ "Former Gov Olson says 1981 order ‘probably’ intended to prohibit discrimination against gays" Fargo Forum April 7, 2015 Retrieved March 28, 2016 
  7. ^ "North Dakota Supreme Court Opinions: Jacobson v Jacobson, 314 NW2d 78 ND 1981" December 30, 1981 Retrieved March 28, 2016 
  8. ^ "North Dakota Supreme Court Opinions: Damron v Damron, 2003 ND 166, 670 NW2d 871" November 13, 2003 Retrieved March 28, 2016 
  9. ^ "Throwback Thursday: Fargo’s first gay pride week" Fargo Forum August 13, 2015 Retrieved November 6, 2015 
  10. ^ "History of North Dakota Human Rights Coalition NDHRC" NDHRC Retrieved December 11, 2015 
  11. ^ "Gay marriage ban approved in North Dakota" Bismarck Tribune November 1, 2004 Retrieved October 22, 2015 
  12. ^ "SB 2278 Measure Actions" April 4, 2009 Retrieved October 22, 2015 
  13. ^ "Discrimination bill fails" Bismarck Tribune April 3, 2009 Retrieved October 13, 2015 
  14. ^ Dixon, Ryan September 13, 2012 "North Dakota School Speaks Out About Gay Student Being Kicked Off Football Team after Kissing 65-Year-Old Boyfriend" South Florida Gay News Retrieved April 20, 2015 
  15. ^ "North Dakota’s first out legislator takes office" Washington Blade January 11, 2013 Retrieved October 13, 2015 
  16. ^ "SB 2252 Measure Actions" February 14, 2013 Retrieved October 22, 2015 
  17. ^ "Senate rejects anti-discrimination bill" Bismarck Tribune February 14, 2013 Retrieved October 22, 2015 
  18. ^ "SB 2279 Measure Actions" April 2, 2015 Retrieved October 22, 2015 
  19. ^ "House kills LGBT anti-discrimination bill" Bismarck Tribune April 2, 2015 Retrieved October 22, 2015 
  20. ^ "North Dakota lawmaker who voted against gay rights comes out as gay" Bismarck Tribune April 28, 2015 Retrieved October 22, 2015 
  21. ^ "Bismarck Diocese cuts ties with Boy Scouts over lifting of gay leadership ban" Fargo Forum Aug 4, 2015 Retrieved October 22, 2015 
  22. ^ "LGBT anti-discrimination resolution approved in Bismarck" Bismarck Tribune October 26, 2016 Retrieved December 12, 2016 
  23. ^ a b c The History of Sodomy Laws in the United States - North Dakota
  24. ^ William N Eskridge, Dishonorable Passions: Sodomy Laws in America, 1861-2003 NY: Penguin Group, 2008, 201n, available online, accessed April 10, 2010

External linksedit

  • Dakota OutRight, Bismarck
  • North Dakota Human Rights Coalition NDHRC
  • Pride Collective and Community Center, Fargo/Moorhead
  • Pride Minot
  • Ruby River Society
  • Tri-State Transgender
  • UND Ten Percent Society

LGBT history in North Dakota Information about

LGBT history in North Dakota

  • user icon

    LGBT history in North Dakota beatiful post thanks!


LGBT history in North Dakota
LGBT history in North Dakota
LGBT history in North Dakota viewing the topic.
LGBT history in North Dakota what, LGBT history in North Dakota who, LGBT history in North Dakota explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts



A book is a set of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of ink, paper, parchment, or...
Boston Renegades

Boston Renegades

Boston Renegades was an American women’s soccer team, founded in 2003 The team was a member of the U...
Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement

Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement

Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement can be found on a rocky headland about 10 kilometers west of Ibiza T...

Bodybuildingcom is an American online retailer based in Boise, Idaho, specializing in dietary supple...