Leon Russell


Leon Russell born Claude Russell Bridges; April 2, 1942 – November 13, 2016 was an American musician and songwriter who recorded as a session musician and sideman and maintained a solo career[1] He had 31 albums to his credit[2] and recorded about 430 songs[3]

He wrote the song "Delta Lady", recorded by Joe Cocker; he also organized Cocker's Mad Dogs and Englishmen tour in 1970[4] More than 100 artists have recorded his "A Song for You" 1970[5] As a pianist, he played in his early years on albums by the Beach Boys and Jan and Dean On his first album, Leon Russell, in 1970, musicians included John Lennon, Ringo Starr and George Harrison One of his biggest early fans, Elton John, said Russell was a "mentor" and "inspiration", and they recorded The Union in 2010, John's only duet album,[6][7] which was later nominated for a Grammy[8]

Russell produced and played in recording sessions for Bob Dylan, Frank Sinatra, Ike & Tina Turner, the Rolling Stones, and others He wrote and recorded the hits "Tight Rope" and "Lady Blue" He performed at the Concert for Bangladesh in 1971 along with Dylan and Eric Clapton In 2011 he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame[9]

Contents

  • 1 Overview
  • 2 Career
    • 21 1950s/1960s
    • 22 1970s
    • 23 1980s
    • 24 1990s
    • 25 2000s
    • 26 2010s
  • 3 Death and legacy
  • 4 Discography
    • 41 Studio and live albums[2][111]
    • 42 Compilation albums
    • 43 Singles[3][116]
    • 44 Music videos
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Overview

Born in Lawton, Oklahoma,[10] United States, Russell began playing piano at the age of four He attended Will Rogers High School in Tulsa, Oklahoma Also at Will Rogers High School were Anita Bryant, who was two years older, and in the same 1959 class, David Gates Russell and Gates played and recorded together as the Fencement Another student at Will Rogers at the time was Elvin Bishop During this time Russell was already performing at Tulsa nightclubs He took the name Leon from a friend who lent him a fake ID to get into clubs he was legally too young to perform in[11]

After moving to Los Angeles in 1958, he became a session musician, working as a pianist on the recordings of many notable 1960s musical artists By the late 1960s, Russell diversified, becoming successful as an arranger[12] and songwriter By 1970, he had become a solo recording artist, but he never relinquished his other roles in the music industry After performing country music under the name Hank Wilson in the 1970s and '80s, Russell largely faded into obscurity[13]

I wanted to give Elton something But what do you give a guy who has six fully stocked houses So I thought the only thing I could give him is a song "In the Hands of Angels," retelling of the story of the album [The Union], thanks Mr John “the guv’ner” in the lyrics, who knew all the places I needed to go and made me feel the love down deep inside

Leon Russell[14][15]

Russell re-emerged in 2010 when Elton John called on him to record an album that became The Union The album, which included guest performers Brian Wilson and Neil Young,[16] brought renewed popularity to Russell, who later released a solo album and toured around the world[17][18][19][20][21]

Russell was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on March 14, 2011[22] In June 2011, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame[23]

According to Russell's wife, Jan Bridges, Russell died at age 74 on the morning of November 13, 2016, quietly in his sleep at his suburban Nashville home[24] He had suffered a heart attack in July 2016 and had coronary bypass surgery, after which he postponed shows while convalescing at home He had hoped to return to his concert schedule in January 2017[25]

Career

1950s/1960s

Russell began his musical career at the age of 14 in the nightclubs of Tulsa, Oklahoma He and his group, the Starlighters, which included J J Cale, Leo Feathers, Chuck Blackwell and Johnny Williams,[26] were instrumental in creating the style of music known as the Tulsa sound After settling in Los Angeles in 1958, he studied guitar with James Burton Known mostly as a session musician early in his career, as a solo artist he crossed genres to include rock and roll, blues, and gospel, playing with artists as varied as Jan and Dean, Gary Lewis, George Harrison, Delaney Bramlett, Freddy Cannon, Ringo Starr, Doris Day, Elton John, Ray Charles, Eric Clapton, the Byrds, Barbra Streisand, the Beach Boys, the Ventures, Willie Nelson, Badfinger, Tijuana Brass, Frank Sinatra, The Band, Bob Dylan, J J Cale, BB King,[27] Dave Mason, Glen Campbell, Joe Cocker, the Rolling Stones and the Flying Burrito Brothers[28]

Russell moved from Tulsa to Los Angeles in 1958 where, as a first-call studio musician, he played on many of the most popular songs of the 1960s, including some by the Byrds, Gary Lewis and the Playboys, Bobby "Boris" Pickett, and Herb Alpert He also played piano on many Phil Spector productions, including recordings by the Ronettes, the Crystals, Darlene Love, and the Spector's 1963 Christmas album He can be seen in 1964's TAMI Show, playing piano with the Wrecking Crew an informal name for the top LA session musicians of the 1960s, sporting short, dark, slicked-back hair, in contrast to his later look[28] Soon after, he was hired as Snuff Garrett's assistant and creative developer, playing on numerous number one singles, including "This Diamond Ring" by Gary Lewis and the Playboys[29]

In the mid-1960s he wrote or co-wrote songs, including two hits for Gary Lewis and the Playboys: "Everybody Loves a Clown" which reached the Billboard Top 40 on October 9, 1965, remaining on the chart for eight weeks and hitting #4 and "She's Just My Style" which entered Billboard's Top 40 on December 18, 1965 and rose to #3[30] In 1964 he appeared on various TV shows, performing songs by Chuck Berry and others[31]

He played xylophone and bells on the 1966 single "The Joker Went Wild", sung by Brian Hyland and written by Bobby Russell no relation to Leon He also worked sessions with Dorsey Burnette and Glen Campbell on Campbell's 1967 album Gentle on My Mind, where he was credited as "Russell Bridges" on piano,[32] and arranged and conducted the 1966 easy-listening album Rhapsodies for Young Lovers, by the Midnight String Quartet[33] He co-produced and arranged hits by Tom Northcott, including "Sunny Goodge Street" in 1967, originally written by Donovan [34]

Russell released "Everybody’s Talking 'Bout the Young" in 1965 It was his first solo single on Dot Records[35]

The 1968 release of Look Inside the Asylum Choir, by Smash Records was a recording of a studio group made up of Russell and Marc Benno that made The Asylum Choir[36]

Russell and Denny Cordell created Shelter Records in 1969, a US record label The label operated from 1969 to 1981 The company established offices in both Los Angeles and Tulsa[37] Shelter Records used Sound City Studios for recording in its early days[13]

Russell played as a member of Delaney & Bonnie and Friends in 1969 and 1970, playing guitar and keyboards on their albums and as part of the touring band Working with Delaney and Bonnie, Russell met George Harrison and others with whom he would work over the next couple of years[38]

Russell's first commercial success as a songwriter came when Joe Cocker recorded the song "Delta Lady" for his 1969 album, Joe Cocker![28] The album, co-produced and arranged by Russell, reached number 11 on the Billboard 200[39] Russell went on to organize and perform in the 1970 Mad Dogs and Englishmen tour, using many of the musicians from Delaney and Bonnie's band[40] "Superstar", co-written by Russell, was sung by the Carpenters and other performers[13]

1970s

During the Mad Dogs and Englishmen tour, Shelter Records released his 1970 solo album, Leon Russell, which included the first recording of "A Song for You" This has become one of his best-known songs, with versions released by more than 40 different artists including Billy Eckstine, The Carpenters, Ray Charles, Peggy Lee, Willie Nelson, Helen Reddy, Whitney Houston, Elkie Brooks, Amy Winehouse, Donny Hathaway, and Christina Aguilera Both the Carpenters and the Temptations named an album after the song Another song from the same album, "Delta Lady," was covered by Bobbie Gentry under the title "Delta Man" on her 1970 album Fancy Also in 1970, Russell played piano on Dave Mason's album, Alone Together, most notably on the song "Sad and Deep as You"

Russell in early 1970s promo photo

"Leon Russell and friends" recorded the "Homewood Sessions", broadcast as an "unscripted and unrehearsed" one-hour TV special on KCET TV Los Angeles that aired in December 1970 and was later re-broadcast several times on the Public Broadcasting System[41]

During the 1960s and early 1970s, Russell owned the Church Recording Studio on 3rd Street renamed Leon Russell Road in 2010 by The Pearl District Association in Tulsa[42] His former home on Grand Lake, Oklahoma, contained a dining room table and chairs made from church pews taken out of the church when it was turned into a studio[43]

The album Prince of Peace: Radio Broadcast 1970 is a soundboard recording of a December 1970 Fillmore East concert[44]

Russell produced some tracks for Bob Dylan in March 1971 when Dylan was experimenting with his new sound The sessions produced the single "Watching the River Flow" and "When I Paint My Masterpiece", both of which prominently featured Russell's gospel-flavored piano[45]

At the invitation of former Delaney & Bonnie and George Harrison, Russell played piano on Badfinger's third album, Straight Up in the summer of 1971 The piano part complemented Pete Ham and George Harrison's dual slide guitars on Badfinger's "Day After Day" The Straight Up sessions were interrupted when many of the musicians left for New York City to participate in the Concert For Bangladesh, at which Russell performed a medley of the songs "Jumpin' Jack Flash" and "Young Blood" and sang a verse on Harrison's "Beware of Darkness"[28]

Russell was very busy in 1971 as Shelter Records released Leon Russell and the Shelter People and Asylum Choir II which was co-produced by Marc Benno and recorded at Russell’s Skyhill Studios Leon Russell and the Shelter People went on to be Russell's first US Gold album That same year, Russell played on recording sessions with BB King, Eric Clapton, and Bob Dylan[13][46]

Russell in 1970

Russell helped blues guitarist Freddie King revive his career by collaborating on three of King's albums for Shelter Records during the early 1970s During those same years, Russell helped himself to a share of what was then called the "County and Western" market, recording and performing under the moniker Hank Wilson,[47] and was a regular performer at Gilley's Club, the Pasadena, Texas, honkytonk made famous in Urban Cowboy

"Shine a Light" was a song featured on the Rolling Stones' 1972 album Exile on Main St A version of the song, under the title Get a Line on You, was made by Russell at Olympic Studios in October 1969 with assistance from Jagger lead vocal, Ringo Starr drums, Russell piano, and probably also Bill Wyman bass and Mick Taylor guitar The recording was made during the recording sessions for the album Leon Russell released 1970, where both Starr and Wyman contributed drums and bass to some of the tracks However, the song "Get a Line on You" was not on the released album, but was shelved until 1993, when it finally surfaced as a bonus track on the 24K gold re-release by DCC Compact Classics DCC Compact Classics GZS 1049[48]

Russell and his band hit the road in 1972 with a large-scale concert tour by Russell and his "Shelter People" entourage A live performance was recorded in California at the Long Beach Arena on August 28, 1972, and was later released as Leon Live In November 1972, Billboard cited Russell as a top concert draw and reported the '72 tour gross at almost $3 million[49] That same year, he released his Carney album, Russell's third solo studio album The album peaked at number two on the Billboard 200 The album featured Tight Rope and This Masquerade songs released on a 45 as the A side and B side respectively, and became his second Gold album[50]

When Russell released Leon Live as a three-record set in 1973, it was his third US Gold album The album was recorded live at Long Beach Arena, August 28, 1972[51]

Looking Back was released by Russell on Olympia Records in 1973, shortly after the success of his single "Tight Rope" It contains instrumental tracks recorded in the mid-1960s, featuring Russell on harpsichord

Russell released Hank Wilson's Back! Vol 1, The album was recorded at producer Owen Bradley’s barn studio in Nashville in 1973 The album made it into the Top Thirty Hits Track one, Roll in My Sweet Baby's Arms, was a minor hit[52][53][54]

Russell helped the group the Gap Band, a trio of Tulsa brothers,[55] kick off their chart success in 1974 The group went on to produce several funk-disco hits[55] The Gap Band backed Russell on his Stop All That Jazz album[56]

Russell released Live In Japan on Shelter Records The album was recorded live at Budokan Hall, Tokyo, Japan on November 8, 1973, and released in 1975[57]

Russell made it into the 1975 Top 40 Hits with Lady Blue on his Will O' the Wisp album Will O' the Wisp was his fourth Gold album[52]

Helen Reddy sang Russell's Bluebird song as a single and on her No Way to Treat a Lady album released in 1975 [58] The song debuted on Billboard's Hot 100 in the issue of the magazine dated July 5 and reached #35 over the course of six weeks[59] That same issue also marked its debut on the magazine's Easy Listening chart, where it spent eight weeks and peaked at #5;[60] on the RPM singles chart it got as high as #51[61] Reddy commented on the tune, "I love Leon Russell's writing and I love this song It was an integral part of my repertoire for nearly 30 years, and I never tired of singing it"[58]

Russell's song This Masquerade, the B-side of his 1972 hit single Tight Rope, went on to be recorded by numerous artists, including Helen Reddy and the Carpenters George Benson's version of the song reached number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 and won a Grammy Award for Record of the Year in 1977[62] As the writer of the song, Russell was nominated for Song of the Year but lost to Bruce Johnston, who wrote I Write the Songs[63] Russell's version of This Masquerade is part of the soundtrack for the Exorcist director William Friedkin's psychological thriller film Bug The Bug Soundtrack was released on May 22, 2007 It also appeared in the movie The Pursuit of Happyness

Russell departed Shelter Records to start his own record label, Paradise Records, in 1976 Russell and others would release albums through Paradise Records[64]

Russell released the Wedding Album, a studio album with his then wife, Mary Russell, otherwise known as Mary McCreary It was distributed and released by Warner Bros Records in 1976 Leon and Mary Russell were producers of the album, with the exception of the final track, "Daylight", which was produced by its writer, Bobby Womack The Wedding Album was Paradise Records' first release[65]

In 1978, Russell released his Americana album on the Rhino/Warner Bros label; the title is credited to the mix of influences that made Russell’s unique musical style[66]

After touring with Willie Nelson, in 1979 Russell and Willie had a #1 hit on Billboards country music chart with their duet of "Heartbreak Hotel" They released their joint duet studio country pop-rock album,One for the Road, in 1979 One for the Road was his fifth Gold album[45]

Russell released Life And Love, an album on Paradise Records, in 1979 [67]

Russell spent the next two years touring with the New Grass Revival, releasing two more albums with Paradise Records before the label folded[28]

1980s

On May 15, 1980, Russell joined with New Grass Revival to record a live album at Perkins Palace in Pasadena, California, released in 1981 as Leon Russell & New Grass Revival – The Live Album[68]

Following up on his country theme, he made a second Hank Wilson album, Hank Wilson Vol II released in 1984, Hank Wilson being Russell's self-styled country music alter-ego since the early 1970s Released on Leon Russell Records[69]

Russell released a country blues album, recorded in Hendersonville, Tennessee, at his Paradise Studios, called Solid State It was released by Paradise Music in 1984[70] He released a self-titled album in 1989 on DCC Compact Classics[71]

1990s

Russell released Delta Lady on Del Rack Records in 1991 Many of the songs are remixes of early recordings[72]

Russell released a new album Anything Can Happen recorded at Paradise Studios, released on Virgin Records in 1991 Pianist Bruce Hornsby produced this comeback album During the late 1980s and early 1990s Hornsby worked extensively as a producer and sideman with Russell[73]

In 1993, Paradise Records released the Leon Russell 24k Gold Disc album It was a remix of recordings done at Olympic Sound in London in 1969[74]

Russell started Leon Russell Records, an independent record label, in 1995[75]

Russell released his Hymns of Christmas, album with 10 instrumental hymns by Russell on Leon Russell Records in 1995[76]

Capitol/EMI Records in 1996 released the album Gimme Shelter! The Best of Leon Russell, a two-CD album set with 40-tracks covering 1969-1992[77]

Capitol/Right Stuff Records released in 1997 the album Retrospective, an album with Russell's 18 all-time best-selling songs[78]

Russell released a new album Hank Wilson, Vol 3: Legend in My Time Returning to his county artist name on Ark 21 Records, released in 1998 [79]

Russell released Face in the Crowd in 1999, a blues album on Sagestone Entertainment Records[80][81]

Blues: Same Old Song CD was released on Paradise Records in 1999[82]

2000s

Russell in 2009

In 2000, Russell and Q Records released Live at Gilley's , a performance from September 17, 1981[83]

Signature Songs was released in 2001 on Leon Russell Records It was re-released in 2007 by MRI Associated Labels[84]

Guitar Blues, with the New Grass Revival, was released on Leon Russell Records in 2001[85]

Russell returned as Hank Wilson, but this time with a twist of bluegrass, in Rhythm & Bluegrass: Hank Wilson, Vol 4, released in 2001 on Leon Russell Records[86]

Moonlight & Love Songs, an album of Russell's standards was released on Leon Russell Records in 2002[87]

At age 65, Russell made the new Okie rock album Angel in Disguise, which was released by Leon Russell Records in 2007[88] Also in 2007, Leon Russell Records released the rock album Crazy Love on CD[89]

Russell played at Diversafest, Tulsa's Music Conference and Festival in 2007 From 2002 to 2010, Dfest was an annual live event that showcased independent and emerging artists and hosted educational music industry panels and a tradeshow Over its last four years, Dfest was held in the historic Blue Dome District of Tulsa, Oklahoma

In Your Dreams was released on CD by Leon Russell Records in 2008[90]

Bad Country released on Leon Russell Records in 2008, with 12 original songs by Russell[91]

Almost Piano was released in 2008 by Leon Russell Records It is a synthesizer piano collection of ten instrumentals from Russell[92]

2010s

After a number of years of reduced prominence, Russell's career was rejuvenated when Elton John sought him out for a new project[93] In November 2009, Russell worked together with John and Bernie Taupin on The Union, a double album record credited equally to both Russell and John Recorded in February 2010 and produced by T-Bone Burnett,[94] the CD was released on October 19, 2010 The Union was Russell's sixth Gold album[95] The recordings were interrupted in January 2010 by a health scare: Russell was hospitalized and underwent surgery for a brain fluid leak, as well as treatment for heart failure and pneumonia[14] On April 2, 2011, Russell and John performed together as the musical guests on Saturday Night Live Rolling Stone placed the album in third place on its list of the 30 Best Albums of 2010[96] A couple of months later, Russell announced plans for a solo LP, although no specifics were given, and in October 2010 Russell and John embarked on The Union Tour Elton John and Russell also appeared on The David Letterman Show[97]

In 2011, the film The Union was released, a documentary film by Cameron Crowe exploring the creative process of musicians Elton John and Russell in the making of the 2010 album The Union[98][99] Russell played in Willie Nelson's Fourth of July Picnic in Fort Worth, Texas in 2013 He first played at the picnic in 1976[100]

Leon Russell taking time out to tell a story

In 2014, Life Journey was released on Universal Records Working with Tommy LiPuma, Russell made a new album with two new songs: "Big Lips" and "Down in Dixieland"[101]

On March 16, 2015, a restored version of a previously unreleased 1974 documentary about Russell, A Poem Is A Naked Person, by filmmaker Les Blank, was screened at the South by Southwest Film Festival[102] The film features concert footage of Russell in New Orleans and Anaheim, and footage of the recording sessions for the album Hank Wilson's Back

At the Lockn' Festival in 2015, Russell played at the Wildflower! Arts and Music Festival in Richardson, Texas[103] On September 11, 2015, Russell joined alumni, Rita Coolidge, Claudia Lennear, Chris Stainton and other members of the 1970 Joe Cocker Mad Dogs and Englishmen Tour for a special tribute concert to Joe Cocker organized by the Tedeschi Trucks Band[104][105] Original tour photographer Linda Wolf documented the reunion and performance[106]

Russell extended a nationwide concert tour to enthusiastic crowds in 2016 and was planning to tour into 2017[25]

Death and legacy

I first saw Leon Russell in 1971 or 1972 Then, as now, Leon made everything happen when he took the stage For heaven’s sake, his rock and roll credits could fill up a big inscribed monolith, if they still made such things

Elvis Costello[14]

Russell died in his sleep at his home in Nashville, Tennessee, on November 13, 2016, at the age of 74, his wife said in a statement on his website In 2010, he underwent surgery to stop leaking brain fluid, and he suffered a heart attack in July 2016 He was recovering from heart surgery[107]

Elton John, who had once been Russell's opening act, said "He was my biggest influence as a piano player, a singer and a songwriter"[108][109] On hearing of Russell's death, he said "My darling Leon Russell passed away last night He was a mentor, inspiration and so kind to me"[108] John once recalled:

When Mr Russell’s "Greatest Hits" album came on one day during the trip, I started to cry, it moved me so much His music takes me back to the most wonderful time in my life, and it makes me so angry that he’s been forgotten[14]

Pixies vocalist Black Francis credits Russell with influencing his vocal style: "I realize there's a certain kind of vocalizing I do that takes its cue from Leon Russell He sang in a southern accent but it was very blown-out and exaggerated, very free and loose"[110]

Discography

Studio and live albums[2][111]

Year Album Peak chart positions Certifications
sales thresholds
US US Country CAN CAN Country NZ
1968 Look Inside the Asylum Choir with Marc Benno 201
1970 Leon Russell 60
1971 Leon Russell and the Shelter People 17 14 US: Gold[112]
Asylum Choir II with Marc Benno 70
1972 Carney 2 4 US: Gold[112]
1973 Leon Live 9 9 US: Gold[112]
Hank Wilson's Back Vol I 28 15 85
1974 Stop All That Jazz 34 43
1975 Will O' the Wisp[52] 30 72 US: Gold[112]
1976 Wedding Album with Mary Russell[65] 34
1977 Make Love to the Music with Mary Russell 142
1978 Americana[66] 115
1979 One for the Road with Willie Nelson 25 3 28 1 11 US: Gold[112]
CAN: Gold[113]
Life and Love[67] 204
1981 The Live Album with New Grass Revival[68] 187
1984 Hank Wilson, Vol II[69]
Solid State[70]
1989 Leon Russell[71]
1991 Delta Lady[72][114]
1992 Anything Can Happen[73]
Crazy Love[89]
1995 Hymns of Christmas[76]
1998 Legend in My Time: Hank Wilson Vol III[79]
1999 Face in the Crowd[80][81]
Blues: Same Old Song[82]
2000 Live at Gilley's[83]
2001 Guitar Blues[85]
Signature Songs[84]
Rhythm & Bluegrass: Hank Wilson, Vol 4 with New Grass Revival[86]
2002 Moonlight & Love Songs with the Nashville Symphony[87]
2003 In Your Dreams[90]
Bad Country[91]
Almost Piano[92]
2006 A Mighty Flood
Angel in Disguise[88]
2010 The Union with Elton John[7] 3 7 24

CAN: Gold
UK: Silver[115]

2014 Life Journey[101] 164
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Compilation albums

Year Album Peak chart positions Certifications
sales thresholds
US
1974 Looking Back
1976 Best of Leon Russell 40 US: Gold[112]
1992 Collection
1996 Gimme Shelter: The Best of Leon Russell
1997 Retrospective
2001 Best of Leon Russell
2009 Best of Hank Wilson
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Singles[3][116]

Year Single Chart Positions Album
US
[117]
US Country CAN CAN Country CAN AC
1970 "Roll Away the Stone" 109 Leon Russell
1970 "A Song for You" Leon Russell
1971 "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall" 105 Leon Russell and the Shelter People
1972 "Tryin' to Stay 'Live" 115 Asylum Choir II
"Tight Rope" 11 5 Carney
1973 "Queen of the Roller Derby" 89
"Rollin' in My Sweet Baby's Arms" as Hank Wilson 78 57 30 Hank Wilson's Back, Vol 1
"I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry" as Hank Wilson 78
1974 "A Six Pack to Go" as Hank Wilson 68 76
"If I Were a Carpenter" 73 87 Stop All That Jazz
1975 "Lady Blue"[52] 14 44 18 Will O' the Wisp
1976 "Back to the Island" 53 33
"Rainbow in Your Eyes" 52 Wedding Album[65]
1978 "Heartbreak Hotel" w/ Willie Nelson[45] 1 1 One for the Road
1984 "Good Time Charlie's Got the Blues" 63 Solid State
"Wabash Cannonball" w/ Willie Nelson, as Hank Wilson 91 single only
1992 "Anything Can Happen" Anything Can Happen
"No Man's Land"
2010 "If It Wasn't For Bad" with Elton John The Union
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Music videos

Year Video Director
1992 "Anything Can Happen" Sherman Halsey
"No Man's Land"

See also

  • Don Preston guitarist
  • Ambrose Campbell
  • Indianola Mississippi Seeds
  • Superstar Delaney and Bonnie song
  • The Asylum Choir
  • Kathi McDonald
  • Wild Horses The Rolling Stones song
  • Patrick Henderson
  • Don Nix
  • Hummingbird 1955 song
  • Jesse Ed Davis
  • Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section

References

  1. ^ Jason Ankeny "Leon Russell | Biography & History" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  2. ^ a b List of albums recorded by Leon Russell, Softshoecom
  3. ^ a b Leon Russell song list, Famousfixcom
  4. ^ Joe Cocker and Russell performing during the "Mad Dogs and Englishmen" tour
  5. ^ "A Song for You – Leon Russell & Friends 1971" September 23, 2009 – via YouTube 
  6. ^ Early photo of Russell and Elton John
  7. ^ a b "Elton John and Leon Russell’s The Union was marked by this bittersweet sense of loss" Something Else Reviews, Oct 20, 2015
  8. ^ "Leon Russell" CBS Sunday Morning December 21, 2010 – via YouTube 
  9. ^ "Leon Russell's Induction into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame 2011" March 21, 2011 – via YouTube 
  10. ^ Pareles, John "Leon Russell, Hit Maker and Musicians' Musician, Dies at 74" New York Times Retrieved 15 November 2016 
  11. ^ "Leon Russell" Leonrussellrecordscom Retrieved April 1, 2014 
  12. ^ Billboard , September 18, 1965 p 76
  13. ^ a b c d "Leon Russell, Hit Maker and Musicians’ Musician, Dies at 74" New York Times, Nov 13, 2016
  14. ^ a b c d "A Superstar Puts One of His Early Influences Back in the Spotlight" The New York Times Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  15. ^ "Elton john and Leon russel - The hands of angels HQ" October 12, 2010 – via YouTube 
  16. ^ "Roll Over Beethoven – Leon Russell 11/18/1964 HQ" February 11, 2011 – via YouTube 
  17. ^ Hynes, Eric July 2, 2015 "Leon Russell on His Lost Doc's Long, Strange Trip" Rolling Stone Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  18. ^ Fong-Torres, Ben 1970 "Leon Russell: The Rolling Stone Interview" Rolling Stone December 2, 1970 Pp 32–38
  19. ^ Laredo, Joseph F 1996 "The Master of Time & Space" Liner notes for Gimme Shelter! The Best of Leon Russell EMI/Shelter Records
  20. ^ Simmons, Michael 2010 "The Ringleader of Seventies Rock Royalty Returns from the Wilderness" Mojo, November 2010
  21. ^ Roeser, Steve 1998 "Leon Russell: Legend in His Time" Goldmine, September 11, 1998 pp 26–44
  22. ^ "Leon Russell: inducted in 2011 | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum" Rockhallcom Retrieved April 24, 2012 
  23. ^ "Leon Russell Exhibit Home" Songwriters Hall of Fame Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  24. ^ Trott, Bill November 13, 2016 "Leon Russell, Musician Known for Dynamic Performances, Dies at 74" Reuters Retrieved November 13, 2016 
  25. ^ a b "Musicians' Musician, Rocker Leon Russell, Dies At 74" Forbes, Nov 13, 2016
  26. ^ "Come blow your horn" PDF Willrogers1959com Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  27. ^ Liner notes BB King, Indianola Mississippi Seeds ABC Dunhill Records
  28. ^ a b c d e Strong, Martin C 2000 The Great Rock Discography 5th ed Edinburgh: Mojo Books pp 838–839 ISBN 1-84195-017-3 
  29. ^ Billboard, March 4, 1967, and December 15, 1973, p 37
  30. ^ See Whitburn, Joel 1992 The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits 5th ed Billboard Books p 275 ISBN 978-0823082803
  31. ^ "Roll Over Beethoven – Leon Russell 11/18/1964 HQ" February 11, 2011 – via YouTube 
  32. ^ Marchese, Joe June 24, 2011 "Gentle on His Mind: Two Early Glen Campbell Classics Reissued by BGO" The Second Disc Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  33. ^ "Rhapsodies for Young Lovers – Midnight String Quartet | Credits" AllMusic October 16, 2007 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  34. ^ "AllMusic Review by Stephen Thomas Erlewine" 
  35. ^ "Leon Russell Biography | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum" Rockhallcom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  36. ^ "Look Inside the Asylum Choir - The Asylum Choir | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  37. ^ "Shelter Records: CDs and Vinyl" Discogscom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  38. ^ "Delaney and Bonnie: A History of Their Music" Furiouscom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  39. ^ "Joe Cocker! – Joe Cocker" AllMusic Retrieved April 24, 2012 
  40. ^ [1][dead link] Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine[dead link]
  41. ^ "Leon Russell and Friends" PDF Bigozine3com 1971 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  42. ^ "Made by You and Me » The Making of Leon Russell Road" This Land Press Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  43. ^ "Oklahoma Music Trail: The Church Studio | TravelOKcom - Oklahoma's Official Travel & Tourism Site" TravelOKcom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  44. ^ "Prince of Peace: Radio Broadcast 1970 - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic August 14, 2015 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  45. ^ a b c "Watching the River Flow - Bob Dylan | Song Info" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  46. ^ "Musician Leon Russell has died at 74", USA Today, Nov 13, 2016
  47. ^ Thom Jurek June 23, 2009 "Best of Hank Wilson – Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards" AllMusic Retrieved April 1, 2014 
  48. ^ "The Complete Works of the Rolling Stones - Database" Nzentgrafde Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  49. ^ [Billboard vol 84, no 45, p 40, November 4, 1972]
  50. ^ "Tight Rope / Leon Russell" March 2, 2008 – via YouTube 
  51. ^ "Leon Russell - Leon Live Vinyl, LP, Album" Discogscom August 28, 1972 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  52. ^ a b c d "Leon Russell Biography | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum" Rockhallcom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  53. ^ Thom Jurek "Hank Wilson's Back! - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  54. ^ "Leon Russell - Hank Wilson's Back Vol I" 
  55. ^ a b "The Gap Band | Biography & History | AllMusic" AllMusic Retrieved September 14, 2016 
  56. ^ "Stop All That Jazz - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  57. ^ Stephen Thomas Erlewine April 22, 1971 "Live in Japan - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  58. ^ a b 2006 The Woman I Am: The Definitive Collection by Helen Reddy [CD booklet] Los Angeles: Capitol Records 09463-57613-2-0
  59. ^ Whitburn 2009, p 805[which]
  60. ^ Whitburn 2007, p 226[which]
  61. ^ "RPM Top Singles" RPM August 16, 1975 p 26 
  62. ^ "Music Search, Recommendations, Videos and Reviews" AllMusic Retrieved April 1, 2014 [dead link]
  63. ^ "Grammy Awards 1977" awardsandshowscom Retrieved November 14, 2016 
  64. ^ "Paradise Records 8 - CDs and Vinyl" Discogscom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  65. ^ a b c "Wedding Album - Leon Russell,Leon & Mary Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  66. ^ a b "Americana - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  67. ^ a b "Life and Love - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  68. ^ a b "Leon Russell & New Grass Revival - The Live Album Vinyl, LP, Album" Discogscom May 15, 1980 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  69. ^ a b "Leon Russell - Hank Wilson Vol II Vinyl, LP, Album" Discogscom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  70. ^ a b "Leon Russell - Solid State Vinyl, LP, Album" Discogscom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  71. ^ a b "Leon Russell [Bonus Tracks] - Leon Russell | Release Info" AllMusic July 19, 1989 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  72. ^ a b "Leon Russell - "Delta Lady" on Del Rack-ALBUM REVIEW | Steve Hoffman Music Forums" Forumsstevehoffmantv November 13, 2002 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  73. ^ a b Roch Parisien "Anything Can Happen - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  74. ^ "Leon Russell - Leon Russell CD, Album" Discogscom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  75. ^ "Leon Russell" Leonrussellrecordscom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  76. ^ a b Zac Johnson "Hymns of Christmas - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  77. ^ Richie Unterberger "Gimme Shelter!: The Best of Leon Russell - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  78. ^ Stephen Thomas Erlewine October 21, 1997 "Retrospective - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  79. ^ a b Matthew Greenwald April 7, 1998 "Hank Wilson, Vol 3: Legend in My Time - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  80. ^ a b William Ruhlmann January 26, 1999 "Face in the Crowd - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  81. ^ a b "A Familiar Face in the Crowd" Articleslatimescom February 17, 1999 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  82. ^ a b "Blues: Same Old Song - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic December 7, 1999 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  83. ^ a b "Live at Gilley's - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  84. ^ a b "Signature Songs - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic August 21, 2001 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  85. ^ a b "Guitar Blues - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic August 21, 2001 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  86. ^ a b Ronnie D Lankford, Jr October 23, 2001 "Rhythm & Bluegrass: Hank Wilson, Vol 4 - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  87. ^ a b Chris Nickson April 9, 2002 "Moonlight & Love Songs - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  88. ^ a b Thom Jurek August 7, 2007 "Angel in Disguise - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  89. ^ a b "Leon Russell Latest Albums" MTVcom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  90. ^ a b "In Your Dreams - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic January 22, 2008 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  91. ^ a b Stephen Thomas Erlewine January 22, 2008 "Bad Country - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  92. ^ a b Stephen Thomas Erlewine January 22, 2008 "Almost Piano - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  93. ^ "Leon Russell enjoys kickstart from Elton John" Thespeccom August 11, 2012 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  94. ^ "Bernie Taupin :: Articles" Berniejtaupincom Retrieved December 14, 2015 [dead link]
  95. ^ Cashmere, Tim July 25, 2010 "Elton John and Leon Russell Album Cover Revealed – Undercoverfm News" Undercovercomau Retrieved April 24, 2012 
  96. ^ "30 Best Albums of 2010" Rolling Stone Retrieved April 1, 2014 
  97. ^ "Leon Russell, Elton John On Letterman Show" CBS News February 10, 2011 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  98. ^ Egan, Mark June 21, 2011 "No regrets for resurgent musician Leon Russell" Reuters Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  99. ^ "Elton John and Leon Russell - The Union Documentary" November 19, 2014 – via YouTube 
  100. ^ "Rocker Leon Russell dead at 74", Chicago Tribune, Nov 13, 2016
  101. ^ a b Stephen Thomas Erlewine April 1, 2014 "Life Journey - Leon Russell | Songs, Reviews, Credits" AllMusic Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  102. ^ "SxSW Film Schedule: A Poem is a Naked Person" Schedulesxswcom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  103. ^ Kara, Kunkel March 4, 2005 "Wildflower! Arts & Music Festival" Dallas News  |access-date= requires |url= help
  104. ^ Browne, David July 14, 2015 "Page 2 of Inside Tedeschi Trucks Band's All-Star Joe Cocker Tribute Concert" Rolling Stone Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  105. ^ "Full Show Friday | Mad Dogs & Englishmen Tribute At Lockn" Jambasecom Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  106. ^ "Player" Introvidme Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  107. ^ "Leon Russell, musician known for dynamic performances, dies at 74" November 13, 2016 – via Reuters 
  108. ^ a b "Elton John remembers 'mentor, inspiration' Leon Russell", USA Today, Nov 13, 2016
  109. ^ "Leon Russell, musician known for dynamic performances, dies at 74", Reuters, Nov 13, 2016
  110. ^ Fox, Killian June 28, 2014 "Black Francis: soundtrack of my life" The Guardian Retrieved June 28, 2014 
  111. ^ Discography of Leon Russell, Discogscom
  112. ^ a b c d e f "Recording Industry Association of America" RIAA Retrieved April 24, 2012 [dead link]
  113. ^ "Canadian Recording Industry Association CRIA" Canadian Recording Industry Association Retrieved June 2, 2008 
  114. ^ "The Complete Leon Russell Discography 2" Oocitiesorg Retrieved April 24, 2012 
  115. ^ "Elton John | full Official Chart History" Officialchartscom June 27, 2013 Retrieved December 14, 2015 
  116. ^ Songs written by Leon Russell, MusicVF
  117. ^ Whitburn, Joel 2011 Top Pop Singles 1955–2010 Record Research, Inc p 776 ISBN 0-89820-188-8 

External links

  • Official website
  • Tulsa Area Music Archives
  • Leon Russell discography
  • Leon Russell lyrics
  • Leon Russell Records
  • Leon Russell NAMM Oral History Program Interview 2012


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