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Leif Newry Fitzroy Crozier

Leif Newry Fitzroy Crozier 11 June 1846 – 25 February 1901, commonly known as LNF Crozier, was a Canadian militia officer and a superintendent of the North-West Mounted Police, now best remembered for his role in the North-West Rebellion of 1885, a resistance movement headed by Métis leader Louis Riel in what is now the modern province of Saskatchewan


  • 1 Qualifications
  • 2 Career
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
    • 41 Books


Crozier was born in June 1846 in Ireland After immigrating to Canada, he entered Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario


He served as a major in the military He joined the NWMP in 1872 He was appointed an inspector of the NWMP in 1873 He saw first hand the hardships faced by the Native people as the buffalo disappeared By 1884, he was the Superintendent of the North-West Mounted Police stationed in Fort Carlton He warned Lieutenant-Governor Edgar Dewdney that government policies were creating unrest among the First Nations and Métis Since he feared a repetition of the Red River Rebellion, he asked for reinforcements to be sent to the North-West

Battle of Duck Lake

Wanting to avoid conflict, he attempted to negotiate with Louis Riel but was unsuccessful leaving the situation in a stalemate On March 26, 1885, Crozier lead a group of approximately 100 mounted police and Prince Albert Volunteers from Fort Carlton and a seven-pounder gun to bring back provisions which were running low at Fort Carlton These men were confronted by Gabriel Dumont and a superior force of Métis near Duck Lake, Saskatchewan; no shots were fired and the police returned to Fort Carlton In the ensuing Battle of Duck Lake, the NWMP were routed by the Métis The resistance that he had wanted to avoid earlier broke out The retreat of the government under heavy fire tarnished the reputation of the NWMP Crozier's role in the remainder of the rebellion was minimal, and his force largely remained at its post in Battleford, Saskatchewan His march on Duck Lake and into an ambush stalled his career with the NWMP Nevertheless, he was on April 1 promoted to assistant commissioner of the NWMP, a post which he held until his retirement in 1886 In 1886, after the Prime Minister, Sir John A Macdonald, appointed a civilian commissioner instead of himself, he resigned He spent his later years in as a merchant and banker in Oklahoma Territory, dying of a heart attack in Cushing, Oklahoma Territory on 25 February 1901 His body was brought back to Belleville, Ontario, to be buried

See also

Saskatchewan Herald, Articles on the Frog Lake Massacre, Article Carlton


  1. ^ Lief Newry Fitzroy Crozier "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2007-12-31 Retrieved 2008-12-08 
  2. ^ Lief Newry Fitzroy Crozier "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2007-12-31 Retrieved 2008-12-08 
  3. ^ http://wwwvirtualmuseumca/Exhibitions/Police/eng_html/53_thenorthwesthtml# Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine Lief Newry Fitzroy Crozier


  • 4237 Dr Adrian Preston & Peter Dennis Edited "Swords and Covenants" Rowman And Littlefield, London Croom Helm 1976
  • H16511 Dr Richard Arthur Preston "To Serve Canada: A History of the Royal Military College of Canada" 1997 Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1969
  • H1877 R Guy C Smith editor "As You Were! Ex-Cadets Remember" In 2 Volumes Volume I: 1876–1918 Volume II: 1919–1984 RMC Kingston, Ontario The RMC Club of Canada 1984

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