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Lancaster, New Hampshire

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Lancaster is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States, on the Connecticut River named after Lancaster, England As of the 2010 census, the town population was 3,507, the second largest in the county after Berlin1 It is the county seat of Coos County and gateway to the Great North Woods Region Lancaster, which includes the villages of Grange and South Lancaster, is home to Weeks State Park and the Lancaster Fair Part of the White Mountain National Forest is in the eastern portion The town is part of the Berlin, NH−VT Micropolitan Statistical Area

The primary settlement in town, where 1,725 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Lancaster census-designated place CDP and is located at the junctions of US Route 3 and US Route 2, along the Israel River

Lancaster is the site of the "PorcFest" summer camp gathering of the Free State Project23

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Transportation
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 Sites of interest
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Granted as Upper Coos in 1763 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth to Captain David Page of Petersham, Massachusetts, the town was settled in 1764 by his son, David Page, Jr and Emmons Stockwell It was the first settlement north of Haverhill, 50 miles 80 km to the south, and originally included land in what is now Vermont Situated on the northern Connecticut River, the community endured many Indian hostilities It would be named for Lancaster, Massachusetts, hometown of an early inhabitant Reverend Joshua Weeks, a grantee of the town, was among the group of explorers who named the mountains of the Presidential Range Other grantees were Timothy Nash and Benjamin Sawyer, who discovered Crawford Notch in 1771, making a shorter route to Portland, Maine possible

Many water-powered mills have come and gone, including sawmills, several potato starch mills, one of the largest gristmills in the state, and carriage factories A granite quarry operated in the Kilkenny Range With fertile meadows beside the Connecticut River, Lancaster was in 1874 the twelfth most productive agricultural town in the state An extension of the Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad shipped products to market, and brought tourists to the grand hotels in the area

Just south of the village center is Mount Prospect, summer home to Senator John W Weeks, who sponsored congressional legislation creating White Mountain National Forest In 1910, he purchased several farms to assemble the 420-acre 170 ha estate It is now Weeks State Park, which features a fire lookout and his mansion, open for tours during the summer A ski rope tow operates on the slope in winter Many of the White Mountains and Green Mountains can be seen from the stone observation tower built in 1912 atop the 2,059-foot 628 m summit The Presidential Range is to the southeast, with the Franconia Range to the south Mount Weeks, elevation 3,900 ft 1,200 m, is in the Kilkenny Range to the northeast It is named for the senator, as is the Weeks Medical Center Weeks Memorial Library, a Beaux Arts landmark listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000, was given by John W Weeks in memory of his father, William Dennis Weeks

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 507 square miles 131 km2, of which 498 square miles 129 km2 is land and 09 square miles 23 km2 is water, comprising 173% of the town4 The town center, or census-designated place, has a total area of 21 sq mi 54 km2, of which 20 sq mi 52 km2 is land and the remainder 144% is water

Lancaster is drained by the Israel River, and is fully within the Connecticut River watershed5 The town also includes Martin Meadow Pond The town's highest point is located on a western spur of Mount Cabot at 3,290 feet 1,000 m above sea level

Climateedit

Climate data for Lancaster, New Hampshire
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 62
17
63
17
78
26
90
32
91
33
95
35
95
35
94
34
93
34
82
28
73
23
62
17
95
35
Average high °F °C 245
−42
279
−23
382
34
511
106
661
189
741
234
786
259
762
246
676
198
556
131
417
54
294
−14
5258
1143
Average low °F °C 14
−17
21
−166
147
−96
276
−24
394
41
489
94
539
122
521
112
437
65
322
01
244
−42
102
−121
2922
−153
Record low °F °C −39
−39
−40
−40
−26
−32
−1
−18
18
−8
28
−2
32
0
28
−2
21
−6
8
−13
−9
−23
−36
−38
−40
−40
Average precipitation inches mm 263
668
181
46
235
597
270
686
341
866
399
1013
392
996
437
111
347
881
321
815
318
808
273
693
3777
9593
Average snowfall inches cm 180
457
144
366
122
31
43
109
trace 0
0
0
0
0
0
trace 03
08
56
142
155
394
703
1786
Source: NOAA 6

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 161
1800 440 1733%
1810 717 630%
1820 844 177%
1830 1,187 406%
1840 1,316 109%
1850 1,559 185%
1860 2,020 296%
1870 2,248 113%
1880 2,721 210%
1890 3,373 240%
1900 3,190 −54%
1910 3,054 −43%
1920 2,819 −77%
1930 2,887 24%
1940 3,095 72%
1950 3,113 06%
1960 3,138 08%
1970 3,166 09%
1980 3,401 74%
1990 3,522 36%
2000 3,280 −69%
2010 3,507 69%
Est 2015 3,351 −44%
US Decennial Census8
Mansion House in 1907

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,507 people, 1,399 households, and 880 families residing in the town The population density was 704 people per square mile 272/km² There were 1,687 housing units at an average density of 339 units/sq mi 131 units/km² The racial makeup of the town was 968% White, 03% African American, 07% Native American, 06% Asian, 003% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 04% some other race, and 11% from two or more races 17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race9

There were 1,399 households, out of which 291% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 484% were headed by married couples living together, 104% had a female householder with no husband present, and 371% were non-families 294% of all households were made up of individuals, and 131% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 235, and the average family size was 2859

Mount Prospect c 1905

In the town, the population was spread out with 219% under the age of 18, 73% from 18 to 24, 202% from 25 to 44, 312% from 45 to 64, and 194% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 454 years For every 100 females there were 918 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 866 males9

For the period 2007-11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $40,455, and the median income for a family was $53,542 Male full-time workers had a median income of $48,438 versus $30,000 for females The per capita income for the town was $28,245 130% of the population and 104% of families were below the poverty line, including 127% of people under the age of 18 and 192% age 65 or older10

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,725 people, 705 households, and 422 families residing in the main village, or census-designated place, of Lancaster The population density was 8625 people per square mile 3317/km² There were 816 housing units at an average density of 4080 units/sq mi 1569 units/km² The racial makeup of the CDP was 962% White, 05% African American, 09% Native American, 09% Asian, 01% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 02% some other race, and 12% from two or more races 25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race11

There were 705 households, out of which 308% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 424% were headed by married couples living together, 136% had a female householder with no husband present, and 401% were non-families 321% of all households were made up of individuals, and 146% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 230, and the average family size was 28311

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 237% under the age of 18, 75% from 18 to 24, 215% from 25 to 44, 296% from 45 to 64, and 177% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 427 years For every 100 females there were 873 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 834 males11

For the period 2007-11, the estimated median annual income for a household was $29,943, and the median income for a family was $52,604 Male full-time workers had a median income of $57,344 versus $24,932 for females The per capita income for the town was $23,340 185% of the population and 177% of families were below the poverty line, including 192% of people under the age of 18 and 297% age 65 or older12

Transportationedit

Lancaster is at the intersection of US Route 2 and US Route 3 and is the northern terminus of New Hampshire Route 135, which leads to Dalton and points beyond A seldom-used railroad track of the Maine Central Railroad skirts the Connecticut River, and a branch at Coos Junction leaves for Jefferson and Waumbek Junction The Mount Washington Regional Airport is located 11 miles 18 km away in adjacent Whitefield As of January 2006, Lancaster is also served by The Tri-Town Bus, a public transportation route connecting with Whitefield and Littleton

Notable peopleedit

  • GG Allin, punk singer
  • Jacob Benton, US congressman
  • Edward E Cross, Civil War era colonel
  • Irving W Drew, US senator
  • Benjamin F Goss, Wisconsin legislator13
  • Edward D Holton, Wisconsin legislator and businessman
  • Chester Bradley Jordan, 48th governor of New Hampshire
  • Ossian Ray, US congressman
  • John W Weeks, US senator and Secretary of War
  • Sinclair Weeks, Secretary of Commerce during Eisenhower Administration14
  • Jared W Williams, US senator and congressman; 21st governor of New Hampshire

Sites of interestedit

  • John Wingate Weeks Historic Site & Lodge 1913
  • Lancaster Historical Society Museum
  • Wilder-Holton House 1780

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Hill, Kashmir "The Free State Project: A Libertarian Testing Ground For Bitcoin, 3D Printers, and Drones" Forbes Retrieved 17 June 2014 
  3. ^ "The Free State Project's 11th Annual Porcupine Freedom Festival" The Free State Project Retrieved 17 June 2014 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Lancaster town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 8, 2011 
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Climatography of the United States No 20" PDF NOAA Retrieved March 5, 2011 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data DP-1: Lancaster town, Coos County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved March 12, 2013 
  10. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates DP03: Lancaster town, Coos County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved March 12, 2013 
  11. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data DP-1: Lancaster CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved March 12, 2013 
  12. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates DP03: Lancaster CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved March 12, 2013 
  13. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1893,' Biographical Sketch of Benjamin Goss, pg 654
  14. ^ Sinclair Weeks at Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

External linksedit

  • Town of Lancaster official website
  • Lancaster Fair
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile

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