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La Grande, Oregon

la grande oregon city data, la grande oregon
La Grande /ləˈɡrænd/ is a city in Union County, Oregon, United States Originally named "Brownsville," it was forced to change its name because that name was being used for a city in Linn County Its name comes from an early French settler, Charles Dause, who often used the phrase "La Grande" to describe the area's beauty The population was 13,082 at the 2010 census6 It is the county seat of Union County7 La Grande lies east of the Blue Mountains and southeast of Pendleton

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Early settlement
    • 12 Growth
    • 13 Sugar factory
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Museums and other points of interest
    • 41 Commercial district
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Media
  • 7 Transportation
    • 71 Highways
    • 72 Rail
    • 73 Air
  • 8 Notable people
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Early settlementedit

The Grande Ronde Valley had long been a waypoint along the Oregon Trail The first permanent settler in the La Grande area was Benjamin Brown in 18618 Not long after, the Leasey family and about twenty others settled there The settlement was originally named after Ben Brown as Brown's Fort, Brown's Town, or Brownsville There was already a Brownsville in Linn County, so when the post office was established in 1863, a more distinctive name was needed910 It was decided to use "La Grande", a phrase used by a Frenchman, Charles Dause, to describe the area's scenic splendor10 Before the post office was established, William Currey charged 50 cents a letter to carry the mail on horseback to and from the nearest post office, in Walla Walla, Washington10 La Grande was incorporated as a city in 1865,9 and platted in 186811

Growthedit

La Grande grew rapidly during the late 1860s and early 1870s, partially because of the region's many gold mines and the valley's agricultural capabilities The early business establishments centered on C Avenue between present day Fourth Street and the hillside on the west end10

In 1884, the railroad came to the flat slightly east of "Old Town"10 This helped the town to grow and gave rise to "New Town", centered on Adams Avenue and built parallel to the railroad tracks

By 1900, La Grande's population was 2992, representing half of the population of Baker City12

La Grande's Eastern Oregon University, formerly known as Eastern Oregon State College, began in 1929 as Eastern Oregon Normal School, a teachers college13

Sugar factoryedit

La Grande had a factory for processing sugar beets into raw sugar The sugar beets came from the nearby Mormon town of Nibley, Oregon, and both were owned by the Oregon Sugar Company R Doerstling, the superintendent of the factory in 1899, reported seeing a Native American teepee built out of used cloth filters from the factory14

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 461 square miles 1194 km2, of which, 458 square miles 1186 km2 is land and 003 square miles 008 km2 is water2 The town is a major hub in the Grande Ronde Valley Mount Emily is a Grande Ronde Valley landmark towering over the city of La Grande to the north It often features prominently on logos of local organizations,citation needed and is matched on the other side of the valley by a similar landmark, Mount Harris

Climateedit

La Grande has a climate that could either be described as a humid continental climate Köppen Dsb or a rare cold oceanic or mediterranean climate Köppen Cfb or Csb, with warm, dry summers and cold winters

Climate data for La Grande, OR
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 61
16
66
19
79
26
88
31
95
35
100
38
108
42
104
40
100
38
89
32
71
22
59
15
108
42
Average high °F °C 381
34
431
62
51
11
582
146
671
195
754
241
859
299
86
30
765
247
625
169
466
81
383
35
607
159
Average low °F °C 242
−43
266
−3
306
−08
349
16
418
54
485
92
535
119
52
11
439
66
354
19
302
−1
245
−42
372
29
Record low °F °C −17
−27
−14
−26
9
−13
16
−9
25
−4
29
−2
32
0
32
0
23
−5
11
−12
−14
−26
−18
−28
−18
−28
Average precipitation inches mm 186
472
125
318
148
376
151
384
188
478
153
389
065
165
08
20
076
193
127
323
195
495
183
465
1677
426
Average snowfall inches cm 7
18
3
8
14
36
04
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
01
03
21
53
58
147
199
505
Average precipitation days 11 8 11 10 10 8 4 4 5 8 11 11 101
Source: 15

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1870 240
1880 400 667%
1890 2,583 5458%
1900 2,991 158%
1910 4,843 619%
1920 6,913 427%
1930 8,050 164%
1940 7,747 −38%
1950 8,635 115%
1960 9,014 44%
1970 9,645 70%
1980 11,354 177%
1990 11,766 36%
2000 12,327 48%
2010 13,082 61%
Est 2016 13,229 11%
source:6171819

2010 censusedit

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,082 people, 5,395 households, and 3,073 families residing in the city The population density was 2,8563 inhabitants per square mile 1,1028/km2 There were 5,794 housing units at an average density of 1,2651 per square mile 4885/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 913% White, 08% African American, 14% Native American, 11% Asian, 15% Pacific Islander, 14% from other races, and 25% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46% of the population3

There were 5,395 households of which 284% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 407% were married couples living together, 117% had a female householder with no husband present, 46% had a male householder with no wife present, and 430% were non-families 328% of all households were made up of individuals and 116% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 230 and the average family size was 2933

The median age in the city was 328 years 224% of residents were under the age of 18; 16% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 236% were from 25 to 44; 233% were from 45 to 64; and 148% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 481% male and 519% female3

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,327 people, 5,124 households, and 2,982 families residing in the city The population density was 2,8335 people per square mile 1,0941/km² There were 5,483 housing units at an average density of 1,2603 per square mile 4867/km² The racial makeup of the city was 9292% White, 126% Asian, 090% Pacific Islander, 078% Native American, 068% African American, 140% from other races, and 207% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 277% of the population3

There were 5,124 households out of which 280% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 451% were married couples living together, 96% had a female householder with no husband present, and 418% were non-families 322% of all households were made up of individuals and 126% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 232 and the average family size was 2933

In the city, the population was spread out with 236% under the age of 18, 165% from 18 to 24, 239% from 25 to 44, 214% from 45 to 64, and 146% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 34 years For every 100 females there were 903 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 880 males3

The median income for a household in the city was $31,576, and the median income for a family was $40,508 Males had a median income of $32,746 versus $21,930 for females The per capita income for the city was $16,550 About 83% of families and 152% of the population were below the poverty line, including 100% of those under age 18 and 90% of those age 65 or over3

Museums and other points of interestedit

Commercial districtedit

See also Wikimedia Commons Photographs from the La Grande Commercial Historic District City Hall, located within the historic commercial district and formerly used as a Post Office and federal building

La Grande includes a historic commercial district listed on the National Register of Historic Places in September 2001 The 427-acre 173 ha district is bounded by the following:20

  • on the northeast, by Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company/Union Pacific Railroad tracks along Jefferson Avenue;
  • on the south, by Spring Avenue, Greenwood Street and Cove Avenue;
  • on the southwest by Washington Avenue; and
  • on the west by Fourth Street

Educationedit

The city is served by the La Grande School District, which includes Central Elementary School, Island City Elementary, Greenwood Elementary School, La Grande Middle School, and La Grande High School La Grande is the home of Eastern Oregon University

Mediaedit

The Observer is the local daily newspaper Local radio stations include KLBM AM 1450 and the following stations on the FM dial: KEOL FM 917, KUBQ FM 987, KWRL FM 999, KTVR FM 903 KCMB FM 1047, and KRJT FM 1059

La Grande is considered part of the Portland television market despite its distance from the western part of the state Spanish language Univision affiliate KUNP channel 16 is licensed to La Grande as a sister station to Portland ABC affiliate KATU channel 2, though is effectively considered to be a Portland station due to its former owner using a strategy of using fringe stations to serve an entire market through cable and satellite distribution with little to no local presence KUNP's parent company maintains a translator station serving Portland proper

Transportationedit

Highwaysedit

Eastbound exit 261 into La Grande off Interstate 84
  • Interstate 84 is the main freeway through La Grande It links La Grande with other nearby cities in the area Pendleton, Baker City, as well as other regionally-important cities, including Boise, Idaho, Ontario and Umatilla, and Spokane and the Tri-Cities area of Washington
  • US Route 30 serves as La Grande's main street under the name of Adams Avenue
  • Oregon Route 82 begins in La Grande at its intersection with Adams Avenue The La Grande area's portion of OR 82 is Island Avenue, commonly known as the Island City Strip because it serves as the main road in La Grande's northern suburb of Island City OR 82 ends in Wallowa County's town of Joseph, Oregon
  • Oregon Route 237 begins in nearby Island City and is the main route to the nearby town of Cove It ends in North Powder and joins Interstate 84
  • Oregon Route 203 starts southeast of La Grande, near the intersection of Interstate 84 and US Route 30 It is the main route to the town of Union It ends a few miles north of Baker City The Highway travels through Pyles Canyon and is an alternate route to Ladd Canyon, the main route out of the Grande Ronde Valley to the south

Railedit

La Grande is a crew change point on the Huntington and La Grande subdivisions of the Union Pacific Railroad, originally constructed through the area in 1884 by the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company21 Between 1977 and 1997, the city was a regular stop along the former route of Amtrak's Pioneer between Chicago, Salt Lake City, Portland and Seattle22 La Grande is also the junction of the Idaho Northern and Pacific Railroad's 20-mile 32 km short line to Elgin23

Airedit

  • La Grande/Union County Airport

Notable peopleedit

  • Jadin Bell, student
  • Bucky Buckwalter, former National Basketball Association coach and executive
  • William De Los Santos, poet, screenwriter and film director
  • Ron Gilbert, a computer game designer, best known for his work on several LucasArts adventure games
  • Steve House, professional climber and mountain guide
  • Darrell Ourso, Republican member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Baton Rouge; formerly resided in La Grande24
  • Steve West, host of the Outdoor Channel's Steve's Outdoor Adventures
  • Paul Wheaton permaculture theorist, software engineer

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Steve Clements" Democratic Party of Oregon Retrieved 2 October 2015 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2012-01-24 Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-06-17 Retrieved 2013-06-02 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010" 2010 Demographic Profile Data US Census Bureau Archived from the original on 5 March 2014 Retrieved 8 October 2011 
  7. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  8. ^ Reavis, J 2005 "First Settlement in Grande Ronde Valley, Union County, Oregon" Oregon Genealogy Retrieved October 22, 2011 
  9. ^ a b McArthur, Lewis A; McArthur, Lewis L 2003 1928 Oregon Geographic Names 7th ed Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press ISBN 978-0875952772 
  10. ^ a b c d e Reavis, J 2005 "La Grande History, Union County, Oregon" Oregon Genealogy Retrieved December 29, 2008 
  11. ^ Bailey, Barbara Ruth 1982 Main Street: Northeastern Oregon Oregon Historical Society ISBN 0-87595-073-6 
  12. ^ Bailey, Barbara Ruth 1982 Main Street: Northeastern Oregon Oregon Historical Society p 27 ISBN 0-87595-073-6 
  13. ^ Allen, Cain 2005 "Eastern Oregon Normal School" Oregon Historical Society Retrieved December 3, 2009 
  14. ^ Arrington, Leonard J 1966 Beet sugar in the West; a history of the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company, 1891-1966 University of Washington Press p 29 OCLC 234150 ; see also Ogden Standard, 1899-07-08
  15. ^ "LA GRANDE, OR 354622" Western Regional Climate Center Retrieved November 26, 2015 
  16. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  17. ^ Moffatt, Riley Population History of Western US Cities & Towns, 1850-1990 Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 211
  18. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" United States Census Bureau, Population Division 2009-03-18 Archived from the original CSV on 2009-05-15 Retrieved 2009-04-29 
  19. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" US Census Bureau Archived from the original on 17 June 2013 Retrieved 25 November 2013 
  20. ^ "Standards and Guidelines Manual for Historic Rehabilitation and Preservation for La Grande, Oregon" PDF City of La Grande Retrieved 2011-08-22 
  21. ^ Halvorson, Gary 2005 "A 1940 Journey Across Oregon: Baker to La Grande" Oregon Secretary of State Retrieved May 15, 2009 
  22. ^ "PRIIA Section 224 Pioneer Route Passenger Rail Study" PDF Amtrak Retrieved December 3, 2009 
  23. ^ "Idaho Northern & Pacific Railroad INPR #331" Union Pacific Retrieved December 3, 2009 
  24. ^ "Darrell P Ourso" inteliuscom Retrieved March 29, 2015 

External linksedit

  • City of La Grande official website
  • La Grande listing in the Oregon Blue Book
  • "La Grande" The Oregon Encyclopedia 
  • Union County Chamber of Commerce

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