Sun . Sun Jul 2018

Leadership of the People's Republic of China


The political leadership of the People's Republic of China is in the hands of several offices

Contents

  • 1 CPC Leaders after PRC established
    • 11 Chairman of the Central Committee 1945-1982
    • 12 General Secretary of the Central Committee 1982-
  • 2 Heads of the People's Republic of China
  • 3 Premiers of the People's Republic of China
  • 4 Chairmen of the NPC Standing Committee
  • 5 Chairmen of the CPPCC National Committee
  • 6 Chairmen of the CPC Central Military Commission

CPC Leaders after PRC established

Main articles: General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and Chairman of the Communist Party of China
Order Image Chairmen / General Secretaries Term Start Term End

Chairman of the Central Committee 1945-1982

1 Mao Zedong 毛泽东 / 毛澤東
1893-12-2626 December 1893 - 9 September 19761976-09-09 aged 82
19 June 1945 9 September 1976
2 Hua Guofeng 华国锋 / 華國鋒
1921-02-1616 February 1921 - 20 August 20082008-08-20 aged 87
7 October 1976 28 June 1981
3 Hu Yaobang 胡耀邦
1915-11-2020 November 1915 - 15 April 19891989-04-15 aged 73
29 June 1981 11 September 1982

General Secretary of the Central Committee 1982-

1 Hu Yaobang 11 September 1982 15 January 1987
Acting Zhao Ziyang 赵紫阳 / 趙紫陽
1919-10-1717 October 1919 - 17 January 20052005-01-17 aged 85
16 January 1987 1 November 1987
2 2 November 1987 23 June 1989
3 Jiang Zemin 江泽民 / 江澤民
1926-08-17 17 August 1926 age 91
24 June 1989 15 November 2002
4 Hu Jintao 胡锦涛 / 胡錦濤
1942-12-21 21 December 1942 age 75
15 November 2002 15 November 2012
5 Xi Jinping 习近平 / 習近平
1953-06-15 15 June 1953 age 64
15 November 2012 Present

Heads of the People's Republic of China

Main article: President of the People's Republic of China
Portrait Presidents Term Term of office Vice Presidents
1 Mao Zedong
毛泽东(毛澤東)
1893–1976
Beijing At-large

CP 1 October
1949 acting
27 September
1954
Zhu De
Liu Shaoqi
Soong Ching-ling
Zhang Lan
Li Jishen
Gao Gang
1 27 September
1954
27 April
1959
Zhu De
2 Liu Shaoqi
刘少奇(劉少奇)
1898–1969
Beijing At-large
2 27 April
1959
21 December
1964
Soong Ching-ling
Dong Biwu
3 21 December
1964
31 October
1968 ousted

Soong Ching-ling
宋庆龄(宋慶齡)
1893–1981
Shanghai At-large

Dong Biwu
董必武
1886-1975
Hubei At-large

3
cont
31 October
1968 acting
24 February
1972 resigned

17 January
1975

vacant
as
NPCSC Chairman

Zhu De
朱德
1886–1976
Sichuan At-large

4 17 January
1975
6 July
1976 died in office
vacant
as
NPCSC Chairwoman

Soong Ching-ling
宋庆龄(宋慶齡)
1893–1981
Shanghai At-large

4
cont
6 July
1976
5 March
1978
vacant
as
NPCSC Chairman

Ye Jianying
叶剑英(葉劍英)
1897–1986
Guangdong At-large 54-59
PLA At-large 59-83

5 5 March
1978
16 May
1981
vacant
as
Honorary President

Soong Ching-ling
宋庆龄(宋慶齡)
1893–1981
Shanghai At-large

5
cont
16 May
1981
28 May
1981
vacant
as
NPCSC Chairman

Ye Jianying
叶剑英(葉劍英)
1897–1986
Guangdong At-large 54-59
PLA At-large 59-83

5
cont
28 May
1981
18 June
1983
vacant
3 Li Xiannian
李先念
1909–1992
Hubei At-large

6 18 June
1983
8 April
1988
Ulanhu
4 Yang Shangkun
杨尚昆(楊尚昆)
1907-1998
Sichuan At-large

7 8 April
1988
27 March
1993
Wang Zhen
5 Jiang Zemin
江泽民(江澤民)
1926-
Shanghai At-large

8 27 March
1993
15 March
1998
Rong Yiren
9 15 March
1998
23 March
2003
Hu Jintao
6 Hu Jintao
胡锦涛(胡錦濤)
1942-
Guizhou At-large 88-93,98-03
Tibet At-large 93-98,03-08
Zhejiang At-large 08-

10 23 March
2003
15 March
2008
Zeng Qinghong
11 15 March
2008
14 March
2013
Xi Jinping
7 Xi Jinping
习近平(習近平)
1953-

12 14 March
2013
Incumbent Li Yuanchao

Premiers of the People's Republic of China

Main article: Premier of the People's Republic of China
Portrait Premiers Term Term of office Days
1 Zhou Enlai
周恩来(周恩來)
1898-1976
Beijing At-large

CP 1 October
1949 acting
15 September
1954
1810
1 15 September
1954
18 April
1959
1676
2 18 April
1959
21 December
1964
2074
3 21 December
1964
4 January
1975
3666
4 4 January
1975
8 January
1976†
369
Geneva Conference in 1954, Asian-African Conference, 1972 Nixon visit to China, Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution
†Died in office cancer
Total
9595
2 Hua Guofeng
华国锋(華國鋒)
1921-2008
Hunan At-large

4
cont
4 February
1976 acting
7 April
1976
63
7 April
1976
5 March
1978
697
5 5 March
1978
10 September
1980
920
Two Whatevers, Tiananmen Incident, Downfall of the Gang of Four, Sino-Vietnamese War, One Child Policy
Ousted
Total
1680
3 Zhao Ziyang
赵紫阳(趙紫陽)
1919-2005
Beijing At-large

5
cont
10 September
1980 acting
6 June
1983
999
6 6 June
1983
24 November
1987§
1632
Chinese economic reform, Sino-British Joint Declaration, Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
§ Resigned
Total
2631
4 Li Peng
李鹏(李鵬)
1928-
Beijing At-large

6
cont
24 November
1987 acting
25 March
1988
122
7 25 March
1988
15 March
1993
1816
8 15 March
1993
17 March
1998
1828
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Three Gorges Dam, Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong Total
3766
5 Zhu Rongji
朱镕基(朱鎔基)
1928-
Hunan At-large

9 17 March
1998
16 March
2003
1825
Transfer of sovereignty over Macau, accession to the WTO Total
1825
6 Wen Jiabao
温家宝(溫家寶)
1942-
Gansu At-large

10 16 March
2003
16 March
2008
1827
11 16 March
2008
15 March
2013
1825
SARs outbreak, Anti-Secession Law, H5N1 avian flu outbreak, 2008 Sichuan earthquake Total
3652
7 Li Keqiang
李克强(李克強)
1955-
12 15 March
2013
Incumbent 1862
Lushan earthquake Total
1862

Chairmen of the NPC Standing Committee

Main article: Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
I# T# Chairman Took office Left office
1 1 Liu Shaoqi
刘少奇(劉少奇)
September 15, 1954 April 28, 1959
2 2 Zhu De
朱德
April 28, 1959 January 4, 1965
3 January 4, 1965 January 17, 1975
4 January 17, 1975 July 6, 1976
Soong Ching-ling
宋庆龄(宋慶齡)
July 6, 1976
acting
March 5, 1978
3 5 Ye Jianying
叶剑英(葉劍英)
March 5, 1978 June 18, 1983
4 6 Peng Zhen
彭真
June 18, 1983 April 13, 1988
5 7 Wan Li
万里(萬里)
April 13, 1988 March 27, 1993
6 8 Qiao Shi
乔石(喬石)
March 27, 1993 March 15, 1998
7 9 Li Peng
李鹏(李鵬)
March 15, 1998 March 15, 2003
8 10 Wu Bangguo
吴邦国(吳邦國)
March 15, 2003 March 15, 2008
11 March 15, 2008 March 14, 2013
9 12 Zhang Dejiang
张德江(張德江)
March 14, 2013 Incumbent

Chairmen of the CPPCC National Committee

Main article: Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
I# T# Chairperson Took office Left office
01 01 Mao Zedong
毛泽东(毛澤東)
October 1949 December 1954
02 02 Zhou Enlai
周恩来(周恩來)
December 1954 April 1959
03 April 1959 January 1965
04 January 1965 January 1976
During this interval, the chair was vacant January 1976 -March 1978
03 05 Deng Xiaoping
邓小平(鄧小平)
March 1978 June 1983
04 06 Deng Yingchao
邓颖超(鄧穎超)
June 1983 April 1988
05 07 Li Xiannian
李先念
April 1988 June 1992
During this interval, the chair was vacant June 1992 - March 1993
06 08 Li Ruihuan
李瑞环(李瑞環)
March 1993 March 1998
09 March 1998 March 2003
07 10 Jia Qinglin
贾庆林(賈慶林)
March 2003 March 2008
11 March 2008 March 2013
08 12 Yu Zhengsheng
俞正声(俞正聲)
March 2013 Incumbent

Chairmen of the CPC Central Military Commission

Main article: Chairman of the Central Military Commission
# Picture Name Took office Left office
1 Mao Zedong 8 September 1954 9 September 1976
2 Hua Guofeng 7 October 1976 28 June 1981
3 Deng Xiaoping 28 June 1981 9 November 1989
4 Jiang Zemin 9 November 1989 19 September 2004
5 Hu Jintao September 19, 2004 November 15, 2012
6 Xi Jinping November 15, 2012 Incumbent


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